Sumerian Main Page

The History of Ancient Sumeria (Sumer) including its cities, kings, religions culture and contributions or civilization

Topics

Abraham and Shinar

Calendar

Cosmology

Culture and Contributions

Cuneiform

Downloadable Cuneiform

Dictionary of  Words

Emergent Cities

Ensi - Lugal

First Historical Personalities

Flood Legends in History

Flood Story

Gods

Houses

Kish

Language

Language Two

Laws

Literary Sources

Mythologies

Sargon The Great

Shuruppak

Sumerian Creation

Territorial States

The City of Ebla

The City of Larsa

The City of Ur

Timeline

Wheel

 Sumerian Writings

Advice about Farming

Contracts (Legal)

Epic of Gilgamesh

Enki and Ninursag

Enki, The God

Hymn to Ishtar

Lament for Ur

Poem Of The Sufferer

Prayer to Shamash

Prayer to Every God

Reforms of Urukagina

Sumerian Creation

Sumerian Inscription

Sumerian King List

Sumerian Proverbs 

The Art of Sumeria

Sumerian Art

"Harpist from Ur"

 by:  Liliana Osses Adams

Other Mesopotamian Peoples

Akkad

Amorites

Assyrians

Babylonians

Chaldeans

Hittites

Kassites

Mesopotamia

 

Map

 

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Ziggurat

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Ziggurat

 

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Sumerian Timeline

 

Fifth millennium: Early developments in Sumer

Fourth millennium: Protoliterate period

Third millennium: Rival kings & periods of unification includes Early Dynastic, Sargonic, & Ur III periods

Second millennium's first half: Ascendancy of Amorite dynasties of Isin, then Larsa, then Babylon. This period ends with devastating Hittite raid around 1600 B.C.

  • 5000 Early development of Sumer
  • 4000 High civilization developing
  • 3000 Political & military rivalries
  • 2750 Legendary Gilgamesh rules Uruk, Enmebaragesi & Agga rule Kish
  • 2550 Mesalim rules Kish
  • 2475 Ur-Nanshe rules Lagash, Meskalamdug rules Ur, military conflict between Lagash & Umma continues a long time.
  • 2375 Lugalzagesi of Umma unifies Sumer briefly
  • 2350 Sargon of Agade defeats Umma & takes over Sumer & Akkad & creates significant political & economic empire
  • 2230 Gutian invasion disrupts unity of Sumer & Akkad
  • 2175 Gudea rules Lagash
  • 2110 Ur-Nammu of Ur unifies Sumer & Akkad
  • 2030 Elamites disrupt unity of Sumer & Akkad
  • 2020 Ishbi-Erra the Amorite ruler of Isin seeks to rebuild unity in the land
  • 1795 Rim-Sin of Larsa defeats Isin & takes over Sumer & Akkad
  • 1760 Hammurapi of Babylon defeats Larsa & takes over Sumer & Akkad
  • 1720 Shift of Euphrates River & collapse of life at Nippur & some other cities of Sumer
  • 1595 Hittite raid disrupts unity of Sumer & Akkad

 

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