Sumerian Main Page

The History of Ancient Sumeria (Sumer) including its cities, kings, religions culture and contributions or civilization

Topics

Abraham and Shinar

Calendar

Cosmology

Culture and Contributions

Cuneiform

Downloadable Cuneiform

Dictionary of  Words

Emergent Cities

Ensi - Lugal

First Historical Personalities

Flood Legends in History

Flood Story

Gods

Houses

Kish

Language

Language Two

Laws

Literary Sources

Mythologies

Sargon The Great

Shuruppak

Sumerian Creation

Territorial States

The City of Ebla

The City of Larsa

The City of Ur

Timeline

Wheel

 Sumerian Writings

Advice about Farming

Contracts (Legal)

Epic of Gilgamesh

Enki and Ninursag

Enki, The God

Hymn to Ishtar

Lament for Ur

Poem Of The Sufferer

Prayer to Shamash

Prayer to Every God

Reforms of Urukagina

Sumerian Creation

Sumerian Inscription

Sumerian King List

Sumerian Proverbs 

The Art of Sumeria

Sumerian Art

"Harpist from Ur"

 by:  Liliana Osses Adams

Other Mesopotamian Peoples

Akkad

Amorites

Assyrians

Babylonians

Chaldeans

Hittites

Kassites

Mesopotamia

 

Map

 

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Ziggurat

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Ziggurat

 

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Sumerian Homes

The earliest Sumerian houses were built of bundles of reeds but after cities began to develop, sun baked mud brick was used.  These mud brick houses were more permanent and larger than the reed dwellings.

Reed built house

The houses in the cities were very close together with most sharing a wall with its neighbor. They were not well ventilated and most had no windows.  Many consisted of two floors.  The lower section was used when protection from the weather was necessary.  However, because of the hot nights, the top floor, which was open and without a roof, was used as sleeping and cooking quarters.

Wealthier Sumerians had homes with several rooms and the house was built in the shape of a U with a garden in the center.  Most Sumerians spent their day in the garden as the inside was always dark, damp and without proper ventilation.

Evidence suggests that the houses were white-washed on the inside and outside thus giving the homes a cleaner look.

The average room size of most Sumerian homes was approximately 10 feet by 12 feet (3.048 meters by 3.650m).

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