The History of Ancient Sumeria (Sumer) including its cities, kings, religions culture and contributions or civilization
The Art of Sumeria
by: Liliana Osses Adams
Other Mesopotamian Peoples
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Shuruppak or modern Tall Fa'rah, is an
ancient Sumerian city located south of Nippur in what is now south-central
Iraq and originally on the bank of the Euphrates River. Excavations there
in the first half of the 20th century uncovered three levels of habitation
extending in time from the late prehistoric period to the 3rd dynasty of
Ur (c. 2112-2004 BC). The most distinctive finds were ruins of well-built
houses, along with cuneiform tablets with administrative records and lists
of words, indicating a highly developed society already in being toward
the end of the 4th millennium BC.
Shuruppak was celebrated in Sumerian legend as the scene of the Deluge, which destroyed all humanity except one survivor, Ziusudra. He had been commanded by a protecting god to build an ark, in which he rode out the disaster, afterward re-creating man and living things upon the earth, and was himself endowed with eternal life. Ziusudra corresponds with Utnapishtim in the Gilgamesh epic and with the biblical Noah.