First Circumnavigation Of The Globe

Author:      Bautista, Joan;Pigafetta, Antonio

Translation: Lord Stanley Of Alderley

 

By Joan Bautista

 

1519

 

 

 

     Ferdinand Magellan, whose name in Portuguese was Fernao de Magalhaes, was

born in Portugal about 1480.  After serving with the Portuguese in the East

Indies, 1505-1512, and in Morocco, 1514, where during an action he was lamed

for life, he became disaffected toward his country, and in 1517 renounced his

allegiance and turned to Spain in hope of better reward for his services.  In

conjunction with a fellow-countryman, Ruy Faleiro, a geographer and

astronomer, he offered to find for Spain the Moluccas, in the Malay

Archipelago, and to prove that they were within the Spanish and not the

Portuguese lines of demarcation.  The acceptance of this proposal by the

Emperor, Charles V, who was also King of Spain, gave Magellan the opportunity,

which he so well improved, to immortalize his name in the annals of maritime

discovery.

 

     While the specific object of the expedition failed on account of the

leader's death, his performance made him worthy, as some historians think, to

be considered "the most undaunted and in many respects the most extraordinary

man that ever traversed an unknown sea."

 

     A squadron of five ships with two hundred sixty-five men was fitted out

by the Emperor, and the two friends were named as joint commanders, but

Faleiro was afterward detached from the expedition, leaving full command to

Magellan, who sailed from San Lucar, Spain, September 20, 1519, first touching

at Madeira.

 

     Magellan passed through the straits that bear his name and so penetrated

to the Pacific, that ocean being first so called by him.  He was the first

European to reach it from the Atlantic.  Magellan was killed by natives in the

Philippines, April 27, 1521; but his ships continued their course.  One by one

they were lost from the expedition, except the Victoria, on which was

Pigafetta, who wrote for Charles V an account of the voyage.  The Victoria

returned to Spain in September, 1522, completing the first circumnavigation of

the earth.  Bautista was pilot and afterward captain of the Trinidad, one of

the lost vessels.

 

     In 1898, the Philippines and Guam, one of the Ladrones, were acquired by

the United States as a result of the Spanish-American War.

 

     Magellan steered to the southwest to make the island of Teneriffe, and

they reached the said island on the day of St. Michael, which was September

29th.  Thence he made his course to fetch the Cape Verd Islands, and they

passed between the islands and the cape without sighting either the one or the

other.  Having to make for Brazil, and as soon as they sighted the other coast

of Brazil, he steered to the southeast along the coast of Cape Frio, which is

in 23 degrees south latitude; and from this cape he steered to the west, a

matter of thirty leagues, to make the Rio Janeiro, which is in the same

latitude as Cape Frio, and they entered the said river on the day of St. Lucy,

which was December 13th, in which place they took in wood, and they remained

there until the first octave of Christmas, which was December 26th of the same

year.

 

     They sailed from this Rio de Janeiro on December 26th, and navigated

along the coast to make Cape of St. Mary, which is only 35 degrees; as soon as

they sighted it, they made their course west-northwest, thinking they would

find a passage for their voyage, and they found that they had got into a great

river of fresh water, to which they gave the name of River St. Christopher,

and it is in 34 degrees, and they remained in it till February 2, 1520.

 

     He sailed from this river of St. Christopher on the 2d of the said month

of February; they navigated along the said coast, and farther on to the south

they discovered a point, which is in the same river more to the south, to

which they gave the name of Point St. Anthony; it is in 36 degrees; hence they

ran to the southwest a matter of twenty-five leagues, and made another cape,

which they named Cape St. Apelonia, which is in 36 degrees; thence they

navigated to the west-southwest to some shoals, which they named Shoals of the

Currents, which are in 39 degrees; and thence they navigated out to the sea,

and lost sight of land for a matter of two or three days, when they again made

for the land, and they came to a bay, which they entered, and ran within it

the whole day, thinking that there was an outlet for Molucca; and when night

came they found that it was quite closed up, and in the same night they again

stood out by the way which they had come in.  This bay is in 34 degrees; they

named it the island of St. Matthew.  They navigated from this island of St.

Matthew along the coast until they reached another bay, where they caught many

seawolves and birds; to this they gave the name of Bay of Labors; it is in 37

degrees; here they came near losing the flag-ship in a storm.  Thence they

navigated along the said coast, and arrived on the last day of March of the

year 1520 at the port of St. Julian, which is in 49 degrees.  Here they

wintered, and found the day a little more or less than seven hours.

 

     In this port three of the ships rose up against the captain-major, their,

captains saying that they intended to take him to Castile in arrest, as he was

taking them all to destruction.  Here, through the exertions of the said

captain-major, and the assistance and favor of the foreigners whom he carried

with him, the captain-major went to the said three ships which were already

mentioned, and there the captain of one of them was killed, who was the

treasurer of the whole fleet, and named Luis de Mendoza; he was killed in his

own ship by stabs with a dagger by the chief constable of the fleet, who was

sent to do this by Ferdinand Magellan in a boat with certain men.  The said

three ships having thus been recovered, five days later Ferdinand Magellan

ordered Gaspar de Quexixada to be decapitated and quartered; he was captain of

one of the ships and was one of those who had mutinied.

 

     In this port they refitted the ship.  Here the captain-major made Alvaro

de Mesquita, a Portuguese, a captain of one of the ships the captain of which

had been killed.  There sailed from this port on August 24th four ships, for

the smallest of the ships had been already lost; he had sent it to

reconnoitre, and the weather had been heavy and had cast it ashore, where all

the crew had been recovered along with the merchandise artillery, and fittings

of the ship.  They remained in this port, in which they wintered, five months

and twenty-four days, and they were 70 degrees less ten minutes to the

southward.

 

     They sailed on August 24th of the said year from this port of St. Julian,

and navigated a matter of twenty leagues along the coast, and so they entered

a river which was called Santa Cruz, which is in 50 degrees, where they took

in goods and as much as they could obtain.  The crew of the lost ship were

already distributed among the other ships, for they had returned by land to

where Ferdinand Magellan was, and they continued collecting goods which had

remained there during August and up to September 18th, and there they took in

water and much fish which they caught in this river; and in the other, where

they wintered, there were people like savages, and the men are from nine to

ten spans in height, very well made; they have not got houses, they only go

about from one place to another with their flocks, and eat meat nearly raw.

They are all of them archers, and kill many animals with arrows, and with the

skins they make clothes, that is to say, they make the skins very supple, and

fashion them after the shape of the body, as well as they can, then they cover

themselves with them, and fasten them by a belt round the waist.  When they do

not wish to be clothed from the waist upward, they let that half fall which is

above the waist, and the garment remains hanging down from the belt which they

have girt around them.

 

     They wear shoes which cover them four inches above the ankle, full of

straw inside to keep their feet warm.  They do not possess any iron, nor any

other ingenuity of weapons, only they make the points of their arrows with

flints, and so also the knives with which they cut, and the adze and awls with

which they cut and stitch their shoes and clothes.  They are very agile people

and do no harm, and thus follow their flocks; wherever night finds them, there

they sleep; they carry their wives along with them, with all the chattels they

possess.  The women are very small and carry heavy burdens on their backs.

They wear shoes and clothes just like the men.  Of these men they obtained

three or four and brought them in the ships, and they all died except one, who

went to Castile in a ship which went thither.

 

     They sailed from this river of Santa Cruz on October 18th: they continued

navigating along the coast until the 21st day of the same month, October, when

they discovered a cape, to which they gave the name of Cape of the Virgins,

because they sighted it on the day of the eleven thousand virgins; it is in 52

degrees, a little more or less, and from this cape, a matter of two of three

leagues' distance, we found ourselves at the mouth of a strait.  We sailed

along the said coast within that strait, which they had reached the mouth of:

they entered in it a little and anchored.  Ferdinand Magellan sent to discover

what there was farther in, and they found three channels; that is to say, two

more in a southerly direction, and one traversing the country in the direction

of Molucca, but at that time this was not yet known, only the three mouths

were seen.

 

     The boats went thither, and brought back word, and they set sail and

anchored at these mouths of the channels, and Ferdinand Magellan sent two

ships to learn what there was within, and these ships went; one returned to

the captain-major, and the other, of which Alvaro de Mesquita was captain,

entered into one of the bays which was to the south, and did not return any

more.  Ferdinand Magellan, seeing that it did not come back, set sail, and the

next day he did not choose to make for the bays, and went to the south and

took another which runs northwest and southeast and a quarter west and east.

He left letters in the place from which he sailed, so that, if the other ship

returned, it might make the course which he left prescribed.

 

     After this they entered into the channel, which at some places had a

width of three leagues, and two, and one, and in some places half a league,

and he went through it as long as it was daylight, and anchored when it was

night: and he sent the boats, and the ships went after the boats, and they

brought news that there was an outlet, for they already saw the great sea on

the other side; on which account Ferdinand Magellan ordered artillery to be

fired for rejoicing; and before they set forth from this strait they found two

islands, the first one larger, and the other, nearer toward the outlet, is the

smaller one; and they went out between these islands and the coast on the

southern side, as it was deeper than on the other side.

 

     This strait is a hundred leagues in length to the outlet; that outlet and

the entrance are in 52 degrees latitude.  They made a stay in this strait from

October 21st to November 26th, which makes thirty-six days of the said year of

1520, and as soon as they went out from the strait to the sea they made their

course, for the most part, to west-northwest, when they found that their

needles varied to the northwest almost one-half; and after they had navigated

thus for many days they found an island in a little more or less than 18

degrees or 19 degrees, and also another, which was in from 13 degrees to 14

degrees, and this in south latitude; they are uninhabited.

 

     They ran on until they reached the line, when Ferdinand Magellan said

that now they were in the neighborhood of Molucca, and that he would go in a

northerly direction as far as 10 degrees or 12 degrees, and they reached to as

far as 13 degrees north, and in this latitude they navigated to the west and a

quarter southwest a matter of a hundred leagues, where on March 6, 1521, they

fetched two islands inhabited by many people of little truth; and they did not

take precautions against them until they saw that they were taking away the

skiff of the flag-ship, and they cut the rope with which it was made fast, and

took it ashore without their being able to prevent it. They gave this island

the name of Thieves' Island (dos Ladroes).

 

     Ferdinand Magellan, seeing that the skiff was lost, set sail, it being

already night, tacking about until the next day; as soon as it was morning

they anchored at the place where they had seen the skiff carried to, and he

ordered two boats to be got ready with a matter of fifty or sixty men, and he

went ashore in person and burned the whole village, and they killed seven or

eight persons, between men and women, and recovered the skiff, and returned to

the ships; and while they were there they saw forty or fifty paraos come from

the same land, and which brought much refreshments.

 

     Ferdinand Magellan would not make any further stay, and at once set sail,

and ordered the course to be steered west and a quarter southwest, and so they

made land, which is in barely 11 degrees.  This land is an island, but he

would not touch at this one, and they went to touch at another farther on

which appeared first.  Ferdinand Magellan sent a boat ashore to observe the

nature of the island; when the boat reached land, they saw, from the ships,

paraos come out from behind the point; then they called back their boat.  The

people of the paraos, seeing that the boat was returning to the ships, turned

back the parols, and the boat reached the ships, which at once set sail for

another island very near to this island, which is 10 degrees, and they gave it

the name of the Island of Good Signs, because they observed some gold in it.

 

     While they were thus anchored at this island there came to them two

paraos, and brought them fowls and cocoanuts, and told them they had already

seen there other men like them, from which they presumed that these might be

Lequios or Mogores, a nation of people who have this name, or Chiis; and

thence they set sail, and navigated farther on among many islands, to which

they gave the name of Valley without Peril, and also St. Lazarus; and they ran

on to another island twenty leagues from that from which they sailed, which is

in 10 degrees, and came to anchor at another island, which is named Macangor,

which is in 9 degrees; and in this island they were very well received, and

they placed a cross in it.  This King conducted them thence a matter of thirty

leagues to another island, named Cabo, which is in 10 degrees, and in this

island Ferdinand Magellan did what he pleased with the consent of the country,

and in one day eight hundred people became Christian, on which account

Ferdinand Magellan desired that the other kings, neighbors to this one, should

become subject to this one, who had become Christian; and these did not choose

to yield to such obedience.  Ferdinand Magellan, seeing that, got ready one

night with his boats, and burned the villages of those who would not yield the

said obedience; and a matter of ten or twelve days after this was done he sent

to a village about half a league from that which he had burned, which is named

Matam, and which is also an island, and ordered them to send him at once three

goats, three pigs, three loads of rice, and three loads of millet for

provisions for the ship.  They replied that, of each article which he sent to

ask them three of, they would send him by twos, and if he was satisfied with

this they would at once comply; if not, it might be as he pleased, but that

they would not give it.  Because they did not choose to grant what he demanded

of them, Ferdinand Magellan ordered three boats to be equipped with a matter

of fifty or sixty men, and went against the said place, which was on April

28th in the morning; there they found many people, who might well be as many

as three thousand or four thousand men, who fought with such will that the

said Ferdinand Magellan was killed there, with six of his men, in the year

1521.

 

     When Ferdinand Magellan was dead the Christians got back to the ships,

where they thought fit to make two captains and governors whom they should

obey; and, having done this, they took counsel (and decided) that the captains

should go ashore where the people had turned Christians, to ask for pilots to

take them to Borneo, and this was on May 1st of the said year. When the two

captains went, being agreed upon what had been said, the same people of the

country who had become Christians armed themselves against them, and killed

the two captains and twenty-six gentlemen; and the other people who remained

got back to the boats and returned to the ships, and, finding themselves again

without captains, they agreed, inasmuch as the principal persons were killed,

that one Joan Lopez, who was the chief treasurer, should be captain-major of

the fleet, and the chief constable of the fleet should be captain of one of

the ships.  He was named Gonzalo Vas Despinosa.

 

     Having done this, they set sail, and ran about twenty-five leagues with

three ships, which they still possessed; they then mustered, and found that

they were altogether one hundred eight men in all these three ships, and many

of them were wounded and sick, on which account they did not venture to

navigate the three ships and thought it would be well to burn one of them -

the one that should be most suitable for that purpose - and to take into the

two ships those that remained: this they did out at sea, out of sight of any

land.  While they did this many paraos came to speak to them, and navigating

among the islands, for in that neighborhood there are a great many.  They did

not understand one another, for they had no interpreter, for he had been

killed with Ferdinand Magellan.  Sailing farther on among islets, they came to

anchor at an island which is named Carpyam, where there is gold enough, and

this island is in fully 8 degrees.

 

     While at anchor in this port of Carpyam they had speech with the

inhabitants of the island, and made peace with them, and Carvalho, who was

captain-major, gave them the boat of the ship which had been burned: this

island has three islets in the offing.  Here they took in refreshments, and

sailed farther on to the west-southwest, and fell in with another island,

which is named Caram, and is in 11 degrees; from this they went on farther to

west-southwest, and fell in with a large island, and ran along the coast of

this island to the northeast, and reached as far as 9 degrees, where they went

ashore one day, with the boats equipped to seek for provisions, for in the

ships there was now not more than eight days' food.  On reaching shore the

inhabitants would not suffer them to land, and shot at them with arrows of

cane hardened in fire, so that they returned to the ships.

 

     Seeing this, they agreed to go to another island, where they had had some

dealings, to see if they could get some provisions.  Then they met with a

contrary wind, and, going about in the direction in which they wished to go,

they anchored, and while at anchor they saw people on shore hailing them to go

thither; they went there with the boats, and as they were speaking to those

people by signs, for they did not understand each other otherwise, a

man-at-arms, named Joan de Campos, told them to let him go on shore, since

there were no provisions in the ships, and it might be that they would obtain

some means of getting provisions, and that, if the people killed him, they

would not lose much with him, for God would take thought of his soul; and also

if he found provisions, and if they did not kill him, he would find means for

bringing them to the ships: and they thought well of this.  So he went on

shore, and as soon as he reached it the inhabitants received him and took him

into the interior the distance of a league, and when he was in the village all

the people came to see him, and they gave him food and entertained him well,

especially when they saw that he ate pigs' flesh, because in this island they

had dealings with the Moors of Borneo, and because the country people were

greedy they made them neither eat pigs nor bring them up in the country.  The

country is called Dyguacam and is in 9 degrees.

 

     The said Christian, seeing that he was favored and well treated by the

inhabitants, gave them to understand by his signs that they should carry

provisions to the ships, which would be well paid for.  In the country there

was nothing except rice not pounded.  Then the people set to pounding rice all

the night, and when it was morning they took the rice and the said Christian

and came to the ships, where they did them great honor, and took in the rice

and paid them, and they returned on shore.  This man being already set on

shore, inhabitants of another village a little farther on came to the ships

and told them they would give them much provisions for their money; and as

soon as the said man whom they had sent arrived, they set sail and went to

anchor at the village of those who had come to call them, which was named Vay

Palay Cucar a Canbam, where Carvalho made peace with the King of the country,

and they settled the price of rice, and they gave them two measures of rice,

which weighed one hundred fourteen pounds, for three fathoms of linen stuff of

Britanny; they took there as much rice as they wanted, and goats and pigs; and

while they were at this place there came a Moor, who had been in the village

of Dyguacam, which belongs to the Moors of Borneo, as had been said above, and

after that he went to his country.

 

     While they were at anchor at this village of Dyguacam, there came to them

a parao in which there was a negro named Bastiam, who asked for a flag and a

passport for the Governor of Dyguacam, and they gave him all this and other

things for a present.  They asked the said Bastiam, who spoke Portuguese

sufficiently well, since he had been in Molucca, where he had become a

Christian, if he would go with them and show them Borneo; he said he would be

very willing, and when the departure arrived he did himself, and, seeing that

he did not come, they set sail from this port of Dyguacam on July 21st to seek

for Borneo.  As they set sail there came to them a parao, which was coming to

the port of Dyguacam, and they took it, and in it they took three Moors, who

said they were pilots and that they would take them to Borneo.

 

     Having got these Moors, they steered along this island to the southwest,

and fell in with two islands at its extremity, and passed between them; that

on the north side is named Bolyna, and that on the south Bamdym.  Sailing to

the west-southwest a matter of fourteen leagues, they fell in with a white

bottom, which was a shoal below the water; and the black men they carried with

them told them to draw near to the coast of the island, as it was deeper

there, and that was more in the direction of Borneo, for from that

neighborhood the island of Borneo could already be sighted.  This same day

they reached and anchored at some islands, to which they gave the name of

islets of St. Paul, which was a matter of two and a half or three leagues from

the great island of Borneo, and they were in about 7 degrees at the south side

of these islands.  In the island of Borneo there is an exceedingly big

mountain to which they gave the name of Mount St. Paul; and from thence they

navigated along the coast of Borneo to the southwest, between an island and

the island of Borneo itself; and they went forward on the same course and

reached the neighborhood of Borneo, and the Moors they had with them told them

that there was no Borneo, and the wind did not suffer them to arrive thither,

as it was contrary.  They anchored at an island which is there, and which may

be eight leagues from Borneo.

 

     Close to this island is another which has many Myrobalans, and the next

day they set sail for the other island, which is nearer to the port of Borneo;

and going along thus they saw so many shoals that they anchored and sent the

boats ashore in Borneo, and they took the aforesaid Moorish pilots on shore,

and there went a Christian with them; and the boats went to set them on land,

from whence they had to go to the city of Borneo, which was three leagues off,

and there they were taken before the Shahbender of Borneo, and he asked what

people they were, and for what they came in the ships; and they were presented

to the King of Borneo with the Christian.  As soon as the boats had set the

said men on shore, they sounded, in order to see if the ships should come in

closer; and during this they saw three junks which were coming from the port

of Borneo - from the said city - out to sea, and as soon as they saw the ships

they returned inshore; continuing to sound, they found the channel by which

the port is entered; then they set sail, and entered this channel, and being

within the channel they anchored, and would not go farther in until they

received a message from the shore, which arrived next day with two paraos:

these carried certain swivel guns of metal, and a hundred men in each parao,

and they brought goats and fowls and two cows, and figs and other fruit, and

told them to enter farther in opposite the islands which were near there,

which was the true berth; and from this position to the city there might be

three or four leagues.  While thus at anchor they established peace, and

settled that they should trade in what there was in the country, especially

wax, to which they answered that they would be willing to sell all that there

was in the country for their money.  This port of Borneo is in 8 degrees.

 

     For the answer thus received from the King they sent him a present by

Gonzalo Mendes Despinosa, captain of the ship Victoria, and the King accepted

the present, and gave to all of them China stuffs; and when there had passed

twenty or twenty-three days that they were there trading with the people on

the island, and had got five men on shore in the city itself, there came to

anchor at the bar, close to them, five junks, at the hour of vespers, and they

remained there that evening and the night until next day in the morning, when

they saw coming from the city two hundred paraos, some under sail, others

rowing.  Seeing in this manner the five junks and the paraos, it seemed to

them that there might be treachery, and they set sail for the junks, and as

soon as the crews of the junks saw them under sail, they also set sail and

made off where the wind best served them; and they overhauled one of the junks

with boats, and took it with twenty-seven men; and the ships went and anchored

abreast off the Island of the Myrobalans, with the junk made fast to the poop

of the flag-ship, and the paraos returned to the shore, and when night came

there came a squall from the west in which the said junk went to the bottom

alongside the flag-ship, without being able to receive any assistance from it

whatever.

 

     Next day, in the morning, they saw a sail, and went to it and took it.

This was a great junk in which the son of the King of Lucam came as captain,

and had with him ninety men; and as soon as they took them they sent some of

them to the King of Borneo; and they sent him word by these men to send the

Christians whom they had got there, who were seven men, and they would give

him all the people they had taken in the junk; on which account the King sent

two men of seven whom he had got there in a parao, and they again sent him

word to send the five men who still remained, and they would send all the

people they had got from the junk.  They waited two days for the answer, and

there came no message; and they took thirty men from the junk, and sent them

to the King of Borneo, and set sail with fourteen men of those they had taken

and three women; and they steered along the coast of the said island to the

northeast, returning backward, and they again passed between the islands and

the great island of Borneo, where the flag-ship grounded on a point of the

island, and so remained more than four hours, and the tide turned and it got

off, by which it was seen clearly that the tide was of twenty-four hours.

 

     While making the aforesaid course the wind shifted to northeast, and they

stood out to sea, and they saw a sail coming, and the ships anchored and the

boats went to it and took it.  It was a small junk and carried nothing but

cocoanuts; and they took in water and wood, and set sail along the coast of

the island to the northeast, until they reached the extremity of the said

island, and met with another small island, where they overhauled the ships,

and they gave it the name of Port St. Mary of August, and it is in fully 7

degrees.

 

     As soon as they had taken these precautions they set sail and steered to

the southwest until they sighted the island, which is called Fagajam, and this

is a course of thirty-eight to forty leagues; and as soon as they sighted this

island they steered to the southwest, and again made an island which is called

Seloque, and they had information that there were many pearls there; and when

they had already sighted the island the wind shifted to a head wind, and they

could not fetch it by the course they were sailing, and it seemed to them that

it might be in 6 degrees.  This same night they arrived at the island of

Quipe, and ran along it to the southeast, and passed between it and another

island called Tamgym; and always running along the coast of the said island,

and going thus, they fell in with a parao laden with sago leaves (which is of

a tree which is named cajare), which the people of that country eat as bread.

The parao carried twenty-one men, and the chief of them had been in Molucca,

in the house of Francisco Semrryn; this was in 5 degrees, a little more or

less.  The inhabitants of this land came to see the ships, and so they had

speech of one another, and an old man of these people said he would conduct

them to Molucca.

 

     In this manner, having fixed a time with the old man, an agreement was

made with him, and they gave him a certain price for this; and when the next

day came, and they were to depart, the old man intended to escape, and they

understood it, and took him and others who were with him, and who also said

that they knew pilots' work, and they set sail; and as soon as the inhabitants

saw them go, they fitted out to go after them; and of the paraos, there did

not reach the ships more than two, and these reached so near that they shot

arrows into the ships, and the wind was fresh and they could not come up with

them.  At midnight of that day they sighted some islands, and they steered

more toward them; and next day they saw land, which was an island; and at

night following that day they found themselves very close to it, and when

night fell the wind calmed and the currents drew them very much inshore; there

the old pilot cast himself into the sea and betook himself to land.

 

     Sailing thus forward, after one of the pilots had fled, they sighted

another island and arrived close to it, and another Moorish pilot said that

Molucca was still farther on; and navigating thus, the next day in the morning

they sighted three high mountains, which belonged to a nation of people whom

they called Salabos; and then they saw a small island and they anchored to

take in some water, because they feared that in Molucca they would not be

allowed to take it in; and they omitted doing so because the Moorish pilot

told them that there were some four hundred in that island, and that they were

all very bad, and might do them some injury, as they were men of little faith;

and that he would give them no such advice as to go to that island; and also

because Molucca, which they were seeking, was now near, and that its kings

were good men, who gave a good reception to all sorts of men in their country;

and while still in this neighborhood they saw the islands themselves of

Molucca, and for rejoicing they fired all the artillery, and they arrived at

the island on November 8, 1521, so that they spent from Spain to Molucca two

years and two months.

 

     As soon as they arrived at the island of Tydor, which is in 30 feet, the

King thereof did them great honor, which could not be exceeded.  There they

treated with the King for their cargo, and the King engaged to give them

whatever there was in the country for their money, and they settled to give

for the bahar of cloves fourteen ells of yellow cloth of seventy-seven tem,

which are worth in Castile a ducat the ell; of red cloth of the same kind ten

ells; they also gave thirty ells of Britanny linen cloth, and for each of

these quantities they received a bahar of cloves; likewise for thirty knives,

eight bahars.  Having thus settled all the above-mentioned prices, the

inhabitants of the country gave them information that farther on, in another

island near, there was a Portuguese man.  This island might be two leagues

distant, and it was named Targatell.  This man was the chief person of

Molucca; there we now have got a fortress.  They then wrote letters to the

said Portuguese to come and speak with them, to which he answered that he did

not dare, because the King of the country forbade it; that if they obtained

permission from the King he would come at once.  This permission they soon

got, and the Portuguese came to speak with them.

 

     They gave him an account of the prices which they had settled, at which

he was amazed, and said on that account the King had ordered him not to come,

as they did not know the truth about the prices of the country; and while they

were thus taking in cargo there arrived the King of Baraham, which is near

there, and said that he wished to be a vassal of the King of Castile, and also

that he had got four hundred bahars of cloves, and that he had sold them to

the King of Portugal, and that they had bought it, but that he had not yet

delivered it; and if they wished for it, he would give it all to them; to

which the captains answered that if he brought it to them, and came with it,

they would buy it, but not otherwise.  The King, seeing that they did not wish

to take the cloves, asked them for a flag and a letter of safe-conduct, which

they gave him, signed by the captains of the ships.

 

     While they were thus waiting for the cargo, it seemed to them, from the

delay in delivery, that the King was preparing some treachery against them,

and the greater part of the ships' crews made an uproar and told the captains

to go, as the delays which the King made were for nothing else than treachery:

as it seemed to them all that it might be so, they were abandoning everything

and were intending to depart; and being about to unfurl the sails, the King,

who had made the agreement with them, came to the flag-ship and asked the

captain why he wanted to go, because that which he had agreed upon with him he

intended to fulfil it as had been settled.  The captain replied that the

ships' crews said they should go and not remain any longer, as it was only

treachery that was being prepared against them.  To this the King answered

that it was not so, and on that account he at once sent for his Koran, upon

which he wished to make oath that nothing should be done to them. They at once

brought him his Koran, and upon it he made oath, and told them to rest at ease

with that.  At this the crews were set at rest, and he promised them that he

would give them their cargo by December 15, 1521, which he fulfilled within

the said time, without being wanting in anything.

 

     When the two ships were already laden and about to unfurl their sails,

the flag-ship sprung a large leak, and, the King of the country learning this,

he sent them twenty-five divers to stop the leak, which they were unable to

do.  They settled that the other ship should depart, and that this one should

again discharge all its cargo and unload it; and as they could not stop the

leak, the King promised that they, the people of the country, should give them

all that they might be in need of.  This was done, and they discharged the

cargo of the flag-ship; and when the said ship was repaired, they took in her

cargo, and decided on making for the country of the Antilles, and the course

from Molucca to it was two thousand leagues, a little more or less.  The other

ship, which set sail first, left on December of the said year, and went out to

sea for the Timor, and made its course behind Java, two thousand fifty-five

leagues, to the Cape of Good Hope.

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