The History of Ancient Sumeria (Sumer) including its cities, kings, religions culture and contributions or civilization
The Art of Sumeria
by: Liliana Osses Adams
Other Mesopotamian Peoples
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Larsa modern Tall Sankarah, was one of
the ancient capital cities of Babylonia, located about 20 miles (32 km)
southeast of Uruk (Erech; Arabic Tall al-Warka'), in southern Iraq. Larsa
was probably founded in prehistoric times, but the most prosperous period
of the city coincided with an independent dynasty inaugurated by a king
named Naplanum (c. 2025-c. 2005 BC); he was a contemporary of Ishbi-Erra,
who founded a dynasty at the rival city of Isin. Naplanum was succeeded by
a line of 13 kings, many of whom exercised great authority in Babylonia
and represented the new hegemony of Semitic Akkadian elements that
superseded the Sumerians.
Isin and Larsa seem to have existed in
a state of armed neutrality for more than a century during the time when
each city was consolidating its rule. Isin was initially recognized as
dominant at Ur, but business records on clay tablets found in the latter
city show that by the time of the fifth and sixth kings of Larsa, Gungunum
(c. 1932-c. 1906 BC) and Abisare (1905-1895), Larsa was already on the
road to dominance. The 12th king of the dynasty, Silli-Adad (c. 1835),
reigned for only a year and was then deposed by a powerful Elamite,
Kutur-Mabuk, who installed his son Warad-Sin (1834-23) as king. This act
apparently caused little disruption in the economic life of Larsa, and
this was in fact a most prosperous period, as many thousands of business
documents attest. Agriculture and stockbreeding flourished; much attention
was given to irrigation; and long-distance trade connected the Euphrates
with the Indus valley through commerce in hides, wool, vegetable oil, and
ivory. Under Warad-Sin's son Rim-Sin (1822-1763), the arts, especially the
old Sumerian scribal schools, received great encouragement. The days of
Larsa were numbered, however, for Hammurabi of Babylon, who had long been
determined to destroy his most dangerous enemy, defeated Rim-Sin in 1763
BC and substituted his own authority for that of Larsa over southern
The brief excavations conducted in Larsa in 1933 by André Parrot revealed a ziggurat, a temple to the sun god, and a palace of Nur-Adad (c. 1865-c. 1850 BC), as well as many tombs and other remains of the Neo-Babylonian and Seleucid periods.