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looks you see sadness these days. The other day on the train a
woman sat counting the fingers on her hand. One, two, three, four,
five she said, then began the counting again. She repeated herself
over and over. Some of us riding the car couldn't help but to start
smiling at her. Her husband then spoke in a soft voice. Ladies and
gentlemen, please don't laugh at my wife. She has lost all five of
her sons in battle defending our fine nation. Now she is gone in
the head and I am taking her to the asylum.
The Nations Involved in
Between the Wars
Declaration of War
Kaiser Wilhelm II
Wilfred Owen, "Gas"
World War One Battles
Letters from the Front
A Special Christmas Story
Music from World War One
Long Way To Tipperary
Pack Up Your Troubles
World War One,
Gavrilo Pincip b. July 25 [July 13, Old Style], 1894,
Obljaj, Bosniad. April 28, 1918,
Austria South Slav nationalist who assassinated Archduke
Francis Ferdinand, heir to the Austro-Hungarian throne,
and his consort, Sophie, Duchess von Hohenberg (née
Chotek), at Sarajevo, Bosnia, on June 28, 1914.
Princip's act gave Austria-Hungary the excuse that it
had sought for opening hostilities against Serbia and
thus precipitated World War I. In Yugoslavia--the South
Slav state that he had envisioned--Princip came to be
regarded as a national hero.
Born into a
Bosnian Serb peasant family, Princip was trained in
terrorism by the Serbian secret society known as the
Black Hand (true name Ujedinjenje ili Smrt, "Union or
Death"). Wanting to destroy Austro-Hungarian rule in the
Balkans and to unite the South Slav peoples into a
federal nation, he believed that the first step must be
the assassination of a member of the Habsburg imperial
family or a high official of the government.
that Francis Ferdinand, as inspector general of the
imperial army, would pay an official visit to Sarajevo
in June 1914, Princip, his associate Nedjelko Cabrinovic,
and four other revolutionaries awaited the archduke's
procession on June 28. Cabrinovic threw a bomb that
bounced off the archduke's car and exploded beneath the
next vehicle. A short time later, while driving to a
hospital to visit an officer wounded by the bomb,
Francis Ferdinand and Sophie were shot to death by
Princip, who said he had aimed not at the duchess but at
General Oskar Potiorek, military governor of Bosnia.
Austria-Hungary held Serbia responsible and declared war
July 28.After a trial in Sarajevo, Princip was sentenced
(Oct. 28, 1914) to 20 years' imprisonment, the maximum
penalty allowed for a person under the age of 20 on the
day of his crime. Probably tubercular before his
imprisonment, Princip underwent amputation of an arm
because of tuberculosis of the bone and died in a
hospital near his prison.
World History Project