OCTOBER

BIRTHDAYS

10/1/1730 :Richard Stockton, signer of US Declaration of Independence.

10/1/1781 :Captain James Lawrence, naval hero of the War of 1812.

10/1/1832 :Caroline Lavinia Scott Harrison, wife of Benjamin Harrison.

10/1/1893 :Faith Baldwin, novelist.

10/1/1903 :Vladimir Horowitz, Russian pianist.

10/1/1914 :Daniel J. Boorstin, former US Librarian of Congress.

10/1/1920 :Walter Matthau, actor.

10/1/1921 :James Whitmore, actor.

10/1/1924 :James Earl "Jimmy" Carter Jr, 39th US president.

10/1/1924 :William Hubbs Rehnquist, US Chief Justice.

10/1/1927 :Tom Bosley, actor.

10/1/1928 :George Peppard, actor.

10/1/1930 :Richard Harris, actor.

10/1/1935 :Julie Andrews, actress.

10/1/1936 :Stella Stevens, actress.

10/1/1945 :Rod Carew, baseball player.

10/1/1950 :Randy Quaid, actor and comedian.

10/1/1953 :Grete Waitz, track athlete.

10/1/1955 :Jeff Reardon, baseball player.

10/1/1963 :Mark McGwire, baseball player.

10/2/1452 :King Richard 3rd of England.

10/2/1790 :John Ross, Cherokee Chief. (10/3?)

10/2/1800 :Nat Turner, black slave and leader of historic US slave revolt.

10/2/1847 :Paul von Hindenburg, German soldier and statesman.

10/2/1851 :General Ferdinand Foch, French military commander.

10/2/1869 :Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, Hindu religious and political leader.

10/2/1871 :Cordell Hull, US statesman.

10/2/1879 :Wallace Stevens.

10/2/1895 :Bud Abbott, comedian.

10/2/1895 :Groucho Marx, comedian.

10/2/1904 :Graham Greene, novelist.

10/2/1926 :Jan Morris (James Morris), travel writer.

10/2/1928 :Clay S. Felker, publisher.

10/2/1928 :George "Spanky" McFarland, actor.

10/2/1929 :Moses Gunn, actor.

10/2/1932 :Maury Wills, baseball player.

10/2/1938 :Rex Reed, movie critic. (1939?)

10/2/1945 :Don McLean, singer and songwriter.

10/2/1948 :Avery Brooks.

10/2/1949 :Annie Leibovitz.

10/2/1951 :Sting (Gordon Sumner), rock 'n' roll singer.

10/2/1954 :Lorraine Bracco, actress.

10/2/1971 :Tiffany, singer.

10/3/1790 :John Ross, Cherokee Chief. (10/2?)

10/3/1799 :Francisco Morazan, national hero in Honduras.

10/3/1800 :George Bancroft, US historian.

10/3/1844 :Patrick Manson, "father of tropical medicine."

10/3/1873 :Emily Post, arbitress of etiquette. (10/27/1872?)

10/3/1900 :Thomas Wolfe, novelist.

10/3/1909 :Herblock (Herbert Block), political cartoonist.

10/3/1925 :Gore Vidal, novelist.

10/3/1934 :Madlyn Rhue, actress.

10/3/1941 :Chubby Checker (Ernest Evans), singer ("The Twist").

10/3/1943 :Jeff Bingaman, New Mexico Senator.

10/3/1947 :Lindsey Buckingham, musician.

10/3/1951 :David Winfield, baseball player.

10/3/1954 :Dennis Lee Eckersley, baseball player.

10/3/1959 :Fred Couples.

10/3/1959 :Jack Wagner, actor ("General Hospital").

10/4/1810 :Eliza McCardle Johnson, wife of Andrew Johnson.

10/4/1822 :Rutherford Birchard Hayes, 19th US president.

10/4/1861 :Frederic Remington, painter of the American West.

10/4/1862 :Edward L. Stratemeyer, US author ("The Hardy Boys").

10/4/1884 :Alfred Damon Runyon, US journalist-author.

10/4/1895 :Buster Keaton, pioneer movie comedian.

10/4/1903 :John V. Atanasoff.

10/4/1914 :Brendan Gill, comedian.

10/4/1917 :Jan Murray (Murry Janofsky), comedian.

10/4/1924 :Charlton Heston, actor. (1923?) [1922?]

10/4/1928 :Alvin Toffler, author.

10/4/1941 :Jackie Collins, novelist.

10/4/1943 :Buddy Roemer, former Louisiana Governor.

10/4/1945 :Clifton Davis, actor and singer.

10/4/1946 :Susan Sarandon (Susan Abigail Tomalin), actress.

10/4/1949 :Armand Assante, actor.

10/4/1949 :Mike Adamle, broadcast journalist.

10/5/1713 :Denis Diderot, French philosopher.

10/5/1830 :Chester Alan Arthur, 21st US president.

10/5/1882 :Robert Hutchings Goddard, rocket pioneer.

10/5/1902 :Ray Kroc, founder of McDonald's.

10/5/1908 :Joshua Logan, producer and director.

10/5/1919 :Donald Pleasence, actor and producer.

10/5/1923 :Glynis Johns, actress.

10/5/1923 :Philip Berrigan, political activist and defrocked priest.

10/5/1924 :Bill Dana, actor and comedian.

10/5/1936 :Vaclav Havel, dramatist and former president of Chechosolvakia.

10/5/1943 :Steve Miller, musician.

10/5/1951 :Karen Allen, actress.

10/5/1952 :Clive Barker.

10/5/1954 :Bob Geldof, rock musician.

10/5/1968 :Mario Lemieux, hockey player.

10/6/1820 :Jenny Lind, the "Swedish Nightingale," singer.

10/6/1845 :Charles Stillwell, inventor of the brown, paper, grocery bag.

10/6/1846 :George Westinghouse, US inventor and manufacturer.

10/6/1882 :Karol Szymanowski, Polish composer.

10/6/1905 :Helen Wills Moody, tennis champion.

10/6/1906 :Janet Gaynor, actress.

10/6/1908 :Carol Lombard, actress.

10/6/1914 :Thor Heyerdahl, Norwegian ethnologist and archaeologist.

10/6/1925 :Shana Alexander, journalist and author.

10/6/1930 :Hafez Assad, Syrian president.

10/6/1937 :Anna Quayle, comedienne.

10/6/1940 :Wyche Fowler Jr, Georgia Senator.

10/6/1942 :Britt Ekland (Britt Eklund), actress.

10/6/1942 :Fred Travalena, actor and impressionist.

10/6/1956 :Stephanie Zimbalist, actress. (10/8?)

10/6/1959 :Dennis Ray Boyd.

10/6/1965 :Ruben Angel Sierra (Garcia), baseball player.

10/7/1849 :James Whitcomb Riley, poet.

10/7/1857 :Fleetwood Walker, first black major league baseball player.

10/7/1859 :Thomas James Wise, English bibliophile and literary forger.

10/7/1870 :Uncle Dave Macon, Grand Ole Opry star.

10/7/1885 :Niels Bohr, Danish atomic physicist.

10/7/1888 :Henry Agard Wallace, 33rd US vice president.

10/7/1905 :Andy Devine, actor.

10/7/1911 :Vaughn Monroe, singer.

10/7/1917 :June Allyson (Ella Geisman), actress.

10/7/1927 :Al Martino (Alfred Cini), actor and singer.

10/7/1927 :R(onald) D(avid) Laing, psychiatrist and author.

10/7/1931 :Desmond Tutu, South African archbishop.

10/7/1934 :Imamu Amiri Baraka (Leroi Jones), poet and dramatist.

10/7/1935 :Thomas Keneally, Australian novelist.

10/7/1936 :Charles Dutoit, Swiss conductor.

10/7/1943 :Oliver Laurence North, US Marine Corps Lt. Colonel.

10/7/1951 :John Cougar Mellencamp, singer.

10/7/1953 :Christopher Norris, actor.

10/7/1955 :Yo-Yo Ma, musician.

10/7/1957 :Michael W. Smith.

10/8/1585 :Heinrich Schutz, "father of German music".

10/8/1869 :James Frank Duryea, automobile inventor.

10/8/1873 :E. Hertzprung.

10/8/1890 :Edward V. Rickenbacker, WWI flying ace.

10/8/1895 :Juan Peron, Argentine dictator.

10/8/1913 :Temple Hornaday Fielding, travel guide author.

10/8/1916 :Spark Masayuki Matsunaga, Hawaii Senator.

10/8/1936 :Rona Barrett, gossip columnist.

10/8/1937 :Clodagh Aubry, designer.

10/8/1939 :Paul Hogan, actor.

10/8/1940 :David Carradine, actor.

10/8/1941 :Jesse Jackson, civil rights leader.

10/8/1943 :Chevy Chase (Cornelius Crane), comic actor.

10/8/1948 :Sarah Purcell, TV personality.

10/8/1949 :Sigourney Weaver, actress.

10/8/1951 :Johnny Ramone, rock singer.

10/8/1956 :Stephanie Zimbalist, actress. (10/6?)

10/9/1835 :Camille Saint-Saens, French composer.

10/9/1879 :Max von Laue, German physicist.

10/9/1890 :Amiee Semple McPherson, US evangelist.

10/9/1899 :Bruce Catton, Civil War historian.

10/9/1906 :Leopold Sedor Senghor.

10/9/1923 :Donald Sinden, actor.

10/9/1933 :Martin Gottfried, drama critic.

10/9/1938 :Russell Myers, cartoonist.

10/9/1940 :Gordon J. Humphrey, former New Hampshire Senator.

10/9/1940 :Joe Pepitone, baseball player.

10/9/1940 :John Winston Lennon, former Beatle.

10/9/1941 :Trent Lott, Mississippi Senator.

10/9/1944 :John Alec Entwistle.

10/9/1944 :Peter Tosh (Winston Hubert MacIntosh).

10/9/1948 :Jackson Browne, singer and songwriter. (1949?) [1950?]

10/9/1951 :Richard Chaves.

10/9/1954 :Scott Bakula.

10/9/1958 :Mike Singletary, football player.

10/9/1959 :Michael Pare.

10/10/1802:Hugh Miller, author and geologist.

10/10/1813:Giuseppi Verdi, Italian operatic composer.

10/10/1825:Stephanus Johannes Paulus Kruger, former president of the South

          :African Republic.

10/10/1885:Francois Mauriac, novelist.

10/10/1900:Helen Hayes, actress.

10/10/1918:Thelonious Monk, jazz musician.

10/10/1922:Wilhelmina Holladay, philanthropist.

10/10/1924:James Clavell, author.

10/10/1930:Adlai Stevenson III, former Illinios Senator.

10/10/1930:Harold Pinter, playwright.

10/10/1946:Ben Vereen, singer-dancer.

10/10/1946:John Prine.

10/10/1955:David Lee Roth, singer.

10/10/1956:Martina Navratilova, tennis player. (10/18?)

10/10/1958:Tanya Tucker, singer.

10/10/1975:Sean Lennon.

10/11/1759:Mason Locke Weems, inventor of Washington and the cherry tree

          :fable.

10/11/1844:Henry John Heinz, food industry pioneer.

10/11/1872:Harland Fiske Stone, former US Supreme Court Chief Justice.

10/11/1884:Anna Eleanor Roosevelt, former US first lady and author.

10/11/1887:William F. (Willie) Hoppe, American billiards player.

10/11/1910:Joseph Alsop, journalist and author.

10/11/1918:Jerome Robbins, choreographer.

10/11/1919:Art Blakey, musician.

10/11/1925:Elmore Leonard.

10/11/1935:Roy Scheider, actor. (11/10?)

10/11/1945:Robert Gale, physician.

10/11/1948:Daryl Hall, singer.

10/11/1948:Ray Mabus, Mississippi governor.

10/11/1950:Patty Murray, Washington Senator.

10/11/1964:Luke Perry, actor.

10/11/1965:Sean Patrick Flanery.

10/12/1710:Jonathan Trumbull, US patriot.

10/12/1844:George Washington Cable, American author.

10/12/1860:Elmer Sperry, developer of practical uses for the gyroscope.

10/12/1872:Ralph Vaughn-Williams, English composer.

10/12/1896:Eugenio Montale.

10/12/1906:Joe Cronin, baseball player.

10/12/1923:Jean Nidetch, founder of Weight Watchers.

10/12/1932:Dick Gregory, comedian and civil rights activist.

10/12/1932:Edwin Jacob (Jake) Garn, former Utah Senator.

10/12/1935:Luciano Pavarotti, opera singer.

10/12/1935:Tony Kubek, sportscaster. (1936?)

10/12/1947:Chris Wallace, ABC reporter.

10/12/1950:Ronald E. McNair, second black US astronaut.

10/12/1950:Susan Anton, singer and actress.

10/12/1962:Sid Fernandez, baseball player.

10/12/1968:Adam Rich, actor.

10/12/1970:Kirk Cameron, actor.

10/13/-70 :Publius Vergilius Maro (Virgil). (10/15?)

10/13/1754:Mary Hays McCauley (nee Ludwig) (a.k.a Molly Pitcher), US

          :Revolutionary War heroine.

10/13/1821:Rudolf Virchow, founder of cellular pathology.

10/13/1853:Lillie Langtry, actress.

10/13/1890:Conrad Richter.

10/13/1917:Burr Tillstrom, puppeteer.

10/13/1918:Cornel Wilde, actor.

10/13/1921:Yves Montand (Ivo Livi), actor and singer.

10/13/1924:Nipsey Russell, comedian.

10/13/1925:Frank D. Gilroy, playwright.

10/13/1925:Lenny Bruce, comedian. (1926?)

10/13/1925:Margaret Hilda Roberts Thatcher, former British prime minister.

10/13/1926:Jesse Leroy Brown, first black American naval aviator.

10/13/1929:Richard Howard.

10/13/1942:Arthur Garfunkel, singer.

10/13/1949:Sammy Hagar, singer.

10/13/1957:Reggie Theus, basketball player.

10/13/1959:(Olive) Marie Osmond, singer.

10/13/1961:Glenn Anton (Doc) Rivers, basketball player.

10/13/1962:Jerry Lee Rice, football player.

10/13/1963:Kelly Preston.

10/13/1969:Nancy Kerrigan, figure skater.

10/14/1644:William Penn, English Quaker and founder of Pennsylvania.

10/14/1882:Eamon de Valera, Irish political leader.

10/14/1888:Katherine Mansfield.

10/14/1890:Dwight David Eisenhower, 34th US president.

10/14/1894:Edward Estlin Cummings, US poet, writer, and painter.

10/14/1896:Lillian Gish, actress.

10/14/1906:Hannah Arendt.

10/14/1916:Charles Everett Koop, former US Surgeon General.

10/14/1927:Roger Moore, actor.

10/14/1928:Gary Graffman, musician.

10/14/1938:John W. Dean III, former White House counsel.

10/14/1939:Ralph Lauren (Ralph Lifshitz), fashion designer.

10/14/1940:Cliff Richard, British pop musician and former teen idol.

10/14/1952:Harry Anderson, actor.

10/14/1952:Karyn White. (1964?)

10/14/1953:Greg Evigan, actor.

10/14/1956:Beth Daniel, golfer.

10/14/1958:Thomas Dolby, singer.

10/15/-70 :Virgil (Publius Vergilius Maro), Roman poet. (10/13?)

10/15/1844:Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche, German philosopher.

10/15/1858:John L. Sullivan, boxing champion.

10/15/1872:Edith Bolling Galt Wilson, second wife of Woodrow Wilson.

10/15/1881:Pelham Grenville Wodehouse, English writer and humorist.

10/15/1900:Mervyn Leroy, film producer ("The Wizard of Oz").

10/15/1903:Otto Bettmann, picture archivist.

10/15/1904:Marty Mann, American social activist and author.

10/15/1905:C.P. Snow.

10/15/1908:John Kenneth Galbraith, economist and diplomat.

10/15/1917:Arthur Meier Schlesinger Jr, writer and historian.

10/15/1920:Mario Puzo, author ("The Godfather").

10/15/1923:Italo Calvino.

10/15/1924:Lido Anthony "Lee" Iacocca, Chrysler Corporation chairman.

10/15/1930:Ned R. McWherter, Tennessee Governor.

10/15/1937:Linda Lavin, actress. (1939?)

10/15/1942:Penny Marshall, actress and director.

10/15/1945:Jim Palmer, sportscaster.

10/15/1946:Richard Carpenter, pop singer.

10/15/1951:Roscoe Tanner, tennis player.

10/15/1955:Tanya Roberts, actress.

10/15/1953:Tito Jackson (Toriano Adaryll Jackson), singer.

10/15/1959:Sarah Ferguson, Duchess of York.

10/15/1965:Trace (Raymond Lester) Armstrong, football player.

10/16/1714:Giovanni Arduino, geologist.

10/16/1752:Adolf Knigge.

10/16/1758:Noah Webster, US teacher and journalist.

10/16/1854:Oscar (Fingal O'Flahertie Wills) Wilde, Irish author and

          :dramatist.

10/16/1886:David Ben Gurion, Israeli Prime Minister.

10/16/1888:Eugene Gladstone O'Neill, US playwright.

10/16/1898:William Orville Douglas, US Supreme Court Justice.

10/16/1900:Goose Goslin, baseball player.

10/16/1925:Angela Lansbury, actress.

10/16/1925:Daniel Jackson Evans, Washington Senator.

10/16/1927:Gunter Grass, author.

10/16/1931:Charles W. Colson, former US presidential advisor and Watergate

          :participant.

10/16/1946:Susanne Somers, actress.

10/16/1947:Bob Weir (Robert Hall).

10/16/1956:Melissa Belote, swimmer.

10/16/1958:Tim Robbins, actor.

10/16/1962:Manute Bol, basketball player.

10/16/1969:Wendy Wilson, singer.

10/17/1711:Jupiter Hammon, first published US black poet.

10/17/1727:John Wilkes, English politician.

10/17/1780:Richard Mentor Johnson, 9th US vice president.

10/17/1893:Spring Byington, actress.

10/17/1903:Irene Ryan, actress.

10/17/1903:Nathanael West, novelist.

10/17/1908:Jean Arthur (Gladys Georgianna Greene), actress.

10/17/1912:Albino Luciani (Pope John Paul I), 263rd Catholic Pope.

10/17/1915:Arthur Miller, playwright.

10/17/1918:Rita Hayworth, actress.

10/17/1926:Beverly Garland, actress.

10/17/1927:Tom Poston, actor.

10/17/1930:Jimmy Breslin, newspaper columnist.

10/17/1938:Evel Knievel (Robert Craig Knievel), motorcycle stunt performer.

10/17/1947:Michael McKean, actor.

10/17/1948:George Wendt, actor ("Cheers").

10/17/1948:Margot Kidder, actress.

10/17/1957:Steve Douglas McMichael, football player.

10/17/1958:Alan Jackson.

10/17/1959:Dolph Lundgren, actor.

10/18/1785:Thomas Love Peacock, novelist and poet.

10/18/1854:Salomon Auguste Andree, Swedish explorer and balloonist.

10/18/1859:Henri Bergson, French philosopher.

10/18/1889:Fannie Hurst, novelist. (10/19?)

10/18/1904:Abbott Joseph Liebling, American journalist and author.

10/18/1919:Anita O'Day, singer.

10/18/1919:Pierre Elliot Trudeau, former Canadian prime minister.

10/18/1921:Jesse Helms, North Carolina Senator.

10/18/1925:Melina Mercouri, Greek actress and minister of culture.

10/18/1926:Chuck Berry (Charles Edward Anderson), rock 'n' roller.

10/18/1927:George C. Scott, actor ("Patton").

10/18/1927:Katherine Fanning, editor.

10/18/1928:Keith Jackson, sportscaster.

10/18/1929:Violeta Barrios de Chamorro, Nicaraguan president.

10/18/1930:Frank Carlucci, former US Defense Secretary.

10/18/1932:Vytautas Lansbergis, Lithuanian president.

10/18/1939:Lee Harvey Oswald, presidential assassin.

10/18/1939:Mike Ditka, football coach.

10/18/1947:Laura Nyro, singer and composer.

10/18/1948:Ntozake Shange (Paulette L. Williams), dramatist and poet.

10/18/1951:Pam Dawber, actress.

10/18/1956:Martina Navratilova, tennis player. (10/10?)

10/18/1958:Tommy Hearns, boxer.

10/18/1961:Erin Moran, actress.

10/18/1961:Wynton Marsalis, jazz and classical trumpeter.

10/19/1605:Thomas Browne, English physician and scholar.

10/19/1748:Martha Wayles Skelton Jefferson, wife of Thomas Jefferson.

10/19/1784:Leigh Hunt, poet and essayist.

10/19/1810:Cassius Marcellus Clay, abolitionist.

10/19/1889:Fannie Hurst, US novelist. (10/18?)

10/19/1895:Lewis Mumford, historian, philosopher, and city planner.

10/19/1899:Eddie Bauer.

10/19/1899:Miguel Angel Asturias.

10/19/1918:Robert Strauss, US ambassador to Russia.

10/19/1920:LaWanda Page, actress.

10/19/1921:Bern Bennett, CBS staff announcer.

10/19/1922:Jack Anderson, newspaper columnist.

10/19/1931:John LeCarre (David John Moore Cornwell), English spy novelist.

10/19/1932:Robert Reed, actor.

10/19/1937:Peter Max, pop artist.

10/19/1938:Renata Adler.

10/19/1945:Jeannie C. Riley, singer.

10/19/1945:John Lithgow, actor.

10/19/1945:Patricia Ireland, National Organization for Women president.

10/19/1960:Jennifer Holliday, blues singer.

10/19/1962:Evander Holyfield.

10/19/1965:Bradley Lee Daugherty, basketball player.

10/19/1967:Amy Carter, daughter of Jimmy Carter.

10/20/1632:Sir Christopher Wren, English astronomer and architect.

10/20/1819:Siyyid Ali Muhammad ("the Bab"), prophet of the Baha'i Faith.

10/20/1854:Arthur Rimbaud, French poet.

10/20/1856:James Robert Mann, author of the "White Slave Traffic Act."

10/20/1859:John Dewey, US philosopher and educator.

10/20/1874:Charles Ives, US composer.

10/20/1884:Bela Lugosi, actor. (1882?) (10/29?)

10/20/1891:Fanny Brice, actress. (10/29?)

10/20/1908:Arlene Francis (Arlene Kazanjian), TV personality.

10/20/1925:Art Buchwald, newspaper columnist.

10/20/1928:Dr. Joyce Brothers, psychologist.

10/20/1931:Mickey Mantle, baseball player.

10/20/1932:William Christopher, actor.

10/20/1935:Jerry Orbach, actor.

10/20/1952:Tom Petty, musician.

10/20/1953:Keith Hernandez, baseball player.

10/20/1956:Melanie Mayron, actress.

10/21/1772:Samuel Taylor Coleridge, British poet, critic, and philosopher.

10/21/1790:Alphonse de Lamartine, French poet.

10/21/1813:Caroline Carmichael McIntosh Fillmore, second wife of Millard

          :Fillmore.

10/21/1833:Alfred Bernhard Nobel, inventor of dynamite and founder of Nobel

          :Prize.

10/21/1845:Will Carleton, poet (observed in Michigan schools).

10/21/1912:Sir Georg Solti, conductor.

10/21/1917:John Birks "Dizzy" Gillespie, jazz trumpeter.

10/21/1921:Sir Malcolm Arnold, composer.

10/21/1928:Edward Charles "Whitey" Ford, baseball player.

10/21/1929:Ursula Le Guin, author.

10/21/1940:Frances FitzGerald, journalist and author.

10/21/1940:Manfred Mann, rock singer.

10/21/1942:Elvin Bishop, musician.

10/21/1956:Carrie Fisher, actress.

10/21/1959:George Bell, baseball player.

10/21/1976:Jeremy Miller, actor.

10/22/1811:Franz Liszt, Hungarian composer and pianist.

10/22/1844:Sarah Bernhardt, French actress.

10/22/1882:N.C. Wyeth.

10/22/1907:Jimmie Foxx, baseball player.

10/22/1917:Joan Fontaine, actress.

10/22/1919:Doris Lessing, English author.

10/22/1920:Timothy Francis Leary, psychologist and LSD advocate.

10/22/1922:John Hubbard Chafee, Rhode Island Senator.

10/22/1925:Robert Rauschenberg, artist.

10/22/1938:Christopher Lloyd, actor.

10/22/1938:Derek Jacobi, actor.

10/22/1939:Tony Roberts, actor.

10/22/1942:Annette Funicello, Mouseketeer and actress.

10/22/1943:Catherine Deneuve (Dorleac), actress ("The Last Metro").

10/22/1952:Jeff Goldblum, actor.

10/22/1952:Patti Davis, writer.

10/22/1963:Brian Boitano, ice skater.

10/23/1752:Nicholas Appert, French chef (invented canning process).

10/23/1817:Pierre Larousse, French grammarian and encyclopedist.

10/23/1835:Adlai Ewing Stevenson, 23rd US vice president.

10/23/1844:Louis Riel, Canadian patriot.

10/23/1844:Robert Bridges, English poet.

10/23/1869:John Heisman, pioneering college football coach.

10/23/1873:William Coolidge, inventor of the X-ray tube.

10/23/1906:Gertrude Caroline Ederle, first woman to swim the English Channel.

10/23/1925:Johnny Carson, TV personality.

10/23/1931:Diana Dors (Diana Fluck), actress.

10/23/1931:Jim Bunning, baseball player.

10/23/1934:Juan "Chi-Chi" Rodriguez, golfer.

10/23/1938:John Heinz, Pennsylvania Senator.

10/23/1940:Pele (Edson Arantes de Nascimento), Brazilian soccer great.

10/23/1942:Michael Crichton, author and film director.

10/23/1956:Dwight Yoakum, country singer.

10/23/1959:Alfred Matthew "Weird Al" Yankovic, satirist.

10/23/1962:Doug Flutie, football player.

10/23/1962:Mike Tomczak, football player.

10/24/1788:Sarah Josepha Hale, author of "Mary Had a Little Lamb".

10/24/1808:Carl Bernhard von Cotta, geologist.

10/24/1830:Belva Lockwood, first woman candidate for US president.

10/24/1855:James Schoolcraft Sherman, 27th US vice president.

10/24/1904:Moss Hart, US dramatist and writer of librettos.

10/24/1923:Denise Levertov, poet.

10/24/1926:Yelberton Abraham Tittle, football player.

10/24/1930:Jiles Perry "J.P." Richardson Jr. (a.k.a. The Big Bopper, singer

          :and songwriter.

10/24/1936:Bill Wyman, musician.

10/24/1936:David Nelson, actor and producer.

10/24/1939:F. Murray Abraham, actor ("Amadeus").

10/24/1947:Kevin Kline, actor.

10/25/1800:Baron Thomas Babington Macaulay, British essayist and historian.

10/25/1825:Johann Strauss, Austrian composer.

10/25/1838:Georges Bizet, French composer.

10/25/1881:Pablo Picasso, artist.

10/25/1888:Richard Byrd, explorer.

10/25/1889:Abel Gance, film director ("Napoleon").

10/25/1909:Whit Bissell, actor.

10/25/1912:Jack Kent Cooke.

10/25/1912:Minnie Pearl, comedian and country music star.

10/25/1914:John Berryman.

10/25/1923:Bobby Thomson, baseball player.

10/25/1924:Dr. Bobby Brown, American League president.

10/25/1928:Anthony Franciosa (Anthony Papaleo), actor.

10/25/1928:Marion Ross, actress.

10/25/1930:Hanna Gray, educator.

10/25/1940:Bobby Knight, basketball coach.

10/25/1941:Anne Tyler.

10/25/1942:Helen Reddy, singer.

10/25/1944:Jon Anderson.

10/25/1949:Brian Kerwin, actor.

10/25/1967:Julia Roberts, actress ("Pretty Woman"). (10/28?)

10/25/1971:Midori, violinist.

10/26/1685:Giuseppe Domenico Scarlatti, Italian composer.

10/26/1803:Joseph Aloysius Hansom, British inventor of the cab.

10/26/1879:Leon Trotsky, Russian revolutionary.

10/26/1902:Beryl Markham.

10/26/1910:Cardinal John Krol, retired archbishop of Philadelphia.

10/26/1911:Mahalia Jackson, gospel singer.

10/26/1914:Jackie Coogan, actor.

10/26/1916:Francois (Maurice Marie) Mitterrand, French president.

10/26/1919:Muhammad Reza Pahlavi, last shah of Iran.

10/26/1942:Bob Hoskins, actor.

10/26/1946:Ivan Reitman, director and producer.

10/26/1946:Pat Sajak, TV host.

10/26/1947:Hillary Rodham Clinton, US First lady.

10/26/1947:Jaclyn Smith, actress.

10/26/1950:Chuck Forman, football player.

10/26/1962:Cary Elwes, actor.

10/26/1963:Marla Maples.

10/27/1466:Desiderius Erasmus, Dutch scholor, theologian, and satirist.

10/27/1728:James Cook, English sea captain and explorer.

10/27/1782:Niccolo Paganini, Italian violin virtuoso.

10/27/1811:Isaac Singer, developer of the first practical home sewing

          :machine.

10/27/1858:Theodore Roosevelt, 26th US president.

10/27/1872:Emily Post, etiquette arbiter. (10/3/1873?)

10/27/1889:Enid Bagnold.

10/27/1910:Frederick De Cordova, producer and director.

10/27/1914:Dylan Marlais Thomas, Welsh poet and playwright.

10/27/1915:Harry Saltzman, film director.

10/27/1917:Oliver Tambo, South African political activist.

10/27/1918:Teresa Wright, actress.

10/27/1920:Nanette Fabray, actress.

10/27/1922:Ralph Kiner, baseball player and sportscaster.

10/27/1923:Roy Lichtenstein, pop artist.

10/27/1924:Ruby Dee, actress.

10/27/1925:Warren Christopher, US Secretary of State.

10/27/1926:H.R. Haldeman, former White house chief of staff.

10/27/1932:Sylvia Plath.

10/27/1933:Floyd Cramer, musician and singer.

10/27/1933:Gerald M. Weinberg.

10/27/1939:John Cleese, actor and comedian.

10/27/1942:Lee Greenwood.

10/27/1946:Carrie Snodgrass, actress.

10/27/1950:Fran Lebowitz, novelist ("Metropolitan Life").

10/27/1951:Jayne Kennedy-Overton, actress and TV personality.

10/27/1958:Simon Le Bon, rock singer.

10/27/1963:Tracy Nelson, actress.

10/28/1793:Eliphalet Remington, riflemaker.

10/28/1842:Anna Elizabeth Dickinson (a.k.a. American Joan of Arc), orator

          :and author.

10/28/1846:Georges Auguste Escoffier, inventor of peche Melba.

10/28/1902:Elsa Lanchester, actress.

10/28/1903:Evelyn Waugh, British novelist.

10/28/1914:Dr. Jonas Edward Salk, developer of the polio vaccine.

10/28/1926:Bowie Kuhn, former baseball commissioner.

10/28/1929:Dody Goodman, actress.

10/28/1936:Charlie Daniels, musician and songwriter.

10/28/1939:Jane Alexander (Jane Quigley), actress.

10/28/1944:Dennis Franz, actor.

10/28/1948:Telma Hopkins, singer and actress.

10/28/1949:Bruce Jenner, track athlete and sportscaster.

10/28/1952:Annie Potts.

10/28/1955:Bill Gates, Microsoft founder.

10/28/1965:Jami Gertz, actress.

10/28/1967:Julia Roberts, actress. (10/25?)

10/28/1974:Leaf Phoenix.

10/29/1740:James Boswell, Scottish biographer (of Samuel Johnson).

10/29/1815:Daniel Decatur Emmett, singer-composer ("Dixie").

10/29/1882:Jean Giraudoux, French playwright ("The Madwoman of Chaillot").

10/29/1884:Bela Lugosi. (1882?) (10/20?)

10/29/1891:Fanny Brice, actress-comedian-singer. (10/20?)

10/29/1897:Paul Josef Goebbels, Nazi propaganda chief.

10/29/1921:William Mauldin, political cartoonist.

10/29/1925:John Haley "Zoot" Sims, musician.

10/29/1940:Connie Mack, Florida Senator.

10/29/1945:Melba Moore, singer and actress.

10/29/1947:Richard Dreyfuss, actor.

10/29/1948:Kate Jackson, actress.

10/29/1951:Dirk Kempthorne, Idaho Senator.

10/29/1955:J.T. Smith, football player.

10/29/1959:Jesse Lee Barfield, baseball player.

10/29/1960:Michael D'Andrea Carter, football player.

10/29/1961:Randy Jackson (Steven Randall Jackson), singer.

10/29/1971:Winona Ryder, actress.

10/30/1735:John Adams, 2nd US president.

10/30/1751:Richard Brinsley Sheridan, dramatist.

10/30/1839:Alfred Sisley, French impressionist painter.

10/30/1871:Paul Valery, French poet.

10/30/1885:Ezra Loomis Pound, US poet.

10/30/1893:Charles Atlas, strongman. (1894?)

10/30/1896:Ruth Gordon, actress.

10/30/1912:Gordon Parks, photographer and author.

10/30/1915:Fred Friendly, broadcast journalist.

10/30/1932:Louis Malle, film director.

10/30/1937:Claude Lelouch, film director.

10/30/1937:Dick Gautier, actor.

10/30/1939:Grace Slick, rock singer.

10/30/1945:Henry Winkler, actor-director.

10/30/1946:Andrea Mitchell.

10/30/1951:Harry Hamlin, actor.

10/30/1965:Charnele Brown, actress.

10/30/1970:Nia Long.

10/31/1620:John Evelyn, English diarist.

10/31/1632:Jan Vermeer, Dutch painter.

10/31/1795:John Keats, British poet.

10/31/1828:Joseph Wilson Swan, English scientist and inventor.

10/31/1852:Mary E. Wilkins Freeman.

10/31/1860:Juliette Gordon Low, Girl Scouts founder.

10/31/1887:Chiang Kai-Shek, founder of Nationalist China.

10/31/1900:Ethel Waters, singer and actress.

10/31/1912:Dale Evans, actress and singer.

10/31/1918:Griffin Bell, former US Attorney General.

10/31/1922:Barbara Bel Geddes, actress.

10/31/1928:Andrew Sarris, movie critic.

10/31/1928:Roy Romer, Colorado Governor.

10/31/1930:Michael Collins, astronaut.

10/31/1931:Dan Rather, journalist.

10/31/1936:Michael Landon (Eugene Michael Orowitz), actor and director.

10/31/1942:David Ogden Stiers, actor.

10/31/1948:Barbara Hall, actress.

10/31/1948:Deidre Hall, actress.

10/31/1950:John Candy, comedian and actor.

10/31/1950:(Margaret) Jane Pauley, anchorwoman.

10/31/1961:Larry Mullen, musician.

10/31/1963:Frederick Stanley McGriff, baseball player.

10/31/1967:Vanilla Ice (Robert Van Winkle), rapper.

 

EVENTS

10:Campaign for Healthier Babies Month

10:Combat Asthma Awareness Month

10:Computer Learning Month

10:Consumer Information Month

10:Co-op Awareness Month

10:Energy Awareness Month

10:Family History Awareness Month

10:Festival of Penha (Brazil)

10:Hispanic Heritage Month

10:International Microwave Month

10:National Adopt-a-dog Month

10:National AIDS Awareness Month

10:National Apple Jack Month

10:National Apple Month

10:National Car Care Month

10:National Clock Month

10:National Cosmetology Month

10:National Dessert Month

10:National Disability Employment Awareness Month

10:National Downs Syndrome Month

10:National Family Sexuality Education Month

10:National Kitchen and Bath Month

10:National Liver Awareness Month.

10:National Lupus Month

10:National Pasta Month

10:National Pizza Month

10:National Popcorn Poppin' Month

10:National Quality Month

10:National Roller Skating Month

10:National Sarcastics Awareness Month

10:National Seafood Month

10:National Sudden Infant Death Syndrome Awareness Month

10:Pizza Festival Month

10:Spinal Health Month

10:Unicorn Questing Season

10:Vegetarian Awareness Month

#: Events depending on weekdays

M(10/7) :Child Health Day (first Monday).

M(10/7) :US Supreme Court's new session begins (first Monday).

M(10/7) :Universal Children's Day (UN) (first Monday).

M(10/7) :World Habitat Day (UN) (first Monday).

U(10/7) :Blessing of the fishing fleet (Fisherman's Wharf, San Francisco)

        :(first Sunday).

U(10/7) :Erntedankfest (Germany) (first Sunday).

U(10/7) :Grandparents Day (Massachusetts) (first Sunday).

M(10/14):Columbus Day (second Monday).

M(10/14):Discoverers' Day (Hawaii). (second Monday)

M(10/14):Thanksgiving Day (Canada). (second Monday)

M(10/14):Virgin Islands - Puerto Rico Friendship Day. (second Monday)

W(10/14):International Day for Natural Disaster Reduction (UN) (second

        :Wednesday).

F(10/14):National Bookkeeper's Day (second Friday).

S(10/14):Mountain Glory Festival (Marion, North Carolina) (second

        :Saturday).

U(10/14):White Sunday (American Samoa) (second Sunday).

M(10/21):Hurricane Thanksgiving Day (Virgin Islands) (third Monday).

M(10/21):National Heroes Day (Jamaica) (third Monday).

W(10/21):Missouri Day (Missouri) (third Wednesday).

S(10/21):Sweetest Day (third Saturday).

U(10/28):Mother-In-Law Day (fourth Sunday).

U(10/31):Daylight Savings Time Ends (2:00 am) (last Sunday).

#: Normal events

10/1       :Arbor Day (Bolivia).

10/1       :Armed Forces Day (South Korea).

10/1       :Fiscal New Year (US).

10/1       :Independence Day (Cyprus).

10/1       :Independence Day (Nigeria).

10/1       :International Day for the Elderly.

10/1       :Labor Day (Australia).

10/1       :National Day (People's Republic of China).

10/1       :National Holiday (Tuvalu).

10/1       :Public Holiday (Botswanna).

10/1       :World Vegetarian Day.

10/1/-331  :Alexander the Great defeated the Persian army in what is now Iraq.

10/1/1684  :Pierre Corneille, playwright, died.

10/1/1785  :First city directory in US published (Philadelphia).

10/1/1810  :Berkshire Cattle Show opened (Pittsfield, Massachusetts).

10/1/1837  :"Racer's" Hurricane (Gulf of Mexico).

10/1/1847  :Maria Mitchell discovered a comet later named after her.

10/1/1875  :Beef first exported from New York to England.

10/1/1880  :John Philip Sousa became conductor of the US Marine Corps Band.

10/1/1885  :US special delivery mail service began.

10/1/1892  :University of Chicago began classes.

10/1/1896  :US Post Office began rural free delivery.

10/1/1903  :First World Series opened in Boston (Pilgrims 3 - Pittsburgh

           :Pirates 7).

10/1/1908  :Model T Ford introduced.

10/1/1932  :Babe Ruth's "called" home run.

10/1/1936  :General Francisco Franco proclaimed head of Spain.

10/1/1940  :First section of the Pennsylvania Turnpike opened.

10/1/1943  :Allied forces captured Naples.

10/1/1946  :Martin Bormann sentenced to death in absentia at Nuremberg.

10/1/1949  :Communist China founded.

10/1/1955  :First episode of "The Honeymooners" aired.

10/1/1958  :NASA inaugurated.

10/1/1960  :Nigeria became independent.

10/1/1961  :Roger Maris hit his 61st home run of the season (a new record).

10/1/1963  :Nigeria became a republic.

10/1/1964  :Free Speech movement launched (University of California,

           :Berkeley).

10/1/1968  :"Night of the Living Dead premiered.

10/1/1970  :Final baseball game played at Shibe Park (Philadelphia).

10/1/1971  :Walt Disney World (Florida) opened.

10/1/1975  :"The Thiller in Manila" (Ali beat Frazier).

10/1/1977  :Pele played a farewell game at the Meadowlands (New Jersey).

10/1/1983  :Carl Yastrzemski rounded Fenway Park during a farewell ceremony.

10/1/1985  :E.B. White, essayist, died.

10/2       :Independence Day (Guinea).

10/2       :Name Your Car Day.

10/2       :World Farm Animals Day.

10/2/-322  :Aristotle died. (3/7?)

10/2/1535  :Jacques Cartier landed at Montreal (then called Hochelaga).

10/2/1721  :African camel arrived in Boston.

10/2/1780  :Major John Andre, British spy, hanged in connection with B.

           :Arnold's treason.

10/2/1835  :First battle of the Texas Revolution.

10/2/1872  :Phileas Fogg wagered 20000 pounds that he could tour the world in

           :80 days.

10/2/1882  :W.H. Vanderbilt said, "The public be damned!"

10/2/1889  :Pan American Conference first held (Washington DC).

10/2/1912  :First day of 767 day drought (Bagdad, California).

10/2/1919  :US President Wilson suffered a stroke.

10/2/1920  :Last major league triple header played (Forbes Field).

10/2/1939  :First robotics-based CAM.

10/2/1942  :"The Cisco Kid" debuted (WOR-Mutual radio).

10/2/1950  :"Peanuts" (comic strip) first published.

10/2/1959  :First episode of "The Twilight Zone" aired.

10/2/1963  :Corfam, artificial shoe leather, introduced by DuPont.

10/2/1967  :Thurgood Marshall, first black US Supreme Court Justice, sworn in.

10/2/1968  :Appalachian Trail Bill signed into law.

10/2/1968  :Bob Gibson struck out 17 in a World Series game.

10/2/1969  :Tiny Tim was mystery guest on "What's My Line?".

10/2/1978  :Yankee Bucky Dent hit a three run homer to beat the Red Sox 5-4.

10/2/1980  :Holmes became heavyweight champion (beat Ali).

10/2/1984  :Richard Miller, former FBI agent, became first charged with

           :espionage.

10/2/1984  :Soviet cosmonauts returned to earth after a record 237 days in

           :space.

10/2/1985  :Rock Hudson, actor, died.

10/2/1988  :First American League baseball team drew 3,000,000 fans (Twins).

10/3       :Chung Yeung Festival (Hong Kong).

10/3       :Fansisco Morazan Holiday (Honduras).

10/3       :National Foundation Day (South Korea).

10/3       :Relief of Leiden Day (Netherlands).

10/3       :UN Day (Barbados).

10/3/1574  :Leiden (Netherlands) liberated.

10/3/1860  :Rembrandt Peale, US painter, died.

10/3/1863  :US President Lincoln declared the last Thursday in November

           :Thanksgiving Day.

10/3/1867  :Elias Howe, inventor of the sewing machine, died.

10/3/1896  :William Morris, English poet and artist, died.

10/3/1899  :Motor-driven vacuum cleaner patented.

10/3/1910  :Lucy Hobbs Taylor, first American woman dentist, died.

10/3/1922  :Rebecca Felton appointed first woman Senator (term - one day).

10/3/1929  :Kingdom of Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes formally changed its name

           :to the Kingdom of Yugoslavia.

10/3/1931  :Carl Nielsen, Danish composer, died.

10/3/1935  :Benito Mussolini attacked Ethiopia.

10/3/1939  :Declaration of Panama.

10/3/1943  :Third V4 launch attempt (first successful).

10/3/1944  :US troops cracked the Siegfried Line (Aachen, Germany).

10/3/1951  :Bobby Thomson hit a homerun off Ralph Branca to win the National

           :League title for the Giants.

10/3/1955  :"Captain Kangaroo" first broadcast.

10/3/1955  :"The Mickey Mouse Club" premiered.

10/3/1960  :First episode of "The Andy Griffith Show" aired.

10/3/1967  :Woodrow Wilson "Woody" Guthrie, folk singer, died.

10/3/1983  :Earl S. Tupper, inventor of Tupperware, died.

10/3/1985  :Charles Collingwood, CBS correspondent, died.

10/3/1985  :First flight of space shuttle Atlantis.

10/3/1985  :Three Mile Island nuclear power plant restarted one reactor.

10/3/1990  :East and West Germany reunited.

10/4       :Independence Day (Lesotho).

10/4       :Ten-Four Day.

10/4/1582  :Pope Gregory XIII decreed that the day following this would be

           :October 15, 1582.

10/4/1777  :American forces defeated by British in a battle at Germantown,

           :Pennsylvania.

10/4/1853  :Crimean war began.

10/4/1883  :The Simplon Orient Express' first trip.

10/4/1890  :Mormons renounced polygamy.

10/4/1904  :Frederic Auguste Bertholdi, French sculptor ("Statue of

           :Liberty"), died.

10/4/1931  :Comic strip "Dick Tracy" first appeared ("The Detroit Daily

           :Mirror").

10/4/1948  :First American League playoff game (Indians at Red Sox).

10/4/1957  :Sputnik 1 (USSR), first manmade space satellite, launched.

10/4/1959  :Luna 3 (USSR), first satellite to photograph the distant side of

           :the moon, launched.

10/4/1965  :Pope Paul VI arrived in US.

10/4/1966  :Lesotho, South Africa attained sovereignty within British

           :Commonwealth.

10/4/1970  :Janis Joplin, singer, died.

10/4/1976  :US Supreme Court reinstated the death penalty for murder.

10/4/1977  :First daily state lotteries with the same number (New Jersey and

           :Pennsylvania).

10/4/1982  :Glenn Gould died.

10/5       :National Day (Portugal).

10/5/1787  :Thomas Stone, signer of the US Declaration of Independence, died.

10/5/1813  :Battle of the Thames (Upper Canada).

10/5/1813  :Tecumseh, Shawnee Indian Chief and orator, killed.

10/5/1856  :Parker House (oldest hotel in US) opened.

10/5/1863  :First successful Confederate attack using a submersible craft

           :(David).

10/5/1877  :Nez Perce indians surrendered to US Cavalry.

10/5/1892  :Dalton Gang held up two banks simultaneously (Coffeyville,

           :Kansas).

10/5/1910  :Republic of Portugal established.

10/5/1921  :First radio broadcast of a World Series.

10/5/1941  :Louis Dembitz Brandeis, US Supreme Court Justice, died.

10/5/1947  :First televised White House address (Truman).

10/5/1953  :Earl Warren sworn in as chief justice of the US Supreme Court.

10/5/1953  :New York Yankees won the World Series.

10/5/1960  :Eastern Airlines Electra turbo-prop crashed in Boston Harbor (61

           :killed).

10/5/1964  :57 people escaped East Berlin by tunnel.

10/5/1966  :Enrico Fermi Atomic Power Plant (Monroe, Michigan) accident (3:09

           :pm EST).

10/5/1973  :Oregon became the first US state to remove criminal penalties for

           :less than an ounce of pot.

10/5/1979  :Charlie Smith, oldest American (137 years), died.

10/5/1983  :Lech Walesa named winner of the Nobel Peace Prize.

10/5/1984  :Space Shuttle Challenger (US) was launched on its sixth mission.

10/5/1985  :Eddie Robinson became college football's all-time winning coach.

10/5/1986  :Eugene Hasenfus captured after his plane, carrying arms intended

           :for the Nicaraguan rebels was shot down.

10/5/1989  :Jim Bakker, TV evangelist, convicted of fraud and conspiracy.

10/5/1992  :Eddie Kendricks, singer (Temptations), died.

10/6       :Armed Forces Day (Egypt).

10/6       :German-American Day.

10/6       :Ivy Day (Ireland).

10/6       :National Sports Day (Lesotho).

10/6       :Physician Assistant (PA) Day.

10/6       :Texas Working Mothers Day.

10/6/1683  :Germantown, Pennsylvania founded.

10/6/1825  :First giant exhibited in New York (Patrick Magee).

10/6/1847  :"Jane Eyre" by Charlotte Bronte published.

10/6/1853  :First coed public school (Antioch College - Yellow Springs, Ohio).

10/6/1866  :First US train robbery ($13,000 - Reno brothers).

10/6/1876  :American Library Association organized (Philadelphia).

10/6/1891  :Charles Stewart Parnell, Irish patriot, died.

10/6/1892  :Alfred Lord Tennyson, English poet, died.

10/6/1921  :World Series broadcast for the first time (Grantland Rice).

10/6/1927  :First talking motion picture opened ("The Jazz Singer, New York).

10/6/1961  :First GPSS manual published.

10/6/1962  :First James Bond film opened ("Dr. No," London).

10/6/1973  :Israel attacked by Egypt and Syria.

10/6/1978  :Deadline for ERA ratification extended to June 30, 1982.

10/6/1981  :Anwar El-Sadat, Egyptian president, assassinated.

10/6/1993  :Michael Jordan, basketball player, announced his retirement.

10/7       :Dalton Defenders Day (Coffeyville, Kansas).

10/7       :National Depression Day.

10/7       :National Heroes Day (Jamaica).

10/7       :World Court Day.

10/7/1763  :West closed to colonial settlement.

10/7/1780  :Battle of King's Mountain, South Carolina.

10/7/1783  :Freedom granted to slaves who fought during the Revolutionary War.

10/7/1826  :First US railroad began operation.

10/7/1849  :Edgar Allen Poe, author, died.

10/7/1868  :Cornell University was inaugurated.

10/7/1894  :Oliver Wendell Holmes, author and poet, died.

10/7/1916  :Georgia Tech. beat Cumberland University (222-0, football).

10/7/1925  :Christopher (Christy) Mathewson, baseball player, died.

10/7/1931  :Daniel Chester French, sculptor ("The Minuteman" statue), died.

10/7/1937  :"Woman's Day" first published.

10/7/1949  :Foundation of German Democratic Republic.

10/7/1954  :Marian Anderson became the first black engaged by the New York

           :Met. Opera.

10/7/1956  :Clarence Birdseye, American industrialist, died.

10/7/1957  :Fire in Windscale nuclear reactor (England).

10/7/1957  :First Bandstand (later, American Bandstand) broadcast.

10/7/1959  :First televised auction of federal property.

10/7/1959  :Luna 3 (USSR) returned images of the Moon's farside.

10/7/1962  :Hurricane Daisy in New England and Nova Scotia.

10/7/1963  :Bobby Baker resigned as Senate Democratic secretary.

10/7/1974  :Police stopped Wilbur Mills car, Fanne Fox jumped into water.

10/7/1977  :Marvin Mandel, Maryland Governor, sent to prison for fraud.

10/7/1984  :Walter Payton broke Jim Brown's career rushing record.

10/7/1985  :First woman chosen to play for the Harlem Globetrotters (Lynette

           :Woddard).

10/7/1989  :Bette Davis died.

10/7/1991  :Leo Ernest "the Lip" Durocher, baseball player and manager, died.

10/8       :Day of the Navy (Peru).

10/8       :Fiji Day (Fiji).

10/8/1754  :Henry Fielding, novelist, died.

10/8/1755  :Acadians expelled from Nova Scotia.

10/8/1793  :John Hancock, American patriot, died.

10/8/1862  :Battle of Perryville (Tennessee).

10/8/1869  :Franklin Pierce, 14th US president, died.

10/8/1871  :Forest fire in Peshtigo, Wisconsin began (1200 killed).

10/8/1871  :Great Chicago Fire broke out (250 killed).

10/8/1873  :First prison build for and managed by women (Indianapolis,

           :Indiana)

10/8/1918  :Sgt. Alvin C. York won the Medal of Honor.

10/8/1919  :Volstead Act (prohibiting sale or consumption of alcohol) passed.

10/8/1942  :First WAVES (Women Appointed for Voluntary Emergency Service)

           :began training (Smith College).

10/8/1944  :Wendell Lewis Willkie, Republican politician, died.

10/8/1945  :Felix Salten, Viennese author ("Bambi"), died.

10/8/1956  :Don Larsen pitched a perfect World Series game.

10/8/1967  :Clement Richard Attlee, former British Prime Minister, died.

10/8/1978  :First VisiCalc prototype.

10/8/1992  :Willy Brandt, former West German chancellor, died.

10/9       :Alphabet Day (Hangul) (South Korea).

10/9       :Fire Prevention Day.

10/9       :Independence Day (Uganda).

10/9       :Independence of Guayaquil (Ecuador).

10/9       :Leif Erikson Day. (Iceland and US).

10/9       :Republic Day (Khmer Republic).

10/9       :World Post Day (UN).

10/9/1000  :Leif Ericson discovered North America.

10/9/1701  :Yale University founded. (10/16?)

10/9/1776  :Mission Delores (San Francisco) founded.

10/9/1779  :Count Casimir Pulaski, Polish patriot, wounded.

10/9/1792  :Silver half dimes coined (Philadelphia).

10/9/1806  :Benjamin Banneker, "first Black man of science," died.

10/9/1855  :Calliope patented (J. Stoddard).

10/9/1865  :First working underground oil pipeline completed (Pithole,

           :Pennsylvania).

10/9/1876  :First two-way telephone conversation.

10/9/1910  :Forest fires hit North Minnesota (400 killed).

10/9/1917  :Self-service grocery patented (Clarence Saunders - Piggly Wiggly).

10/9/1934  :King Alexander of Yugoslavia killed by a Croatian terrorist.

10/9/1950  :Edna Saint Vincent Millay, poet, died.

10/9/1950  :General MacArthur ordered UN troops to cross 38th parallel.

10/9/1958  :Pope Pius XII (Eugenio Maria Giovanni Pacelli), 260th pope, died.

10/9/1962  :Uganda gained autonomy.

10/9/1967  :Ernesto "Che" Guevara, Cuban revolutionary, killed.

10/9/1973  :Elvis and Priscilla Presley divorced.

10/9/1975  :Andrei Sakharov, father of the Soviet hydrogen bomb, became the

           :first Russian citizen to win the Nobel Peace Prize.

10/9/1977  :Soyuz 25 (USSR) launched.

10/9/1988  :Felix Wankel, inventor of the rotary engine, died.

10/10      :Beginning of Wars for Independence (Cuba).

10/10      :Bonza Bottler Day.

10/10      :Double Tenth Day (China?).

10/10      :Foundation of Workers Party (North Korea).

10/10      :Health-Sports Day (Japan).

10/10      :Independence Day (Fiji).

10/10      :National Day (Taiwan).

10/10      :Oklahoma Historical Day.

10/10/1797 :Carter Braxton, US revolutionary statesman, died.

10/10/1845 :The Naval School (now called US Naval Academy) opened.

10/10/1872 :William Henry Seward, former US secretary of state, died.

10/10/1886 :Tuxedo introduced (Griswold Lorillard).

10/10/1911 :Revolution against the imperial Manchu dynasty began.

10/10/1913 :US engineers blew up the Gamboa Dam.

10/10/1918 :First American Church formed.

10/10/1920 :Only triple play in World Series history turned (Bill Wambsganss).

10/10/1930 :Remains of Andree expedition (of 1897) by balloon to the North

           :Pole returned to Stockholm and cremated.

10/10/1935 :"Porgy and Bess" opened on Broadway.

10/10/1963 :A dam burst in northern Italy (3000 killed).

10/10/1973 :Spiro Theodore Agnew resigned as US vice president due to tax

           :fraud.

10/10/1979 :Wayne Gretzky's first NHL appearance.

10/10/1980 :Billy Thomas, actor (Buckwheat in "Our Gang"), died.

10/10/1980 :Double earthquake in Algeria (6000 killed).

10/10/1985 :Orson Welles, actor-director, died.

10/10/1985 :Yul Brynner, actor, died.

10/11      :Day of Solidarity with South African Political Prisoners (UN).

10/11      :Day of the Revolution (Panama).

10/11      :Druger Day (South Africa).

10/11      :General Pulaski Memorial Day.

10/11      :Native American Day (South Dakota).

10/11      :National Coming-Out Day.

10/11/1531 :Ulrich Zwingli, Swiss humanist and author was killed.

10/11/1779 :Casimir Pulaski, father of the US cavalry, died.

10/11/1809 :Meriwether Lewis, American explorer, died.

10/11/1811 :First steam powered ferry began operations (New York to Hoboken

           :New Jersey).

10/11/1818 :Archibald M. Willard, American artist ("The Spirit of '76"), died.

10/11/1833 :First US Dragoons, first US Cavalry outfit, assembled.

10/11/1868 :Thomas Alva Edison filed for his first invention (electrical vote

           :recorder for Congress).

10/11/1887 :Patent for first adding machine granted (D. Felt for Comptmeter).

10/11/1889 :James Prescott Joule, English physicist and inventor, died.

10/11/1890 :Daughters of the American Revolution organized.

10/11/1890 :First 100 yard dash run under 10 seconds (John Owens).

10/11/1896 :Anton Bruckner, Austrian composer, died.

10/11/1906 :San Francisco Board of Education ordered Oriental children

           :segregated.

10/11/1936 :First quiz program on radio ("Professor Quiz").

10/11/1950 :CBS received government authorization to broadcast programs in

           :color.

10/11/1962 :Second Vatican Ecumenical Council opened in Rome.

10/11/1968 :Apollo 7 (US) launched.

10/11/1975 :"NBC's Saturday Night" debuted.

10/11/1976 :The "Gang of Four" arrested in Peking.

10/11/1983 :Bryant Pond, Maine changed to dial telephones.

10/11/1984 :Largest tax fraud penalty in US history ($200 million, Marc Rich).

10/11/1991 :Anita Hill accused Clarence Thomas of sexual harrassment.

10/11/1991 :Redd Foxx, actor and comedian, died.

10/12      :Children Day (Brazil).

10/12      :Day of the Race (Argentina).

10/12      :Dia de la Raza (Mexico).

10/12      :Discovery Day (Gahamas).

10/12      :Farmers' Day (Florida).

10/12      :Fraternal Day (Alabama).

10/12      :Independence Day (Equatorial Guinea).

10/12      :International Moment of Frustration Scream Day (go outdoors and

           :scream for thirty seconds at noon GMT).

10/12      :National Day (Spain).

10/12      :Pan American Day (Belize).

10/12      :Pioneers' Day (South Dakota).

10/12/1492 :Columbus landed on the island of Guanahani (Bahamas).

10/12/1609 :"Three Blind Mice" first published.

10/12/1792 :First US memorial to Columbus dedicated (Baltimore).

10/12/1845 :Elizabeth Gurney Fry, English reformer, died.

10/12/1864 :Roger B. Taney, US Supreme Court Justice, died.

10/12/1870 :Robert Edward Lee, Confederate General, died.

10/12/1920 :Man O' War's last race.

10/12/1924 :Anatole France, writer, died.

10/12/1934:"The Gay Divorcee," starring Fred Astaire and Ginger Rogers,

          :released.

10/12/1940 :Tom Mix, actor, died.

10/12/1955 :Bernarr MacFadden, publisher and health fad promoter, died.

10/12/1960 :Nikita Khrushchev pounded his desk with a shoe during a UN speech.

10/12/1962 :UNIVAC gave contract for SIMULA compiler to Nygaard and Dahl.

10/12/1966 :The Jimi Hendrix Experience formed.

10/12/1972 :Racial fight broke out aboard the Kitty Hawk (US aircraft

           :carrier).

10/12/1987 :Alf Landon died.

10/12/1992 :Egyptian earthquake (600 killed).

10/13      :Modern Mythology Day.

10/13/54   :Claudius I, Roman emperor, poisoned by his wife.

10/13/1163 :Saint Edward the Confessor's remains were transported.

10/13/1635 :Roger Williams banned in Boston.

10/13/1775 :US Navy established.

10/13/1792 :Cornerstone laid for "President's Palace" (now known as White

           :House).

10/13/1795 :William Prescott, American Revolutionary soldier, died.

10/13/1843 :B'nai B'rith International founded.

10/13/1903 :First World Series won (Boston 5 games - Pittsburgh 3 games).

10/13/1903 :Victor Herbert's "Babes in Toyland" opened on Broadway.

10/13/1925 :Grand Ol' Opry started.

10/13/1943 :Italy declared war on Germany.

10/13/1943 :Robert Lowell, poet, was sentenced to prison for draft evasion.

10/13/1947 :First NHL All-Star game.

10/13/1963 :Saint John Nepomucene Neumann, first male US saint, beatified.

10/13/1971 :First night World Series game.

10/13/1984 :US National Commission on Space created.

10/13/1985 :Sidney Rabb, chairman of the board of Stop and Shop, died.

10/14      :Be Bald and be Free Day.

10/14      :Columbus Day (Belize).

10/14      :National Day (Democratic Yemen).

10/14      :National Dessert Day.

10/14      :National Frump Day.

10/14      :Young People's Day (Zaire).

10/14/1066 :Battle of Hastings (William the Conqueror beat King Harold).

           :(12/26?)

10/14/1790 :William Hooper, signer of US Declaration of Independence, died.

10/14/1822 :Victor Hugo married Adele Foucher.

10/14/1842 :Croton Aqueduct opened (New York gets public water for first

           :time).

10/14/1854 :First US baby show (Ohio).

10/14/1877 :First issue of the Boston Sunday Globe published.

10/14/1886 :Alma College (Alma, Michigan) formally established.

10/14/1905 :New York beat Philadephia in the World Series where every game

           :was a shutout.

10/14/1912 :Theodore Roosevelt shot (Milwaukee).

10/14/1930 :George and Ira Gershwin's "Girl Crazy" opened on Broadway.

10/14/1933 :Nazi Germany withdrew from the League of Nations.

10/14/1944 :Athens liberated by British and Greek troops.

10/14/1945 :Chicago Cards snap the longest NFL losing streak (29 games).

10/14/1947 :Sound barrier broken (Chuck Yeager).

10/14/1957 :British Computer Society founded.

10/14/1961 :Frank Loesser's "How To Succeed in Business Without Really

           :Trying" opened on Broadway.

10/14/1968 :beatles finished recording "The White Album".

10/14/1968 :Major League Baseball's expansion teams (Expos, Royals, Padres,

           :and Pilots) draft 30 players.

10/14/1976 :Soyuz 23 (USSR) launched.

10/14/1977 :Harry Lillis "Bing" Crosby, singer, died.

10/14/1990 :Leonard Bernstein, conductor, died.

10/15      :Evacuation Day (Tunisia).

10/15      :Greenwich Village Poet Laureate Contest Day.

10/15      :National Grouch Day.

10/15      :Thimithi Festival (Singapore).

10/15      :White Cane Safety Day.

10/15      :World Poetry Day.

10/15/1817 :Thaddeus Kosciusko, Polish-born US Revolutionary war hero, died.

10/15/1865 :Andres Bello, Venezuelan diplomat and author, died.

10/15/1878 :Edison Electric, first electric light company, organized (New

           :York).

10/15/1890 :Clayton Anti-Trust Act.

10/15/1892 :Crow Indian reservation opened to settlers.

10/15/1917 :Margaret Gertrude Zelle ("Mata Hari") executed as a German spy.

10/15/1921 :First issue of "Reader's Digest" distributed.

10/15/1928 :German dirigible Graf Zeppelin arrived in US on first commercial

           :flight.

10/15/1937 :"To Have and Have Not," by Hemingway published.

10/15/1946 :Hermann Goering, Nazi Reichmarshal, committed suicide.

10/15/1951 :First "I Love Lucy" aired.

10/15/1963 :The "Mirror," New York newspaper (second largest circulation in

           :US), ceased publication.

10/15/1964 :Cole Porter, composer, died.

10/15/1964 :Nikita Khrushchev ousted (replaced by Kosygin and Brezhnev).

10/15/1965 :First Vietnam draft card burned.

10/15/1966 :US Transportation Department authorized.

10/15/1970 :Russia, China, and US tested nuclear weapons.

10/15/1978 :Lee Iacocca was fired from Ford Motor Co.

10/15/1984 :First photgraphic evidence of another solar system presented.

10/16      :National Boss Day.

10/16      :World Food Day (UN).

10/16/1701 :Yale College founded. (10/9?)

10/16/1793 :Marie Antoinette executed.

10/16/1839 :Earliest known surviving US photo was taken.

10/16/1844 :First psychiatric association formed (Philadelphia).

10/16/1859 :John Brown and Company seized the US arsenal at Harpers Ferry,

           :West Virginia.

10/16/1863 :Ulysses S. Grant put in charge of the Mississippi region.

10/16/1893 :"Good Morning to All" (precursor to "Happy Birthday") copyrighted.

10/16/1912 :Fred Snodgrass committed the "$30,000 muff," helping the Red Sox

           :win the World Series.

10/16/1916 :First birth control clinic opened (Brooklyn, New York by Margaret

           :Sanger).

10/16/1940 :US banned all shipments of scrap iron to Japan.

10/16/1940 :First black general in US Army (Benjamin Oliver Davis Sr).

10/16/1941 :Tojo Hideki became prime minister of Japan.

10/16/1945 :United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization founded.

10/16/1946 :Nuremberg war criminals hanged.

10/16/1955 :First Ann Landers column in print.

10/16/1959 :General George Catlett Marshall, author of the "Marshall Plan,"

           :died.

10/16/1964 :China set off its first atomic bomb.

10/16/1972 :Jet-pump powerboat jumped across the Crawdad Bridge (stunt for

           :"Live and Let Die").

10/16/1978 :Polish Cardinal Karol Wojtyla elected Pope John Paul II.

10/16/1981 :William Holden, actor, died.

10/16/1984 :Desmond Tutu, black Anglican Bishop, won the Nobel Peace Prize.

10/16/1990 :Art Blakey, jazz great, died.

10/17      :Anniversary of Dessaline's Death (Haiti).

10/17      :Black Poetry Day.

10/17      :Heroes Day (Jamaica).

10/17      :Kanname Sai, God's Tasting Ceremony (Japan),

10/17      :Mother's Day (Malawi).

10/17/1586 :Sir Philip Sidney, writer and soldier, died.

10/17/1777 :British surrendered to Americans at Saratoga New York.

10/17/1827 :Thomas Carlyle, essayist, married Jane Welsh.

10/17/1855 :Bessemer steelmaking process patented.

10/17/1918 :Last ship sunk by a U-boat in WWI (SS Lucia).

10/17/1919 :The Radio Corporation of America was created.

10/17/1920 :John Reed, writer ("Ten Days That Shook the World"), died.

10/17/1931 :Al Capone, mobster, convicted of income tax evasion.

10/17/1933 :Albert Einstein, German physicist, arrived in US.

10/17/1941 :US destroyer Kearney was torpedoed by a German submarine off

           :Iceland.

10/17/1945 :Juan Peron became dictator of Argentina.

10/17/1956 :La Leche League International founded.

10/17/1965 :Burton Lane and Alan Jay Lerner's "On a Clear Day You Can See

           :Forever" opened on Broadway.

10/17/1967 :"Hair" opened (Public Theater, New York).

10/17/1973 :Ritchie and Thompson's Unix paper.

10/17/1979 :Mother Teresa awarded the Nobel Peace Prize.

10/17/1983 :George Liberace, violinist, died.

10/17/1989 :San Francisco Bay area earthquake (World Series postponed).

10/17/1991 :Tennessee Ernie Ford, singer, died.

10/18      :Alaska Day.

10/18/1648 :First US labor organization formed (Boston Shoemakers).

10/18/1767 :"The Mason-Dixon Line" established as the border between Maryland

           :and Pennsylvania.

10/18/1797 :The XYZ affair.

10/18/1867 :Alaska transferred from Russia to the US.

10/18/1873 :Intercollegiate football rules drawn up.

10/18/1892 :First commercial long-distance telephone line opened.

10/18/1893 :Lucy Stone, pioneer social reformer, died.

10/18/1898 :Spain relinquished control of Puerto Rico to US.

10/18/1931 :Thomas Alva Edison, inventor, died.

10/18/1944 :Soviet troops invaded Czechoslovakia.

10/18/1945 :German war crimes trial started (Berlin).

10/18/1950 :Connie Mack retired after 50 years of managing the A's.

10/18/1959 :Soviets announced their probe took photos of the Moon's far side.

10/18/1972 :US Congress passed the Water Pollution Control Act.

10/18/1973 :Walter Kelly, "Pogo" cartoonist, died.

10/18/1976 :Eleanor Ford, wife of Edsel Ford, died.

10/18/1977 :Reggie Jackson hit three homeruns in one World Series game.

10/18/1982 :Bess (Elizabeth) Virginia Wallace Truman, widow of Harry Truman,

           :died.

10/18/1985 :US vice president George Bush completed a six day China visit.

10/19      :Evaluate Your Life Day.

10/19      :International Credit Union Day.

10/19/1226 :King John (Lackland) died after eating too many peaches washed

           :down with beer.

10/19/1682 :Thomas Browne, English physician and author, died.

10/19/1745 :Jonathan Swift, Irish clergyman and satirist, died.

10/19/1759 :Hurricane in Norfolk, Virginia.

10/19/1781 :Lord Cornwallis surrendered to General Washington at Yorktown,

           :Virginia.

10/19/1812 :Napoleon's army retreated from Moscow.

10/19/1814 :"Star-Spangled Banner" first sung (Baltimore).

10/19/1864 :Northernmost engagement of Civil War (Saint Albans, Vermont).

10/19/1897 :George Mortimer Pullman, railway sleeping car inventor, died.

10/19/1899 :Robert Hutchings Goddard first began to speculate about a space

           :ship that could travel to Mars.

10/19/1909 :Cesare Lombroso, Italian founder of criminology, died.

10/19/1914 :US Mail first delivered in government owned vehicles.

10/19/1919 :First Distinguished Service Medal awarded to a woman.

10/19/1944 :Marlon Brando's stage debut.

10/19/1949 :Mao Tse-Tung established the People's Republic of China.

10/19/1953 :Julius LaRosa sang "I'll Take Manhattan" before being fired

           :on-the-air.

10/19/1976 :Copyright revision law signed.

10/19/1980 :BSD Unix 4.0 released.

10/19/1982 :John DeLorean arrested and charged with trafficing cocaine.

10/19/1983 :Maurice Bishop, prime minister of Grenada, killed.

10/19/1987 :Jacqueline du Pre', cellist, died.

10/19/1987 :Dow Jones Industrial Average dropped 508 points.

10/20      :Ebisu's Day (Japan).

10/20      :Kenyatta Day (Kenya).

10/20      :Revolution Day (Guatemala).

10/20/1740 :Maria Theresa became ruler of Austria, Hungary, and Bohemia.

10/20/1774 :US Continental Congress passed a law forbidding horse racing,

           :plays, etc.

10/20/1786 :First astronomical field expedition in US.

10/20/1803 :US Senate ratified the Louisiana Purchase.

10/20/1818 :49th parallel established as the border between US and Canada.

10/20/1880 :Lydia Maria Child, writer, died.

10/20/1890 :Pike's Peak Railroad completed.

10/20/1900 :Charles Dudley Warner, US newspaperman, died.

10/20/1918 :Germany accepted Woodrow Wilson's terms to end WWI.

10/20/1926 :Eugene Victor Debs, founder of the Social Democratic Party of

           :America, died.

10/20/1944 :General Douglas MacArthur returned to Philippines as promised.

10/20/1946 :105 yd kick-off return (Frank Seno of Chicago Cardinals vs. New

           :York Giants).

10/20/1947 :US House Un-American Activities Committee opened hearings into

           :Communist influence and infiltration in the movie industry.

10/20/1958 :Zurich ALGOL report published.

10/20/1964 :Herbert Clark Hoover, 31st US president, died.

10/20/1964 :Seven Ku Klux Klan members convicted of conspiracy in three

           :murders.

10/20/1968 :Jacqueline Lee Bouvier Kennedy married Aristotle Socrates Onassis.

10/20/1973 :OPEC embargo.

10/20/1973 :"Saturday Night Massacre" (turning point in Watergate affair).

10/20/1973 :"The Six Million Dollar Man" debuted.

10/20/1975 :"The Rocky Horror Picture Show" released.

10/20/1976 :Norwegian tanker Frosta collided with ferryboat George Prince

           :north of New Orleans (70 died).

10/20/1977 :Three members of Lynyrd Skynyrd killed in a plane crash.

10/20/1980 :Cork-center baseball first used in a World Series (Chicago).

10/20/1982 :Moscow soccer tragedy (340 killed).

10/20/1989 :US Senate removed US District Judge Alcee L. Hastings from office.

10/20/1991 :Oakland California fire.

10/21      :Armed Forces Day (Honduras).

10/21      :National Holiday (Somalia).

10/21/237  :Saint Ursula and 11,000 virgins slaughtered.

10/21/1492 :Columbus landed at San Salvador Island.

10/21/1556 :Pietro Aretino, Italian writer ("The Cotesan"), died.

10/21/1797 :USS Constitution launched.

10/21/1805 :British fleet defeated French-Spanish fleet off Trafalgar.

10/21/1805 :Horatio Nelson, British naval commander, died.

10/21/1861 :Battle of Leesburg (Virginia).

10/21/1872 :San Juan Islands awarded to US.

10/21/1879 :Thomas Edison invented the first practical incandescent lamp.

10/21/1917 :First US military members saw action in WWI.

10/21/1927 :First Ford Model A came off the assembly line.

10/21/1929 :First air ambulance service organized.

10/21/1931 :Arthur Schnitzler, Austrian playwright and novelist, died.

10/21/1931 :First autogyro manufactured with a closed cabin flown.

10/21/1936 :Commercial trans-Pacific passenger service began.

10/21/1944 :Aachen, Germany surrendered to the Allies.

10/21/1945 :French women gain the right to vote.

10/21/1950 :Chinese troops occupied Tibet.

10/21/1954 :"Casino Royale" broadcast live on US TV.

10/21/1959 :Guggenheim Museum opened.

10/21/1966 :Coal-waste slide buried Aberfan, Wales (>140 killed).

10/21/1967 :Vietnam protestors stormed the US Pentagon.

10/21/1968 :First day of shooint on "On Her Majesty's Secret Service."

10/21/1969 :Jean-Louis Lebris de "Jack" Kerouac, US novelist, died.

10/21/1970 :John Thomas Scopes, schoolteacher, died.

10/21/1973 :Fred Dryer got two safeties in one NFL game.

10/21/1984 :Francois Truffaut, French film director, died.

10/21/1985 :Dan White, freed after five years for killing San Francisco Mayor

           :George Moscone, committed suicide.

10/22      :National Holiday (Vatican City and Holy See).

10/22/-2137:First recorded solar eclipse (China).

10/22/1565 :Jean Grolier de Servieres, celebrated French bibliophile, died.

10/22/1775 :Peyton Randolph, first president of the Continental Congress,

           :died.

10/22/1797 :First parachute jump made (Andre-Jacques Garnerin).

10/22/1836 :General Sam Houston sworn in as the first president of the

           :Republic of Texas.

10/22/1844 :"Day of Second Coming" according to William Miller.

10/22/1883 :First opening night for the New York Metropolitan Opera House

           :(Faust by Gounod).

10/22/1911 :First use of an airplane in war.

10/22/1932 :Anna Elizabeth Dickinson (a.k.a. American Joan of Arc), orator

           :and author, died.

10/22/1934 :Instantaneous phonograph recording made possible.

10/22/1934 :"Pretty Boy Floyd" killed by FBI.

10/22/1938 :Xerographic copier invented (Chester F. Carlson).

10/22/1939 :First professional football game televised.

10/22/1962 :John F. Kennedy ordered the blockade of Cuba.

10/22/1967 :Israeli destroyer Eilat sunk off the Sinai coast by Egypt.

10/22/1973 :Pablo Carlos Salvador Defillio de Casals, famed Spanish cellist,

           :died.

10/22/1975 :Arnold Joseph Toynbee, English historian, died.

10/22/1975 :The World Football League disbanded.

10/22/1975 :Venera 9 (USSR) returned the first photographs of Venus' surface.

10/22/1979 :Beezer Stone died.

10/23      :Chulalongkorn Day (Thailand).

10/23      :National Mole (6*10**23) Day.

10/23      :Swallows leave San Juan Capistrano.

10/23      :TV Talk Show Host Day.

10/23/-4004:Earth created at 9 am (Genesis Mean Time), according to James

           :Ussher.

10/23/1456 :Giovanni da Capistrano (a.k.a. Saint John of Capistrano),

           :Franciscan lawyer and  educator, died.

10/23/1906 :First Jew to hold a cabinet appointment (Oscar S. Straus -

           :Secretary of Commerce and  Labor).

10/23/1910 :King Chulalongkorn the Great, abolisher of slavery in  Thailand,

           :died.

10/23/1934 :Record balloon ascent (57,579 feet) (Jeannette and Jean Piccard).

10/23/1936 :First old-age colony dedicated (Milville, New Jersey).

10/23/1939 :Zane Grey, dentist and author ("Riders of the Purple Sage"), died.

10/23/1942 :British eighth army launched an offensive at El Alamein in Egypt.

10/23/1944 :Battle of Leyte Gulf began.

10/23/1950 :Al Jolson (Asa Yoelson), singer-actor, died.

10/23/1950 :Cardiac pacemaker developed.

10/23/1956 :Hungarian Revolution began.

10/23/1956 :Videotape first used airing a program ("The Jonathan Winters

           :Show").

10/23/1963 :"Barefoot in the Park" opened.

10/23/1972 :Earthquakes hit Nicaragua (>10,000 killed).

10/23/1972 :Stephen Schwartz's "Pippin" opened on Broadway.

10/23/1983 :241 US Marines and 58 French soldiers killed in Beirut.

10/23/1989 :Hungary declared itself an independent republic.

10/24      :Independence Day (Zambia).

10/24      :International Forgiveness Day.

10/24      :United Nations Day.

10/24/1537 :Jane Seymour, third wife of Henry VIII, died.

10/24/1601 :Tycho Brahe, Danish astronomer, died.

10/24/1648 :Thirty Years War ended with the Treaty of Westphalia.

10/24/1667 :Charles II first tasted cranberries.

10/24/1776 :First religious body to embrace the US Declaration of

           :Independence (Hanover Presbytery of Virginia).

10/24/1836 :Match patented (A. Phillips).

10/24/1842 :Bernardo O'Higgins, first ruler of Chile after independence, died.

10/24/1851 :Two of Uranus' moons discovered (Ariel and Umbriel) (William

           :Lassell).

10/24/1852 :Daniel Webster, American statesman, died.

10/24/1861 :First telegram transmitted across the US (Stephan Field to US

           :president Lincoln).

10/24/1901 :First person survived Niagara Falls in a barrel (Anna Edson

           :Taylor).

10/24/1926 :C.W. Russell, cowboy artist, died.

10/24/1929 :Black Thursday (more than 13 million shares traded on New York

           :Stock Exchange).

10/24/1931 :Al Capone sentenced to 11 years in prison and $50,000 for income

           :tax evasion.

10/24/1931 :George Washington Bridge (New York to New Jersey) opened.

10/24/1939 :Nylon stockings first sold to the public (Wilmington, Delaware).

10/24/1940 :40-hour work week went into effect in US.

10/24/1945 :United Nations charter took effect.

10/24/1954 :Jule Styne and Cy Coleman's "Peter Pan" opened on Broadway.

10/24/1962 :Cuban missile blockade began.

10/24/1964 :Instruments of Independence signed in Zambia.

10/24/1972 :Jack Roosevelt ("Jackie") Robinson, baseball player, died.

10/24/1976 :Fire in a social club (Bronx, New York - 25 killed).

10/24/1977 :First jockey to win more than $5 million in purses in a year

           :(Steve Cauthen).

10/24/1984 :Eleven members of the Colombo crime family arrested.

10/24/1987 :Teamsters union welcomed back into the AFL-CIO.

10/24/1991 :Gene Roddenberry, "Star Trek" creator, died.

10/25      :Labor Day (New Zealand).

10/25      :Retrocession Day (Taiwan).

10/25      :Sourest Day.

10/25/1400 :Geoffrey Chaucer, English poet ("Canterbury Tales"), died.

10/25/1415 :Battle of Agincourt (Henry V defeated French).

10/25/1760 :George III became English Sovereign.

10/25/1854 :Charge of the Light Brigade (Crimean War).

10/25/1870 :Postcard first used in US.

10/25/1892 :Caroline Lavinia Scott Harrison, wife of Benjamin Harrison, died.

10/25/1945 :Taiwan restored to Chinese rule.

10/25/1957 :Albert Anastasia, gangster, killed (while getting a haircut).

10/25/1962 :John Steinbeck was awarded the Nobel Prize in literature.

10/25/1964 :Rolling Stones appered on Ed Sullivan Show.

10/25/1971 :The UN General Assembly removed Taiwan and admitted mainland

           :China.

10/25/1972 :First female FBI agents completed training.

10/25/1972 :US Navy women other than nurses first assigned regular shipboard

           :duty.

10/25/1982 :"Newhart" premiered.

10/25/1983 :US troops invaded Grenada.

10/25/1986 :International Red Cross ousted South Africa.

10/25/1987 :Kate Turabian died.

10/25/1991 :Bill Graham, rock promoter, died.

10/25/1992 :Roger Miller, singer ("King of the Road"), died.

10/26      :Agam Day (Nauru).

10/26      :Armed Forces Day (Benin and Rwanda).

10/26      :Horseless Carriage Day.

10/26      :National Day (Austria).

10/26/1440 :Gilles de Rais, marshal of France (believed to be the basis for

           :"Bluebeard") hanged and burned.

10/26/1553 :Michael Servetus, Spanish theologian and physician condemned to

           :death for blasphemy.

10/26/1749 :First explicit legal recognition of slavery (Georgia).

10/26/1764 :William Hogarth, English painter and engraver, died.

10/26/1785 :First mules delivered to US (Boston).

10/26/1825 :Erie Canal, first US man-made waterway, opened.

10/26/1881 :Shootout at the O.K. Corral.

10/26/1902 :Elizabeth Cady Stanton, American woman suffragist and reformer,

           :died.

10/26/1906 :First Russian "soviet" (or council) set by workers in Saint

           :Petersburg.

10/26/1911 :Chinese republic proclaimed.

10/26/1917 :Felix the Cat debuted.

10/26/1920 :Terence McSwiney, Lord Mayor of Cork, Ireland, died.

10/26/1938 :Development of nylon announced. (10/27?)

10/26/1942 :USS Hornet sunk by Japanese warships off the Solomon Islands.

10/26/1951 :Rocky Marciano knocked out Joe Louis.

10/26/1952 :Hattie McDaniel, actress, died.

10/26/1955 :South Vietnam proclaimed.

10/26/1958 :Pan American Airways flew its first Boeing 707 from New York to

           :Paris.

10/26/1967 :Mohammed Reza Pahlavi, crowned himself shah of Iran.

10/26/1968 :Soyuz 3 (USSR) launched.

10/26/1970 :Muhammad Ali officially returned to the ring (beat Jerry Quarry).

10/26/1972 :Igor Sikorsky, aeronautical engineer, died.

10/26/1978 :UN's World Health Organization declares smallpox eradicated.

10/26/1979 :Park Chung Hee, South Korean President, killed.

10/26/1986 :Mickey Mouse and Donald Duck debuted on Chinese TV.

10/26/1990 :First NHL player to reach 2000 goals (Wayne Gretzky).

10/26/1990 :William Paley, CBS Inc. founder, died.

10/27      :Independence Day (Saint Vincent and the Grenadines).

10/27      :National Day (Grenadines).

10/27      :Navy Day.

10/27/1492 :Columbus discovered Cuba.

10/27/1553 :Michael Servetus, Spanish theologian and physician burned at the

           :stake.

10/27/1787 :First "Federalist Paper" published.

10/27/1795 :Treaty signed with Spain settled Florida's Northern boundary and

           :gave navigational rights on the Mississippi River to US.

10/27/1863 :"The Cracker Line" (reinforcing Union troops) opened.

10/27/1871 :Tammany Hall's Boss Tweed arrested.

10/27/1904 :World's first underground and underwater subway opened (New York).

10/27/1916 :"Jazz" first used in print (Variety).

10/27/1938 :DuPont announced invention of Nylon. (10/26?)

10/27/1961 :Monsanto announced it had halted aging in mice and chickens.

10/27/1971 :Republic of the Congo changed to Zaire.

10/27/1986 :New York Mets beat Boston Red Sox in seventh game of World Series

           :8-5.

10/28      :Bank Holiday (Republic of Ireland).

10/28      :Foundation of the Republic (Czechoslovakia).

10/28      :"Ohi" Day (Greece).

10/28/312  :Constantine's army defeated Maxentius' army at Mulvian Bridge in

           :Rome.

10/28/1216 :Henry III became the English Sovereign.

10/28/1636 :Harvard College (now Harvard University) founded.

10/28/1646 :First Protestant service for Indians conducted (Nonantum,

           :Massachusetts).

10/28/1704 :John Locke, philosopher, died.

10/28/1818 :Abigail Smith Adams, wife of John, died.

10/28/1886 :Statue of Liberty dedicated on Bedloe's Island (now Liberty

           :Island).

10/28/1904 :Saint Louis police department adopted finger-printing system.

10/28/1949 :First woman US ambassador appointed (Helen Anderson).

10/28/1962 :Nikita Khrushchev announced Soviet missiles would be removed from

           :Cuba.

10/28/1963 :Pennsylvania Station demolished.

10/28/1970 :US and USSR officials agreed upon space rescue cooperation.

10/28/1983 :James Walker, leader of the "Walker family spy ring", pled guilty

           :to charges he betrayed US Navy Secrets to Russia.

10/28/1983 :Texas Instruments pulled out of the home-computer business.

10/29      :National Holiday (Turkey).

10/29/1618 :Sir Walter Raleigh executed for treason against King James I.

10/29/1796 :First US ship entered a California port (Captain Ebenezer Dorr of

           :Boston sailed the Otter into Monterey Bay).

10/29/1872 :All-metal windmill patented (J.S. Risdon, Genoa, Illinois).

10/29/1877 :Nathan Bedford Forrest, Confederate cavalry commander, died.

10/29/1901 :Leon Czolgosz, assassin of US president McKinley, electrocuted.

10/29/1911 :Joseph Pulitzer, American journalist, died.

10/29/1923 :"Runnin' Wild" (introduced the Charleston) opened on Broadway.

10/29/1923 :Turkey founded.

10/29/1929 :Wall Street Stock Market Crash (16 million shares dumped).

10/29/1940 :Draft numbers picked.

10/29/1943 :"Vaulting-horse tunnel" escape.

10/29/1945 :Ball point pens first sold in US (Gimbels).

10/29/1947 :Dry Ice used to seed clouds and produce rain (General Electric in

           :Concord, New Hampshire).

10/29/1947 :Frances Folsom Cleveland, wife of Grover Cleveland, died.

10/29/1956 :Huntley and Brinkley Report began.

10/29/1960 :Cassius Clay made his professional debut (beat Tunney Hunsaker).

10/29/1960 :Sixteen California State Polytech College football players killed

           :in plane crash.

10/29/1967 :Galt MacDermot's "Hair" opened on Broadway.

10/29/1971 :Duane Allman killed.

10/30      :Devil's Night (formerly a "mischief night").

10/30      :Los Angelitos (Mexico).

10/30      :Noah began to fill the ark.

10/30/1768 :First Methodist Church in America dedicated.

10/30/1811 :"Sense and Sensibility" by Jane Austen published.

10/30/1817 :Venezuela established.

10/30/1823 :Edmund Cartwright, inventor of the power loom, died.

10/30/1888 :Ball point pen patented (John J. Loud).

10/30/1898 :Celluloid photographic film patented.

10/30/1910 :Jean Henri Dunant, Swiss founder of the Red Cross Society, died.

10/30/1912 :James Schoolcraft Sherman, 27th US vice president, died.

10/30/1938 :"War of the Worlds" broadcast.

10/30/1941 :USS Reuben James, a US destroyer, was sunk by a German sub.

10/30/1974 :Muhammed Ali regained heavyweight championship (beat George

           :Foreman).

10/30/1975 :Juan Carlos assumed power in Spain.

10/30/1991 :Groundbreaking ceremony for new Texas Rangers' ballpark.

10/31      :Halloween.

10/31      :Increase Your Psychic Powers Day.

10/31      :National Magic Day.

10/31      :National UNICEF Day.

10/31      :Nevada Day.

10/31      :Trick or Treat or Beggar's Night.

10/31      :Youth Honor Day (Iowa and Massachusetts).

10/31/1517 :Martin Luther nailed 95 Theses to door of Wittenberg's Palace

           :church.

10/31/1556 :Johannes Sleidanus, German historian, died.

10/31/1754 :King's College chartered.

10/31/1864 :Nevada became the 36th US state.

10/31/1892 :Printed streetcar transfer first used (Rochester, New York).

10/31/1926 :Harry Houdini (Ehrich Weisz), magician and escape artist, died.

10/31/1941 :Mount Rushmore completed.

10/31/1959 :Lee Harvey Oswald announced in Moscow that he'd never return to

           :the US.

10/31/1968 :Lyndon Johnson announced a halt to the bombing of North Vietnam.

10/31/1983 :George Halas, owner of Chicago Bears, died.

10/31/1984 :Indira Gandhi, Prime Minister of India, killed.

10/31/1993 :Federico Fellini, film director, died.

10/31/1993 :River Phoenix, actor, died.