10/1/1730 :Richard Stockton, signer of US Declaration of Independence.
10/1/1781 :Captain James Lawrence, naval hero of the War of 1812.
10/1/1832 :Caroline Lavinia Scott Harrison, wife of Benjamin Harrison.
10/1/1893 :Faith Baldwin, novelist.
10/1/1903 :Vladimir Horowitz, Russian pianist.
10/1/1914 :Daniel J. Boorstin, former US Librarian of Congress.
10/1/1920 :Walter Matthau, actor.
10/1/1921 :James Whitmore, actor.
10/1/1924 :James Earl "Jimmy" Carter Jr, 39th US president.
10/1/1924 :William Hubbs Rehnquist, US Chief Justice.
10/1/1927 :Tom Bosley, actor.
10/1/1928 :George Peppard, actor.
10/1/1930 :Richard Harris, actor.
10/1/1935 :Julie Andrews, actress.
10/1/1936 :Stella Stevens, actress.
10/1/1945 :Rod Carew, baseball player.
10/1/1950 :Randy Quaid, actor and comedian.
10/1/1953 :Grete Waitz, track athlete.
10/1/1955 :Jeff Reardon, baseball player.
10/1/1963 :Mark McGwire, baseball player.
10/2/1452 :King Richard 3rd of England.
10/2/1790 :John Ross, Cherokee Chief. (10/3?)
10/2/1800 :Nat Turner, black slave and leader of historic US slave revolt.
10/2/1847 :Paul von Hindenburg, German soldier and statesman.
10/2/1851 :General Ferdinand Foch, French military commander.
10/2/1869 :Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, Hindu religious and political leader.
10/2/1871 :Cordell Hull, US statesman.
10/2/1879 :Wallace Stevens.
10/2/1895 :Bud Abbott, comedian.
10/2/1895 :Groucho Marx, comedian.
10/2/1904 :Graham Greene, novelist.
10/2/1926 :Jan Morris (James Morris), travel writer.
10/2/1928 :Clay S. Felker, publisher.
10/2/1928 :George "Spanky" McFarland, actor.
10/2/1929 :Moses Gunn, actor.
10/2/1932 :Maury Wills, baseball player.
10/2/1938 :Rex Reed, movie critic. (1939?)
10/2/1945 :Don McLean, singer and songwriter.
10/2/1948 :Avery Brooks.
10/2/1949 :Annie Leibovitz.
10/2/1951 :Sting (Gordon Sumner), rock 'n' roll singer.
10/2/1954 :Lorraine Bracco, actress.
10/2/1971 :Tiffany, singer.
10/3/1790 :John Ross, Cherokee Chief. (10/2?)
10/3/1799 :Francisco Morazan, national hero in Honduras.
10/3/1800 :George Bancroft, US historian.
10/3/1844 :Patrick Manson, "father of tropical medicine."
10/3/1873 :Emily Post, arbitress of etiquette. (10/27/1872?)
10/3/1900 :Thomas Wolfe, novelist.
10/3/1909 :Herblock (Herbert Block), political cartoonist.
10/3/1925 :Gore Vidal, novelist.
10/3/1934 :Madlyn Rhue, actress.
10/3/1941 :Chubby Checker (Ernest Evans), singer ("The Twist").
10/3/1943 :Jeff Bingaman, New Mexico Senator.
10/3/1947 :Lindsey Buckingham, musician.
10/3/1951 :David Winfield, baseball player.
10/3/1954 :Dennis Lee Eckersley, baseball player.
10/3/1959 :Fred Couples.
10/3/1959 :Jack Wagner, actor ("General Hospital").
10/4/1810 :Eliza McCardle Johnson, wife of Andrew Johnson.
10/4/1822 :Rutherford Birchard Hayes, 19th US president.
10/4/1861 :Frederic Remington, painter of the American West.
10/4/1862 :Edward L. Stratemeyer, US author ("The Hardy Boys").
10/4/1884 :Alfred Damon Runyon, US journalist-author.
10/4/1895 :Buster Keaton, pioneer movie comedian.
10/4/1903 :John V. Atanasoff.
10/4/1914 :Brendan Gill, comedian.
10/4/1917 :Jan Murray (Murry Janofsky), comedian.
10/4/1924 :Charlton Heston, actor. (1923?) [1922?]
10/4/1928 :Alvin Toffler, author.
10/4/1941 :Jackie Collins, novelist.
10/4/1943 :Buddy Roemer, former Louisiana Governor.
10/4/1945 :Clifton Davis, actor and singer.
10/4/1946 :Susan Sarandon (Susan Abigail Tomalin), actress.
10/4/1949 :Armand Assante, actor.
10/4/1949 :Mike Adamle, broadcast journalist.
10/5/1713 :Denis Diderot, French philosopher.
10/5/1830 :Chester Alan Arthur, 21st US president.
10/5/1882 :Robert Hutchings Goddard, rocket pioneer.
10/5/1902 :Ray Kroc, founder of McDonald's.
10/5/1908 :Joshua Logan, producer and director.
10/5/1919 :Donald Pleasence, actor and producer.
10/5/1923 :Glynis Johns, actress.
10/5/1923 :Philip Berrigan, political activist and defrocked priest.
10/5/1924 :Bill Dana, actor and comedian.
10/5/1936 :Vaclav Havel, dramatist and former president of Chechosolvakia.
10/5/1943 :Steve Miller, musician.
10/5/1951 :Karen Allen, actress.
10/5/1952 :Clive Barker.
10/5/1954 :Bob Geldof, rock musician.
10/5/1968 :Mario Lemieux, hockey player.
10/6/1820 :Jenny Lind, the "Swedish Nightingale," singer.
10/6/1845 :Charles Stillwell, inventor of the brown, paper, grocery bag.
10/6/1846 :George Westinghouse, US inventor and manufacturer.
10/6/1882 :Karol Szymanowski, Polish composer.
10/6/1905 :Helen Wills Moody, tennis champion.
10/6/1906 :Janet Gaynor, actress.
10/6/1908 :Carol Lombard, actress.
10/6/1914 :Thor Heyerdahl, Norwegian ethnologist and archaeologist.
10/6/1925 :Shana Alexander, journalist and author.
10/6/1930 :Hafez Assad, Syrian president.
10/6/1937 :Anna Quayle, comedienne.
10/6/1940 :Wyche Fowler Jr, Georgia Senator.
10/6/1942 :Britt Ekland (Britt Eklund), actress.
10/6/1942 :Fred Travalena, actor and impressionist.
10/6/1956 :Stephanie Zimbalist, actress. (10/8?)
10/6/1959 :Dennis Ray Boyd.
10/6/1965 :Ruben Angel Sierra (Garcia), baseball player.
10/7/1849 :James Whitcomb Riley, poet.
10/7/1857 :Fleetwood Walker, first black major league baseball player.
10/7/1859 :Thomas James Wise, English bibliophile and literary forger.
10/7/1870 :Uncle Dave Macon, Grand Ole Opry star.
10/7/1885 :Niels Bohr, Danish atomic physicist.
10/7/1888 :Henry Agard Wallace, 33rd US vice president.
10/7/1905 :Andy Devine, actor.
10/7/1911 :Vaughn Monroe, singer.
10/7/1917 :June Allyson (Ella Geisman), actress.
10/7/1927 :Al Martino (Alfred Cini), actor and singer.
10/7/1927 :R(onald) D(avid) Laing, psychiatrist and author.
10/7/1931 :Desmond Tutu, South African archbishop.
10/7/1934 :Imamu Amiri Baraka (Leroi Jones), poet and dramatist.
10/7/1935 :Thomas Keneally, Australian novelist.
10/7/1936 :Charles Dutoit, Swiss conductor.
10/7/1943 :Oliver Laurence North, US Marine Corps Lt. Colonel.
10/7/1951 :John Cougar Mellencamp, singer.
10/7/1953 :Christopher Norris, actor.
10/7/1955 :Yo-Yo Ma, musician.
10/7/1957 :Michael W. Smith.
10/8/1585 :Heinrich Schutz, "father of German music".
10/8/1869 :James Frank Duryea, automobile inventor.
10/8/1873 :E. Hertzprung.
10/8/1890 :Edward V. Rickenbacker, WWI flying ace.
10/8/1895 :Juan Peron, Argentine dictator.
10/8/1913 :Temple Hornaday Fielding, travel guide author.
10/8/1916 :Spark Masayuki Matsunaga, Hawaii Senator.
10/8/1936 :Rona Barrett, gossip columnist.
10/8/1937 :Clodagh Aubry, designer.
10/8/1939 :Paul Hogan, actor.
10/8/1940 :David Carradine, actor.
10/8/1941 :Jesse Jackson, civil rights leader.
10/8/1943 :Chevy Chase (Cornelius Crane), comic actor.
10/8/1948 :Sarah Purcell, TV personality.
10/8/1949 :Sigourney Weaver, actress.
10/8/1951 :Johnny Ramone, rock singer.
10/8/1956 :Stephanie Zimbalist, actress. (10/6?)
10/9/1835 :Camille Saint-Saens, French composer.
10/9/1879 :Max von Laue, German physicist.
10/9/1890 :Amiee Semple McPherson, US evangelist.
10/9/1899 :Bruce Catton, Civil War historian.
10/9/1906 :Leopold Sedor Senghor.
10/9/1923 :Donald Sinden, actor.
10/9/1933 :Martin Gottfried, drama critic.
10/9/1938 :Russell Myers, cartoonist.
10/9/1940 :Gordon J. Humphrey, former New Hampshire Senator.
10/9/1940 :Joe Pepitone, baseball player.
10/9/1940 :John Winston Lennon, former Beatle.
10/9/1941 :Trent Lott, Mississippi Senator.
10/9/1944 :John Alec Entwistle.
10/9/1944 :Peter Tosh (Winston Hubert MacIntosh).
10/9/1948 :Jackson Browne, singer and songwriter. (1949?) [1950?]
10/9/1951 :Richard Chaves.
10/9/1954 :Scott Bakula.
10/9/1958 :Mike Singletary, football player.
10/9/1959 :Michael Pare.
10/10/1802:Hugh Miller, author and geologist.
10/10/1813:Giuseppi Verdi, Italian operatic composer.
10/10/1825:Stephanus Johannes Paulus Kruger, former president of the South
10/10/1885:Francois Mauriac, novelist.
10/10/1900:Helen Hayes, actress.
10/10/1918:Thelonious Monk, jazz musician.
10/10/1922:Wilhelmina Holladay, philanthropist.
10/10/1924:James Clavell, author.
10/10/1930:Adlai Stevenson III, former Illinios Senator.
10/10/1930:Harold Pinter, playwright.
10/10/1946:Ben Vereen, singer-dancer.
10/10/1955:David Lee Roth, singer.
10/10/1956:Martina Navratilova, tennis player. (10/18?)
10/10/1958:Tanya Tucker, singer.
10/11/1759:Mason Locke Weems, inventor of Washington and the cherry tree
10/11/1844:Henry John Heinz, food industry pioneer.
10/11/1872:Harland Fiske Stone, former US Supreme Court Chief Justice.
10/11/1884:Anna Eleanor Roosevelt, former US first lady and author.
10/11/1887:William F. (Willie) Hoppe, American billiards player.
10/11/1910:Joseph Alsop, journalist and author.
10/11/1918:Jerome Robbins, choreographer.
10/11/1919:Art Blakey, musician.
10/11/1935:Roy Scheider, actor. (11/10?)
10/11/1945:Robert Gale, physician.
10/11/1948:Daryl Hall, singer.
10/11/1948:Ray Mabus, Mississippi governor.
10/11/1950:Patty Murray, Washington Senator.
10/11/1964:Luke Perry, actor.
10/11/1965:Sean Patrick Flanery.
10/12/1710:Jonathan Trumbull, US patriot.
10/12/1844:George Washington Cable, American author.
10/12/1860:Elmer Sperry, developer of practical uses for the gyroscope.
10/12/1872:Ralph Vaughn-Williams, English composer.
10/12/1906:Joe Cronin, baseball player.
10/12/1923:Jean Nidetch, founder of Weight Watchers.
10/12/1932:Dick Gregory, comedian and civil rights activist.
10/12/1932:Edwin Jacob (Jake) Garn, former Utah Senator.
10/12/1935:Luciano Pavarotti, opera singer.
10/12/1935:Tony Kubek, sportscaster. (1936?)
10/12/1947:Chris Wallace, ABC reporter.
10/12/1950:Ronald E. McNair, second black US astronaut.
10/12/1950:Susan Anton, singer and actress.
10/12/1962:Sid Fernandez, baseball player.
10/12/1968:Adam Rich, actor.
10/12/1970:Kirk Cameron, actor.
10/13/-70 :Publius Vergilius Maro (Virgil). (10/15?)
10/13/1754:Mary Hays McCauley (nee Ludwig) (a.k.a Molly Pitcher), US
:Revolutionary War heroine.
10/13/1821:Rudolf Virchow, founder of cellular pathology.
10/13/1853:Lillie Langtry, actress.
10/13/1917:Burr Tillstrom, puppeteer.
10/13/1918:Cornel Wilde, actor.
10/13/1921:Yves Montand (Ivo Livi), actor and singer.
10/13/1924:Nipsey Russell, comedian.
10/13/1925:Frank D. Gilroy, playwright.
10/13/1925:Lenny Bruce, comedian. (1926?)
10/13/1925:Margaret Hilda Roberts Thatcher, former British prime minister.
10/13/1926:Jesse Leroy Brown, first black American naval aviator.
10/13/1942:Arthur Garfunkel, singer.
10/13/1949:Sammy Hagar, singer.
10/13/1957:Reggie Theus, basketball player.
10/13/1959:(Olive) Marie Osmond, singer.
10/13/1961:Glenn Anton (Doc) Rivers, basketball player.
10/13/1962:Jerry Lee Rice, football player.
10/13/1969:Nancy Kerrigan, figure skater.
10/14/1644:William Penn, English Quaker and founder of Pennsylvania.
10/14/1882:Eamon de Valera, Irish political leader.
10/14/1890:Dwight David Eisenhower, 34th US president.
10/14/1894:Edward Estlin Cummings, US poet, writer, and painter.
10/14/1896:Lillian Gish, actress.
10/14/1916:Charles Everett Koop, former US Surgeon General.
10/14/1927:Roger Moore, actor.
10/14/1928:Gary Graffman, musician.
10/14/1938:John W. Dean III, former White House counsel.
10/14/1939:Ralph Lauren (Ralph Lifshitz), fashion designer.
10/14/1940:Cliff Richard, British pop musician and former teen idol.
10/14/1952:Harry Anderson, actor.
10/14/1952:Karyn White. (1964?)
10/14/1953:Greg Evigan, actor.
10/14/1956:Beth Daniel, golfer.
10/14/1958:Thomas Dolby, singer.
10/15/-70 :Virgil (Publius Vergilius Maro), Roman poet. (10/13?)
10/15/1844:Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche, German philosopher.
10/15/1858:John L. Sullivan, boxing champion.
10/15/1872:Edith Bolling Galt Wilson, second wife of Woodrow Wilson.
10/15/1881:Pelham Grenville Wodehouse, English writer and humorist.
10/15/1900:Mervyn Leroy, film producer ("The Wizard of Oz").
10/15/1903:Otto Bettmann, picture archivist.
10/15/1904:Marty Mann, American social activist and author.
10/15/1908:John Kenneth Galbraith, economist and diplomat.
10/15/1917:Arthur Meier Schlesinger Jr, writer and historian.
10/15/1920:Mario Puzo, author ("The Godfather").
10/15/1924:Lido Anthony "Lee" Iacocca, Chrysler Corporation chairman.
10/15/1930:Ned R. McWherter, Tennessee Governor.
10/15/1937:Linda Lavin, actress. (1939?)
10/15/1942:Penny Marshall, actress and director.
10/15/1945:Jim Palmer, sportscaster.
10/15/1946:Richard Carpenter, pop singer.
10/15/1951:Roscoe Tanner, tennis player.
10/15/1955:Tanya Roberts, actress.
10/15/1953:Tito Jackson (Toriano Adaryll Jackson), singer.
10/15/1959:Sarah Ferguson, Duchess of York.
10/15/1965:Trace (Raymond Lester) Armstrong, football player.
10/16/1714:Giovanni Arduino, geologist.
10/16/1758:Noah Webster, US teacher and journalist.
10/16/1854:Oscar (Fingal O'Flahertie Wills) Wilde, Irish author and
10/16/1886:David Ben Gurion, Israeli Prime Minister.
10/16/1888:Eugene Gladstone O'Neill, US playwright.
10/16/1898:William Orville Douglas, US Supreme Court Justice.
10/16/1900:Goose Goslin, baseball player.
10/16/1925:Angela Lansbury, actress.
10/16/1925:Daniel Jackson Evans, Washington Senator.
10/16/1927:Gunter Grass, author.
10/16/1931:Charles W. Colson, former US presidential advisor and Watergate
10/16/1946:Susanne Somers, actress.
10/16/1947:Bob Weir (Robert Hall).
10/16/1956:Melissa Belote, swimmer.
10/16/1958:Tim Robbins, actor.
10/16/1962:Manute Bol, basketball player.
10/16/1969:Wendy Wilson, singer.
10/17/1711:Jupiter Hammon, first published US black poet.
10/17/1727:John Wilkes, English politician.
10/17/1780:Richard Mentor Johnson, 9th US vice president.
10/17/1893:Spring Byington, actress.
10/17/1903:Irene Ryan, actress.
10/17/1903:Nathanael West, novelist.
10/17/1908:Jean Arthur (Gladys Georgianna Greene), actress.
10/17/1912:Albino Luciani (Pope John Paul I), 263rd Catholic Pope.
10/17/1915:Arthur Miller, playwright.
10/17/1918:Rita Hayworth, actress.
10/17/1926:Beverly Garland, actress.
10/17/1927:Tom Poston, actor.
10/17/1930:Jimmy Breslin, newspaper columnist.
10/17/1938:Evel Knievel (Robert Craig Knievel), motorcycle stunt performer.
10/17/1947:Michael McKean, actor.
10/17/1948:George Wendt, actor ("Cheers").
10/17/1948:Margot Kidder, actress.
10/17/1957:Steve Douglas McMichael, football player.
10/17/1959:Dolph Lundgren, actor.
10/18/1785:Thomas Love Peacock, novelist and poet.
10/18/1854:Salomon Auguste Andree, Swedish explorer and balloonist.
10/18/1859:Henri Bergson, French philosopher.
10/18/1889:Fannie Hurst, novelist. (10/19?)
10/18/1904:Abbott Joseph Liebling, American journalist and author.
10/18/1919:Anita O'Day, singer.
10/18/1919:Pierre Elliot Trudeau, former Canadian prime minister.
10/18/1921:Jesse Helms, North Carolina Senator.
10/18/1925:Melina Mercouri, Greek actress and minister of culture.
10/18/1926:Chuck Berry (Charles Edward Anderson), rock 'n' roller.
10/18/1927:George C. Scott, actor ("Patton").
10/18/1927:Katherine Fanning, editor.
10/18/1928:Keith Jackson, sportscaster.
10/18/1929:Violeta Barrios de Chamorro, Nicaraguan president.
10/18/1930:Frank Carlucci, former US Defense Secretary.
10/18/1932:Vytautas Lansbergis, Lithuanian president.
10/18/1939:Lee Harvey Oswald, presidential assassin.
10/18/1939:Mike Ditka, football coach.
10/18/1947:Laura Nyro, singer and composer.
10/18/1948:Ntozake Shange (Paulette L. Williams), dramatist and poet.
10/18/1951:Pam Dawber, actress.
10/18/1956:Martina Navratilova, tennis player. (10/10?)
10/18/1958:Tommy Hearns, boxer.
10/18/1961:Erin Moran, actress.
10/18/1961:Wynton Marsalis, jazz and classical trumpeter.
10/19/1605:Thomas Browne, English physician and scholar.
10/19/1748:Martha Wayles Skelton Jefferson, wife of Thomas Jefferson.
10/19/1784:Leigh Hunt, poet and essayist.
10/19/1810:Cassius Marcellus Clay, abolitionist.
10/19/1889:Fannie Hurst, US novelist. (10/18?)
10/19/1895:Lewis Mumford, historian, philosopher, and city planner.
10/19/1899:Miguel Angel Asturias.
10/19/1918:Robert Strauss, US ambassador to Russia.
10/19/1920:LaWanda Page, actress.
10/19/1921:Bern Bennett, CBS staff announcer.
10/19/1922:Jack Anderson, newspaper columnist.
10/19/1931:John LeCarre (David John Moore Cornwell), English spy novelist.
10/19/1932:Robert Reed, actor.
10/19/1937:Peter Max, pop artist.
10/19/1945:Jeannie C. Riley, singer.
10/19/1945:John Lithgow, actor.
10/19/1945:Patricia Ireland, National Organization for Women president.
10/19/1960:Jennifer Holliday, blues singer.
10/19/1965:Bradley Lee Daugherty, basketball player.
10/19/1967:Amy Carter, daughter of Jimmy Carter.
10/20/1632:Sir Christopher Wren, English astronomer and architect.
10/20/1819:Siyyid Ali Muhammad ("the Bab"), prophet of the Baha'i Faith.
10/20/1854:Arthur Rimbaud, French poet.
10/20/1856:James Robert Mann, author of the "White Slave Traffic Act."
10/20/1859:John Dewey, US philosopher and educator.
10/20/1874:Charles Ives, US composer.
10/20/1884:Bela Lugosi, actor. (1882?) (10/29?)
10/20/1891:Fanny Brice, actress. (10/29?)
10/20/1908:Arlene Francis (Arlene Kazanjian), TV personality.
10/20/1925:Art Buchwald, newspaper columnist.
10/20/1928:Dr. Joyce Brothers, psychologist.
10/20/1931:Mickey Mantle, baseball player.
10/20/1932:William Christopher, actor.
10/20/1935:Jerry Orbach, actor.
10/20/1952:Tom Petty, musician.
10/20/1953:Keith Hernandez, baseball player.
10/20/1956:Melanie Mayron, actress.
10/21/1772:Samuel Taylor Coleridge, British poet, critic, and philosopher.
10/21/1790:Alphonse de Lamartine, French poet.
10/21/1813:Caroline Carmichael McIntosh Fillmore, second wife of Millard
10/21/1833:Alfred Bernhard Nobel, inventor of dynamite and founder of Nobel
10/21/1845:Will Carleton, poet (observed in Michigan schools).
10/21/1912:Sir Georg Solti, conductor.
10/21/1917:John Birks "Dizzy" Gillespie, jazz trumpeter.
10/21/1921:Sir Malcolm Arnold, composer.
10/21/1928:Edward Charles "Whitey" Ford, baseball player.
10/21/1929:Ursula Le Guin, author.
10/21/1940:Frances FitzGerald, journalist and author.
10/21/1940:Manfred Mann, rock singer.
10/21/1942:Elvin Bishop, musician.
10/21/1956:Carrie Fisher, actress.
10/21/1959:George Bell, baseball player.
10/21/1976:Jeremy Miller, actor.
10/22/1811:Franz Liszt, Hungarian composer and pianist.
10/22/1844:Sarah Bernhardt, French actress.
10/22/1907:Jimmie Foxx, baseball player.
10/22/1917:Joan Fontaine, actress.
10/22/1919:Doris Lessing, English author.
10/22/1920:Timothy Francis Leary, psychologist and LSD advocate.
10/22/1922:John Hubbard Chafee, Rhode Island Senator.
10/22/1925:Robert Rauschenberg, artist.
10/22/1938:Christopher Lloyd, actor.
10/22/1938:Derek Jacobi, actor.
10/22/1939:Tony Roberts, actor.
10/22/1942:Annette Funicello, Mouseketeer and actress.
10/22/1943:Catherine Deneuve (Dorleac), actress ("The Last Metro").
10/22/1952:Jeff Goldblum, actor.
10/22/1952:Patti Davis, writer.
10/22/1963:Brian Boitano, ice skater.
10/23/1752:Nicholas Appert, French chef (invented canning process).
10/23/1817:Pierre Larousse, French grammarian and encyclopedist.
10/23/1835:Adlai Ewing Stevenson, 23rd US vice president.
10/23/1844:Louis Riel, Canadian patriot.
10/23/1844:Robert Bridges, English poet.
10/23/1869:John Heisman, pioneering college football coach.
10/23/1873:William Coolidge, inventor of the X-ray tube.
10/23/1906:Gertrude Caroline Ederle, first woman to swim the English Channel.
10/23/1925:Johnny Carson, TV personality.
10/23/1931:Diana Dors (Diana Fluck), actress.
10/23/1931:Jim Bunning, baseball player.
10/23/1934:Juan "Chi-Chi" Rodriguez, golfer.
10/23/1938:John Heinz, Pennsylvania Senator.
10/23/1940:Pele (Edson Arantes de Nascimento), Brazilian soccer great.
10/23/1942:Michael Crichton, author and film director.
10/23/1956:Dwight Yoakum, country singer.
10/23/1959:Alfred Matthew "Weird Al" Yankovic, satirist.
10/23/1962:Doug Flutie, football player.
10/23/1962:Mike Tomczak, football player.
10/24/1788:Sarah Josepha Hale, author of "Mary Had a Little Lamb".
10/24/1808:Carl Bernhard von Cotta, geologist.
10/24/1830:Belva Lockwood, first woman candidate for US president.
10/24/1855:James Schoolcraft Sherman, 27th US vice president.
10/24/1904:Moss Hart, US dramatist and writer of librettos.
10/24/1923:Denise Levertov, poet.
10/24/1926:Yelberton Abraham Tittle, football player.
10/24/1930:Jiles Perry "J.P." Richardson Jr. (a.k.a. The Big Bopper, singer
10/24/1936:Bill Wyman, musician.
10/24/1936:David Nelson, actor and producer.
10/24/1939:F. Murray Abraham, actor ("Amadeus").
10/24/1947:Kevin Kline, actor.
10/25/1800:Baron Thomas Babington Macaulay, British essayist and historian.
10/25/1825:Johann Strauss, Austrian composer.
10/25/1838:Georges Bizet, French composer.
10/25/1881:Pablo Picasso, artist.
10/25/1888:Richard Byrd, explorer.
10/25/1889:Abel Gance, film director ("Napoleon").
10/25/1909:Whit Bissell, actor.
10/25/1912:Jack Kent Cooke.
10/25/1912:Minnie Pearl, comedian and country music star.
10/25/1923:Bobby Thomson, baseball player.
10/25/1924:Dr. Bobby Brown, American League president.
10/25/1928:Anthony Franciosa (Anthony Papaleo), actor.
10/25/1928:Marion Ross, actress.
10/25/1930:Hanna Gray, educator.
10/25/1940:Bobby Knight, basketball coach.
10/25/1942:Helen Reddy, singer.
10/25/1949:Brian Kerwin, actor.
10/25/1967:Julia Roberts, actress ("Pretty Woman"). (10/28?)
10/26/1685:Giuseppe Domenico Scarlatti, Italian composer.
10/26/1803:Joseph Aloysius Hansom, British inventor of the cab.
10/26/1879:Leon Trotsky, Russian revolutionary.
10/26/1910:Cardinal John Krol, retired archbishop of Philadelphia.
10/26/1911:Mahalia Jackson, gospel singer.
10/26/1914:Jackie Coogan, actor.
10/26/1916:Francois (Maurice Marie) Mitterrand, French president.
10/26/1919:Muhammad Reza Pahlavi, last shah of Iran.
10/26/1942:Bob Hoskins, actor.
10/26/1946:Ivan Reitman, director and producer.
10/26/1946:Pat Sajak, TV host.
10/26/1947:Hillary Rodham Clinton, US First lady.
10/26/1947:Jaclyn Smith, actress.
10/26/1950:Chuck Forman, football player.
10/26/1962:Cary Elwes, actor.
10/27/1466:Desiderius Erasmus, Dutch scholor, theologian, and satirist.
10/27/1728:James Cook, English sea captain and explorer.
10/27/1782:Niccolo Paganini, Italian violin virtuoso.
10/27/1811:Isaac Singer, developer of the first practical home sewing
10/27/1858:Theodore Roosevelt, 26th US president.
10/27/1872:Emily Post, etiquette arbiter. (10/3/1873?)
10/27/1910:Frederick De Cordova, producer and director.
10/27/1914:Dylan Marlais Thomas, Welsh poet and playwright.
10/27/1915:Harry Saltzman, film director.
10/27/1917:Oliver Tambo, South African political activist.
10/27/1918:Teresa Wright, actress.
10/27/1920:Nanette Fabray, actress.
10/27/1922:Ralph Kiner, baseball player and sportscaster.
10/27/1923:Roy Lichtenstein, pop artist.
10/27/1924:Ruby Dee, actress.
10/27/1925:Warren Christopher, US Secretary of State.
10/27/1926:H.R. Haldeman, former White house chief of staff.
10/27/1933:Floyd Cramer, musician and singer.
10/27/1933:Gerald M. Weinberg.
10/27/1939:John Cleese, actor and comedian.
10/27/1946:Carrie Snodgrass, actress.
10/27/1950:Fran Lebowitz, novelist ("Metropolitan Life").
10/27/1951:Jayne Kennedy-Overton, actress and TV personality.
10/27/1958:Simon Le Bon, rock singer.
10/27/1963:Tracy Nelson, actress.
10/28/1793:Eliphalet Remington, riflemaker.
10/28/1842:Anna Elizabeth Dickinson (a.k.a. American Joan of Arc), orator
10/28/1846:Georges Auguste Escoffier, inventor of peche Melba.
10/28/1902:Elsa Lanchester, actress.
10/28/1903:Evelyn Waugh, British novelist.
10/28/1914:Dr. Jonas Edward Salk, developer of the polio vaccine.
10/28/1926:Bowie Kuhn, former baseball commissioner.
10/28/1929:Dody Goodman, actress.
10/28/1936:Charlie Daniels, musician and songwriter.
10/28/1939:Jane Alexander (Jane Quigley), actress.
10/28/1944:Dennis Franz, actor.
10/28/1948:Telma Hopkins, singer and actress.
10/28/1949:Bruce Jenner, track athlete and sportscaster.
10/28/1955:Bill Gates, Microsoft founder.
10/28/1965:Jami Gertz, actress.
10/28/1967:Julia Roberts, actress. (10/25?)
10/29/1740:James Boswell, Scottish biographer (of Samuel Johnson).
10/29/1815:Daniel Decatur Emmett, singer-composer ("Dixie").
10/29/1882:Jean Giraudoux, French playwright ("The Madwoman of Chaillot").
10/29/1884:Bela Lugosi. (1882?) (10/20?)
10/29/1891:Fanny Brice, actress-comedian-singer. (10/20?)
10/29/1897:Paul Josef Goebbels, Nazi propaganda chief.
10/29/1921:William Mauldin, political cartoonist.
10/29/1925:John Haley "Zoot" Sims, musician.
10/29/1940:Connie Mack, Florida Senator.
10/29/1945:Melba Moore, singer and actress.
10/29/1947:Richard Dreyfuss, actor.
10/29/1948:Kate Jackson, actress.
10/29/1951:Dirk Kempthorne, Idaho Senator.
10/29/1955:J.T. Smith, football player.
10/29/1959:Jesse Lee Barfield, baseball player.
10/29/1960:Michael D'Andrea Carter, football player.
10/29/1961:Randy Jackson (Steven Randall Jackson), singer.
10/29/1971:Winona Ryder, actress.
10/30/1735:John Adams, 2nd US president.
10/30/1751:Richard Brinsley Sheridan, dramatist.
10/30/1839:Alfred Sisley, French impressionist painter.
10/30/1871:Paul Valery, French poet.
10/30/1885:Ezra Loomis Pound, US poet.
10/30/1893:Charles Atlas, strongman. (1894?)
10/30/1896:Ruth Gordon, actress.
10/30/1912:Gordon Parks, photographer and author.
10/30/1915:Fred Friendly, broadcast journalist.
10/30/1932:Louis Malle, film director.
10/30/1937:Claude Lelouch, film director.
10/30/1937:Dick Gautier, actor.
10/30/1939:Grace Slick, rock singer.
10/30/1945:Henry Winkler, actor-director.
10/30/1951:Harry Hamlin, actor.
10/30/1965:Charnele Brown, actress.
10/31/1620:John Evelyn, English diarist.
10/31/1632:Jan Vermeer, Dutch painter.
10/31/1795:John Keats, British poet.
10/31/1828:Joseph Wilson Swan, English scientist and inventor.
10/31/1852:Mary E. Wilkins Freeman.
10/31/1860:Juliette Gordon Low, Girl Scouts founder.
10/31/1887:Chiang Kai-Shek, founder of Nationalist China.
10/31/1900:Ethel Waters, singer and actress.
10/31/1912:Dale Evans, actress and singer.
10/31/1918:Griffin Bell, former US Attorney General.
10/31/1922:Barbara Bel Geddes, actress.
10/31/1928:Andrew Sarris, movie critic.
10/31/1928:Roy Romer, Colorado Governor.
10/31/1930:Michael Collins, astronaut.
10/31/1931:Dan Rather, journalist.
10/31/1936:Michael Landon (Eugene Michael Orowitz), actor and director.
10/31/1942:David Ogden Stiers, actor.
10/31/1948:Barbara Hall, actress.
10/31/1948:Deidre Hall, actress.
10/31/1950:John Candy, comedian and actor.
10/31/1950:(Margaret) Jane Pauley, anchorwoman.
10/31/1961:Larry Mullen, musician.
10/31/1963:Frederick Stanley McGriff, baseball player.
10/31/1967:Vanilla Ice (Robert Van Winkle), rapper.
10:Campaign for Healthier Babies Month
10:Combat Asthma Awareness Month
10:Computer Learning Month
10:Consumer Information Month
10:Co-op Awareness Month
10:Energy Awareness Month
10:Family History Awareness Month
10:Festival of Penha (Brazil)
10:Hispanic Heritage Month
10:International Microwave Month
10:National Adopt-a-dog Month
10:National AIDS Awareness Month
10:National Apple Jack Month
10:National Apple Month
10:National Car Care Month
10:National Clock Month
10:National Cosmetology Month
10:National Dessert Month
10:National Disability Employment Awareness Month
10:National Downs Syndrome Month
10:National Family Sexuality Education Month
10:National Kitchen and Bath Month
10:National Liver Awareness Month.
10:National Lupus Month
10:National Pasta Month
10:National Pizza Month
10:National Popcorn Poppin' Month
10:National Quality Month
10:National Roller Skating Month
10:National Sarcastics Awareness Month
10:National Seafood Month
10:National Sudden Infant Death Syndrome Awareness Month
10:Pizza Festival Month
10:Spinal Health Month
10:Unicorn Questing Season
10:Vegetarian Awareness Month
#: Events depending on weekdays
M(10/7) :Child Health Day (first Monday).
M(10/7) :US Supreme Court's new session begins (first Monday).
M(10/7) :Universal Children's Day (UN) (first Monday).
M(10/7) :World Habitat Day (UN) (first Monday).
U(10/7) :Blessing of the fishing fleet (Fisherman's Wharf, San Francisco)
U(10/7) :Erntedankfest (Germany) (first Sunday).
U(10/7) :Grandparents Day (Massachusetts) (first Sunday).
M(10/14):Columbus Day (second Monday).
M(10/14):Discoverers' Day (Hawaii). (second Monday)
M(10/14):Thanksgiving Day (Canada). (second Monday)
M(10/14):Virgin Islands - Puerto Rico Friendship Day. (second Monday)
W(10/14):International Day for Natural Disaster Reduction (UN) (second
F(10/14):National Bookkeeper's Day (second Friday).
S(10/14):Mountain Glory Festival (Marion, North Carolina) (second
U(10/14):White Sunday (American Samoa) (second Sunday).
M(10/21):Hurricane Thanksgiving Day (Virgin Islands) (third Monday).
M(10/21):National Heroes Day (Jamaica) (third Monday).
W(10/21):Missouri Day (Missouri) (third Wednesday).
S(10/21):Sweetest Day (third Saturday).
U(10/28):Mother-In-Law Day (fourth Sunday).
U(10/31):Daylight Savings Time Ends (2:00 am) (last Sunday).
#: Normal events
10/1 :Arbor Day (Bolivia).
10/1 :Armed Forces Day (South Korea).
10/1 :Fiscal New Year (US).
10/1 :Independence Day (Cyprus).
10/1 :Independence Day (Nigeria).
10/1 :International Day for the Elderly.
10/1 :Labor Day (Australia).
10/1 :National Day (People's Republic of China).
10/1 :National Holiday (Tuvalu).
10/1 :Public Holiday (Botswanna).
10/1 :World Vegetarian Day.
10/1/-331 :Alexander the Great defeated the Persian army in what is now Iraq.
10/1/1684 :Pierre Corneille, playwright, died.
10/1/1785 :First city directory in US published (Philadelphia).
10/1/1810 :Berkshire Cattle Show opened (Pittsfield, Massachusetts).
10/1/1837 :"Racer's" Hurricane (Gulf of Mexico).
10/1/1847 :Maria Mitchell discovered a comet later named after her.
10/1/1875 :Beef first exported from New York to England.
10/1/1880 :John Philip Sousa became conductor of the US Marine Corps Band.
10/1/1885 :US special delivery mail service began.
10/1/1892 :University of Chicago began classes.
10/1/1896 :US Post Office began rural free delivery.
10/1/1903 :First World Series opened in Boston (Pilgrims 3 - Pittsburgh
10/1/1908 :Model T Ford introduced.
10/1/1932 :Babe Ruth's "called" home run.
10/1/1936 :General Francisco Franco proclaimed head of Spain.
10/1/1940 :First section of the Pennsylvania Turnpike opened.
10/1/1943 :Allied forces captured Naples.
10/1/1946 :Martin Bormann sentenced to death in absentia at Nuremberg.
10/1/1949 :Communist China founded.
10/1/1955 :First episode of "The Honeymooners" aired.
10/1/1958 :NASA inaugurated.
10/1/1960 :Nigeria became independent.
10/1/1961 :Roger Maris hit his 61st home run of the season (a new record).
10/1/1963 :Nigeria became a republic.
10/1/1964 :Free Speech movement launched (University of California,
10/1/1968 :"Night of the Living Dead premiered.
10/1/1970 :Final baseball game played at Shibe Park (Philadelphia).
10/1/1971 :Walt Disney World (Florida) opened.
10/1/1975 :"The Thiller in Manila" (Ali beat Frazier).
10/1/1977 :Pele played a farewell game at the Meadowlands (New Jersey).
10/1/1983 :Carl Yastrzemski rounded Fenway Park during a farewell ceremony.
10/1/1985 :E.B. White, essayist, died.
10/2 :Independence Day (Guinea).
10/2 :Name Your Car Day.
10/2 :World Farm Animals Day.
10/2/-322 :Aristotle died. (3/7?)
10/2/1535 :Jacques Cartier landed at Montreal (then called Hochelaga).
10/2/1721 :African camel arrived in Boston.
10/2/1780 :Major John Andre, British spy, hanged in connection with B.
10/2/1835 :First battle of the Texas Revolution.
10/2/1872 :Phileas Fogg wagered 20000 pounds that he could tour the world in
10/2/1882 :W.H. Vanderbilt said, "The public be damned!"
10/2/1889 :Pan American Conference first held (Washington DC).
10/2/1912 :First day of 767 day drought (Bagdad, California).
10/2/1919 :US President Wilson suffered a stroke.
10/2/1920 :Last major league triple header played (Forbes Field).
10/2/1939 :First robotics-based CAM.
10/2/1942 :"The Cisco Kid" debuted (WOR-Mutual radio).
10/2/1950 :"Peanuts" (comic strip) first published.
10/2/1959 :First episode of "The Twilight Zone" aired.
10/2/1963 :Corfam, artificial shoe leather, introduced by DuPont.
10/2/1967 :Thurgood Marshall, first black US Supreme Court Justice, sworn in.
10/2/1968 :Appalachian Trail Bill signed into law.
10/2/1968 :Bob Gibson struck out 17 in a World Series game.
10/2/1969 :Tiny Tim was mystery guest on "What's My Line?".
10/2/1978 :Yankee Bucky Dent hit a three run homer to beat the Red Sox 5-4.
10/2/1980 :Holmes became heavyweight champion (beat Ali).
10/2/1984 :Richard Miller, former FBI agent, became first charged with
10/2/1984 :Soviet cosmonauts returned to earth after a record 237 days in
10/2/1985 :Rock Hudson, actor, died.
10/2/1988 :First American League baseball team drew 3,000,000 fans (Twins).
10/3 :Chung Yeung Festival (Hong Kong).
10/3 :Fansisco Morazan Holiday (Honduras).
10/3 :National Foundation Day (South Korea).
10/3 :Relief of Leiden Day (Netherlands).
10/3 :UN Day (Barbados).
10/3/1574 :Leiden (Netherlands) liberated.
10/3/1860 :Rembrandt Peale, US painter, died.
10/3/1863 :US President Lincoln declared the last Thursday in November
10/3/1867 :Elias Howe, inventor of the sewing machine, died.
10/3/1896 :William Morris, English poet and artist, died.
10/3/1899 :Motor-driven vacuum cleaner patented.
10/3/1910 :Lucy Hobbs Taylor, first American woman dentist, died.
10/3/1922 :Rebecca Felton appointed first woman Senator (term - one day).
10/3/1929 :Kingdom of Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes formally changed its name
:to the Kingdom of Yugoslavia.
10/3/1931 :Carl Nielsen, Danish composer, died.
10/3/1935 :Benito Mussolini attacked Ethiopia.
10/3/1939 :Declaration of Panama.
10/3/1943 :Third V4 launch attempt (first successful).
10/3/1944 :US troops cracked the Siegfried Line (Aachen, Germany).
10/3/1951 :Bobby Thomson hit a homerun off Ralph Branca to win the National
:League title for the Giants.
10/3/1955 :"Captain Kangaroo" first broadcast.
10/3/1955 :"The Mickey Mouse Club" premiered.
10/3/1960 :First episode of "The Andy Griffith Show" aired.
10/3/1967 :Woodrow Wilson "Woody" Guthrie, folk singer, died.
10/3/1983 :Earl S. Tupper, inventor of Tupperware, died.
10/3/1985 :Charles Collingwood, CBS correspondent, died.
10/3/1985 :First flight of space shuttle Atlantis.
10/3/1985 :Three Mile Island nuclear power plant restarted one reactor.
10/3/1990 :East and West Germany reunited.
10/4 :Independence Day (Lesotho).
10/4 :Ten-Four Day.
10/4/1582 :Pope Gregory XIII decreed that the day following this would be
:October 15, 1582.
10/4/1777 :American forces defeated by British in a battle at Germantown,
10/4/1853 :Crimean war began.
10/4/1883 :The Simplon Orient Express' first trip.
10/4/1890 :Mormons renounced polygamy.
10/4/1904 :Frederic Auguste Bertholdi, French sculptor ("Statue of
10/4/1931 :Comic strip "Dick Tracy" first appeared ("The Detroit Daily
10/4/1948 :First American League playoff game (Indians at Red Sox).
10/4/1957 :Sputnik 1 (USSR), first manmade space satellite, launched.
10/4/1959 :Luna 3 (USSR), first satellite to photograph the distant side of
:the moon, launched.
10/4/1965 :Pope Paul VI arrived in US.
10/4/1966 :Lesotho, South Africa attained sovereignty within British
10/4/1970 :Janis Joplin, singer, died.
10/4/1976 :US Supreme Court reinstated the death penalty for murder.
10/4/1977 :First daily state lotteries with the same number (New Jersey and
10/4/1982 :Glenn Gould died.
10/5 :National Day (Portugal).
10/5/1787 :Thomas Stone, signer of the US Declaration of Independence, died.
10/5/1813 :Battle of the Thames (Upper Canada).
10/5/1813 :Tecumseh, Shawnee Indian Chief and orator, killed.
10/5/1856 :Parker House (oldest hotel in US) opened.
10/5/1863 :First successful Confederate attack using a submersible craft
10/5/1877 :Nez Perce indians surrendered to US Cavalry.
10/5/1892 :Dalton Gang held up two banks simultaneously (Coffeyville,
10/5/1910 :Republic of Portugal established.
10/5/1921 :First radio broadcast of a World Series.
10/5/1941 :Louis Dembitz Brandeis, US Supreme Court Justice, died.
10/5/1947 :First televised White House address (Truman).
10/5/1953 :Earl Warren sworn in as chief justice of the US Supreme Court.
10/5/1953 :New York Yankees won the World Series.
10/5/1960 :Eastern Airlines Electra turbo-prop crashed in Boston Harbor (61
10/5/1964 :57 people escaped East Berlin by tunnel.
10/5/1966 :Enrico Fermi Atomic Power Plant (Monroe, Michigan) accident (3:09
10/5/1973 :Oregon became the first US state to remove criminal penalties for
:less than an ounce of pot.
10/5/1979 :Charlie Smith, oldest American (137 years), died.
10/5/1983 :Lech Walesa named winner of the Nobel Peace Prize.
10/5/1984 :Space Shuttle Challenger (US) was launched on its sixth mission.
10/5/1985 :Eddie Robinson became college football's all-time winning coach.
10/5/1986 :Eugene Hasenfus captured after his plane, carrying arms intended
:for the Nicaraguan rebels was shot down.
10/5/1989 :Jim Bakker, TV evangelist, convicted of fraud and conspiracy.
10/5/1992 :Eddie Kendricks, singer (Temptations), died.
10/6 :Armed Forces Day (Egypt).
10/6 :German-American Day.
10/6 :Ivy Day (Ireland).
10/6 :National Sports Day (Lesotho).
10/6 :Physician Assistant (PA) Day.
10/6 :Texas Working Mothers Day.
10/6/1683 :Germantown, Pennsylvania founded.
10/6/1825 :First giant exhibited in New York (Patrick Magee).
10/6/1847 :"Jane Eyre" by Charlotte Bronte published.
10/6/1853 :First coed public school (Antioch College - Yellow Springs, Ohio).
10/6/1866 :First US train robbery ($13,000 - Reno brothers).
10/6/1876 :American Library Association organized (Philadelphia).
10/6/1891 :Charles Stewart Parnell, Irish patriot, died.
10/6/1892 :Alfred Lord Tennyson, English poet, died.
10/6/1921 :World Series broadcast for the first time (Grantland Rice).
10/6/1927 :First talking motion picture opened ("The Jazz Singer, New York).
10/6/1961 :First GPSS manual published.
10/6/1962 :First James Bond film opened ("Dr. No," London).
10/6/1973 :Israel attacked by Egypt and Syria.
10/6/1978 :Deadline for ERA ratification extended to June 30, 1982.
10/6/1981 :Anwar El-Sadat, Egyptian president, assassinated.
10/6/1993 :Michael Jordan, basketball player, announced his retirement.
10/7 :Dalton Defenders Day (Coffeyville, Kansas).
10/7 :National Depression Day.
10/7 :National Heroes Day (Jamaica).
10/7 :World Court Day.
10/7/1763 :West closed to colonial settlement.
10/7/1780 :Battle of King's Mountain, South Carolina.
10/7/1783 :Freedom granted to slaves who fought during the Revolutionary War.
10/7/1826 :First US railroad began operation.
10/7/1849 :Edgar Allen Poe, author, died.
10/7/1868 :Cornell University was inaugurated.
10/7/1894 :Oliver Wendell Holmes, author and poet, died.
10/7/1916 :Georgia Tech. beat Cumberland University (222-0, football).
10/7/1925 :Christopher (Christy) Mathewson, baseball player, died.
10/7/1931 :Daniel Chester French, sculptor ("The Minuteman" statue), died.
10/7/1937 :"Woman's Day" first published.
10/7/1949 :Foundation of German Democratic Republic.
10/7/1954 :Marian Anderson became the first black engaged by the New York
10/7/1956 :Clarence Birdseye, American industrialist, died.
10/7/1957 :Fire in Windscale nuclear reactor (England).
10/7/1957 :First Bandstand (later, American Bandstand) broadcast.
10/7/1959 :First televised auction of federal property.
10/7/1959 :Luna 3 (USSR) returned images of the Moon's farside.
10/7/1962 :Hurricane Daisy in New England and Nova Scotia.
10/7/1963 :Bobby Baker resigned as Senate Democratic secretary.
10/7/1974 :Police stopped Wilbur Mills car, Fanne Fox jumped into water.
10/7/1977 :Marvin Mandel, Maryland Governor, sent to prison for fraud.
10/7/1984 :Walter Payton broke Jim Brown's career rushing record.
10/7/1985 :First woman chosen to play for the Harlem Globetrotters (Lynette
10/7/1989 :Bette Davis died.
10/7/1991 :Leo Ernest "the Lip" Durocher, baseball player and manager, died.
10/8 :Day of the Navy (Peru).
10/8 :Fiji Day (Fiji).
10/8/1754 :Henry Fielding, novelist, died.
10/8/1755 :Acadians expelled from Nova Scotia.
10/8/1793 :John Hancock, American patriot, died.
10/8/1862 :Battle of Perryville (Tennessee).
10/8/1869 :Franklin Pierce, 14th US president, died.
10/8/1871 :Forest fire in Peshtigo, Wisconsin began (1200 killed).
10/8/1871 :Great Chicago Fire broke out (250 killed).
10/8/1873 :First prison build for and managed by women (Indianapolis,
10/8/1918 :Sgt. Alvin C. York won the Medal of Honor.
10/8/1919 :Volstead Act (prohibiting sale or consumption of alcohol) passed.
10/8/1942 :First WAVES (Women Appointed for Voluntary Emergency Service)
:began training (Smith College).
10/8/1944 :Wendell Lewis Willkie, Republican politician, died.
10/8/1945 :Felix Salten, Viennese author ("Bambi"), died.
10/8/1956 :Don Larsen pitched a perfect World Series game.
10/8/1967 :Clement Richard Attlee, former British Prime Minister, died.
10/8/1978 :First VisiCalc prototype.
10/8/1992 :Willy Brandt, former West German chancellor, died.
10/9 :Alphabet Day (Hangul) (South Korea).
10/9 :Fire Prevention Day.
10/9 :Independence Day (Uganda).
10/9 :Independence of Guayaquil (Ecuador).
10/9 :Leif Erikson Day. (Iceland and US).
10/9 :Republic Day (Khmer Republic).
10/9 :World Post Day (UN).
10/9/1000 :Leif Ericson discovered North America.
10/9/1701 :Yale University founded. (10/16?)
10/9/1776 :Mission Delores (San Francisco) founded.
10/9/1779 :Count Casimir Pulaski, Polish patriot, wounded.
10/9/1792 :Silver half dimes coined (Philadelphia).
10/9/1806 :Benjamin Banneker, "first Black man of science," died.
10/9/1855 :Calliope patented (J. Stoddard).
10/9/1865 :First working underground oil pipeline completed (Pithole,
10/9/1876 :First two-way telephone conversation.
10/9/1910 :Forest fires hit North Minnesota (400 killed).
10/9/1917 :Self-service grocery patented (Clarence Saunders - Piggly Wiggly).
10/9/1934 :King Alexander of Yugoslavia killed by a Croatian terrorist.
10/9/1950 :Edna Saint Vincent Millay, poet, died.
10/9/1950 :General MacArthur ordered UN troops to cross 38th parallel.
10/9/1958 :Pope Pius XII (Eugenio Maria Giovanni Pacelli), 260th pope, died.
10/9/1962 :Uganda gained autonomy.
10/9/1967 :Ernesto "Che" Guevara, Cuban revolutionary, killed.
10/9/1973 :Elvis and Priscilla Presley divorced.
10/9/1975 :Andrei Sakharov, father of the Soviet hydrogen bomb, became the
:first Russian citizen to win the Nobel Peace Prize.
10/9/1977 :Soyuz 25 (USSR) launched.
10/9/1988 :Felix Wankel, inventor of the rotary engine, died.
10/10 :Beginning of Wars for Independence (Cuba).
10/10 :Bonza Bottler Day.
10/10 :Double Tenth Day (China?).
10/10 :Foundation of Workers Party (North Korea).
10/10 :Health-Sports Day (Japan).
10/10 :Independence Day (Fiji).
10/10 :National Day (Taiwan).
10/10 :Oklahoma Historical Day.
10/10/1797 :Carter Braxton, US revolutionary statesman, died.
10/10/1845 :The Naval School (now called US Naval Academy) opened.
10/10/1872 :William Henry Seward, former US secretary of state, died.
10/10/1886 :Tuxedo introduced (Griswold Lorillard).
10/10/1911 :Revolution against the imperial Manchu dynasty began.
10/10/1913 :US engineers blew up the Gamboa Dam.
10/10/1918 :First American Church formed.
10/10/1920 :Only triple play in World Series history turned (Bill Wambsganss).
10/10/1930 :Remains of Andree expedition (of 1897) by balloon to the North
:Pole returned to Stockholm and cremated.
10/10/1935 :"Porgy and Bess" opened on Broadway.
10/10/1963 :A dam burst in northern Italy (3000 killed).
10/10/1973 :Spiro Theodore Agnew resigned as US vice president due to tax
10/10/1979 :Wayne Gretzky's first NHL appearance.
10/10/1980 :Billy Thomas, actor (Buckwheat in "Our Gang"), died.
10/10/1980 :Double earthquake in Algeria (6000 killed).
10/10/1985 :Orson Welles, actor-director, died.
10/10/1985 :Yul Brynner, actor, died.
10/11 :Day of Solidarity with South African Political Prisoners (UN).
10/11 :Day of the Revolution (Panama).
10/11 :Druger Day (South Africa).
10/11 :General Pulaski Memorial Day.
10/11 :Native American Day (South Dakota).
10/11 :National Coming-Out Day.
10/11/1531 :Ulrich Zwingli, Swiss humanist and author was killed.
10/11/1779 :Casimir Pulaski, father of the US cavalry, died.
10/11/1809 :Meriwether Lewis, American explorer, died.
10/11/1811 :First steam powered ferry began operations (New York to Hoboken
10/11/1818 :Archibald M. Willard, American artist ("The Spirit of '76"), died.
10/11/1833 :First US Dragoons, first US Cavalry outfit, assembled.
10/11/1868 :Thomas Alva Edison filed for his first invention (electrical vote
:recorder for Congress).
10/11/1887 :Patent for first adding machine granted (D. Felt for Comptmeter).
10/11/1889 :James Prescott Joule, English physicist and inventor, died.
10/11/1890 :Daughters of the American Revolution organized.
10/11/1890 :First 100 yard dash run under 10 seconds (John Owens).
10/11/1896 :Anton Bruckner, Austrian composer, died.
10/11/1906 :San Francisco Board of Education ordered Oriental children
10/11/1936 :First quiz program on radio ("Professor Quiz").
10/11/1950 :CBS received government authorization to broadcast programs in
10/11/1962 :Second Vatican Ecumenical Council opened in Rome.
10/11/1968 :Apollo 7 (US) launched.
10/11/1975 :"NBC's Saturday Night" debuted.
10/11/1976 :The "Gang of Four" arrested in Peking.
10/11/1983 :Bryant Pond, Maine changed to dial telephones.
10/11/1984 :Largest tax fraud penalty in US history ($200 million, Marc Rich).
10/11/1991 :Anita Hill accused Clarence Thomas of sexual harrassment.
10/11/1991 :Redd Foxx, actor and comedian, died.
10/12 :Children Day (Brazil).
10/12 :Day of the Race (Argentina).
10/12 :Dia de la Raza (Mexico).
10/12 :Discovery Day (Gahamas).
10/12 :Farmers' Day (Florida).
10/12 :Fraternal Day (Alabama).
10/12 :Independence Day (Equatorial Guinea).
10/12 :International Moment of Frustration Scream Day (go outdoors and
:scream for thirty seconds at noon GMT).
10/12 :National Day (Spain).
10/12 :Pan American Day (Belize).
10/12 :Pioneers' Day (South Dakota).
10/12/1492 :Columbus landed on the island of Guanahani (Bahamas).
10/12/1609 :"Three Blind Mice" first published.
10/12/1792 :First US memorial to Columbus dedicated (Baltimore).
10/12/1845 :Elizabeth Gurney Fry, English reformer, died.
10/12/1864 :Roger B. Taney, US Supreme Court Justice, died.
10/12/1870 :Robert Edward Lee, Confederate General, died.
10/12/1920 :Man O' War's last race.
10/12/1924 :Anatole France, writer, died.
10/12/1934:"The Gay Divorcee," starring Fred Astaire and Ginger Rogers,
10/12/1940 :Tom Mix, actor, died.
10/12/1955 :Bernarr MacFadden, publisher and health fad promoter, died.
10/12/1960 :Nikita Khrushchev pounded his desk with a shoe during a UN speech.
10/12/1962 :UNIVAC gave contract for SIMULA compiler to Nygaard and Dahl.
10/12/1966 :The Jimi Hendrix Experience formed.
10/12/1972 :Racial fight broke out aboard the Kitty Hawk (US aircraft
10/12/1987 :Alf Landon died.
10/12/1992 :Egyptian earthquake (600 killed).
10/13 :Modern Mythology Day.
10/13/54 :Claudius I, Roman emperor, poisoned by his wife.
10/13/1163 :Saint Edward the Confessor's remains were transported.
10/13/1635 :Roger Williams banned in Boston.
10/13/1775 :US Navy established.
10/13/1792 :Cornerstone laid for "President's Palace" (now known as White
10/13/1795 :William Prescott, American Revolutionary soldier, died.
10/13/1843 :B'nai B'rith International founded.
10/13/1903 :First World Series won (Boston 5 games - Pittsburgh 3 games).
10/13/1903 :Victor Herbert's "Babes in Toyland" opened on Broadway.
10/13/1925 :Grand Ol' Opry started.
10/13/1943 :Italy declared war on Germany.
10/13/1943 :Robert Lowell, poet, was sentenced to prison for draft evasion.
10/13/1947 :First NHL All-Star game.
10/13/1963 :Saint John Nepomucene Neumann, first male US saint, beatified.
10/13/1971 :First night World Series game.
10/13/1984 :US National Commission on Space created.
10/13/1985 :Sidney Rabb, chairman of the board of Stop and Shop, died.
10/14 :Be Bald and be Free Day.
10/14 :Columbus Day (Belize).
10/14 :National Day (Democratic Yemen).
10/14 :National Dessert Day.
10/14 :National Frump Day.
10/14 :Young People's Day (Zaire).
10/14/1066 :Battle of Hastings (William the Conqueror beat King Harold).
10/14/1790 :William Hooper, signer of US Declaration of Independence, died.
10/14/1822 :Victor Hugo married Adele Foucher.
10/14/1842 :Croton Aqueduct opened (New York gets public water for first
10/14/1854 :First US baby show (Ohio).
10/14/1877 :First issue of the Boston Sunday Globe published.
10/14/1886 :Alma College (Alma, Michigan) formally established.
10/14/1905 :New York beat Philadephia in the World Series where every game
:was a shutout.
10/14/1912 :Theodore Roosevelt shot (Milwaukee).
10/14/1930 :George and Ira Gershwin's "Girl Crazy" opened on Broadway.
10/14/1933 :Nazi Germany withdrew from the League of Nations.
10/14/1944 :Athens liberated by British and Greek troops.
10/14/1945 :Chicago Cards snap the longest NFL losing streak (29 games).
10/14/1947 :Sound barrier broken (Chuck Yeager).
10/14/1957 :British Computer Society founded.
10/14/1961 :Frank Loesser's "How To Succeed in Business Without Really
:Trying" opened on Broadway.
10/14/1968 :beatles finished recording "The White Album".
10/14/1968 :Major League Baseball's expansion teams (Expos, Royals, Padres,
:and Pilots) draft 30 players.
10/14/1976 :Soyuz 23 (USSR) launched.
10/14/1977 :Harry Lillis "Bing" Crosby, singer, died.
10/14/1990 :Leonard Bernstein, conductor, died.
10/15 :Evacuation Day (Tunisia).
10/15 :Greenwich Village Poet Laureate Contest Day.
10/15 :National Grouch Day.
10/15 :Thimithi Festival (Singapore).
10/15 :White Cane Safety Day.
10/15 :World Poetry Day.
10/15/1817 :Thaddeus Kosciusko, Polish-born US Revolutionary war hero, died.
10/15/1865 :Andres Bello, Venezuelan diplomat and author, died.
10/15/1878 :Edison Electric, first electric light company, organized (New
10/15/1890 :Clayton Anti-Trust Act.
10/15/1892 :Crow Indian reservation opened to settlers.
10/15/1917 :Margaret Gertrude Zelle ("Mata Hari") executed as a German spy.
10/15/1921 :First issue of "Reader's Digest" distributed.
10/15/1928 :German dirigible Graf Zeppelin arrived in US on first commercial
10/15/1937 :"To Have and Have Not," by Hemingway published.
10/15/1946 :Hermann Goering, Nazi Reichmarshal, committed suicide.
10/15/1951 :First "I Love Lucy" aired.
10/15/1963 :The "Mirror," New York newspaper (second largest circulation in
:US), ceased publication.
10/15/1964 :Cole Porter, composer, died.
10/15/1964 :Nikita Khrushchev ousted (replaced by Kosygin and Brezhnev).
10/15/1965 :First Vietnam draft card burned.
10/15/1966 :US Transportation Department authorized.
10/15/1970 :Russia, China, and US tested nuclear weapons.
10/15/1978 :Lee Iacocca was fired from Ford Motor Co.
10/15/1984 :First photgraphic evidence of another solar system presented.
10/16 :National Boss Day.
10/16 :World Food Day (UN).
10/16/1701 :Yale College founded. (10/9?)
10/16/1793 :Marie Antoinette executed.
10/16/1839 :Earliest known surviving US photo was taken.
10/16/1844 :First psychiatric association formed (Philadelphia).
10/16/1859 :John Brown and Company seized the US arsenal at Harpers Ferry,
10/16/1863 :Ulysses S. Grant put in charge of the Mississippi region.
10/16/1893 :"Good Morning to All" (precursor to "Happy Birthday") copyrighted.
10/16/1912 :Fred Snodgrass committed the "$30,000 muff," helping the Red Sox
:win the World Series.
10/16/1916 :First birth control clinic opened (Brooklyn, New York by Margaret
10/16/1940 :US banned all shipments of scrap iron to Japan.
10/16/1940 :First black general in US Army (Benjamin Oliver Davis Sr).
10/16/1941 :Tojo Hideki became prime minister of Japan.
10/16/1945 :United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization founded.
10/16/1946 :Nuremberg war criminals hanged.
10/16/1955 :First Ann Landers column in print.
10/16/1959 :General George Catlett Marshall, author of the "Marshall Plan,"
10/16/1964 :China set off its first atomic bomb.
10/16/1972 :Jet-pump powerboat jumped across the Crawdad Bridge (stunt for
:"Live and Let Die").
10/16/1978 :Polish Cardinal Karol Wojtyla elected Pope John Paul II.
10/16/1981 :William Holden, actor, died.
10/16/1984 :Desmond Tutu, black Anglican Bishop, won the Nobel Peace Prize.
10/16/1990 :Art Blakey, jazz great, died.
10/17 :Anniversary of Dessaline's Death (Haiti).
10/17 :Black Poetry Day.
10/17 :Heroes Day (Jamaica).
10/17 :Kanname Sai, God's Tasting Ceremony (Japan),
10/17 :Mother's Day (Malawi).
10/17/1586 :Sir Philip Sidney, writer and soldier, died.
10/17/1777 :British surrendered to Americans at Saratoga New York.
10/17/1827 :Thomas Carlyle, essayist, married Jane Welsh.
10/17/1855 :Bessemer steelmaking process patented.
10/17/1918 :Last ship sunk by a U-boat in WWI (SS Lucia).
10/17/1919 :The Radio Corporation of America was created.
10/17/1920 :John Reed, writer ("Ten Days That Shook the World"), died.
10/17/1931 :Al Capone, mobster, convicted of income tax evasion.
10/17/1933 :Albert Einstein, German physicist, arrived in US.
10/17/1941 :US destroyer Kearney was torpedoed by a German submarine off
10/17/1945 :Juan Peron became dictator of Argentina.
10/17/1956 :La Leche League International founded.
10/17/1965 :Burton Lane and Alan Jay Lerner's "On a Clear Day You Can See
:Forever" opened on Broadway.
10/17/1967 :"Hair" opened (Public Theater, New York).
10/17/1973 :Ritchie and Thompson's Unix paper.
10/17/1979 :Mother Teresa awarded the Nobel Peace Prize.
10/17/1983 :George Liberace, violinist, died.
10/17/1989 :San Francisco Bay area earthquake (World Series postponed).
10/17/1991 :Tennessee Ernie Ford, singer, died.
10/18 :Alaska Day.
10/18/1648 :First US labor organization formed (Boston Shoemakers).
10/18/1767 :"The Mason-Dixon Line" established as the border between Maryland
10/18/1797 :The XYZ affair.
10/18/1867 :Alaska transferred from Russia to the US.
10/18/1873 :Intercollegiate football rules drawn up.
10/18/1892 :First commercial long-distance telephone line opened.
10/18/1893 :Lucy Stone, pioneer social reformer, died.
10/18/1898 :Spain relinquished control of Puerto Rico to US.
10/18/1931 :Thomas Alva Edison, inventor, died.
10/18/1944 :Soviet troops invaded Czechoslovakia.
10/18/1945 :German war crimes trial started (Berlin).
10/18/1950 :Connie Mack retired after 50 years of managing the A's.
10/18/1959 :Soviets announced their probe took photos of the Moon's far side.
10/18/1972 :US Congress passed the Water Pollution Control Act.
10/18/1973 :Walter Kelly, "Pogo" cartoonist, died.
10/18/1976 :Eleanor Ford, wife of Edsel Ford, died.
10/18/1977 :Reggie Jackson hit three homeruns in one World Series game.
10/18/1982 :Bess (Elizabeth) Virginia Wallace Truman, widow of Harry Truman,
10/18/1985 :US vice president George Bush completed a six day China visit.
10/19 :Evaluate Your Life Day.
10/19 :International Credit Union Day.
10/19/1226 :King John (Lackland) died after eating too many peaches washed
:down with beer.
10/19/1682 :Thomas Browne, English physician and author, died.
10/19/1745 :Jonathan Swift, Irish clergyman and satirist, died.
10/19/1759 :Hurricane in Norfolk, Virginia.
10/19/1781 :Lord Cornwallis surrendered to General Washington at Yorktown,
10/19/1812 :Napoleon's army retreated from Moscow.
10/19/1814 :"Star-Spangled Banner" first sung (Baltimore).
10/19/1864 :Northernmost engagement of Civil War (Saint Albans, Vermont).
10/19/1897 :George Mortimer Pullman, railway sleeping car inventor, died.
10/19/1899 :Robert Hutchings Goddard first began to speculate about a space
:ship that could travel to Mars.
10/19/1909 :Cesare Lombroso, Italian founder of criminology, died.
10/19/1914 :US Mail first delivered in government owned vehicles.
10/19/1919 :First Distinguished Service Medal awarded to a woman.
10/19/1944 :Marlon Brando's stage debut.
10/19/1949 :Mao Tse-Tung established the People's Republic of China.
10/19/1953 :Julius LaRosa sang "I'll Take Manhattan" before being fired
10/19/1976 :Copyright revision law signed.
10/19/1980 :BSD Unix 4.0 released.
10/19/1982 :John DeLorean arrested and charged with trafficing cocaine.
10/19/1983 :Maurice Bishop, prime minister of Grenada, killed.
10/19/1987 :Jacqueline du Pre', cellist, died.
10/19/1987 :Dow Jones Industrial Average dropped 508 points.
10/20 :Ebisu's Day (Japan).
10/20 :Kenyatta Day (Kenya).
10/20 :Revolution Day (Guatemala).
10/20/1740 :Maria Theresa became ruler of Austria, Hungary, and Bohemia.
10/20/1774 :US Continental Congress passed a law forbidding horse racing,
10/20/1786 :First astronomical field expedition in US.
10/20/1803 :US Senate ratified the Louisiana Purchase.
10/20/1818 :49th parallel established as the border between US and Canada.
10/20/1880 :Lydia Maria Child, writer, died.
10/20/1890 :Pike's Peak Railroad completed.
10/20/1900 :Charles Dudley Warner, US newspaperman, died.
10/20/1918 :Germany accepted Woodrow Wilson's terms to end WWI.
10/20/1926 :Eugene Victor Debs, founder of the Social Democratic Party of
10/20/1944 :General Douglas MacArthur returned to Philippines as promised.
10/20/1946 :105 yd kick-off return (Frank Seno of Chicago Cardinals vs. New
10/20/1947 :US House Un-American Activities Committee opened hearings into
:Communist influence and infiltration in the movie industry.
10/20/1958 :Zurich ALGOL report published.
10/20/1964 :Herbert Clark Hoover, 31st US president, died.
10/20/1964 :Seven Ku Klux Klan members convicted of conspiracy in three
10/20/1968 :Jacqueline Lee Bouvier Kennedy married Aristotle Socrates Onassis.
10/20/1973 :OPEC embargo.
10/20/1973 :"Saturday Night Massacre" (turning point in Watergate affair).
10/20/1973 :"The Six Million Dollar Man" debuted.
10/20/1975 :"The Rocky Horror Picture Show" released.
10/20/1976 :Norwegian tanker Frosta collided with ferryboat George Prince
:north of New Orleans (70 died).
10/20/1977 :Three members of Lynyrd Skynyrd killed in a plane crash.
10/20/1980 :Cork-center baseball first used in a World Series (Chicago).
10/20/1982 :Moscow soccer tragedy (340 killed).
10/20/1989 :US Senate removed US District Judge Alcee L. Hastings from office.
10/20/1991 :Oakland California fire.
10/21 :Armed Forces Day (Honduras).
10/21 :National Holiday (Somalia).
10/21/237 :Saint Ursula and 11,000 virgins slaughtered.
10/21/1492 :Columbus landed at San Salvador Island.
10/21/1556 :Pietro Aretino, Italian writer ("The Cotesan"), died.
10/21/1797 :USS Constitution launched.
10/21/1805 :British fleet defeated French-Spanish fleet off Trafalgar.
10/21/1805 :Horatio Nelson, British naval commander, died.
10/21/1861 :Battle of Leesburg (Virginia).
10/21/1872 :San Juan Islands awarded to US.
10/21/1879 :Thomas Edison invented the first practical incandescent lamp.
10/21/1917 :First US military members saw action in WWI.
10/21/1927 :First Ford Model A came off the assembly line.
10/21/1929 :First air ambulance service organized.
10/21/1931 :Arthur Schnitzler, Austrian playwright and novelist, died.
10/21/1931 :First autogyro manufactured with a closed cabin flown.
10/21/1936 :Commercial trans-Pacific passenger service began.
10/21/1944 :Aachen, Germany surrendered to the Allies.
10/21/1945 :French women gain the right to vote.
10/21/1950 :Chinese troops occupied Tibet.
10/21/1954 :"Casino Royale" broadcast live on US TV.
10/21/1959 :Guggenheim Museum opened.
10/21/1966 :Coal-waste slide buried Aberfan, Wales (>140 killed).
10/21/1967 :Vietnam protestors stormed the US Pentagon.
10/21/1968 :First day of shooint on "On Her Majesty's Secret Service."
10/21/1969 :Jean-Louis Lebris de "Jack" Kerouac, US novelist, died.
10/21/1970 :John Thomas Scopes, schoolteacher, died.
10/21/1973 :Fred Dryer got two safeties in one NFL game.
10/21/1984 :Francois Truffaut, French film director, died.
10/21/1985 :Dan White, freed after five years for killing San Francisco Mayor
:George Moscone, committed suicide.
10/22 :National Holiday (Vatican City and Holy See).
10/22/-2137:First recorded solar eclipse (China).
10/22/1565 :Jean Grolier de Servieres, celebrated French bibliophile, died.
10/22/1775 :Peyton Randolph, first president of the Continental Congress,
10/22/1797 :First parachute jump made (Andre-Jacques Garnerin).
10/22/1836 :General Sam Houston sworn in as the first president of the
:Republic of Texas.
10/22/1844 :"Day of Second Coming" according to William Miller.
10/22/1883 :First opening night for the New York Metropolitan Opera House
:(Faust by Gounod).
10/22/1911 :First use of an airplane in war.
10/22/1932 :Anna Elizabeth Dickinson (a.k.a. American Joan of Arc), orator
:and author, died.
10/22/1934 :Instantaneous phonograph recording made possible.
10/22/1934 :"Pretty Boy Floyd" killed by FBI.
10/22/1938 :Xerographic copier invented (Chester F. Carlson).
10/22/1939 :First professional football game televised.
10/22/1962 :John F. Kennedy ordered the blockade of Cuba.
10/22/1967 :Israeli destroyer Eilat sunk off the Sinai coast by Egypt.
10/22/1973 :Pablo Carlos Salvador Defillio de Casals, famed Spanish cellist,
10/22/1975 :Arnold Joseph Toynbee, English historian, died.
10/22/1975 :The World Football League disbanded.
10/22/1975 :Venera 9 (USSR) returned the first photographs of Venus' surface.
10/22/1979 :Beezer Stone died.
10/23 :Chulalongkorn Day (Thailand).
10/23 :National Mole (6*10**23) Day.
10/23 :Swallows leave San Juan Capistrano.
10/23 :TV Talk Show Host Day.
10/23/-4004:Earth created at 9 am (Genesis Mean Time), according to James
10/23/1456 :Giovanni da Capistrano (a.k.a. Saint John of Capistrano),
:Franciscan lawyer and educator, died.
10/23/1906 :First Jew to hold a cabinet appointment (Oscar S. Straus -
:Secretary of Commerce and Labor).
10/23/1910 :King Chulalongkorn the Great, abolisher of slavery in Thailand,
10/23/1934 :Record balloon ascent (57,579 feet) (Jeannette and Jean Piccard).
10/23/1936 :First old-age colony dedicated (Milville, New Jersey).
10/23/1939 :Zane Grey, dentist and author ("Riders of the Purple Sage"), died.
10/23/1942 :British eighth army launched an offensive at El Alamein in Egypt.
10/23/1944 :Battle of Leyte Gulf began.
10/23/1950 :Al Jolson (Asa Yoelson), singer-actor, died.
10/23/1950 :Cardiac pacemaker developed.
10/23/1956 :Hungarian Revolution began.
10/23/1956 :Videotape first used airing a program ("The Jonathan Winters
10/23/1963 :"Barefoot in the Park" opened.
10/23/1972 :Earthquakes hit Nicaragua (>10,000 killed).
10/23/1972 :Stephen Schwartz's "Pippin" opened on Broadway.
10/23/1983 :241 US Marines and 58 French soldiers killed in Beirut.
10/23/1989 :Hungary declared itself an independent republic.
10/24 :Independence Day (Zambia).
10/24 :International Forgiveness Day.
10/24 :United Nations Day.
10/24/1537 :Jane Seymour, third wife of Henry VIII, died.
10/24/1601 :Tycho Brahe, Danish astronomer, died.
10/24/1648 :Thirty Years War ended with the Treaty of Westphalia.
10/24/1667 :Charles II first tasted cranberries.
10/24/1776 :First religious body to embrace the US Declaration of
:Independence (Hanover Presbytery of Virginia).
10/24/1836 :Match patented (A. Phillips).
10/24/1842 :Bernardo O'Higgins, first ruler of Chile after independence, died.
10/24/1851 :Two of Uranus' moons discovered (Ariel and Umbriel) (William
10/24/1852 :Daniel Webster, American statesman, died.
10/24/1861 :First telegram transmitted across the US (Stephan Field to US
10/24/1901 :First person survived Niagara Falls in a barrel (Anna Edson
10/24/1926 :C.W. Russell, cowboy artist, died.
10/24/1929 :Black Thursday (more than 13 million shares traded on New York
10/24/1931 :Al Capone sentenced to 11 years in prison and $50,000 for income
10/24/1931 :George Washington Bridge (New York to New Jersey) opened.
10/24/1939 :Nylon stockings first sold to the public (Wilmington, Delaware).
10/24/1940 :40-hour work week went into effect in US.
10/24/1945 :United Nations charter took effect.
10/24/1954 :Jule Styne and Cy Coleman's "Peter Pan" opened on Broadway.
10/24/1962 :Cuban missile blockade began.
10/24/1964 :Instruments of Independence signed in Zambia.
10/24/1972 :Jack Roosevelt ("Jackie") Robinson, baseball player, died.
10/24/1976 :Fire in a social club (Bronx, New York - 25 killed).
10/24/1977 :First jockey to win more than $5 million in purses in a year
10/24/1984 :Eleven members of the Colombo crime family arrested.
10/24/1987 :Teamsters union welcomed back into the AFL-CIO.
10/24/1991 :Gene Roddenberry, "Star Trek" creator, died.
10/25 :Labor Day (New Zealand).
10/25 :Retrocession Day (Taiwan).
10/25 :Sourest Day.
10/25/1400 :Geoffrey Chaucer, English poet ("Canterbury Tales"), died.
10/25/1415 :Battle of Agincourt (Henry V defeated French).
10/25/1760 :George III became English Sovereign.
10/25/1854 :Charge of the Light Brigade (Crimean War).
10/25/1870 :Postcard first used in US.
10/25/1892 :Caroline Lavinia Scott Harrison, wife of Benjamin Harrison, died.
10/25/1945 :Taiwan restored to Chinese rule.
10/25/1957 :Albert Anastasia, gangster, killed (while getting a haircut).
10/25/1962 :John Steinbeck was awarded the Nobel Prize in literature.
10/25/1964 :Rolling Stones appered on Ed Sullivan Show.
10/25/1971 :The UN General Assembly removed Taiwan and admitted mainland
10/25/1972 :First female FBI agents completed training.
10/25/1972 :US Navy women other than nurses first assigned regular shipboard
10/25/1982 :"Newhart" premiered.
10/25/1983 :US troops invaded Grenada.
10/25/1986 :International Red Cross ousted South Africa.
10/25/1987 :Kate Turabian died.
10/25/1991 :Bill Graham, rock promoter, died.
10/25/1992 :Roger Miller, singer ("King of the Road"), died.
10/26 :Agam Day (Nauru).
10/26 :Armed Forces Day (Benin and Rwanda).
10/26 :Horseless Carriage Day.
10/26 :National Day (Austria).
10/26/1440 :Gilles de Rais, marshal of France (believed to be the basis for
:"Bluebeard") hanged and burned.
10/26/1553 :Michael Servetus, Spanish theologian and physician condemned to
:death for blasphemy.
10/26/1749 :First explicit legal recognition of slavery (Georgia).
10/26/1764 :William Hogarth, English painter and engraver, died.
10/26/1785 :First mules delivered to US (Boston).
10/26/1825 :Erie Canal, first US man-made waterway, opened.
10/26/1881 :Shootout at the O.K. Corral.
10/26/1902 :Elizabeth Cady Stanton, American woman suffragist and reformer,
10/26/1906 :First Russian "soviet" (or council) set by workers in Saint
10/26/1911 :Chinese republic proclaimed.
10/26/1917 :Felix the Cat debuted.
10/26/1920 :Terence McSwiney, Lord Mayor of Cork, Ireland, died.
10/26/1938 :Development of nylon announced. (10/27?)
10/26/1942 :USS Hornet sunk by Japanese warships off the Solomon Islands.
10/26/1951 :Rocky Marciano knocked out Joe Louis.
10/26/1952 :Hattie McDaniel, actress, died.
10/26/1955 :South Vietnam proclaimed.
10/26/1958 :Pan American Airways flew its first Boeing 707 from New York to
10/26/1967 :Mohammed Reza Pahlavi, crowned himself shah of Iran.
10/26/1968 :Soyuz 3 (USSR) launched.
10/26/1970 :Muhammad Ali officially returned to the ring (beat Jerry Quarry).
10/26/1972 :Igor Sikorsky, aeronautical engineer, died.
10/26/1978 :UN's World Health Organization declares smallpox eradicated.
10/26/1979 :Park Chung Hee, South Korean President, killed.
10/26/1986 :Mickey Mouse and Donald Duck debuted on Chinese TV.
10/26/1990 :First NHL player to reach 2000 goals (Wayne Gretzky).
10/26/1990 :William Paley, CBS Inc. founder, died.
10/27 :Independence Day (Saint Vincent and the Grenadines).
10/27 :National Day (Grenadines).
10/27 :Navy Day.
10/27/1492 :Columbus discovered Cuba.
10/27/1553 :Michael Servetus, Spanish theologian and physician burned at the
10/27/1787 :First "Federalist Paper" published.
10/27/1795 :Treaty signed with Spain settled Florida's Northern boundary and
:gave navigational rights on the Mississippi River to US.
10/27/1863 :"The Cracker Line" (reinforcing Union troops) opened.
10/27/1871 :Tammany Hall's Boss Tweed arrested.
10/27/1904 :World's first underground and underwater subway opened (New York).
10/27/1916 :"Jazz" first used in print (Variety).
10/27/1938 :DuPont announced invention of Nylon. (10/26?)
10/27/1961 :Monsanto announced it had halted aging in mice and chickens.
10/27/1971 :Republic of the Congo changed to Zaire.
10/27/1986 :New York Mets beat Boston Red Sox in seventh game of World Series
10/28 :Bank Holiday (Republic of Ireland).
10/28 :Foundation of the Republic (Czechoslovakia).
10/28 :"Ohi" Day (Greece).
10/28/312 :Constantine's army defeated Maxentius' army at Mulvian Bridge in
10/28/1216 :Henry III became the English Sovereign.
10/28/1636 :Harvard College (now Harvard University) founded.
10/28/1646 :First Protestant service for Indians conducted (Nonantum,
10/28/1704 :John Locke, philosopher, died.
10/28/1818 :Abigail Smith Adams, wife of John, died.
10/28/1886 :Statue of Liberty dedicated on Bedloe's Island (now Liberty
10/28/1904 :Saint Louis police department adopted finger-printing system.
10/28/1949 :First woman US ambassador appointed (Helen Anderson).
10/28/1962 :Nikita Khrushchev announced Soviet missiles would be removed from
10/28/1963 :Pennsylvania Station demolished.
10/28/1970 :US and USSR officials agreed upon space rescue cooperation.
10/28/1983 :James Walker, leader of the "Walker family spy ring", pled guilty
:to charges he betrayed US Navy Secrets to Russia.
10/28/1983 :Texas Instruments pulled out of the home-computer business.
10/29 :National Holiday (Turkey).
10/29/1618 :Sir Walter Raleigh executed for treason against King James I.
10/29/1796 :First US ship entered a California port (Captain Ebenezer Dorr of
:Boston sailed the Otter into Monterey Bay).
10/29/1872 :All-metal windmill patented (J.S. Risdon, Genoa, Illinois).
10/29/1877 :Nathan Bedford Forrest, Confederate cavalry commander, died.
10/29/1901 :Leon Czolgosz, assassin of US president McKinley, electrocuted.
10/29/1911 :Joseph Pulitzer, American journalist, died.
10/29/1923 :"Runnin' Wild" (introduced the Charleston) opened on Broadway.
10/29/1923 :Turkey founded.
10/29/1929 :Wall Street Stock Market Crash (16 million shares dumped).
10/29/1940 :Draft numbers picked.
10/29/1943 :"Vaulting-horse tunnel" escape.
10/29/1945 :Ball point pens first sold in US (Gimbels).
10/29/1947 :Dry Ice used to seed clouds and produce rain (General Electric in
:Concord, New Hampshire).
10/29/1947 :Frances Folsom Cleveland, wife of Grover Cleveland, died.
10/29/1956 :Huntley and Brinkley Report began.
10/29/1960 :Cassius Clay made his professional debut (beat Tunney Hunsaker).
10/29/1960 :Sixteen California State Polytech College football players killed
:in plane crash.
10/29/1967 :Galt MacDermot's "Hair" opened on Broadway.
10/29/1971 :Duane Allman killed.
10/30 :Devil's Night (formerly a "mischief night").
10/30 :Los Angelitos (Mexico).
10/30 :Noah began to fill the ark.
10/30/1768 :First Methodist Church in America dedicated.
10/30/1811 :"Sense and Sensibility" by Jane Austen published.
10/30/1817 :Venezuela established.
10/30/1823 :Edmund Cartwright, inventor of the power loom, died.
10/30/1888 :Ball point pen patented (John J. Loud).
10/30/1898 :Celluloid photographic film patented.
10/30/1910 :Jean Henri Dunant, Swiss founder of the Red Cross Society, died.
10/30/1912 :James Schoolcraft Sherman, 27th US vice president, died.
10/30/1938 :"War of the Worlds" broadcast.
10/30/1941 :USS Reuben James, a US destroyer, was sunk by a German sub.
10/30/1974 :Muhammed Ali regained heavyweight championship (beat George
10/30/1975 :Juan Carlos assumed power in Spain.
10/30/1991 :Groundbreaking ceremony for new Texas Rangers' ballpark.
10/31 :Increase Your Psychic Powers Day.
10/31 :National Magic Day.
10/31 :National UNICEF Day.
10/31 :Nevada Day.
10/31 :Trick or Treat or Beggar's Night.
10/31 :Youth Honor Day (Iowa and Massachusetts).
10/31/1517 :Martin Luther nailed 95 Theses to door of Wittenberg's Palace
10/31/1556 :Johannes Sleidanus, German historian, died.
10/31/1754 :King's College chartered.
10/31/1864 :Nevada became the 36th US state.
10/31/1892 :Printed streetcar transfer first used (Rochester, New York).
10/31/1926 :Harry Houdini (Ehrich Weisz), magician and escape artist, died.
10/31/1941 :Mount Rushmore completed.
10/31/1959 :Lee Harvey Oswald announced in Moscow that he'd never return to
10/31/1968 :Lyndon Johnson announced a halt to the bombing of North Vietnam.
10/31/1983 :George Halas, owner of Chicago Bears, died.
10/31/1984 :Indira Gandhi, Prime Minister of India, killed.
10/31/1993 :Federico Fellini, film director, died.
10/31/1993 :River Phoenix, actor, died.