MAY

BIRTHDAYS

#: (C) Copyright 1990-1994 The Software Construction Co., All Rights Reserved.
#:
5/1/1218 :Rudolf I, of Hapsburg.
5/1/1672 :Joseph Addison, English essayist.
5/1/1769 :Arthur Wellesley, the Duke of Wellington. (4/29?)
5/1/1830 :Mary Harris (Mother) Jones, American labor leader.
5/1/1881 :Pierre Teilhard de Chardin, French philosopher.
5/1/1909 :Kate Smith (Kathryn Elizabeth Smith), singer.
5/1/1916 :Glenn Ford, actor.
5/1/1917 :John Beradino, actor.
5/1/1918 :Jack Paar, TV personality.
5/1/1919 :Dan O'Herlihy, actor.
5/1/1923 :Joseph Heller, author.
5/1/1924 :Terry Southern, author.
5/1/1925 :Scott Carpenter, Mercury astronaut.
5/1/1927 :Harry Belefonte.
5/1/1929 :Sonny James (Jimmy Loden), singer.
5/1/1930 :Little Walter (Marion Walter Jacobs).
5/1/1939 :Judy Collins, singer.
5/1/1940 :Bobby Ann Mason.
5/1/1945 :Rita Coolidge, singer. (1944?)
5/1/1952 :George Strait. (5/18?)
5/1/1954 :Ray Parker Jr.
5/1/1960 :Steve Cauthen, jockey.
5/1/1961 :Charlie O'Brien.
5/2/1729 :Catherine the Great, Empress of Russia. (4/21?)
5/2/1810 :Giocchino Vincenzo Pecci (Pope Leo XIII), 256th pope.
5/2/1837 :General Henry M. Robert, author ("Robert's Rules of Order").
5/2/1860 :Theodor Herzl, pioneer Zionist.
5/2/1892 :Manfred von Richthofen, WWI flying ace.
5/2/1895 :Lorenz Hart, composer.
5/2/1903 :Dr. Benjamin Spock, child care specialist.
5/2/1904 :Harry Lillis "Bing" Crosby, singer-actor.
5/2/1905 :Charlotte Armstrong, novelist.
5/2/1921 :Satyajit Ray, director.
5/2/1924 :Theodore Bikel, singer-actor.
5/2/1932 :Bruce Glover, actor.
5/2/1945 :Bianca Jagger, actress.
5/2/1946 :Lesley Gore, singer.
5/2/1949 :Larry Gatlin, singer.
5/2/1953 :Jamaal Wilkes.
5/3/1469 :Niccolo Machiavelli, Italian political philosopher.
5/3/1874 :Francois Coty, French perfumer.
5/3/1898 :Golda Meir, Israeli prime minister.
5/3/1901 :John Collier, short story writer.
5/3/1906 :Mary Astor, actress.
5/3/1907 :Earl Wilson, Broadway gossip columnist.
5/3/1912 :Mary Sarton.
5/3/1913 :Earl Blackwell, author-publisher.
5/3/1913 :William Inge, American playwright ("Picnic").
5/3/1919 :Betty Comden, Broadway librettist.
5/3/1919 :Pete Seeger, folk singer.
5/3/1921 :Sugar Ray Robinson (Walker Smith), boxer. (1920?)
5/3/1928 :James Brown, singer.
5/3/1936 :Engelbert Humperdinck (Gerry Dorsey), singer.
5/3/1937 :Frankie Valli, singer.
5/3/1942 :David Roderick, corporation executive.
5/3/1946 :Greg Gumbel, broadcaster.
5/3/1947 :Doug Henning, magician.
5/3/1951 :Christopher Cross, musician.
5/3/1963 :Jeffrey John Hornacek, basketball player.
5/3/1964 :Ron Hextall.
5/4/1655 :Bartolommeo Cristofori, developer of the modern piano.
5/4/1796 :Horace Mann, father of public education in the US.
5/4/1820 :Julia Gardiner Tyler, second wife of John Tyler.
5/4/1825 :Thomas Huxley, English biologist and agnostic.
5/4/1826 :Frederick Church, US painter.
5/4/1909 :Howard Da Silva, actor.
5/4/1928 :Hosni Mubarak, president of Egypt.
5/4/1928 :Maynard Ferguson, Jazz musician.
5/4/1929 :Audrey Hepburn, actress.
5/4/1930 :Roberta Peters, opera singer.
5/4/1941 :George F. Will, editor and columnist.
5/4/1942 :Nicolas Ashford, singer and songwriter.
5/4/1951 :Jackie Jackson (Sigmund Esco Jackson), singer.
5/4/1959 :Randy Travis, country western musician.
5/5/1813 :Soren Kierkegaard, Danish philosopher.
5/5/1818 :Karl Marx, German socialist.
5/5/1830 :John Stetson, hat maker.
5/5/1867 :Nelly Bly (Elizabeth Cochrane Seaman), journalist.
5/5/1890 :Christopher Morley, author.
5/5/1899 :Freeman Gosden, radio actor (Amos of "Amos and Andy").
5/5/1903 :James Beard, author.
5/5/1913 :Tyrone Power, actor. (5/15?)
5/5/1915 :Alice Faye (Ann Leppert), singer-actress ("State Fair").
5/5/1926 :Ann B. Davis, actress.
5/5/1927 :Pat Carroll, actress.
5/5/1938 :Michael Murphy, actor.
5/5/1942 :Tammy Wynette (Virginia Wynette Pugh), singer and actress.
5/5/1943 :Michael Palin, actor and comedian.
5/5/1944 :Jean-Pierre Leaud, actor.
5/5/1944 :Roger Rees, actor.
5/5/1965 :Steve Yzerman.
5/5/1973 :Tina Yothers, actress.
5/5/1976 :Sage Stallone.
5/6/1740 :John Penn, signer of the US Declaration of Independence.
5/6/1758 :Maximilien Robespierre, French revolutionary.
5/6/1856 :Robert E. Peary, Arctic explorer.
5/6/1856 :Sigmund Freud, Austrian psychoanalyst.
5/6/1861 :Rabindranath Tagore, Hindu poet and mystic.
5/6/1879 :Max Marcin, playwright.
5/6/1895 :Rodolpho Alfonzo Rafaello Pietro Filiberto Guglieimi Di Valentina
:D'Antonguolla (a.k.a. Rudolph Valentino), actor.
5/6/1913 :Stewart Granger (James Stewart), actor.
5/6/1914 :Randall Jarrell, author and poet.
5/6/1915 :Orson Welles, actor-director.
5/6/1915 :Theodore H. White, author.
5/6/1931 :Willie Mays, baseball player.
5/6/1934 :Richard C. Shelby, Alabama Senator.
5/6/1939 :Margaret Drabble. (6/5?)
5/6/1941 :Ghena Dimitrova.
5/6/1945 :Bob Seger, musician.
5/7/1574 :Innocent X, 236th Roman Catholic Pope.
5/7/1774 :Sir Francis Beaufort, developer of Beaufort Scale.
5/7/1812 :Robert Browning, English poet.
5/7/1833 :Johannes Brahms, German composer.
5/7/1840 :Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky, Russian composer.
5/7/1892 :Archibald MacLeish, US poet.
5/7/1901 :Gary Cooper (Frank James Cooper), actor.
5/7/1909 :Edwin H. Land, inventor of the Polaroid camera.
5/7/1919 :Eva (Evita) Peron, Argentine first lady.
5/7/1922 :Darren McGavin, actor.
5/7/1931 :Teresa Brewer, singer.
5/7/1932 :Pete V. Domenici, New Mexico Senator.
5/7/1933 :Johnny Unitas, football player.
5/7/1954 :Amy Heckerling, director.
5/7/1962 :Robbie Knievel.
5/8/1828 :Jean Henri Dunant, Swiss founder of the Red Cross Society.
5/8/1884 :Harry S Truman, 33rd US president.
5/8/1893 :Francis DeSales Ouimet, golf enthusiast.
5/8/1895 :Edmund Wilson.
5/8/1911 :Robert Johnson, blues guitar legend.
5/8/1926 :Sir David Attenborough, author and naturalist.
5/8/1926 :Don Rickles, comedian.
5/8/1932 :Sonny Liston, boxer.
5/8/1936 :James R. Thompson, former Illinois Governor.
5/8/1937 :Dennis DeConcini, Arizona Senator.
5/8/1937 :Thomas Pynchon, writer.
5/8/1940 :Eric Hilliard ("Ricky") Nelson, actor-singer.
5/8/1940 :Peter Benchley, author ("Jaws").
5/8/1942 :Angel Cordero Jr, jockey.
5/8/1943 :Toni Tennille, singer.
5/8/1951 :Philip Bailey.
5/8/1959 :Ronnie (Ronald Mandel) Lott, football player.
5/8/1964 :Melissa Gilbert-Brinkman, actress.
5/9/1800 :John Brown, abolitionist.
5/9/1843 :Belle Boyd, Confederate spy.
5/9/1860 :Sir James M. Barrie, Scottish novelist ("Peter Pan").
5/9/1873 :Howard Carter, Egyptologist.
5/9/1882 :Henry J. Kaiser, industrialist.
5/9/1883 :Jose Orgeta y Gasset, Spanish philosopher.
5/9/1910 :Barbara Woodhouse, dog trainer.
5/9/1912 :Pedro Armendariz, actor.
5/9/1918 :Mike Wallace, TV journalist.
5/9/1924 :Hank Snow.
5/9/1928 :Pancho Gonzalez.
5/9/1932 :Gavin Lyall, Royal Air Force pilot turned thriller writer.
5/9/1936 :Albert Finney, actor.
5/9/1936 :Glenda Jackson, actress.
5/9/1940 :James L. Brooks, producer and director.
5/9/1942 :John D. Ashcroft, Governor of Missouri.
5/9/1946 :Candice Bergen, actress.
5/9/1949 :Billy Joel, singer-songwriter.
5/9/1960 :Tony Gwynn, baseball player.
5/10/1730:George Ross, signer of the US Declaration of Independence.
5/10/1838:John Wilkes Booth, assassin of Abraham Lincoln. (8/26?)
5/10/1886:Karl Barth, Swiss theologian.
5/10/1888:Max Steiner, Hollywood film composer.
5/10/1899:Dimitri Tiomkin, Hollywood film composer.
5/10/1899:Fred Astaire (Frederick Austerlitz), actor-dancer.
5/10/1902:David O. Selznik, movie producer.
5/10/1908:Carl Albert, former Speaker of the US House of Representatives.
5/10/1918:T. Berry Brazelton, pediatrician and author.
5/10/1921:Nancy Walker (Anna Myrtle Swoyer), actress.
5/10/1923:Ara Parseghian, football coach and sportscaster.
5/10/1930:Pat Summerall, sportscaster. (1931?)
5/10/1936:Gary Owens, actor.
5/10/1941:Taurean Blacque, actor.
5/10/1943:Richard G. Darman, Director of US Office of Management and Budget.
5/10/1944:Judith Jamison, dancer and choreographer.
5/10/1945:Dave Mason, musician.
5/10/1946:Donovan, singer.
5/10/1957:Phil Mahre, Olympic medalist skier.
5/10/1957:Steve Mahre, Olympic medalist skier.
5/10/1960:Bono, musician.
5/10/1965:Rony F. Seikaly, basketball player.
5/11/1852:Charles Warren Fairbanks, 26th US vice president.
5/11/1854:Ottmar Mergenthaler, inventor of Linotype typsetting machine.
5/11/1888:Irving Berlin (Israel Isidore Baline), composer.
5/11/1892:Margaret Rutherford, actress (Miss Marple).
5/11/1893:Martha Graham, dancer-choreographer.
5/11/1904:Salvador Dali, artist.
5/11/1912:Foster Brooks, actor and comedian.
5/11/1920:Denver Pyle, actor.
5/11/1927:Mort Sahl, actor-comedian.
5/11/1930:Stanley Elkin, writer and university professor.
5/11/1932:Valentino Garavani, Italian fashion designer.
5/11/1933:Louis Farrakhan, Muslim minister.
5/11/1934:James M. Jeffords, Vermont Senator.
5/11/1935:Doug McClure, actor.
5/11/1946:Robert Jarvik, artificial organ company executive and physician.
5/11/1959:Martha Quinn, television host and actress.
5/11/1963:Natashia Richardson, actress ("Gothic").
5/12/1812:Edward Lear, English painter and writer of nonsense poems.
5/12/1820:Florence Nightingale, nurse and hospital reformer.
5/12/1828:Dante Gabriel Rossetti, English poet-painter.
5/12/1881:Achmed Abdullah ne Alexander Nicholayevitch Romanoff, adventure
:novelist.
5/12/1907:Leslie Charteris (Leslie Charles Bowyer Yin), creator of Simon
:Templar (a.k.a. the Saint).
5/12/1907:Katherine Hepburn, actress ("On Golden Pond").
5/12/1914:Howard K. Smith, journalist.
5/12/1921:Farley Mowat.
5/12/1924:Evan Mecham, former Arizona Governor.
5/12/1925:John Simon, critic.
5/12/1925:Yogi Berra, baseball player.
5/12/1928:Manuel Lujan Jr, US Secretary of the Interior.
5/12/1929:Burt Bacharach, composer.
5/12/1929:Samuel Daniel Nujoma, President of Namibia.
5/12/1936:Frank Stella, artist.
5/12/1936:Tom Snyder, talk show host.
5/12/1937:George Carlin, comedian.
5/12/1939:Ron Ziegler, former White House press secretary.
5/12/1948:Steve Winwood, musician.
5/12/1950:Bruce Boxleitner, actor.
5/12/1957:Louis Rodman Whitaker, baseball player.
5/12/1959:Homer J. Simpson.
5/12/1962:Emilio Estevez, actor.
5/12/1966:Stephen Baldwin.
5/12/1969:Kim Fields, actress.
5/12/1973:MacKenzie Astin, actor.
5/13/1842:Sir Arthur S. Sullivan, (Gilbert and Sullivan).
5/13/1882:Georges Braque, French cubist painter.
5/13/1907:Daphne Du Maurier, novelist ("The Birds").
5/13/1914:Joe Louis, heavyweight boxing champion.
5/13/1926:Beatrice Arthur (Bernice Frankel), actress.
5/13/1927:Clive Barnes, critic.
5/13/1927:Herbert Ross, director.
5/13/1940:Bruce Chatwin, British writer.
5/13/1943:Mary Wells, singer.
5/13/1949:Franklyn Ajaye, actor.
5/13/1950:Peter Gabriel, singer.
5/13/1950:Stevie Wonder (Steveland Morris Hardaway), singer.
5/13/1961:Dennis Keith (Worm) Rodman, basketball player.
5/13/1965:Chris Washburn.
5/14/1265:Dante Alighiere, Italian poet ("The Divine Comedy").
5/14/1686:Gabriel Daniel Fahrenheit, Prussian physicist (introduced the
:mercury thermometer).
5/14/1727:Thomas Gainsborough, English portrait painter ("The Blue Boy").
5/14/1771:Robert Owen, founder of New Harmony, Indiana (Utopia).
5/14/1885:Otto Klemperer, conductor.
5/14/1925:Patrice Munsel, opera singer.
5/14/1936:Bobby Darin, singer.
5/14/1936:Richard John Neuhas, Lutheran pastor.
5/14/1942:Byron Dorgan, North Dakota Senator.
5/14/1943:Jack Bruce, musician.
5/14/1944:Francesca Annis, actress.
5/14/1944:George Lucas, film director.
5/14/1951:Season Hubley, actress.
5/14/1952:David Byrne, musician.
5/14/1955:Jose Dennis Martinez, baseball player.
5/14/1959:Mike Quick, football player.
5/14/1964:Walter Berry, basketball player.
5/14/1969:Danny Wood, vocalist.
5/15/1773:Klemens Metternich, Austrian statesman.
5/15/1856:Lyman Frank Baum, writer ("Wizard of Oz").
5/15/1859:Pierre Curie, French chemist.
5/15/1860:Ellen Louise Axson Wilson, first wife of Woodrow Wilson.
5/15/1862:Arthur Schnitzler, Austrian playwright and novelist.
5/15/1890:Katherine Anne Porter, author.
5/15/1902:Richard J. Daley, Chicago Mayor.
5/15/1905:Joseph Cotton, actor.
5/15/1909:James Mason, actor.
5/15/1910:Constance Cummings, actress.
5/15/1911:Max Frisch, literary figure.
5/15/1914:Tyrone Power, actor. (5/5?)
5/15/1918:Eddie Arnold, country singer.
5/15/1923:Richard Avedon, photographer.
5/15/1926:Anthony Shaffer, screenplay writer.
5/15/1926:Peter Shaffer, playwright.
5/15/1930:Jasper Johns, artist.
5/15/1932:John Glen, film director.
5/15/1936:Anna Maria Alberghetti, actress.
5/15/1936:Paul Zindel, playwright.
5/15/1937:Trini Lopez, singer.
5/15/1953:George Brett, baseball player.
5/15/1953:Mike Oldfield.
5/15/1955:Lee Horsley, actor.
5/15/1960:Joey Matthew Browner, football player.
5/16/1801:William Henry Seward, former US Secretary of State.
5/16/1804:Elizabeth Peabody.
5/16/1824:Levi Parsons Morton, banker and 22nd US vice president.
5/16/1831:David Hughes, inventor of the microphone.
5/16/1905:Henry Jaynes Fonda, actor.
5/16/1912:Studs Terkel (Louis Terkel), author and journalist.
5/16/1913:Woody Herman, bandleader.
5/16/1919:Liberace, entertainer.
5/16/1928:Billy Martin, former New York Yankees manager.
5/16/1929:Adrienne Rich.
5/16/1931:Lowell P. Weiker, Jr, Connecticut Governor.
5/16/1937:James Hunt Jr, North Carolina Governor.
5/16/1937:Thomas Gifford, author.
5/16/1937:William L. Armstrong, Colorado Senator. (3/16?)
5/16/1940:Lainie Kazan, singer and actress.
5/16/1943:Dan Coats, Indiana Senator.
5/16/1952:Pierce Brosnan, actor ("Remington Steele").
5/16/1955:Debra Winger, actress.
5/16/1955:Jack (John Scott) Morris, baseball player.
5/16/1955:Olga Korbut, Soviet gymnast.
5/16/1964:John Thomas Salley, basketball player.
5/16/1966:Janet Jackson, singer.
5/16/1969:Tracey Gold, actress.
5/16/1970:Gabriela Sabatini, tennis player.
5/16/1973:Tori Spelling.
5/17/1444:Sandro Botticelli, Italian painter.
5/17/1749:Edward Jenner, developer of the smallpox vaccine.
5/17/1803:Robert Surtees, English writer. (1805?)
5/17/1836:J. Lockyer.
5/17/1860:Schuyler Wheeler, US inventor of the electric fan.
5/17/1866:Erik Satie, French composer.
5/17/1873:Dorothy Richardson.
5/17/1900:Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini, Iranian religious leader.
5/17/1903:Cool Papa Bell, baseball player.
5/17/1904:Jean Gabin, French actor.
5/17/1911:Maureen O'Sullivan, actress.
5/17/1912:Archibald Cox, lawyer and Watergate prosecutor.
5/17/1918:Brigit Nilsson, opera singer.
5/17/1936:Dennis Hopper, actor.
5/17/1937:Hazel O'Leary, US Energy Secretary.
5/17/1941:Ben Nelson, Nebraska governor.
5/17/1950:Christian Lacroix, French couturier.
5/17/1954:Kathleen Sullivan.
5/17/1956:Bob Saget, actor and television host.
5/17/1956:Sugar Ray Leonard (Ray Charles Leonard), boxer.
5/17/1966:Daniel Ricardo Manning, basketball player.
5/17/1970:Jordan Knight, vocalist.
5/18/1872:Bertrand Russell.
5/18/1897:Frank Capra, director.
5/18/1902:Meredith Wilson.
5/18/1912:Perry Como (Nick Perido), singer and actor.
5/18/1912:Richard Brooks, director.
5/18/1919:Margot Fonteyn (Margaret Hookman), ballerina.
5/18/1920:Pope John Paul II (Karol Wojtyla).
5/18/1921:Patrick Dennis, writer ("Auntie Mame").
5/18/1922:Bill Macey, actor.
5/18/1924:Jack Whitaker, sportscaster.
5/18/1930:Pernell Roberts, actor.
5/18/1930:Warren Bruce Rudman, former New Hampshire Senator.
5/18/1931:Robert Morse, actor.
5/18/1934:Dwayne Hickman, actor and TV executive.
5/18/1937:Brooks Robinson, baseball player.
5/18/1946:Reggie Jackson, baseball player.
5/18/1949:Rick Wakeman.
5/18/1951:James Stephens, actor.
5/18/1952:George Strait. (5/1?)
5/18/1960:Yannick Noah, French tennis player.
5/19/1800:Sarah Miriam Peale, US portrait painter.
5/19/1879:Lady Nancy Astor, first seated woman member of British Parliament.
5/19/1890:Ho Chi Minh (Nguyen That Thanh), Vietnamese revolutionary.
5/19/1925:Malcolm X (Malcolm Little), Black Muslim leader.
5/19/1930:Lorraine Hansberry, playwright.
5/19/1934:James Lehrer, journalist.
5/19/1935:David Hartman, actor.
5/19/1939:Francis R. Scobee, US astronaut.
5/19/1940:Frank Lorenzo, airline company executive.
5/19/1941:Nora Ephron, writer.
5/19/1945:Peter Townshend, musician.
5/19/1946:John Waihee, Hawaii governor.
5/19/1952:Grace Jones, model and singer.
5/19/1952:Joey Ramone, singer.
5/19/1957:Bill Laimbeer Jr, basketball player.
5/20/1768:Dolly (Dorothea) Dandridge Payne Todd Madison, wife of James
:Madison.
5/20/1799:Honore de Balzac, French novelist.
5/20/1806:John Stuart Mill, philosopher and economist.
5/20/1844:Henri Julien Felix Rousseau, French painter. (5/21?)
5/20/1882:Sigrid Undset.
5/20/1890:Beniamino Gigli, Italian tenor.
5/20/1908:James Stewart, actor.
5/20/1915:Moshe Dayan, Israeli military commander.
5/20/1919:George Gobel, comedian.
5/20/1929:David Hedison, actor.
5/20/1933:Constance Towers, actress.
5/20/1944:Joe Cocker, musician.
5/20/1946:Cher (Cherilyn Sarkisian), singer-actress.
5/20/1948:John R. McKernan Jr, Maine Governor.
5/20/1958:Ronald Prescott Reagan, dancer.
5/20/1959:Bronson Pinchot, actor.
5/20/1965:Todd Stottlemyre.
5/21/-427:Plato (Aristocles).
5/21/1471:Albrecht Durer, German painter and engraver.
5/21/1500:Hernando de Soto, explorer (first European to see Mississippi
:River).
5/21/1527:Philip II, Spanish King who launched the Spanish Armada.
5/21/1688:Alexander Pope, English poet and satirist.
5/21/1780:Elizabeth Gurney Fry, English reformer.
5/21/1844:Henri Rousseau, French primitive painter. (5/20?)
5/21/1878:Glenn Hammond Curtiss, US inventor of the hydroplane.
5/21/1898:Armand Hammer, industrialist.
5/21/1904:"Fats" Waller, barrelhouse piano player.
5/21/1909:Sister Maria Innocentia Hummel, artist who inspired Hummel
:figurines.
5/21/1916:Harold Robins, author.
5/21/1917:Raymond William Stacy Burr, actor.
5/21/1921:Andrei Dmitriyevich Sakharov, Soviet physicist.
5/21/1924:Peggy Cass, entertainer.
5/21/1926:Rick Jason, actor.
5/21/1926:Robert Creeley, author and poet.
5/21/1939:Heinz Holliger, oboist and composer.
5/21/1944:Janet Dailey.
5/21/1948:Leo Sayer, singer.
5/21/1952:Mr. T (Lawrence Tero or Tureaud), actor.
5/21/1957:Judge Reinhold, actor.
5/22/1813:Richard Wagner, German composer.
5/22/1859:Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, creator of Sherlock Holmes.
5/22/1902:Marcel Breuer, architect.
5/22/1907:Sir Lawrence Olivier, actor.
5/22/1922:Judith Crist, movie critic.
5/22/1924:Charles Aznavour, French singer.
5/22/1927:Michael Constantine, actor.
5/22/1927:Peter Matthiessen.
5/22/1928:T. Boone Pickens.
5/22/1934:Peter Nero, composer.
5/22/1938:Frank Converse, actor.
5/22/1938:Richard Benjamin, actor.
5/22/1938:Susan Strasberg, actress.
5/22/1940:Bernard Shaw.
5/22/1940:Michael Sarrazin, actor.
5/22/1941:Paul Winfield, actor.
5/22/1943:Tommy John, baseball player.
5/23/1707:Carolus Linnaeus, Swedish father of modern systematic botany.
5/23/1734:Friedrich Anton Mesmer, German physician and hypnotist.
5/23/1810:Margaret Fuller (Sarah Margaret Fuller), social reformer.
5/23/1824:General Ambrose Burnside, US Senator after whom sideburns were
:named.
5/23/1883:Douglas Fairbanks Sr, actor.
5/23/1908:Max Abramovitz, architect.
5/23/1910:Artie Shaw, bandleader.
5/23/1910:Margaret Wise Brown, children's author ("Goodnight Moon").
5/23/1919:Betty Garrett, actress.
5/23/1923:Alicia de Larrocha, pianist.
5/23/1928:Rosemary Clooney, singer.
5/23/1931:Barbara Barrie, actress.
5/23/1933:Joan Collins, actress.
5/23/1934:Robert Moog, inventor of the Moog Synthesizer.
5/23/1935:Donald Paul Hodel, US Secretary of the Interior.
5/23/1952:"Marvelous" Marvin Hagler, boxer.
5/24/1794:William Whewell.
5/24/1816:Emanuel Leutze, painter ("Washington Crossing the Delaware").
5/24/1819:Queen Victoria.
5/24/1855:Sir Arthur Wing Pinero, English playwright ("The Second Mrs.
:Tanqueray").
5/24/1883:Elsa Maxwell, introducer of the "scavenger hunt."
5/24/1895:Samuel I. Newhouse, "America's most profitable publisher".
5/24/1909:Wilbur Mills.
5/24/1914:Lilli Palmer (Lilli Marie Peiser), actress.
5/24/1918:Coleman Alexander Young, mayor of Detroit.
5/24/1928:Roger Caras, nature writer.
5/24/1934:Jane Margaret Burke Byrne, former Chicago mayor.
5/24/1938:Tommy Chong, comedian (Cheech and Chong).
5/24/1940:Joseph Brodsky.
5/24/1941:Bob Dylan (Robert Zimmerman), singer.
5/24/1943:Gary Burghoff, actor.
5/24/1944:Frank Oz, puppeteer.
5/24/1944:Patti LaBelle, singer.
5/24/1945:Priscilla Beaulieu Presley, widow of Elvis Presley.
5/24/1955:Rosanne Cash, singer.
5/24/1963:Joe Dumars III, basketball player.
5/25/1803:Edward Bulwer-Lytton, English author ("The Last Days of Pompeii").
5/25/1803:Ralph Waldo Emerson, US poet.
5/25/1847:John Alexander Dowie, evangelist.
5/25/1878:Bill "Bojangles" Robinson, "The King of Tap Dancers."
5/25/1886:Philip Murray, US labor leader and founder of CIO.
5/25/1889:Igor Sikorsky, aeronautical engineer.
5/25/1892:Josip Broz (a.k.a. Marshall Tito), Yugoslavian leader.
5/25/1898:Bennett Cerf, humorist and publisher.
5/25/1898:James Joseph (Gene) Tunney, heavyweight boxing champion.
5/25/1908:Theodore Roethke.
5/25/1918:Claude Akins, actor.
5/25/1921:Hal David, lyricist.
5/25/1923:John Weitz, fashion designer.
5/25/1926:Miles Davis, jazz trumpeter.
5/25/1927:Robert Ludlum, spy novelist.
5/25/1929:Beverly Sills, opera star.
5/25/1932:K.C. Jones, basketball coach.
5/25/1934:Ron Nessen, former White House news secretary.
5/25/1936:Tom T. Hall, country singer-songwriter.
5/25/1938:Raymond Carver, US poet and short story writer.
5/25/1939:Dixie Carter, actress.
5/25/1943:Leslie Uggams, actress-singer.
5/25/1947:Jessi Colter (Miriam Johnson), country singer. (1943?)
5/25/1947:Karen Valentine, actress.
5/25/1955:Connie Selleca, actress.
5/26/1799:Alexander Pushkin, Russian author.
5/26/1886:Al Jolson (Asa Yoelson), singer and actor.
5/26/1907:John Wayne (Marion Michael Morrison), actor.
5/26/1908:Robert Morley, actor.
5/26/1909:Richard Maibaum, screenwriter.
5/26/1913:Peter Cushing, actor.
5/26/1920:Peggy Lee, singer.
5/26/1923:James Arness, actor.
5/26/1925:Alec McCowen, actor.
5/26/1931:Jim Frey, baseball general manager.
5/26/1939:Brent Musburger, sportscaster.
5/26/1939:Teresa Stratas, opera singer.
5/26/1947:Darrell Evans, basketball player.
5/26/1948:Stevie Nicks, singer-songwriter.
5/26/1949:Hank Williams Jr, singer.
5/26/1949:Philip Michael Thomas, actor.
5/26/1951:Sally Kristen Ride, First US woman in space.
5/26/1955:Wesley Walker, football player.
5/26/1956:Joe Penny, actor.
5/26/1962:Genie Francis, actress.
5/26/1966:Helena Bonham Carter, actress.
5/26/1967:Frederik Andre Henrik Christian, crown prince of Denmark.
5/27/1794:Cornelius Vanderbilt, financier.
5/27/1818:Amelia Jenks Bloomer, social reformer for whom the female
:undergarment was named.
5/27/1819:Julia Ward Howe, poet (lyrics to "The Battle Hymn of the
:Republic").
5/27/1837:"Wild Bill" Hickok, frontiersman.
5/27/1867:(Enoch) Arnold Bennett, English novelist and playwrite.
5/27/1878:Isadora Duncan, US interpretive dancer.
5/27/1894:Dashiell Hammett, detective novelist.
5/27/1907:Rachel (Louise) Carson, US author ("Silent Spring").
5/27/1911:Hubert Horatio Humphrey, 38th US vice president.
5/27/1911:Vincent Price, actor.
5/27/1912:John Cheever.
5/27/1912:Sam Snead.
5/27/1915:Herman Wouk, author.
5/27/1918:Yasuhiro Nakasone, Japanese political leader.
5/27/1922:Christopher Lee, actor.
5/27/1923:Henry Kissinger, political scientist.
5/27/1930:John Barth, author.
5/27/1930:William Sessions, director US Federal Bureau of Investigation.
5/27/1935:Lee Meriwether, actress.
5/27/1936:Louis Gossett Jr, actor.
5/27/1943:Bruce Weitz, actor.
5/27/1944:Christopher J. Dodd, Connecticut Senator.
5/27/1965:Pat Cash, tennis player.
5/27/1965:Todd Bridges, actor.
5/28/1738:Joseph Ignace Gillotin, French physician and promoter of the
:guillotine.
5/28/1759:William Pitt, British statesman.
5/28/1779:Thomas Moore, Irish poet.
5/28/1807:Jean Louis Rodolphe Agassiz, Swiss naturalist.
5/28/1888:James Francis Thorpe, Olympic athlete.
5/28/1908:Ian Lancaster Fleming, novelist (creator of James Bond).
5/28/1912:Patrick White, Australian novelist ("The Eye of the Storm.")
5/28/1916:Walker Percy.
5/28/1917:Barry Commoner, biologist and politician.
5/28/1925:Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau, singer.
5/28/1931:Caroll Baker, actress.
5/28/1934:Dionne quintuplets (Marie, Cecile, Yvonne, Emilie, and Annette).
5/28/1938:Jerry West, Los Angeles Lakers General Manager.
5/28/1944:Gladys Knight, singer.
5/28/1944:Rudolph Giuliani, US Attorney for Southern District of New York.
5/28/1947:Sandra Locke, actress.
5/28/1957:Kirk Gibson, baseball player.
5/28/1964:Armon Louis Gilliam, basketball player.
5/29/1630:King Charles II.
5/29/1736:Patrick Henry, US patriot.
5/29/1826:Ebenezer Butterick, inventor of the tissue paper dress pattern.
5/29/1874:Gilbert Keith Chesterton, English novelist.
5/29/1880:Oswald Spengler, German historian.
5/29/1897:Erich Wolfgang Korngold, movie composer.
5/29/1898:Beatrice Lillie, actress.
5/29/1903:Bob Hope (Leslie Townes Hope), comedian.
5/29/1906:T.H. White, English novelist ("The Once and Future King").
5/29/1913:Tony Zale, boxer.
5/29/1917:John Fitzgerald Kennedy, 35th US president.
5/29/1921:Clifton James, actor.
5/29/1928:Felix Rohatyn, investment banker.
5/29/1928:George A. Sinner, North Dakota Governor.
5/29/1932:Paul Ehrlich, population biologist.
5/29/1938:Fay (Francis) Thomas Vincent Jr, baseball commissioner.
5/29/1939:Al Unser Sr, auto racer.
5/29/1944:Helmut Berger, actor.
5/29/1948:Anthony Geary, actor.
5/29/1958:Annette Bening, actress.
5/29/1962:Eric Davis, baseball player.
5/29/1963:Lisa Whelchel, actress.
5/30/1903:Countee Cullen.
5/30/1908:Melvin Jerome Blanc, voice of Bugs Bunny, et al.
5/30/1909:Benny Goodman, bandleader.
5/30/1926:Christine Jorgensen, pioneer transsexual.
5/30/1927:Clint Walker, actor.
5/30/1929:Michael Mellinger, actor.
5/30/1936:Keir Dullea, actor.
5/30/1936:Ruta Lee, actress.
5/30/1939:Michael J. Pollard, actor.
5/30/1940:Gale Sayers, football player.
5/30/1964:Wynonna Judd (Christina Ciminella), country singer.
5/31/1819:Walt Whitman, US poet.
5/31/1857:Ambrogio Damiano Achille Ratti (a.k.a. Pope Pius XI).
5/31/1894:Fred Allen, radio humorist.
5/31/1898:Norman Vincent Peale, clergyman-author.
5/31/1908:Don Ameche (Dominic Felix Amici), actor.
5/31/1923:Prince Rainier of Monaco.
5/31/1930:Clint Eastwood, actor.
5/31/1933:Shirley Verrett, opera singer.
5/31/1938:Peter Yarrow, composer-singer.
5/31/1939:John S. Herrington, US Secretary of Energy.
5/31/1939:Terry Waite, Church of England special envoy.
5/31/1941:Johnny Paycheck (Don Lytle), country singer.
5/31/1943:Joe Namath, football player.
5/31/1943:Sharon Gless, actress.
5/31/1950:Gregory Harrison, actor.
5/31/1950:Tom Berenger, actor.
5/31/1960:Chris Elliott.
5/31/1965:Christa Brooke Camille Shields, actress.
 

EVENTS

5:American Bike Month.
5:Asian/Pacific American Heritage Month.
5:Better Sleep Month.
5:Correct Posture Month.
5:Foot Health Month.
5:Freedom Shrine Month.
5:May Is Better Hearing Month.
5:Mental Health Month.
5:National Allergy/Asthma Month.
5:National Arthritis Month.
5:National Barbecue Month.
5:National Duckling Month.
5:National Egg Month.
5:National Good Car*Keeping Month.
5:National High Blood Pressure Month.
5:National Home Decorating Month.
5:National Photo Month.
5:National Physical Fitness and Sports Month.
5:National Sight-Saving Month.
5:Older Americans Month.
5:REACT Month.
5:Revise Your Work Schedule Month.
5:Santacruzan (Philippines).
5:Senior Citizens Month (Massachusetts).
5:Steelmark Month.
5:Touring Theatre Month.
#: Events depending on weekdays
M(5/7) :Labor Day (Zambia) (first Monday).
M(5/7) :Relationship Renewal Day (first Monday).
M(5/7) :Student Counselor's Day (first Monday).
R(5/7) :National Day of Prayer (first Thursday).
F(5/7) :International Tuba Day (first Friday).
F(5/7) :May Fellowship Day (first Friday).
S(5/7) :Kentucky Derby (first Saturday).
R(5/14):American Bible Society Annual Meeting (second Thursday).
S(5/14):National Windmill Day (Netherlands) (second Saturday).
S(5/14):Native American Day (second Saturday).
U(5/14):Mother's Day (second Sunday).
U(5/14):Mother Ocean Day (second Sunday).
M(5/21):Memorial Day (Michigan) (third Monday).
F(5/21):National Defense Transportation Day (third Friday).
S(5/21):Armed Forces Day (third Saturday).
S(5/21):International Chicken Flying Meet (third Saturday).
S(5/21):Preakness Stakes (third Saturday).
M(5/24):Victoria Day (Canada) (Monday before 5/25).
U(5/30):Indianapolis 500 (Sunday of Memorial Day Weekend).
U(5/31):Cavalcata Sarda (last Sunday).
U(5/31):Palio Dei Balestrieri (Italy) (last Sunday).
M(5/31):Confederate Memorial Day (last Monday).
M(5/31):Memorial Day (last Monday).
M(5/31):Spring Bank Holiday (United Kingdom) (last Monday).
#: Normal events
5/1 :Astronomy Day.
5/1 :Beltaine (Feast of sun god Bel).
5/1 :Labor Day (many places).
5/1 :Law Day.
5/1 :Lei Day (Hawaii).
5/1 :Loyalty Day.
5/1 :May Day.
5/1 :Mother Goose Day.
5/1 :Play of St. Evermaar (Belgium).
5/1/1700 :John Dryden, English poet and critic, died.
5/1/1794 :First US trade union (Federal Society of Journeymen Cordwainers)
:organized.
5/1/1822 :First mayor of Boston inaugurated (John Phillips).
5/1/1857 :Literacy qualification for voters enacted in Massachusetts.
5/1/1873 :David Livingstone, African explorer, died.
5/1/1884 :First black player played major league baseball (Fleetwood
:Walker).
5/1/1893 :World's Colombian Exposition opened in Chicago.
5/1/1898 :US routed the Spanish fleet at Manila.
5/1/1915 :Henri Landru, the "French Bluebeard," took out his first ad.
5/1/1915 :RMS Lusitania left New York on her final voyage.
5/1/1920 :Longest major league baseball game by innings (3 hours, 50
:minutes - 26 innings, Brooklyn Robins vs. Boston Braves).
5/1/1930 :Mother (Mary Harris) Jones, labor organizer, gave her final
:speech.
5/1/1931 :Empire State Building dedicated.
5/1/1931 :Kate Smith began her radio career.
5/1/1936 :Alvin Karpis, "Public Enemy Number One," was captured.
5/1/1939 :"Batman" comic book debuted.
5/1/1945 :Paul Josef Goebbels, Nazi minister of propaganda, killed himself
:and his family.
5/1/1960 :Russia shot down a U-2 spy plane.
5/1/1964 :First BASIC program ran (Dartmouth).
5/1/1967 :Elvis Presley married Priscilla Beaulieu.
5/1/1978 :Aram (Ilich) Khachaturian, Armenian musician and composer, died.
5/1/1980 :Apollo Computer, Inc. officially opened offices in Lexington,
:Massachusetts.
5/1/1982 :Knoxville World's Fair opened.
5/1/1990 :Sergio Franchi, singer ("O' Solo Mio"), died.
5/1/1991 :Nolan Ryan pitched his seventh career no-hitter (vs. Toronto).
5/1/1991 :Rickey Henderson became the all-time stolen base leader (939).
5/1/1993 :Ranasinghe Premadasa, Sri Lankan president, killed.
5/2 :Constitution Day (Japan).
5/2 :International Workers' Day.
5/2 :King's Birthday (Lesotho).
5/2 :Memorial Day for the Emperor Shomu (Japan).
5/2 :Minehead Hobbyhorse (England).
5/2/1519 :Leonardo Da Vinci, artist, scientist, and inventor, died.
5/2/1863 :Gen. Thomas Jonathan "Stonewall" Jackson shot by his own soldiers.
5/2/1865 :$100,000 offered for the capture of Jefferson Davis.
5/2/1917 :Only major league baseball game with no hits on either side
:through nine innings (Cincinatti vs. Chicago).
5/2/1929 :"Bulldog Drummond," the first Drummond movie was released.
5/2/1939 :Lou Gehrig missed first game after 2,130 consecutive starts.
5/2/1941 :FCC approved regular scheduling of commercial TV broadcasts.
5/2/1946 :Alcatraz prison revolt.
5/2/1946 :"The Postman Always Rings Twice" opened.
5/2/1957 :Joseph McCarthy, US Senator, died.
5/2/1972 :J. Edgar Hoover, US FBI director, died.
5/2/1972 :Mine fire in Kellogg, Idaho (91 died).
5/2/1982 :Argentine cruiser General Belgrano sunk by British submarine (321
:killed).
5/2/1989 :Dismantling of fence between Hungary and Austria began.
5/3 :Constitution Memorial Day (Japan).
5/3 :Dia de la Cruz (Latin America).
5/3 :Lumpy Rug Day.
5/3 :Swieto Trzeciego Majo (Poland).
5/3/1649 :First colonial law regulating practice of medicine enacted
:(Massachusetts).
5/3/1662 :Legal charter for Connecticut secured.
5/3/1666 :Maryland banned commercial production of tobacco for one year.
5/3/1675 :Locking of church doors during service required by law
:(Massachusetts).
5/3/1765 :First medical school in America organized.
5/3/1810 :Lord Byron swam the Hellespont.
5/3/1841 :New Zealand proclaimed a British colony.
5/3/1845 :First black lawyer admitted to bar passed exams (Macon B. Allen).
5/3/1862 :Confederate forces evacuated Yorktown, Virginia.
5/3/1919 :US airplane passenger service began.
5/3/1942 :Battle of Coral Sea began. (5/4?)
5/3/1946 :War crimes trial (Japan) began.
5/3/1952 :First commercial jet plane went into service.
5/3/1956 :Frank Loesser's "The Most Happy Fella" opened on Broadway.
5/3/1960 :Caryl Chessman executed at San Quentin.
5/3/1960 :"The Fantasticks," longest-running show in the history of US
:Musical Theatre, opened.
5/3/1966 :The Times of London switched from an all-ads front page to news.
5/3/1968 :US and North Vietnam agreed to open peace talks in Paris.
5/3/1971 :Anti-war protest disrupted business in Washington.
5/3/1971 :National Public Radio began programming.
5/3/1972 :Bruce Cabot (Jacques Etienne Pellissier de Bujac), actor, died.
5/3/1972 :L. Patrick Gray named acting director of the US FBI.
5/3/1973 :John B. Connally, former Texas governor, joined the Republican
:Party.
5/3/1979 :First female prime minister of a major European nation elected
:(Margaret Thatcher).
5/3/1980 :Fourth pitcher in history to win 100 or more games in each league
:(Ferguson Jenkins).
5/3/1986 :Delta 3914 Rocket (US) Failure.
5/3/1991 :Jerzy Kosinski, author, committed suicide.
5/4 :Memorial Day (Curacao).
5/4 :National Plastics Day.
5/4 :National Weather Observer's Day.
5/4 :Thank You School Librarian Day.
5/4 :Youth Day (China).
5/4/1494 :Columbus discovered Jamaica.
5/4/1776 :Rhode Island declared its independence.
5/4/1864 :US House of Representatives passed the Wade-Davis Reconstruction
:bill.
5/4/1873 :William Holmes McGuffey, author ("McGuffey Readers"), died.
5/4/1891 :Sherlock Holmes and Professor Moriarty fell over Reichenbach
:Falls.
5/4/1919 :Students protested imperialist aggression in China (Beijing).
5/4/1942 :Battle of Coral Sea began. (5/3?)
5/4/1942 :"The Mystery of Marie Roget" was released.
5/4/1949 :"The Barkleys of Broadway," starring Fred Astaire and Ginger
:Rogers, released.
5/4/1950 :William Rose Benet, US poet and critic, died.
5/4/1970 :Four demonstrating Kent State students killed.
5/4/1980 :Josip Broz (a.k.a. Marshal Tito), Yugoslavian leader, died.
5/4/1982 :HMS Sheffield, British destroyer, sank by an Argentine jet during
:the Falkland Islands war.
5/4/1989 :Atlantis (US) launched.
5/4/1989 :Magellan spacecraft (US), mapped Venus, launched.
5/4/1989 :Oliver North convicted in the Iran-Contra affair.
5/4/1990 :Two Norwegians successfully skied to the North pole (without
:being resupplied).
5/5 :Bonza Bottler Day.
5/5 :Children's Day (Japan and Korea).
5/5 :Cinco de Mayo (Mexico).
5/5 :Coronation Day (Thailand).
5/5 :Liberation Day (Netherlands).
5/5 :Tango, Boy's Festival (Japan).
5/5/1780 :Second oldest learned society in US (American Academy of Arts and
:Sciences) founded (Boston).
5/5/1821 :Napoleon Bonaparte, French Emperor, died.
5/5/1862 :Battle of Puebla.
5/5/1864 :Battle of the Wilderness began (US Civil War).
5/5/1865 :First recorded US train robbery (North Bend, Ohio).
5/5/1881 :Chinese labor immigration act approved by US Senate.
5/5/1902 :Francis Bret(t) Harte, author, died.
5/5/1904 :Major League baseball's first perfect game (Cy Young).
5/5/1920 :Nicola Sacco and Bartolomeo Vanzetti were arrested.
5/5/1925 :John T. Scopes arrested for teaching Darwin's theory.
5/5/1930 :First solo female flight from England to Australia began (Amy
:Johnson).
5/5/1945 :Netherlands liberated from Nazi Germany.
5/5/1945 :Only WWII fatalities on US mainland (bomb dropped from Japanese
:balloon).
5/5/1955 :"Damn Yankees" premiered on Broadway.
5/5/1961 :Mercury 3 (a.k.a Freedom 7) (US), first US manned spaceflight,
:launched.
5/5/1962 :Last performance at Casino Burlesque Theater (Hanover St, Boston).
5/6 :Araw Ng Kagitingan (Philippines).
5/6 :Bank Holiday (UK).
5/6 :National Hoagie Day.
5/6 :National Nurses' Day.
5/6/1527 :Sack of Rome.
5/6/1816 :American Bible Association formed (New York). (5/11?)
5/6/1862 :Henry David Thoreau, US author and philosopher, died.
5/6/1863 :Battle of Chancellorsville (Virginia).
5/6/1910 :George V became English Sovereign.
5/6/1915 :Babe Ruth hit his first major league home run.
5/6/1919 :Lyman Frank Baum, author ("Wizard of Oz"), died.
5/6/1935 :The Works Progress Administration (WPA) established.
5/6/1937 :Hindenberg Zeppelin exploded and burned.
5/6/1941 :Josef Stalin became leader of the Soviet government.
5/6/1947 :First playwright to win Pulitzer four times for drama (Eugene
:O'Neill).
5/6/1947 :Louise Homer, American operatic singer, died.
5/6/1949 :EDSAC demonstrated.
5/6/1951 :Last no-hitter pitched against Boston Braves (Cliff Chambers).
5/6/1954 :Four minute mile broken (Oxford, England).
5/6/1986 :UNIX became a registered trademark of AT&T.
5/6/1992 :Marlene Dietrich, actress, died.
5/7 :National Barriers Awareness Day.
5/7 :Paste-up Day.
5/7/1189 :Hamburg, Germany established as a free city.
5/7/1274 :Second council of Lyons (14th ecumenical council) opened.
5/7/1429 :English siege of Orleans broken by Joan of Arc.
5/7/1763 :Pontiac's Rebellion.
5/7/1789 :Protestant Episcopal Church formed.
5/7/1789 :First US Presidential Inaugural Ball held.
5/7/1800 :Indiana Territory organized.
5/7/1824 :Ludwig Van Beethoven last appeared on the concert stage.
5/7/1847 :American Medical Association formed (Philadelphia).
5/7/1858 :Almanac Trial (A. Lincoln, defense attorney).
5/7/1862 :Battle of Eltham's Landing, Virginia.
5/7/1864 :Battle of Wilderness ends (losses, Union: 17,666, Confederate:
:7,500).
5/7/1868 :Henry Peter Brougham, Scotch jurist, died.
5/7/1873 :Salmon Portland Chase, American statesman (on $10,000 bill), died.
5/7/1891 :Fig Newton's first produced.
5/7/1904 :Flexible Flyer (sled) trademark registered.
5/7/1915 :Elbert Hubbard, aspiring US author and craftsman, died.
5/7/1915 :RMS Lusitania sunk by German U-boat off Irish coast (1198 died).
5/7/1922 :"Sherlock Holmes," the first US Holmes film, was released.
5/7/1927 :San Francisco Municipal Airport (Mills Field) dedicated.
5/7/1934 :Worlds largest pearl (6.4 kg) found (Philippines).
5/7/1937 :"Shall We Dance," starring Fred Astaire and Ginger Rogers,
:released.
5/7/1942 :"Saboteur," by Alfred Hitchcock opened.
5/7/1945 :Germany surrendered after WWII.
5/7/1945 :Wille "the Actor" Sutton tunneled out of prison.
5/7/1947 :"Kraft Television Theater" premiered.
5/7/1953 :Cole Porter's "Can-Can" opened on Broadway.
5/7/1954 :Battle of Dien Bien Phu ended.
5/8 :Buddha's Birthday (South Korea).
5/8 :Elections for National Assembly (Philippines).
5/8 :Harry S Truman's Birthday (Missouri).
5/8 :No Socks Day.
5/8/1541 :Mississippi River discovered (Fernando de Soto).
5/8/1792 :Militia service of "every free able-bodied white male citizen"
:required in America.
5/8/1794 :Antoine Laurent Lavoisier, "father of modern chemistry",
:guillotined.
5/8/1862 :Battle of McDowell (Virginia).
5/8/1874 :Ten hour workday adopted for women (Massachusetts).
5/8/1878 :First major league triple play.
5/8/1879 :First patent for an auto filed for (George Selden, Rochester New
:York) (granted in 1895).
5/8/1880 :Gustave Flaubert, French author, died.
5/8/1886 :Syrup for Coca Cola perfected (Dr. John Styth Pemberton).
5/8/1904 :Eadweard Muybridge (Edward James Muggeridge), motion-picture
:pioneer, died.
5/8/1914 :Mother's Day signed into law.
5/8/1926 :The bleachers along the left-field foul line of Fenway Park
:burned down (never to be re-erected).
5/8/1936 :Oswald Spengler, German historian, died.
5/8/1942 :Battle of the Coral Sea.
5/8/1945 :V-E Day (the end of WWII in Europe).
5/8/1946 :"The Blue Dahlia" was released.
5/8/1951 :Men's Dacron suits introduced.
5/8/1962 :Stephen Sondheim's "A Funny Thing Happened on the Way to the
:Forum" opened on Broadway.
5/8/1963 :"Dr. No" released in the US.
5/8/1963 :First transatlantic color TV pictures transmitted.
5/8/1966 :First baseball knocked out of Memorial Stadium (Baltimore).
5/8/1967 :Muhammad Ali indicted for refusing induction in the US Army.
5/8/1972 :US instituted mining of Haiphong Harbor.
5/8/1973 :70 day confrontation between US federal agents and Indians ended.
5/8/1980 :First US transcontinental nonstop balloon flight began.
5/8/1984 :Longest major league baseball game by time (8 hours, 6 minutes -
:25 innings, White Sox vs. Brewers).
5/8/1984 :Russia declared boycott of Los Angeles Olympic Games.
5/8/1987 :Gary Hart ended presidential bid after Donna Rice reports.
5/8/1991 :Rudolf Serkin died.
5/8/1994 :George Peppard, actor ("Breakfast at Tiffany's"), died.
5/9 :Liberation Day (Czechoslovakia).
5/9 :National Statistics Day (Turkey).
5/9 :Victory Day (Poland and USSR).
5/9/1502 :Christopher Columbus set sail on his fourth and final voyage to
:America.
5/9/1607 :First permanent English settlement in the US established
:(Jamestown, Virginia).
5/9/1657 :William Bradford, pilgrim father, died.
5/9/1862 :Confederate forces evacuated Norfolk, Virginia.
5/9/1862 :General David Hunter ordered the slaves in South Carolina,
:Florida, and Georgia freed.
5/9/1914 :First Mother's Day proclaimed.
5/9/1926 :First flight over the North Pole (Commander Richard E. Byrd and
:Floyd Bennett).
5/9/1937 :"Charlie McCarthy Show" first broadcast.
5/9/1950 :"Schuman Plan" announced.
5/9/1957 :Ezio Pinza died.
5/9/1960 :"The Pill" first went on sale to the public.
5/9/1961 :TV declared "A Vast Wasteland" by FCC chairman Newton Minnow.
5/9/1969 :200 saints cut from the roster (including Nicholas and
:Christopher) by the Pope.
5/9/1970 :Walter Philip Reuther, labor leader and UAW president, died.
5/9/1974 :Hearing on the possible impeachment of Richard Nixon opened.
5/9/1976 :Ulrike Meinhof, German terrorist leader, hanged in her cell.
5/9/1987 :Thomas Cruise Mapother IV, actor ("Top Gun"), married Mimi Rogers.
5/10 :Confederate Memorial Day (North and South Carolina).
5/10 :Mothers Day (Guatamala).
5/10/1775:Colonel Ethan Allen and Green Mountain Boys captured Fort
:Ticonderoga.
5/10/1775:Second Continental Congress convened.
5/10/1798:George Vancouver, English navigator and explorer, died.
5/10/1818:Paul Revere, US patriot, died.
5/10/1863:Thomas Jonathan "Stonewall" Jackson, Confederate General, died.
5/10/1865:Confederate President Jefferson Davis captured by Union troops.
5/10/1869:The "golden spike" was driven at Promontory Point, Utah.
5/10/1876:Centennial Exposition opened (Philadelphia).
5/10/1904:Sir Henry Morton Stanley, explorer, died.
5/10/1908:First Mother's Day service held (Grafton, West Virginia).
5/10/1916:Disastrous fire in Ellendale, North Dakota.
5/10/1930:Edward L. Stratemeyer, US author ("Nancy Drew"), died.
5/10/1933:Nazi book burning.
5/10/1940:Germany invaded Belgium, Luxembourg, and the Netherlands.
5/10/1941:Rudolf Hess parachuted into Britain to offer peace if they helped
:attack Russia.
5/10/1949:Riot at the Astor Place Opera House (New York).
5/10/1970:Hoyt Wilhelm pitched his 1,000th baseball game.
5/10/1973:John Mitchell and Maurice Stans indicted on perjury charges.
5/10/1977:Warren Cromartie given a ground rule double after his hit to
:center field bounces off Rick Monday's head and into the stands.
5/10/1979:BSD Unix 2.0 released.
5/10/1989:Noriega unleashed his "Dignity Battalions."
5/11 :Eat What You Want Day.
5/11/1779:John Hart, signer of US Declaration of Independence and farmer,
:died.
5/11/1814:Robert Treat Paine, signer of US Declaration of Independenc, died.
5/11/1816:American Bible Society formed (New York). (5/6?)
5/11/1858:Minnesota became 32nd US state.
5/11/1862:Confederate navy destroyed the Merrimac (renamed Virginia) to
:prevent its capture.
5/11/1864:Battle of Yellow Tavern (Virginia).
5/11/1875:First no-run, nine-inning baseball game played (Saint Louis).
5/11/1916:Einstein's "Theory of Relativity" presented.
5/11/1923:General Henry M. Robert, author ("Robert's Rules of Order"), died.
5/11/1928:First regularly scheduled TV programs began (WGY - Schenectady,
:New York).
5/11/1942:Seattle became the first US city to institute blackout control
:(WWII).
5/11/1947:Tubeless tires announced (Akron, Ohio).
5/11/1949:Nation of Israel admitted to the UN.
5/11/1949:Siam changed its name to Thailand.
5/11/1960:Birth control pill formally approved.
5/11/1981:Bob Marley, musician ("The Wailers"), died.
5/11/1985:Chester Gould, cartoonist ("Dick Tracy"), died.
5/12 :Chronic Fatigue Syndrome Awareness Day.
5/12 :Limerick Day.
5/12/1789:Society of St. Tammany held its first meeting.
5/12/1830:Samuel Wilson confirmed as the original "Uncle Sam" (New York
:Gazette).
5/12/1863:Battle of Raymond, Mississippi.
5/12/1864:General Grant attacked General Lee at Spottsylvania, Virgina.
5/12/1896:Ordinance prohibiting spitting in New York City passed.
5/12/1904:Woodman Rangers founded.
5/12/1925:Amy Lowell, US poet, died.
5/12/1926:First vessle over North Pole (airship Norge).
5/12/1932:Charles Lindbergh's son's body found.
5/12/1937:George VI crowned king of England.
5/12/1943:Axis forces in North Africa surrendered.
5/12/1949:End of "Berlin blockade".
5/12/1967:H. Rap Brown became chairman of the Student Non-Violent
:Co-ordinating Committee.
5/12/1970:Ernie "Mr. Cub" Banks hit his 500th home run.
5/12/1984:Doris Day, actress, died.
5/12/1992:Robert Reed, actor, died.
5/13 :National Employee Health and Fitness Day.
5/13 :National Receptionist Day.
5/13 :National Third Shift Workers Day.
5/13/1607:English colonists landed near the James River in Virginia.
5/13/1783:Society of Cincinnati founded.
5/13/1821:Printing Press patented.
5/13/1846:US declared war on Mexico.
5/13/1884:Cyrus H. McCormick, inventor of the reaper, died.
5/13/1889:T. Roosevelt appointed Civil Service commissioner for Harrison.
5/13/1912:Britain established the Royal Flying Corps.
5/13/1916:Solomon Rabinowitz, author (pen-name Sholem Aleichem), died.
5/13/1917:The Madonna appeared to the residents of Fatima, Portugal.
5/13/1918:First US airmail stamp issued.
5/13/1929:First major league baseball teams wore numbers (Yankees and
:Indians).
5/13/1930:Farmer killed by hail in Lubbock, Texas.
5/13/1937:Thomas James Wise, English bibliophile and literary forger, died.
5/13/1948:"The Iron Curtain" was released.
5/13/1954:Richard Adler and Jerry Ross's "The Pajama Game" opened on
:Broadway.
5/13/1954:Saint Lawrence Seaway Act.
5/13/1961:Gary Cooper (Frank James Cooper), actor, died.
5/13/1981:Mehmet Ali Agca wounded Pope John Paul II.
5/13/1985:Philadelphia police bombed the MOVE organization house (7 adults
:and 4 kids died).
5/13/1991:Blackout at Fenway Park.
5/14 :Anniversary of Founding of Guinean Democratic Party (Guinea).
5/14 :Mothers (moth collectors) Day.
5/14 :Underground America Day.
5/14 :Unification Day (Liberia).
5/14/1607:Jamestown, Virginia (first permanent English settlement) founded.
5/14/1643:Louis XIV ("The Sun King") ascended the throne of France.
5/14/1804:Beginning of Lewis and Clark Expedition (Saint Louis).
5/14/1818:Matthew Gregory Lewis, writer ("The Monk"), died.
5/14/1852:Louisa Catherine Johnson Adams, wife of John Quincy Adams, died.
5/14/1860:First Japanese diplomats to a foreign country arrive in US.
5/14/1874:First admission charged to a collegiate sporting event (Harvard
:vs. McGill).
5/14/1897:First public performance of "The Stars and Stripes Forever"
:(Philadelphia).
5/14/1904:First Olympic Games held in the US (Saint Louis).
5/14/1906:Carl Schurz, journalist, political reformer, and army officer,
:died.
5/14/1912:August Strindberg, Swedish novelist and dramatist, died.
5/14/1942:Women's Auxiliary Army Corps (WAAC's) authorized.
5/14/1948:Nation of Israel proclaimed.
5/14/1965:Frances Perkins, first woman cabinet member, died.
5/14/1969:Last Chevrolet Corvair produced.
5/14/1973:Skylab 1 (US), first US spacestation, launched.
5/14/1977:Robert Maynard Hutchins, US educator, died.
5/14/1978:Robert Gordon Menzies, Australian statesman, died.
5/14/1981:Soyuz 40 (USSR) launched.
5/15 :Aoi Matsuri (Japan).
5/15 :Kamuzu Day (Malawi).
5/15 :Peace Officers Memorial Day.
5/15 :San Isidro Day (Mexico).
5/15 :Vesak Day (Singapoe and Malaysia).
5/15 :Visakha Bucha Day (Thailand).
5/15/1602:First Englishman landed in New England (Captain Bartholomew
:Gosnold, New Bedford).
5/15/1672:First copyright law in US enacted (Massachusetts).
5/15/1685:First impeachment in America (Chief Justice Nicolas More).
5/15/1854:Asylum for Inebriates founded (Binghamton, New York).
5/15/1862:US Department of Agriculture created.
5/15/1886:Emily Dickinson, American poet, died.
5/15/1888:First woman nominated for US president.
5/15/1911:Dissolution of Standard Oil Company ordered.
5/15/1915:First New York City resident given engineer's certificate (a.k.a.
:driver's license) (Harold T. Birnie).
5/15/1918:US began first regular air mail service (New York to Washington
:DC).
5/15/1942:US wartime gasoline rationing began (three gallons per week).
5/15/1950:First corporation with 1,000,000 shareholders (AT&T).
5/15/1952:First jockey to win 4,000 races (Johnny Longden).
5/15/1958:Sputnik III launched.
5/15/1961:"Whispering Smith," first TV police detective to use modern
:techniques in the Old West, premiered.
5/15/1963:Faith 7 (US) launched.
5/15/1963:Weight Watchers founded (Jean Nidetch).
5/15/1969:Justice Abe Fortas resigned from the US Supreme Court.
5/15/1972:George Wallace, Alabama Governor, shot by Arthur H. Bremer
:(Laurel, Maryland).
5/15/1973:Nolan Ryan threw his first career no-hitter.
5/15/1983:Madison Hotel (Boston) destroyed by implosion.
5/15/1984:Mike Schmidt hit 400th home run (vs. Welch - Dodgers).
5/15/1988:Soviet Union began withdrawing its troops from Afghanistan.
5/15/1991:Longest nine-inning major league night game (4 hours, 11 minute -
:Red Sox 9, White Sox 6).
5/16 :Discovery Day (Cayman Islands).
5/16/1703:Foundation for the Peter and Paul Fortress (St. Petersburg).
5/16/1763:Samuel Johnson first met his future biographer, James Boswell.
5/16/1770:Marie Antoinette married future King Louis XVI of France.
5/16/1777:Button Gwinnett, signer of US Declaration of Independence, died.
5/16/1825:First horse to win main event on a trotting course (Screwdriver).
5/16/1836:Edgar Allen Poe married his 13 year old cousin, Virginia Clemm.
5/16/1862:General Butler issued the "Woman Order."
5/16/1863:Battle of Champion's Hill (Mississippi).
5/16/1864:Battle of Drewry's Bluff (Virginia).
5/16/1866:Root beer first made (C.E. Hires).
5/16/1868:First US nickel. (1866?)
5/16/1868:US Senate failed to convict Andrew Johnson on one of eleven
:impeachment articles.
5/16/1874:Mill Creek dam burst in Northampton, Massachusetts (143 died).
5/16/1920:Joan of Arc was canonized.
5/16/1920:Levi Parsons Morton, banker and 22nd US vice president, died.
5/16/1929:Academy Awards first presented (Roosevelt Hotel, Hollywood).
5/16/1934:Nantucket Lightship rammed by Olympic.
5/16/1939:Food stamp program first introduced (Rochester, New York).
5/16/1942:Bronislaw Kasper Malinowski, British anthropologist, died.
5/16/1944:George Ade, US newspaperman, died.
5/16/1946:"Annie Get Your Gun" opened on Broadway.
5/16/1948:George Polk's body, CBS News correspondent, found a week after
:disappearing.
5/16/1955:James Agee, American author and critic, died.
5/16/1956:Second version of "The Man Who Knew Too Much" was released.
5/16/1963:First report on SNOBOL distributed (within Bell Laboratories).
5/16/1969:Johnny Jordan, cameraman, died.
5/16/1969:Soviet spacecraft Venus-5 landed on the surface of Venus.
5/16/1990:Jim Henson, muppet creator, died.
5/16/1990:Sammy Davis, Jr, song-and-dance man, died.
5/17 :Constitution Day (Nauru and Norway).
5/17 :World Telecommunication Day.
5/17/1792:New York Stock Exchange formed.
5/17/1814:Norway seperated from Denmark.
5/17/1829:John Jay, American statesman and diplomat, died.
5/17/1875:John Cabell Breckinridge, 14th US vice president, died.
5/17/1875:First running of the Kentucky Derby (Aristides won).
5/17/1876:Greenback party held their first convention (Indianapolis).
5/17/1939:First TV broadcast of a baseball game (W2XBS of New York -
:Princeton vs. Columbia).
5/17/1944:Allied troops captured Monte Cassino, Italy.
5/17/1954:US Supreme Court ruled against school segregation.
5/17/1961:Castro offered Bay of Pigs prisoners in trade for 500 US
:bulldozers.
5/17/1966:The term "nervous Nellies" first used (Lyndon Johnson).
5/17/1971:Stephen Schwartz's "Godspell" opened on Broadway.
5/17/1973:Senate Watergate Committee opened hearings.
5/17/1974:Six SLA members killed in televised gun fight.
5/17/1981:Jeannette Ridlon Piccard, first US woman free balloon pilot, died.
5/17/1986:$700,000 radio-controlled pterodactyl model crashed (Washington
:DC).
5/17/1987:USS Stark attacked in the Persian Gulf (28 killed).
5/18 :Battle of Las Piedras (Uraguay).
5/18 :Flag and University Day (Haiti).
5/18 :International Museum Day.
5/18 :Prayer Day (Denmark).
5/18 :Visit Your Relatives Day.
5/18/1675:Jacques Marquette, Jesuit missionary, died.
5/18/1804:Napoleon proclaimed Emperor of France.
5/18/1852:First school attendance law passed (8-14, Massachusetts).
5/18/1861:Union's first offensive engagement of the US Civil War.
5/18/1896:US Supreme Court upholds segregation so long as "separate but
:equal."
5/18/1926:Aimee Semple McPherson, glamorous California evangelist,
:disappeared.
5/18/1933:TVA created.
5/18/1934:Crime Control Act passed.
5/18/1941:First "I Am An American Day" was held.
5/18/1967:Bill legalizing artificial insemination for humans signed
:(Oklahoma).
5/18/1969:Apollo 10 (US) launched.
5/18/1973:Jeannette Rankin, first woman elected to US Congress, died.
5/18/1979:$10.5 million awarded to the estate of Karen Silkwood.
5/18/1980:Mount Saint Helens erupted.
5/18/1981:William Saroyan, US writer ("The Human Comedy"), died.
5/19 :Newspaper in Education International Day.
5/19 :Youth and Sports Day (Turkey).
5/19/1536:Anne Boleyn, second of King Henry VIII's six wives and mother of
:Queen Elizabeth I, beheaded.
5/19/1780:Dark at noon in New England.
5/19/1795:James Boswell, Scottish biographer, died.
5/19/1846:Robert Bailey Thomas, founded "The Farmer's Almanac", died.
5/19/1884:Rabies treatment perfected.
5/19/1895:Jose Julian Marti, Cuban author and political activist, killed.
5/19/1898:Postcard first authorized.
5/19/1898:William Ewart Gladstone, English statesman and author, died.
5/19/1906:Simplon Tunnel (Brig, Switzerland to Iselle, Italy) opened.
5/19/1921:Edward Douglass White, US Supreme Court Chief Justice, died.
5/19/1932:National Anthem memorizing resolution submitted to US House of
:Representatives (Claude A. Fuller).
5/19/1935:T.E. Lawrence ("Lawrence of Arabia") died.
5/19/1946:Booth Tarkington, US novelist, died.
5/19/1964:US diplomats found at least 40 secret microphones in the Moscow
:embassy.
5/19/1971:Mars 2 (USSR), first Mars impact, launched.
5/19/1971:Ogden Nash, humorist, died.
5/19/1978:Pioneer/Venus 1 (US) launched.
5/19/1989:Apollo Computer, Inc officially became a subsidiary of Hewlett
:Packard.
5/19/1992:Amy Fisher shot Mary Joe Buttafuoco.
5/19/1994:Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis died.
5/20 :Admissions Director Day.
5/20 :Eliza Doolittle Day.
5/20 :Lafayette Day (Massachusetts).
5/20 :National Day (Cameroon).
5/20/325 :Council of Nicaea I.
5/20/1506:Christopher Columbus died.
5/20/1639:First school maintained by community taxes established
:(Dorchester, Massachusetts).
5/20/1775:Residents of Mecklenburg, North Carolina signed US Declaration of
:Independence from England.
5/20/1830:Fountain pen patented (D. Hyde).
5/20/1834:The Marquis de Lafayette, French hero of US Revolution, died.
5/20/1862:Lincoln signed the Homestead Act.
5/20/1873:Levi's (riveted pocket pants) patented.
5/20/1875:International Bureau of Weights and Measures established.
5/20/1927:Charles Lindbergh's non-stop flight to Paris began (7:52 am).
5/20/1932:First woman to fly across Atlantic solo (Amelia Earhart).
5/20/1939:Pan American Airways began flights between US and Europe.
5/20/1972:Cameroon declared a republic.
5/20/1978:Pioneer Venus I (US) launched.
5/20/1979:Gasoline $1.29/gallon in Sacramento, California.
5/20/1989:Gilda Radner, comedienne, died.
5/21 :Battle of Iquique (Chile).
5/21 :National Memo Day.
5/21/1602:Martha's Vineyard first sighted (Captain Bartholomew Gosnold).
5/21/1690:John Eliot, translator of the Bible into an Indian tongue, died.
5/21/1832:First Democratic national convention held.
5/21/1878:Waterbury watch patented (D.A. Buck).
5/21/1881:American Red Cross founded.
5/21/1908:First horror film ("Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde") released (Chicago).
5/21/1927:Charles Lindbergh completed the first solo flight across the
:Atlantic.
5/21/1935:Jane Addams, pioneer social worker, died.
5/21/1937:Amelia Earhart departed Oakland, California on her final flight.
5/21/1937:"Black Blizzard" (Great Plains).
5/21/1959:Jule Styne's "Gypsy" opened on Broadway.
5/21/1972:Lazlo Toth attacked "The Pieta."
5/21/1981:First female graduates of Coast Guard Academy.
5/21/1982:British troops stormed the Falkland Islands.
5/21/1991:Rajiv Gandhi, former Indian Prime Minister, assassinated.
5/22 :National Heroes Day (Sri Lanka).
5/22 :National Maritime Day.
5/22 :Slavery Abolition Day (French West Indies).
5/22/-334:Alexander the Great defeated Persian King Darius III at Granicus,
:Turkey.
5/22/1802:Martha Dandridge Custis Washington, wife of George Washington,
:died.
5/22/1843:First large-scale migration west.
5/22/1856:Senator Charles Sumner (Massachusetts) beaten with a cane by
:Representative Preston S. Brooks on the US Senate floor.
5/22/1865:US Civil War ended.
5/22/1868:The Reno gang stole $98,000 in the first "Great Train Robbery".
5/22/1885:Victor Hugo, French author, died.
5/22/1906:Wright brothers granted patent on airplane.
5/22/1924:Nathan Leopold and Richard Loeb arrested for the "thrill killing".
5/22/1943:Helen Herron Taft, wife of William Howard Taft, died.
5/22/1959:First US black Major General (Benjamin O. Davis Jr).
5/22/1961:First revolving restaurant dedicated (Top of the Needle, Seattle).
5/22/1966:Bruce Springsteen (and the Castilles) recorded his first albumn
:(unreleased).
5/22/1972:Ceylon was declared a republic and changed its name to Sri Lanka.
5/22/1972:Richard Nixon became the first US president to visit Moscow.
5/22/1973:"Ethernet" first used (Bob Metcalfe).
5/22/1977:MITS sold to Pertec.
5/22/1978:Tornado in Saragosa Texas (29 killed, 121 injured out of 185
:population).
5/22/1990:Rocky Graziano (Thomas Rocco Barbella), boxer, died.
5/22/1992:Johnny Carson hosted his last "Tonight Show."
5/23 :Commonwealth Day (Jamaica and Belize).
5/23 :National Labor Day (Jamaica).
5/23/1430:Joan of Arc was captured by the Burgundians.
5/23/1533:The marriage of King Henry VIII to Catherine of Aragon declared
:null and void.
5/23/1701:Captain William Kidd was hanged for piracy and murder.
5/23/1788:South Carolina became the 8th US state.
5/23/1825:Mason Locke Weems, inventor of Washington and the cherry tree
:fable, died.
5/23/1844:The Bab (prophet-herald of the Baha'i Faith) announced Himself.
5/23/1868:Christopher "Kit" Carson, frontiersman, died.
5/23/1873:Canada's North West Mounted Police force was established.
5/23/1891:First railroad chapel car dedicated (Evangel, Cincinnati).
5/23/1900:First black awarded the US Congressional Medal of Honor (William
:Carney).
5/23/1903:First cross-country auto trip began.
5/23/1905:Mary Ashton Livermore, American women's suffrage leader, died.
5/23/1906:Henrik Ibsen, playwright ("Peer Gynt"), died.
5/23/1934:Bonnie Parker and Clyde Barrow were shot to death by police.
5/23/1939:The submarine Squalus sunk off New Hampshire.
5/23/1953:Two Yetis sighted, Mount Everest.
5/23/1954:Five Cardinals batted without the Reds catcher handling a pitch.
5/23/1955:Presbyterian General Assembly accepts women ministers.
5/23/1960:Israeli agents captured Adolf Eichmann in Argentina.
5/23/1963:Elmore James, blues musician.
5/23/1976:The Washington Post reported that Elizabeth Ray was
:Representative Wayne Hays' mistress.
5/23/1978:Buddy, Jean, and Haywood become partners owning the Boston Red
:Sox.
5/23/1984:US Surgeon General Everett Koop said evidence showed lung disease
:could result from nonsmokers' exposure to smoking.
5/23/1986:Sterling Hayden, actor, died.
5/24 :Battle of Pinchincha (Ecuador).
5/24 :British Empire Day.
5/24 :Enlightenment and Culture Day (Bulgaria).
5/24/1543:Nicolaus Copernicus, Polish astronomer, died.
5/24/1626:The Dutch West Indies Trading Company bought the island of
:Manhattan.
5/24/1831:James Peale, portrait painter, died.
5/24/1844:First message sent over telegraph ("What hath God wrought?").
5/24/1856:John Brown attacked Pottawatomie, Kansas.
5/24/1861:First Union Combat fatality of US Civil War (Elmer Ellsworth).
5/24/1879:William Lloyd Garrison, American antislavery leader, died.
5/24/1881:Victoria disaster (182 killed, London, Ontario).
5/24/1883:Brooklyn Bridge opened.
5/24/1893:Anti-Saloon League founded (Rev. H.H. Russell).
5/24/1899:First auto garage opened (Boston).
5/24/1917:Russian peasants revolted.
5/24/1918:First black American awarded the Croix de Guerre medal (Henry
:Johnson).
5/24/1927:Ford announced they would discontinue the Model T.
5/24/1935:First night major league game played (Crosley Field, Cincinnati -
:vs. Philadelphia Phillies).
5/24/1936:Tony Lazzeri, Yankee second baseman, drove in 11 runs (three home
:runs, two of them grand slams, and a triple).
5/24/1941:The British battleship HMS Hood sunk.
5/24/1962:Aurora 7 Mercury Space Capsule (US) launched.
5/24/1966:Jerry Herman's "Mame" opened on Broadway.
5/24/1974:Duke Ellington, jazz great, died.
5/24/1985:"A View to a Kill" released in US.
5/24/1991:Johnny Carson announced he'd retire as host of "Tonight Show."
5/25 :African Freedom Day (Chad, Zambia, etc).
5/25 :Elizabeth Bower Day (Oklahoma).
5/25 :Independence Day (Argentina).
5/25 :Independence Day (Jordan).
5/25 :Memorial Day (New Mexico and Puerto Rico)..
5/25 :National Missing Children's Day.
5/25 :Revolution in Sudan (Libyan Arab Republic).
5/25/1539:First woman colonist in North America (Francisca Hintestrosa).
5/25/1721:First marine and fire insurance company in America (John Copson,
:Philadelphia).
5/25/1787:First regular session of the American Constitutional Convention
:held.
5/25/1793:First US priest ordained (Stephen Theodore Badin).
5/25/1810:Argentina established as an independent republic.
5/25/1830:Successful test of the limelight in Purfleet, England.
5/25/1899:Rosa Bonheur, French landscape painter, died.
5/25/1901:First Indian motorcycle built.
5/25/1935:Babe Ruth hit his 714th and final home run (Forbes Field).
5/25/1946:Autonomy of Jordan proclaimed.
5/25/1949:Chinese communist forces entered Shanghai.
5/25/1961:Landing a man on the moon declared a US national objective.
5/25/1963:Organization for African Unity formed.
5/25/1965:Cassius Clay defeated Sonny Liston (Lewiston, Maine).
5/25/1968:Charles K. Feldman (Charles K. Gould), film producer, died.
5/25/1973:Skylab 2 (US) launched.
5/25/1979:American Airlines flight 191 crashed (Chicago).
5/25/1980:Oral Roberts saw 900 foot tall Jesus Christ (Tulsa Oklahoma).
5/25/1986:Existence of Lechuguilla Cave (New Mexico) confirmed.
5/26/604 :Augustine, first archbishop of Canterbury, died.
5/26/1689:Lady Mary Wortley Montagu, English author, baptized.
5/26/1703:Samuel Pepys, English diarist, died.
5/26/1868:Second US Senate vote regarding Andrew Johnson's impeachment
:(acquitted).
5/26/1907:Ida Saxton McKinley, wife of William McKinley, died.
5/26/1924:Congress set first immigration quotas.
5/26/1927:15,000,000th Ford Model T came off the assembly line.
5/26/1939:Dr. Charles Horace Mayo, co-founder of Mayo Clinic, died.
5/26/1945:B-29s firebombed Tokyo.
5/26/1954:Explosion on USS Bennington (over 100 died).
5/26/1959:Harvey Haddix threw a 12-innings of perfect baseball (and lost).
5/26/1980:Soyuz 36 (USSR) launched.
5/26/1981:Aircraft crashed on carrier Nimitz (14 killed).
5/27 :Bank Holiday (UK).
5/27 :Kaigun Kinenbi, Navy Commemoration Day (Japan).
5/27/1199:John became the English Sovereign.
5/27/1703:Saint Petersburg founded as the new capital of Russia.
5/27/1796:Piano patented (J.S. McLean, New Jersey).
5/27/1840:Nicolo Paganini, violin virtuoso, died.
5/27/1905:Japanese navy destroyed the Russian fleet in the Tsushima Straits.
5/27/1914:Joseph Wilson Swan, English scientist and inventor, died.
5/27/1921:Afghanistan attained sovereignty.
5/27/1936:Maiden voyage of RMS Queen Mary.
5/27/1937:Golden Gate Bridge opened.
5/27/1941:German Battleship Bismarck was sunk.
5/27/1958:First joint meeting of US and European ALGOL definition
:committees.
5/27/1964:"From Russia With Love" opened in the US.
5/27/1964:Jawaharlal Nehru, prime minister of India, died.
5/27/1968:Nuclear submarine Scorpion was lost.
5/27/1981:Lenny Randle blew a baseball into foul territory (illegally).
5/27/1986:Corn Muffin made the official Massachusetts State Muffin.
5/28 :Mothers Day (Central African Republic).
5/28 :Workers Memorial Day.
5/28/1081:Saint Bernard of Montjoux died.
5/28/1773:First sermon in a Jewish service in US (Rabbi Chaim Isaac
:Carigal).
5/28/1798:John Adams was empowered to recruit a volunteer army.
5/28/1830:Indian Removal Act signed.
5/28/1843:Noah Webster, US teacher and journalist, died.
5/28/1849:Anne Bronte, novelist ("Agnes Grey"), died.
5/28/1871:Paris Commune was defeated after what is now known as "Bloody
:Week".
5/28/1880:20 drowned in cloudburst in Del Rio, Texas.
5/28/1881:First state pure food and drug legislation enacted (New York).
5/28/1898:Edward Bellamy, US author ("Looking Backward"), died.
5/28/1922:John Munroe Longyear, American capitalist, died.
5/28/1940:Evacuation of Dunkerque began.
5/28/1942:Sugar rationing began in US.
5/28/1959:First meeting of COBOL definition committee (eventually CODASYL).
5/28/1959:Abel and Baker, chimps, were launched from Cape Canaveral.
5/28/1971:Mars 3 (USSR), first Mars softlanding, launched.
5/28/1972:Duke of Windsor (formerly King Edward VIII) died.
5/28/1979:Greece became the 10th member of the European Common Market.
5/29 :Jefferson Davis' Birthday (Mississippi).
5/29/1453:Turks captured Constantinople (now Istanbul).
5/29/1660:Charles II restored to the English throne.
5/29/1787:"Virginia Plan" proposed.
5/29/1790:Rhode Island became the 13th US state.
5/29/1848:Wisconsin became 30th US state.
5/29/1866:General Winfield Scott, negotiator of Indian peace treaties, died.
5/29/1892:Baha'u'llah, prophet of the Baha'i Faith, died.
5/29/1911:Sir William Schwenck Gilbert, of Gilbert and Sullivan fame, died.
5/29/1919:Einstein's "Theory of Relativity" tested during a solar eclipse.
5/29/1919:Pop-up toaster patented (Charles Strite).
5/29/1933:Gold standard abrogation authorized.
5/29/1942:John Barrymore (John Blythe), actor, died.
5/29/1953:Sir Edmund Percival Hillary and Tenzing Norkay climbed Mount
:Everest.
5/29/1977:Fire in nightclub in Southgate, Kentucky (162 killed).
5/29/1985:British soccer fans attacked Italian fans in Brussels (38 killed,
:400 injured).
5/30 :Decoration Day.
5/30/727 :Saint Hubert (patron of hunters and dogs) died.
5/30/1431:Joan of Arc burned at the Stake.
5/30/1527:University of Marburg (Germany) founded.
5/30/1593:Christopher Marlowe, English playwright ("Doctor Faustus"),
:fatally stabbed.
5/30/1640:Peter Paul Rubens, Flemish painter, died.
5/30/1744:Alexander Pope, English poet, died.
5/30/1778:Jean Francois Marie Voltaire, French author and philosopher, died.
5/30/1783:First daily newspaper began publication (Pennsylvania Evening
:Post).
5/30/1806:Andrew Jackson killed Charles Dickinson in a duel.
5/30/1830:One horsepower locomotive pulled four tons at 15 miles per hour.
5/30/1868:First Memorial Day observed.
5/30/1883:Panic on the Brooklyn Bridge (12 trampled).
5/30/1901:Hall of Fame for Great Americans at New York University dedicated.
5/30/1911:First Indianapolis 500.
5/30/1912:US Marines sent to Nicaragua.
5/30/1912:Wilbur Wright, aviation pioneer, died.
5/30/1922:Lincoln Memorial dedicated.
5/30/1927:Jimmy Cooney turned an unassisted triple play.
5/30/1937:Republic Steel Corporation (of Chicago) strike (10 killed, 90
:wounded).
5/30/1943:First All-American Girls Professional Baseball League game (South
:Bend Blue Sox vs. Rockford Peaches).
5/30/1944:Colossus Mark II.
5/30/1960:Boris Leonidovich Pasternak, Russian author ("Dr. Zhivago"), died.
5/30/1966:Surveyor 1 (US) launched.
5/30/1968:Beatles started recording "The White Album".
5/30/1971:Mariner 9 (US), first Mars orbit, launched.
5/30/1974:NASA ATS-6 (US) launched.
5/30/1982:Spain joined NATO (16th member nation).
5/30/1986:Ariane-2 (ESA) launched.
5/30/1989:Claude Denson Pepper, Florida Congressman, died.
5/31 :Pya Martyrs Day (Togo).
5/31 :Republic Day (South Africa).
5/31 :World No-tobacco day (UN).
5/31/1652:Maine made part of Massachusetts Bay Colony.
5/31/1669:Samuel Pepys made the last entry in his "Diary."
5/31/1759:Pennsylvania forbade performance of plays.
5/31/1790:US national copyright law passed.
5/31/1809:Franz Joseph Haydn, composer, died.
5/31/1837:Joseph Grimaldi, "greatest clown in history," died.
5/31/1862:Battle of Seven Pines (Fair Oaks, Virginia).
5/31/1868:First recorded bicycle race (won by Dr. James Moore).
5/31/1884:Patent for "flaked cereal" applied for (Dr. John Harvey Kellogg).
5/31/1889:Johnstown, Pennsylvania flooded (2,295 killed).
5/31/1902:The Boer War ended.
5/31/1910:Elizabeth Blackwell, first woman medical doctor, died.
5/31/1910:Union of South Africa established.
5/31/1913:17th Amendment to US Constitution (popular election of Senators)
:became law.
5/31/1918:Military exemptions for conscientious objectors offered.
5/31/1930:Bobby Jones won British Amateur.
5/31/1949:Charley Lupica vowed not to come down from atop a flagpole until
:the Cleveland Indians were in first place.
5/31/1961:Republic of South Africa established.
5/31/1962:Adolf Eichmann hanged for war crimes.
5/31/1974:Adelle Davis, nutritionist, died.
5/31/1978:First state plain language law enacted (New York).
5/31/1983:Jack Dempsey, heavyweight boxing champion, died.
5/31/1985:Seven federally insured banks in Arkansas, Minnesota, Nebraska,
:and Oregon closed by FDIC.