JUNE

BIRTHDAYS

6/1/1637 :Jacques Marquette, French explorer of the Mississippi River and
:Jesuit priest.
6/1/1801 :Brigham Young, Mormon leader.
6/1/1878 :John Masefield, English poet.
6/1/1926 :Andy Griffith, actor.
6/1/1926 :Marilyn Monroe (Norma Jean Mortenson), actress.
6/1/1929 :James Hadley Billington, Librarian of Congress.
6/1/1930 :Edward Woodward, actor ("Breaker Morant").
6/1/1934 :Pat Boone, singer-actor.
6/1/1937 :Morgan Freeman, actor.
6/1/1939 :Cleavon Little, comedian.
6/1/1940 :Rene Auberjonois, actor.
6/1/1942 :Tom Mankiewicz, screenwriter.
6/1/1945 :Frederica von Stade, opera singer.
6/1/1947 :Ron Wood, musician.
6/1/1956 :Lisa Hartman-Black, actress.
6/1/1961 :Paul Coffey.
6/2/1732 :Martha Washington. (1731?) (6/21?)
6/2/1740 :Marquis de Sade, French author of erotic novels.
6/2/1835 :St. Pius X (Giuseppe Melchiorre Sarto), 257th Roman Catholic Pope.
6/2/1840 :Thomas Hardy, English novelist.
6/2/1857 :Sir Edward Elgar, composer ("Pomp and Circumstance").
6/2/1890 :Hedda Hopper, Hollywood columnist.
6/2/1904 :Johnny Weissmuller, Olympic swimmer and actor.
6/2/1913 :Barbara Pym.
6/2/1929 :Chuck Barris, TV producer. (6/3?)
6/2/1937 :Sally Kellerman, actress.
6/2/1941 :Charlie Watts, Rolling Stones drummer.
6/2/1941 :Stacy Keach Jr, actor.
6/2/1944 :Marvin Hamlisch, composer.
6/2/1948 :Jerry Mathers, actor.
6/2/1953 :Diana Canova, actress.
6/2/1955 :Dana Carvey, comic.
6/3/1761 :Henry Shrapnel, English inventor of the shrapnel shell.
6/3/1780 :William Hone, English author and bookseller.
6/3/1808 :Jefferson Davis, president of the Confederacy.
6/3/1811 :Henry James Sr, theological writer and lecturer.
6/3/1844 :Garret Augustus Hobart, 24th US Vice president.
6/3/1864 :Ransom Eli Olds, automaker.
6/3/1901 :Maurice Evans, actor.
6/3/1911 :Paulette Goddard, actress.
6/3/1925 :Tony Curtis (Bernard Schwartz), actor.
6/3/1926 :Allen Ginsberg, poet.
6/3/1926 :Colleen Dewhurst, actress.
6/3/1929 :Chuck Barris, producer and TV host. (6/2?)
6/3/1942 :Curtis Mayfield, singer and songwriter.
6/3/1951 :Deniece Williams, singer.
6/3/1958 :Scott Valentine, actor. (1959?)
6/3/1961 :Charles Hart, lyricist and composer.
6/4/1738 :King George III, king during American Revolution.
6/4/1867 :Carl Gustaf Mannerheim.
6/4/1917 :Howard M. Metzenbaum, Ohio Senator.
6/4/1919 :Robert Merrill, opera singer.
6/4/1922 :Gene Barry (Eugene Klass), actor.
6/4/1924 :Dennis Weaver, actor.
6/4/1936 :Bruce Dern, actor.
6/4/1937 :Freddie Fender, singer.
6/4/1946 :Bettina Gregory, journalist.
6/4/1952 :Parker Stevenson, actor.
6/4/1957 :Tony Pena, baseball player.
6/4/1961 :Eldra DeBarge, singer and musician.
6/4/1963 :Xavier Maurice McDaniel, basketball player.
6/4/1965 :Andrea Jaeger, tennis player.
6/5/1723 :Adam Smith, Scottish economist.
6/5/1878 :Pancho Villa, Mexican revolutionary.
6/5/1883 :John Maynard Keynes, English economist.
6/5/1884 :Ivy Compton-Burnett.
6/5/1898 :Federico Garica Lorca.
6/5/1898 :William Boyd, actor (played Hopalong Cassidy).
6/5/1921 :Bosin Blackbear, artist.
6/5/1928 :Tony Richardson, director.
6/5/1929 :Robert Lansing, actor.
6/5/1931 :Jacques Demy, director.
6/5/1934 :Bill Moyers, journalist and commentator.
6/5/1939 :Charles Joseph (Joe) Clark, 16th Canadian Prime Minister.
6/5/1939 :Margaret Drabble, English novelist. (5/6?)
6/5/1949 :Ken Follett, Welsh author.
6/5/1956 :Kenny G., musician.
6/5/1971 :Marky Mark (Mark Wahlberg), singer.
6/6/1599 :Diego Velasquez, Spanish painter.
6/6/1606 :Pierre Corneille.
6/6/1755 :Nathan Hale, US patriot.
6/6/1856 :John Turnbull, artist (depicted the American Revolution).
6/6/1875 :Thomas Mann, German novelist.
6/6/1891 :Ted Lewis, vaudeville bandleader.
6/6/1901 :Ahmed Sukarno, Indonesian dictator.
6/6/1903 :Aram (Ilich) Khachaturian, Armenian musician and composer.
6/6/1907 :Bill Dickey, baseball "Hall of Famer."
6/6/1925 :Maxine Kumin.
6/6/1928 :George Deukmejian, former California Governor.
6/6/1932 :Billie Whitelaw, actress.
6/6/1934 :Roy Innis, civil rights activist.
6/6/1939 :Gary "U.S." Bonds (Gary Anderson), singer and songwriter.
6/6/1939 :Marian Wright-Edelman, president of Children's Defense Fund.
6/6/1954 :Harvey Fierstein, playwright and actor.
6/6/1955 :Sandra Bernhard, comedian.
6/6/1956 :Bjorn Borg, tennis player.
6/6/1963 :Ruben Mayes, football player.
6/6/1976 :Lukas Haas, actor.
6/7/1325 :R.D. Blackmore, English novelist ("Lorna Doone").
6/7/1778 :George Bryan "Beau" Brummell, British fashion plate.
6/7/1848 :(Eugene Henri) Paul Gauguin, French post-impressionist painter.
6/7/1896 :Vivien Kellems, industrialist.
6/7/1899 :Elizabeth Bowen.
6/7/1909 :Jessica Tandy, actress.
6/7/1909 :Peter Rodino, former New Jersey Congressman.
6/7/1917 :Gwendolyn Brooks, first black woman Pulitzer Prize winner for
:poetry.
6/7/1922 :Rocky Graziano (Thomas Rocco Barbella), heavyweight boxing champ.
6/7/1924 :Delores Gray, actress and singer.
6/7/1929 :John Napier Turner, 17th Canadian prime minister.
6/7/1940 :Tom Jones (Thomas Woodward), singer.
6/7/1946 :Bill Kreutzmann, singer and musician. (4/7?)
6/7/1958 :"Prince" Rogers Nelson, funk-rock star.
6/8/1790 :US government repaid its first loan.
6/8/1810 :Robert Schumann, German composer.
6/8/1847 :Ida Saxton McKinley, wife of William McKinley.
6/8/1869 :Frank Lloyd Wright, architect. (1867?)
6/8/1893 :Ernest B. Schoedsack, director ("King Kong").
6/8/1903 :Marguerite Yourcenor.
6/8/1916 :Francis Crick, British geneticist (co-discoverer of the DNA
:"double helix").
6/8/1917 :Byron Raymond White, Supreme Court Justice.
6/8/1918 :Robert Preston, actor.
6/8/1921 :Alexis Smith, actress.
6/8/1921 :President Suharto, of Indonesia.
6/8/1925 :Barbara Pierce Bush, wife of George Bush.
6/8/1929 :Jerry Stiller, actor.
6/8/1930 :Dana Wynter, actress.
6/8/1933 :Joan Rivers (Joan Molinsky), comedienne.
6/8/1936 :James Darren, actor.
6/8/1940 :Nancy Sinatra, singer and actress.
6/8/1944 :Boz Scaggs, singer and musician.
6/8/1944 :Don Grady, actor.
6/8/1950 :Kathy Baker.
6/8/1953 :Bonnie Tyler, singer.
6/8/1955 :Griffin Dunne, actor and producer.
6/8/1965 :Rob Pilatus.
6/9/1672 :Peter the Great, Russian Czar.
6/9/1781 :George Stephenson, developer of steam locomotive.
6/9/1791 :John Howard Payne, actor-playwright.
6/9/1865 :Carl Nielsen, Danish composer.
6/9/1892 :Cole Porter, composer.
6/9/1901 :George Price, cartoonist.
6/9/1910 :Robert Cummings, actor.
6/9/1916 :Les Paul, musician and inventor.
6/9/1916 :Robert Strange McNamara, former World Bank president.
6/9/1922 :George Axelrod, writer.
6/9/1923 :Les Paul (Lester Polfus).
6/9/1930 :Marvin Kalb, educator and journalist.
6/9/1934 :Jackie Mason (Yacov Moshe Maza), comedian., (1930?)
6/9/1939 :Letty Cottin Pogrebin, author.
6/9/1951 :David Gene Parker, baseball player.
6/9/1958 :Wayne Geiser, originator of "On This Day."
6/9/1961 :Michael Andrew Fox (a.k.a. Michael J. Fox), actor.
6/9/1963 :Johnny Depp, actor.
6/9/1964 :Wayman Tisdale, basketball player.
6/10/1741:Joseph Warren.
6/10/1889:Hattie McDaniel, actress.
6/10/1910:Howlin' Wolf (Chester Burnett).
6/10/1921:Prince Philip, husband of Queen Elizabeth II.
6/10/1922:Judy Garland (Frances Gumm), actress-singer.
6/10/1922:Rose Moffard, Arizona acting Governor.
6/10/1925:Nat Hentoff, columnist.
6/10/1928:Maurice Sendak, children's book author.
6/10/1932:J. Bennett Johnston, Louisiana Senator.
6/10/1933:F. Lee Bailey, lawyer.
6/10/1938:Samuel Knox Skinner, US Secretary of Transportation.
6/10/1941:Shirley Owens Alston, singer (lead of Shirelles).
6/10/1943:Jeff Greenfield, media commentator.
6/10/1947:Ken Singleton.
6/10/1951:Dan Fouts.
6/10/1955:Andrew Stevens, actor.
6/10/1966:Doug McKeon, actor.
6/11/1572:Ben Jonson, English poet and dramatist.
6/11/1776:John Constable, English landscape painter.
6/11/1864:Richard Georg Strauss, German composer.
6/11/1880:Jeannette Rankin, first woman elected to US House of
:Representatives.
6/11/1899:Yasunari Kawabata.
6/11/1900:Lawrence Spivak, broadcast journalist.
6/11/1910:Jacques Cousteau, undersea explorer.
6/11/1913:Rise Stevens, opera singer.
6/11/1913:Vince Lombardi, football coach.
6/11/1925:William Styron, author.
6/11/1935:Gene Wilder, actor.
6/11/1936:Chad Everett (Raymond Cramton), actor.
6/11/1937:Johnny Brown, comedian.
6/11/1939:Jackie Stewart, auto racer.
6/11/1945:Adrienne Barbeau, actress.
6/11/1947:Henry Cisneros, former mayor of San Antonio.
6/11/1954:Gary Fencik, football player.
6/11/1956:Joe Montana, football player.
6/12/1802:Harriet Martineau.
6/12/1806:John Augustus Roebling, designer of the Brooklyn Bridge.
6/12/1819:Charles Kingsley, English novelist ("The Water Babies").
6/12/1827:Johanna Spyri, Swiss author ("Heidi").
6/12/1892:Djuna Barnes.
6/12/1894:Edward Albert Christian George Andrew Patrick David (a.k.a. King
:Edward VIII).
6/12/1914:William Lundigan, actor.
6/12/1915:David Rockefeller, banker.
6/12/1916:Irwin Allen, movie producer.
6/12/1919:Uta Hagen, actress.
6/12/1921:James Houston, author-illustrator.
6/12/1924:George Herbert Walker Bush, 41st US president.
6/12/1928:Vic Damone (Vito Farinola), singer.
6/12/1929:Anne Frank, diarist.
6/12/1932:Rona Jaffe, author.
6/12/1932:Jim Nabors, comic actor.
6/12/1941:Chick Corea, musician.
6/12/1943:Marv Albert, TV station director and sportscaster.
6/12/1957:Timothy Busfield, actor.
6/12/1958:Rory Sparrow, basketball player.
6/13/1752:Fanny Burney.
6/13/1786:General Winfield Scott, negotiator of Indian peace treaties.
6/13/1865:William Butler Yeats, Irish poet-dramatist.
6/13/1892:Basil Rathbone, actor.
6/13/1893:Dorothy Sayers.
6/13/1899:Carlos Chavez, Mexican composer.
6/13/1903:Harold "Red" Grange, football great.
6/13/1911:Luis Alverez, inventor and nuclear physicist.
6/13/1913:Ralph Edwards, TV host. (1/13?)
6/13/1935:Christo (Christo Javacheff), artist.
6/13/1943:Malcolm McDowell, actor.
6/13/1951:Richard Thomas, actor.
6/13/1953:Tim Allen, comedian.
6/13/1962:Ally (Alexandra Elizabeth) Sheedy, actress.
6/13/1963:Bettina Bunge, tennis player.
6/13/1963:Caterina Lindqvist.
6/13/1964:Sarunas Marciulionis, basketball player.
6/14/1811:Harriett Beecher Stowe, author ("Uncle Tom's Cabin").
6/14/1820:John Bartlett, compiler of Bartlett's Familiar Quotations.
6/14/1855:Robert La Follette, Wisconsin Governor.
6/14/1864:Alois Alzheimer, German psychiatrist.
6/14/1909:Burl Ives (Burl Icle Ivanhoe Ives), actor and folksinger.
6/14/1918:Dorothy McGuire, actress.
6/14/1919:Sam Wanamaker, actor-director.
6/14/1925:Pierre Salinger, journalist and author.
6/14/1928:Ernesto "Che" Guevara, Cuban revolutionary.
6/14/1933:Jerzy Kosinski, author ("Being There").
6/14/1946:Donald Trump, real estate developer.
6/14/1946:Marla Gibbs, actress.
6/14/1952:Eddie Mekka, actor.
6/14/1958:Eric Heiden, speed skater.
6/14/1961:Boy George (B. George Alan O'Dowd), singer.
6/14/1961:Samuel Bruce Perkins, basketball player.
6/14/1969:Steffi Graf, tennis player.
6/15/1330:Prince Edward ("The Black Prince") of Wales.
6/15/1767:Rachel Donelson Robards Jackson, wife of Andrew Jackson.
6/15/1843:Edward (Edvard Hagerup) Grieg, Norwegian composer.
6/15/1884:Harry Langdon, silent film comedian.
6/15/1902:Erik Erikson, psychoanalyst.
6/15/1910:David Rose, composer-conductor.
6/15/1914:Saul Steinberg, artist.
6/15/1922:Morris K. Udall, former Arizona Congressman.
6/15/1932:Mario M. Cuomo, New York Governor.
6/15/1937:Waylon Jennings, singer.
6/15/1941:Harry Nilsson, songwriter.
6/15/1954:Jim Belushi, actor.
6/15/1957:Brett Morgan Butler, baseball player.
6/15/1957:Polly Draper, actress.
6/15/1958:Wade Boggs, baseball player.
6/15/1963:Helen Hunt, actress.
6/15/1973:Neil Patrick Harris, actor.
6/16/1829:Geronimo (Goyathlay).
6/16/1890:Stan Laurel, film comedian.
6/16/1917:Irving Penn, photographer.
6/16/1917:Katharine Graham, newspaper publisher.
6/16/1920:John Howard Griffin, US author and photographer.
6/16/1937:Eric Segal, author.
6/16/1938:Joyce Carol Oates, author.
6/16/1939:Billy "Crash" Craddock, singer.
6/16/1940:Neil Goldschmidt, former Oregon Governor.
6/16/1943:Joan Van Ark, actress.
6/16/1951:Roberto Duran, boxer.
6/16/1955:Wayne Rollins, basketball player.
6/16/1967:Eric Schweig.
6/17/1703:John Wesley, founder of Methodism. (6/28?)
6/17/1742:William Hooper, signer of the US Declaration of Independence.
6/17/1858:Eben Sumner Draper, former Massachusetts Governor.
6/17/1882:Igor Fedorovich Stravinsky, Russian-born composer.
6/17/1904:Ralph Bellamy, actor.
6/17/1914:John Hersey, author. (1917?)
6/17/1917:Dean Martin (Dino Crocetti), actor-singer.
6/17/1923:Elroy "Crazylegs" Hirsch, football player.
6/17/1933:Guy Hunt, former Alabama Governor.
6/17/1946:Barry Manilow, singer.
6/17/1951:Joe Piscopo, comedian.
6/17/1953:Mark Linn-Baker, actor.
6/17/1963:Greg Kinnear.
6/17/1966:Jason Patric.
6/18/1850:Cyrus Curtis, founder and publisher of the Ladies' Home Journal.
6/18/1854:Edward Scripps, journalist and publisher.
6/18/1857:Henry Clay Folger Jr, US businessman and industrialist.
6/18/1886:George Leigh Mallory, English explorer and mountain climber.
6/18/1898:M.C. Escher.
6/18/1906:Kay Kyser (James King Kern Kyser), US bandleader.
6/18/1910:E.G. Marshall, actor.
6/18/1913:Sammy Cahn, songwriter.
6/18/1913:Sylvia Porter, journalist.
6/18/1922:Donald Keene, literary critic.
6/18/1926:Tom Wicker, journalist.
6/18/1937:Gail Godwin, American novelist ("The Odd Woman").
6/18/1937:John D. (Jay) Rockefeller IV, West Virginia Senator.
6/18/1939:Lou Brock, baseball player.
6/18/1942:Paul McCartney, singer and songwriter.
6/18/1942:Roger Joseph Ebert, critic.
6/18/1952:Barry Champagne, stunt coordinator and engineer.
6/18/1952:Carol Kane, actress.
6/18/1952:Isabella Rossellini, actress ("White Nights").
6/19/1566:James VI of Scotland (later James I of England).
6/19/1623:Blaise Pascal, French Philosopher and Mathematician.
6/19/1856:Elbert Hubbard, aspiring US author and craftsman.
6/19/1896:Duchess of Windsor (Bessie Wallis Warfield).
6/19/1902:Guy Lombardo, bandleader.
6/19/1903:Henry Louis "Lou" Gehrig, baseball player.
6/19/1908:Mildred Natwick, actress.
6/19/1908:Quentin N. Burdick, North Dakota Senator.
6/19/1914:Alan Cranston, former California Senator.
6/19/1919:Abe Fortas, first US Supreme Court Justice to be forced to resign.
6/19/1919:Pauline Kael, movie critic.
6/19/1921:Howell Thomas Heflin, Alabama Senator.
6/19/1921:Louis Jourdan, actor. (1919?) [1920?]
6/19/1928:Nancy Marchand, actress.
6/19/1932:Marisa Pavan, actress.
6/19/1936:Gena Rowlands, actress.
6/19/1938:Charles Gwathmey, architect.
6/19/1941:Ann Wilson, rock singer. (1951?)
6/19/1942:Robert W. (Bob) Kasten Jr, Wisconsin Senator.
6/19/1947:Salmon Rushdie, author.
6/19/1949:Phylicia Ayers-Allen Rashad, actress.
6/19/1954:Kathleen Turner, actress.
6/19/1962:Paula Abdul, singer and dancer.
6/19/1978:Garfield, cartoon cat.
6/20/1819:Jacques Offenbach, German composer.
6/20/1858:Charles W. Chestnutt.
6/20/1907:Lillian Hellman, author-playwright. (1905?)
6/20/1909:Errol Flynn, actor.
6/20/1915:Terence Young, film director.
6/20/1924:Audie Murphy, World War II hero-actor.
6/20/1924:Chet Atkins, guitarist.
6/20/1928:Jean-Marie LePen, French politician.
6/20/1931:Olympia Dukakis, actress.
6/20/1933:Danny Aiello, actor.
6/20/1942:Brian Wilson, singer and songwriter.
6/20/1945:Anne Murray, singer.
6/20/1946:Andre Watts, concert pianist.
6/20/1947:Candy Clark, actress.
6/20/1949:Lionel Richie, singer.
6/20/1952:John Goodman, actor.
6/20/1953:Cindy Lauper, singer.
6/20/1960:John Taylor, rock musician.
6/21/1731:Martha Dandridge Custis Washington, first lady. (6/2?)
6/21/1774:Daniel D. Tompkins, 6th US vice president.
6/21/1859:Henry Ossawa Tanner, black artist.
6/21/1903:Al Hirschfeld, cartoonist.
6/21/1905:Jean-Paul Sartre, philosopher and author.
6/21/1912:Mary McCarthy, author.
6/21/1921:Jane Russell, actress.
6/21/1925:Maureen Stapleton, actress.
6/21/1931:Lawrence K. Grossman, former NBC News president.
6/21/1933:Bernie Kopell, actor.
6/21/1935:Francoise Sagan.
6/21/1935:Monte Markham, actor.
6/21/1938:Ron Ely, actor.
6/21/1940:Joe Flaherty, writer and actor.
6/21/1940:Mariette Hartley, actress.
6/21/1944:Ray Davies, rock singer.
6/21/1946:Steve Merrill, New Hampshire governor.
6/21/1947:Meredith Baxter, actress.
6/21/1947:Michael Gross, actor.
6/21/1951:Nils Lofgren, musician and singer.
6/21/1953:Benazir Bhutto, Pakistani political leader.
6/21/1956:Rick Sutcliffe, baseball player.
6/21/1959:Tom Chambers, basketball player.
6/21/1967:Derrick Coleman, basketball player.
6/21/1973:Juliette Lewis, actress ("Cape Fear").
6/21/1982:Prince William of England (William Arthur Philip Louis).
6/22/1844:Margaret Sidney.
6/22/1856:H. Rider Haggard, English adventure novelist ("King Solomon's
:Mines").
6/22/1898:Erich Maria Remarque, German novelist ("All Quiet on the Western
:Front").
6/22/1903:Carl Hubbell.
6/22/1906:Anne Morrow Lindbergh, author and wife of Charles Lindbergh.
6/22/1906:Billy Wilder, author and movie director.
6/22/1907:Michael Todd, movie director.
6/22/1910:Katherine Dunham, dancer-choreographer.
6/22/1921:Joseph Papp, producer and director.
6/22/1922:Bill Blass, fashion designer.
6/22/1928:Ralph Waite, actor.
6/22/1930:Charles August Lindbergh III, "The Lindbergh Baby."
6/22/1933:Dianne Feinstein, California Senator.
6/22/1936:Kris Kristofferson, actor.
6/22/1941:Edward Bradley, newscaster.
6/22/1944:Klaus Maria Brandauer, actor.
6/22/1948:Todd Rundgren, singer and producer.
6/22/1949:Lindsay Wagner, actress.
6/22/1949:Meryl Streep, actress.
6/22/1960:Tracy Pollan, actress.
6/22/1962:Clyde Drexler, basketball player.
6/23/1876:Irvin S. Cobb, US writer and humorist.
6/23/1894:Alfred Kinsey, pioneer sex researcher.
6/23/1894:Duke of Windsor, Britain's former King Edward VIII.
6/23/1907:Jean Anouilh, playwright.
6/23/1911:David Ogilvy, advertising executive.
6/23/1912:Alan M. Turing.
6/23/1913:William P. Rogers, former US Secretary of State.
6/23/1916:Irene Worth, actress.
6/23/1927:Bob Fosse, director-choreographer.
6/23/1929:June Carter Cash, singer.
6/23/1933:Bert Convy, actor. (7/23?)
6/23/1940:Wilma Rudolph, US Olympic gold medalist (track).
6/23/1943:James Levine, conductor.
6/23/1946:Ted Shackelford, actor.
6/23/1948:Clarence Thomas, US Supreme Court justice.
6/23/1958:Marty Barrett, baseball player.
6/24/1763:Josephine, French Empress and Napoleon's wife.
6/24/1813:Henry Ward Beecher, clergyman.
6/24/1842:Ambrose Bierce, writer and satirist.
6/24/1895:Jack Dempsey, heavyweight boxing champion.
6/24/1906:Phil Harris, bandleader.
6/24/1912:Norman Cousins, Saturday Review author-editor.
6/24/1916:John Ciardi, US poet and critic.
6/24/1919:Al Molinaro, actor.
6/24/1923:Jack Carter, comedian.
6/24/1930:Claude Chabrol, director.
6/24/1942:Michele Lee, actress-dancer.
6/24/1942:Mick Fleetwood, drummer.
6/24/1944:Jeff Beck.
6/24/1946:Ellison S. Onizuka, astronaut.
6/24/1946:Robert B. Reich, US Labor Secretary.
6/24/1947:Peter Weller, actor ("Robocop").
6/24/1950:Nancy Allen, actress.
6/24/1970:Glenn Medeiros.
6/25/1860:Gustave Charpentier, French composer.
6/25/1874:Rose Cecil O'Neill, illustrator and Kewpie doll designer.
6/25/1878:Charles Stephen Brooks, essayist and author of travel books.
6/25/1886:Henry H. "Hap" Arnold, US Army Air Force General.
6/25/1887:George Abbott, Broadway playwright-director-producer.
6/25/1894:H. Oberth.
6/25/1900:Lord (Louis Francis Albert Victor Nicholas) Mountbatten.
6/25/1903:Eric Arthur Blair (George Orwell), British author ("1984").
6/25/1923:Dorothy Gilman, author.
6/25/1924:Sidney Lumet, movie director.
6/25/1925:June Lockhart, actress.
6/25/1933:James Howard Meredith, first black admitted to University of
:Mississippi.
6/25/1942:James C. Miller III, Director of the Office of Management and
:Budget.
6/25/1942:Willis Reed, basketball player.
6/25/1945:Carly Simon, singer.
6/25/1949:Jimmie Walker, actor and comedian.
6/25/1949:Phyllis George, former Miss America.
6/25/1963:George Michael, rock singer.
6/26/1730:C. Messier.
6/26/1742:Arthur Middleton, American Revolutionary leader.
6/26/1819:Abner Doubleday, baseball pioneer.
6/26/1824:William Thomson Kelvin, British physicist and inventor.
6/26/1892:Pearl Sydenstricker Buck, novelist.
6/26/1898:Willi Messerschmitt, German aircraft designer.
6/26/1902:William Lear, developer of the Lear Jet.
6/26/1904:Peter Lorre, actor.
6/26/1910:Colonel Tom Parker, Elvis Presley's manager.
6/26/1915:Charlotte Zolotow, children's author.
6/26/1922:Eleanor Parker, actress.
6/26/1932:Claudio Abbado, conductor.
6/26/1939:Charles "Chuck" Robb, Virginia Senator.
6/26/1940:Billy Davis Jr, singer.
6/26/1951:Pamela Bellwood, actress.
6/26/1961:Greg LeMond, cyclist.
6/26/1962:Jerome Kersey, basketball player.
6/27/1682:King Charles XII (Charles the Great) of Sweden.
6/27/1846:Charles Stewart Parnell, Irish patriot.
6/27/1850:Lafcadio Hearn, multinational author.
6/27/1859:Mildred J. Hill, composer ("Happy Birthday to You").
6/27/1869:"Red" Emma Goldman, US anarchist.
6/27/1872:Paul Laurence Dunbar, US poet.
6/27/1880:Helen Keller, deaf and blind author.
6/27/1907:John McIntire, actor.
6/27/1926:Frank O'Hara, US poet.
6/27/1927:Bob Keeshan (Captain Kangaroo), TV personality.
6/27/1927:Peter Bayliss, actor.
6/27/1928:Rudy Perpich, former governor of Minnesota.
6/27/1930:H. Ross Perot, business executive.
6/27/1934:Anna Moffo, opera singer.
6/27/1938:Bruce E. Babbitt, US Interior Secretary.
6/27/1943:Rico Petrocelli, baseball player.
6/27/1945:Norma Kamali, fashion designer.
6/27/1951:Julia Duffy, TV actress.
6/27/1959:Brereton Jones, Kentucky governor.
6/27/1960:Craig Anthony Hodges, basketball player.
6/27/1964:Chuck Connors Person, basketball player.
6/28/1491:Henry VIII, English King.
6/28/1577:Peter Paul Rubens, Flemish painter.
6/28/1703:John Wesley, English clergyman and founder of Methodism. (6/17?)
6/28/1712:Jean-Jacques Rousseau, French philosopher.
6/28/1867:Luigi Pirandello.
6/28/1876:Clara Louise Maass, nurse who gave her life in yellow fever
:experiments.
6/28/1902:John Dillinger, bank robber.
6/28/1902:Richard Rodgers, composer. (7/28?)
6/28/1909:Eric Ambler, spy novelist.
6/28/1914:Lester Flatt, musician and singer.
6/28/1926:Mel Brooks (Melvyn Kaminsky), movie director.
6/28/1930:Maureen Howard.
6/28/1933:Noriyuki "Pat" Morita, actor.
6/28/1934:Carl Levin, Michigan Senator. (6/29?)
6/28/1938:Leon Panetta, US Budget Director.
6/28/1946:Gilda Radner, comedienne.
6/28/1947:Laura D'Andrea, US Chief Economic Advisor.
6/28/1948:Kathy Bates, actress.
6/28/1949:Don Baylor, baseball player.
6/28/1960:John Elway, football player.
6/28/1961:Jay Schroeder, football player.
6/28/1961:Jeff Malone.
6/28/1964:Mark Eugene Grace, baseball player.
6/28/1966:John Cusack, actor.
6/28/1966:Mary Stuart Masterson, actress.
6/28/1969:Danielle Brisebois, actress.
6/29/1858:George Washington Goethals, US engineer and army officer.
6/29/1861:William James Mayo, founder of the Mayo Clinic.
6/29/1868:George Ellery Hale, founder of Yerkes and Mt. Palomar observatory.
6/29/1900:Antoine de Saint-Exupery.
6/29/1901:Nelson Eddy, actor-singer.
6/29/1915:Ruth Warrick, actress.
6/29/1918:Richard E. Lyng, US Secretary of Agriculture.
6/29/1919:Slim Pickens (Louis Bert Lindley), actor.
6/29/1930:Robert Evans.
6/29/1934:Carl Levin, Michigan Senator. (6/28?)
6/29/1936:Harmon Killebrew, baseball player.
6/29/1941:Kwame Toure (Stokley Carmichael), civil rights leader.
6/29/1944:Gary Busey, actor and musician.
6/29/1947:Richard Lewis, comedian.
6/29/1948:Fred Grandy, Iowa Congressman.
6/29/1956:Pedro Guerrero, baseball player.
6/29/1962:Amanda Donohoe, actress.
6/30/1768:Elizabeth Kortright Monroe, wife of James Monroe.
6/30/1819:William Almon Wheeler, 19th US vice president.
6/30/1893:Harold Laski, English socialist leader.
6/30/1893:Walter Ulbricht, East German leader.
6/30/1896:Howard Hawks, film director.
6/30/1911:Czeslow Milowsz.
6/30/1916:David Wayne, actor.
6/30/1917:Buddy Rich, drummer.
6/30/1917:Lena Horne, singer.
6/30/1917:Susan Hayward, actress.
6/30/1920:Ben Bagdikian, author.
6/30/1936:Nancy Dussault, actress.
6/30/1936:Tony Musante, actor.
6/30/1965:Mitch (Mitchell James) Richmond, basketball player.
6/30/1966:Mike Tyson, boxer.
 

 

EVENTS

6:American Rivers Month
6:Black Music Month
6:Cancer in the Sun Month
6:Gay and Lesbian History Month
6:June Dairy Month
6:June is Turkey Lovers' Month
6:National Accordion Awareness Month
6:National Adopt-A-Cat Month
6:National Drivesafe Month
6:National Fresh Fruit and Vegetable Month
6:National Papaya Month
6:National Pest Control Month
6:National Ragweed Control Month
6:National Rose Month
6:National Tennis Month
6:National Zoo and Aquarium Month
#: Events depending on weekdays
U(6/7) :Day of the Rice God (Japan) (first Sunday).
U(6/7) :Family Day (first Sunday).
U(6/7) :Gioco del Ponte (Italy) (first Sunday).
U(6/7) :International Mothers' Peace Day (first Sunday).
U(6/7) :Pushkin Poetic Festival (USSR) (first Sunday).
U(6/7) :Teacher's Day (Massachusetts) (first Sunday).
W(6/7) :The Derby (England) (first Wednesday?).
R(6/7) :Career Nurse Assistants Day (first Thursday).
F(6/7) :Labor Day (Bahamas) (first Friday).
S(6/11):Belmont Stakes (fifth Saturday after Kentucky Derby).
S(6/14):Past 80 Party (second Saturday).
S(6/14):Trooping the Colour (England) (second Saturday).
M(6/14):Hug Holiday (second Monday).
U(6/14):Children's Day (second Sunday).
U(6/14):Father's Day (France) (second Sunday).
U(6/14):Festival of the Red Rose (second Sunday).
U(6/14):Military Music Festival (Belgium) (second Sunday).
U(6/14):Race Unity Day (second Sunday).
S(6/21):National Hollerin' Contest (Spivey's Corner, North Carolina)
:(third Saturday).
S(6/21):National Jousting Hall of Fame Jousting Tournament (third
:Saturday).
U(6/21):Father's Day (Canada, US, England) (third Sunday).
T(6/28):National Columnist's Day (fourth Tuesday).
U(6/28):Festa del Giglio (Italy) (fourth Sunday).
M(6/30):Jefferson Davis' Birthday (Alabama and Mississippi) (last Monday).
#: Normal events
6/1 :Birthday of His Majesty the King (Malaysia).
6/1 :Independence Day (Samoa).
6/1 :International Children's Day (China).
6/1 :Madaraka Day (Kenya).
6/1 :National Holiday (Tunisia).
6/1 :Procession des Bouteilles (France).
6/1 :Statehood Day (Tennessee).
6/1/1638 :First recorded earthquake in the US (Plymouth Plantation).
6/1/1660 :Mary Dyer hanged for heretical preaching (Boston).
6/1/1789 :First legislation enacted by US Congress.
6/1/1792 :Kentucky became 15th US state.
6/1/1796 :Tennessee became 16th US state.
6/1/1813 :Captain James Lawrence, naval hero of the War of 1812, died.
6/1/1821 :Waterford Academy for Young Ladies founded (Emma Willard).
6/1/1854 :Emily Chubbock Judson (a.k.a. Fanny Forester), American poet,
:died.
6/1/1868 :James Buchanan, 15th US president, died.
6/1/1869 :Voting machine patented (Thomas A. Edison).
6/1/1912 :Daniel Hudson Burnham, US architect, died.
6/1/1925 :Thomas Riley Marshall, 28th US vice president, died.
6/1/1936 :RMS Queen Mary began her maiden crossing of the Atlantic.
6/1/1939 :First FW-190 (Germany) flew.
6/1/1952 :John Dewey, US psychologist and philosopher, died.
6/1/1964 :Prayers and Bible teaching banned in US public schools.
6/1/1965 :Robert Manry, Cleveland newspaper editor, began sailing the
:Atlantic (in a 13.5 foot craft).
6/1/1967 :The Beatles released "Sergent Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band."
6/1/1968 :Helen Keller, blind and deaf author, died.
6/1/1968 :First episode of "The Prisoner" aired.
6/1/1970 :Soyuz 9 (USSR) launched.
6/1/1973 :George Papadopoulos became president of Greece.
6/1/1980 :Arthur Charles Nielsen, marketing research engineer, died.
6/1/1980 :Muhammad Ali was diagnosed as having brain damage.
6/1/1985 :Drinking age raised to 21 in Massachusetts.
6/1/1991 :David Ruffin, singer, died.
6/2 :Coronation Day (UK).
6/2 :Corpus Christi (Paraguay).
6/2 :Republic Day (Italy).
6/2 :Yell "Fudge" at the Cobras in North America Day.
6/2/1774 :Quartering Act (updated act of 1765) passed.
6/2/1835 :P.T. Barnum's circus began first US tour.
6/2/1862 :General Robert E. Lee took command of the Confederate armies of
:East Virginia and North Carolina.
6/2/1886 :Grover Cleveland married Francis Folsom.
6/2/1924 :Native Americans granted US citizenship.
6/2/1933 :Swimming pool accepted in White House for the first time.
6/2/1941 :Henry Louis Gehrig, baseball player, died.
6/2/1946 :Italy chose to be a republic rather than a monarchy.
6/2/1953 :Queen Elizabeth II was crowned.
6/2/1959 :A swarm of gnats attacked Oriole pitcher Hoyt Wilhelm on the
:mound.
6/2/1966 :Surveyor 1 (US) softlanded on the moon.
6/2/1967 :First issue of Computerworld.
6/2/1986 :US Senate began live TV coverage of its proceedings.
6/2/1990 :Frederick Mellinger, founder of Frederick's of Hollywood, died.
6/2/1990 :Rex Harrison, actor ("My Fair Lady"), died.
6/3 :Bank Holiday (Republic of Ireland).
6/3 :Confederate Memorial Day (Kentucky and Louisiana).
6/3 :Jefferson Davis' Birthday (Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, and South
:Carolina).
6/3 :Labor Day (Bahamas).
6/3/1770 :Mission San Carlos Borromeo de Carmelo founded.
6/3/1841 :Nicolas Appert, French chef (invented canning process), died.
6/3/1861 :"Philippi (Virginia) Races."
6/3/1864 :Battle of Cold Harbor.
6/3/1888 :"Casey at the Bat" first appeared in print (San Francisco
:Examiner).
6/3/1898 :Samuel Plimsoll, whom Plimsoll Line named after, died.
6/3/1924 :Franz Kafka, novelist ("The Castle"), died.
6/3/1931 :Howard Dietz and Arthur Schwartz's "The Band Wagon" opened on
:Broadway.
6/3/1932 :Lou Gehrig hit four home runs.
6/3/1937 :Duke of Windsor (formerly King Edward VIII) married Wallis
:Warfield Simpson of Baltimore.
6/3/1942 :Japanese attempted to seize the island of Midway.
6/3/1946 :Bikini introduced (Louis Reard).
6/3/1963 :Billie Jo MacAlister jumped off the Tallahasee Bridge.
6/3/1963 :Pope John 23rd (Angelo Roncalli) died.
6/3/1965 :Gemini 4 (first American to "walk" in space) launched.
6/3/1969 :Last episode of "Star Trek" aired.
6/3/1970 :Emmett J. Culligan, founder of water treatment organization, died.
6/3/1972 :First US female rabbi ordained (Sally Preisand, Cincinnati).
6/3/1984 :San Francisco cable cars began rolling again.
6/3/1989 :Ayatollah Khomeini, Iranian leader, died.
6/3/1990 :Robert N. Noyce, microchip inventor and founder of Intel, died.
6/4 :Dragon Boat Festival (Hong Kong and Taiwan).
6/4 :Flag Day (Finland).
6/4 :International Day of Innocent Children Victims of Aggression.
6/4 :National Day (Tonga).
6/4 :Old Maid's Day (never married women over 35).
6/4 :Queen's Birthday (New Zealand).
6/4/1070 :Roquefort cheese developed.
6/4/1781 :Jack Jouett's ride (warning Virginia of British invasion).
6/4/1784 :First free balloon flight by a woman (Marie Thible).
6/4/1798 :Giacomo Girolamo Casanova, Italian writer-librarian, died.
6/4/1800 :US White House completed.
6/4/1809 :First US state employment service (Ohio).
6/4/1887 :William Almon Wheeler, 19th US vice president, died.
6/4/1896 :Henry Ford completed his first car (but, car wider than door).
6/4/1917 :First Pulitizer Prizes awarded.
6/4/1918 :Charles Warren Fairbanks, 26th US vice president, died.
6/4/1919 :Women's Suffrage bill passed in US Senate.
6/4/1940 :Dunkirk evacuation completed.
6/4/1940 :First night game at Forbes Field.
6/4/1942 :Battle of Midway began.
6/4/1944 :Landing at Normandy postponed from June 5th to June 6th.
6/4/1972 :Angela Davis, black militant, acquitted.
6/4/1974 :Cleveland fans rushed onto the field causing an Indian forfeit.
6/4/1980 :Gordy Howe retired.
6/4/1987 :Andres Segovia, Spanish guitarist, died.
6/4/1989 :Tiananmen Square Massacre ended.
6/5 :Constitution Day (Denmark).
6/5 :Liberation Day (Seychelles).
6/5 :World Environment Day.
6/5/1783 :First public demonstration of a hot air balloon flight.
6/5/1826 :Carl Maria von Weber, German composer, died.
6/5/1855 :"Know-Nothings" held first national convention.
6/5/1885 :Sir Julius Benedict, musician and composer, died.
6/5/1900 :Stephen Crane, US novelist ("The Red Badge of Courage"), died.
6/5/1910 :William Sydney Porter (a.k.a. O. Henry), US short story writer,
:died.
6/5/1916 :Mildred J. Hill, composer ("Happy Birthday to You"), died.
6/5/1925 :Earliest 100 degree F temperatures in New England.
6/5/1933 :Gold standard abolished.
6/5/1946 :Sponge first marketed for medical use.
6/5/1947 :Marshall Plan (to rebuild Europe) unveiled.
6/5/1963 :John Profumo, British war secretary resigned.
6/5/1966 :Gene Cernan left Gemini-9 for a "spacewalk".
6/5/1967 :Six Day War began.
6/5/1968 :Senator Robert F. Kennedy shot (Los Angeles, California).
6/5/1976 :Teton River Dam (Idaho) collapsed (14 killed).
6/5/1980 :Soyuz T-2 (USSR) launched.
6/5/1982 :Sophia Loren released from jail (Italy) after 17 days for tax
:evasion.
6/5/1985 :General Motors bought Hughes Aircraft (>$5 billion).
6/5/1993 :Conway Twitty, singer, died.
6/6 :Bonza Bottler Day.
6/6 :Flag Day (Sweden).
6/6 :His Majesty, Yang Di-Pertuan Agong's Birthday (Malaysia).
6/6 :Memorial Day (South Korea).
6/6 :National "Sure, You Can Travel" Day.
6/6 :National Yo-Yo Day.
6/6 :Philatelic Writers Day.
6/6/1523 :Gustavus I (Gustavus Vasa) ascended the throne of Sweden.
6/6/1639 :Land granted for first gunpowder mill in US (Pecoit,
:Massachusetts).
6/6/1788 :First cotton goods to be trademarked and manufactured (Beverly,
:Massachusetts).
6/6/1799 :Patrick Henry, US patriot, died.
6/6/1832 :Jeremy Bentham, Utilitarian philosopher, died.
6/6/1862 :Memphis, Tennessee surrendered to Union troops.
6/6/1873 :Susan B. Anthony was fined for voting (never paid).
6/6/1882 :Electric Iron patented (Henry W. Weely).
6/6/1890 :US Polo Association formed.
6/6/1890 :Woodmen of the World Life Insurance Society founded.
6/6/1891 :Sir John Alexander MacDonald, first Canadian Prime Minister, died.
6/6/1892 :Wee Willie Keeler made his professional baseball debut.
6/6/1896 :George Harbo and Frank Samuelsen began rowing from US to France.
6/6/1918 :Battle of Belleau Wood (France) began.
6/6/1922 :Lillian Russell (Helen Louise Leonard), singer-actress, died.
6/6/1925 :Chrysler Corporation founded (Walter Percy Chrysler).
6/6/1933 :First drive-in movie theater opened (Camden, New Jersey).
6/6/1934 :US Securities and Exchange Commission established.
6/6/1942 :Battle of Midway ended.
6/6/1944 :D-Day (Normandy landing).
6/6/1961 :Carl G. Jung died.
6/6/1966 :James Meredith, black activist, shot and wounded while on a lone
:march.
6/6/1968 :Robert Francis Kennedy, US Senator, died (1:44 am PDT).
6/6/1971 :Soyuz 11 (USSR) (first humans to die in space) launched.
6/6/1978 :Proposition 13 (California) passed (66%).
6/6/1991 :Stan Getz, saxophonist ("The Girl From Ipanema"), died.
6/7 :National Day (Chad).
6/7/1767 :Daniel Boone reportedly first sighted Kentucky.
6/7/1790 :Rhode Island ratified the Bill of Rights.
6/7/1893 :Edwin (Thomas) Booth, actor and brother of John Wilkes, died.
6/7/1894 :William Dwight Whitney died.
6/7/1924 :Batman's parents killed.
6/7/1930 :New York Times agreed to capitalize the "n" in "Negro."
6/7/1942 :Japanese troops occupied Attu and Kiska in the Aleutian Islands.
6/7/1942 :US Carrier "Yorktown" sank at Midway Island.
6/7/1954 :Alan M. Turing died.
6/7/1970 :Edward Morgan Forster, English novelist, died.
6/7/1980 :First solar-cell power plant dedicated (Utah).
6/7/1980 :Henry Valentine Miller, American novelist, died.
6/7/1982 :Ferdinand Demara, "The Great Imposter", died.
6/7/1986 :BSD Unix 4.3 released.
6/8/1697 :First public award to a woman in America (Hannah Duston).
6/8/1783 :Laki Volcano erupted.
6/8/1786 :Commercially made ice cream first advertised (Mr. Hall, New York).
6/8/1789 :US Bill of Rights proposed.
6/8/1806 :George Wythe, signer of the US Declaration of Independence, died.
6/8/1809 :Thomas Paine, American Revolutionary leader and corset-maker,
:died.
6/8/1845 :Andrew Jackson, 7th US president, died.
6/8/1861 :Tennessee seceded from the Union to join the Confederacy.
6/8/1869 :Vacuum cleaner patented (Ives W. McGaffey, Chicago).
6/8/1876 :George Sand (Amandine Aurore Lucile (Dupin) Dudevant), French
:novelist, died.
6/8/1902 :First automatic food vending restaurant opened (Philadelphia).
6/8/1924 :George Leigh Mallory, English explorer, last seen climbing Mount
:Everest.
6/8/1928 :WGY (Schenectady, New York) began broadcasting regularly
:scheduled TV programs, three times a week.
6/8/1928 :First US-to-Australia flight.
6/8/1950 :Boston Red Sox beat St. Louis Browns 29-4.
6/8/1957 :First X-15 flight.
6/8/1967 :USS Liberty attacked by Israel (34 killed, 171 wounded).
6/8/1975 :Venera 9 (USSR), first to orbit Venus, launched.
6/8/1982 :Satchel Paige died.
6/9 :Senior Citizens Day (Oklahoma).
6/9/1681 :William Lilly, English astrologer, died.
6/9/1860 :First "dime" novel issued ("Malaesk: The Indian Wife of the White
:Hunter").
6/9/1870 :Charles Dickens, English novelist ("Oliver Twist"), died.
6/9/1898 :Britain leased Hong Kong from China for 99 years.
6/9/1911 :Carry Amelia Moore Nation, American temperance leader, died.
6/9/1931 :First rocket-powered aircraft design patented (R. Goddard).
6/9/1934 :Donald Duck made his first screen appearance ("The Wise Little
:Hen").
6/9/1943 :"Pay-as-you-go" US income tax deductions authorized.
6/9/1953 :Worcester County tornado (94 killed, 1310 injured, 10,000
:homeless).
6/9/1959 :First ballistics missile-firing submarine (George Washington)
:launched.
6/9/1963 :Equal Pay Act enacted.
6/9/1963 :First Sunday night game in major league history (Houston).
6/9/1973 :Secretariat won the Triple Crown.
6/9/1982 :General Efrain Rios Montt declared himself president of Guatemala.
6/9/1991 :Charles Loloma, painter and sculptor, died.
6/10 :Camoes Day (Portugal).
6/10/-323 :Alexander the Great died. (6/13?)
6/10/1580 :Luis Vas de Camoes, Portugese poet, died.
6/10/1652 :First mint in America (Boston).
6/10/1761 :Rhode Island Assembly banned theatrical performances.
6/10/1836 :Andre Ampere, French physicist, died.
6/10/1861 :Dorothea Dix appointed superintendent of women nurses in Union
:Army.
6/10/1864 :Battle at Brice's Crossroads (Mississippi).
6/10/1865 :Lydia Sigourney, US author ("How to Be Happy"), died.
6/10/1898 :US Marines invaded Cuba in Spanish-American War.
6/10/1916 :Great Arab Revolt began.
6/10/1919 :Michigan, Illinois, and Wisconsin ratified 19th Amendment to the
:US Constitution.
6/10/1927 :Victoria Chaflin Woodhull, first female candidate for US
:president, died.
6/10/1935 :Alcoholics Anonymous founded (Akron, Ohio).
6/10/1942 :German Gestapo burned Lidice, Czechoslovakia.
6/10/1944 :Joe Nuxhall made his major league debut (at 15 years old).
6/10/1971 :Denver police tear gas Jethro Tull and 2,000 fans.
6/10/1977 :First Apple II shipped.
6/10/1977 :First golfer to break 60 in PGA tour (Al Geiberger).
6/10/1977 :James Earl Ray, assassin of Martin Luther King Jr, escaped from
:prison.
6/10/1983 :"Octopussy" released in the US.
6/10/1985 :Claus von Bulow, socialite, acquitted.
6/10/1988 :Louis L'Amour died.
6/10/1991 :Jean Vercors, novelist ("Silence of the Sea"), died.
6/11 :King Kamehameha I Day (Hawaii).
6/11 :National Impressionists Day.
6/11 :Queen's Birthday (UK).
6/11/-1184:Greeks seized Troy.
6/11/1727 :George II became English Sovereign.
6/11/1816 :The Gas Light Co. of Baltimore founded.
6/11/1825 :Daniel D. Tompkins, 6th US vice president, died.
6/11/1859 :Comstock Lode discovered.
6/11/1900 :Belle Boyd, Confederate spy, died.
6/11/1927 :Charles Lindbergh welcomed home after making first non-stop
:flight across the Atlantic.
6/11/1930 :Henry Clay Folger Jr, US businessman and industrialist, died.
6/11/1938 :Johnny Van der Meer threw the first of two consecutive no hit
:games (vs. Boston).
6/11/1963 :Reverend Quang Duc self-immolated himself.
6/11/1967 :Six Day War ended.
6/11/1969 :John Llewellyn Lewis, US labor leader, died.
6/11/1969 :"Space Oddity" released by David Bowie.
6/11/1971 :Mike Schmidt signed by the Philadelphia Phillies.
6/11/1979 :John Wayne (Marion Michael Morrison), actor, died.
6/11/1982 :"ET the Extraterrestrial" first shown.
6/11/1985 :Karen Ann Quinlan, coma victim, died.
6/11/1990 :US Supreme Court struck down an anti-flag burning law earlier
:passed by Congress.
6/11/1991 :Mount Pintatubo errupted (Philippines).
6/11/1992 :Major league baseball owners approved sale of Seattle Mariners to
:a Japanese-led group.
6/12 :Independence Day (Pilippines).
6/12 :Peace with Bolivia (Paraguay).
6/12/1778 :Philip Livingston, merchant and signer of US Declaration of
:Independence, died.
6/12/1862 :J.E.B. Stuart and men surrounded Union forces led by McClellan.
6/12/1878 :William Cullen Bryant, US poet, died.
6/12/1880 :First major league perfect game (Worcester Brown Stockings).
6/12/1898 :Philippines declared independence from Spain.
6/12/1920 :Farmer Labor Party organized.
6/12/1920 :US Postal service declared it illegal to mail children.
6/12/1939 :Baseball Hall of Fame (Cooperstown, New York) dedicated.
6/12/1952 :Cat named Dusty gave birth to her 420th kitten.
6/12/1956 :Official US Army flag established.
6/12/1963 :Medgar Wiley Evers, civil rights leader, assassinated. (6/13?)
6/12/1967 :US Supreme Court ruled that states can't outlaw inter-racial
:marriages.
6/12/1967 :Venera 4 (USSR) launched.
6/12/1971 :First wedding held in the Rose Garden of the White House (Tricia
:Nixon and Edward Finch Cox).
6/12/1979 :First man-powered flight across the English Channel.
6/12/1981 :Major league baseball strike began.
6/13 :The Queen's Official Birthday.
6/13/-323 :Alexander the Great died. (6/10?)
6/13/1231 :Saint Anthony of Padua died.
6/13/1788 :Daniel Shays pardoned.
6/13/1798 :Mission San Luis Rey de Francia founded.
6/13/1888 :US Department of Labor established.
6/13/1898 :Yukon Territory of Canada was organized.
6/13/1927 :Ticker-tape parade for Charles Lindbergh in New York.
6/13/1933 :The Federal Savings and Loan Association authorized.
6/13/1937 :First international Whist Tournament began (Budapest).
6/13/1942 :US Office of War Information created.
6/13/1944 :First German V1 "buzz-bomb" hit London.
6/13/1947 :First night game in Fenway Park (Red Sox 5 White Sox 3).
6/13/1963 :Medgar Wiley Evers, civil rights leader, assassinated. (6/12?)
6/13/1966 :Miranda decision (reading your rights) handed down by US Supreme
:Court.
6/13/1967 :First black justice on US Supreme Court nominated (Thurgood
:Marshall).
6/13/1967 :"You Only Live Twice" released in US.
6/13/1971 :New York Times began publishing "The Pentagon Papers."
6/13/1976 :Don Bolles, investigative reporter, died.
6/13/1980 :Third erruption of Mount Saint Helens, Washington.
6/13/1982 :King Khalid of Saudi Arabia died.
6/13/1983 :Pioneer 10 (US) became the first manmade object to leave the
:solar system.
6/13/1991 :Alexis Welsh, former Rockette, murdered.
6/13/1993 :Donald Kent "Deke" Slayton, US astronaut, died.
6/14 :Flag Day.
6/14/1623 :First breach of promise suit filed (Cicely Jordan jilted Reverend
:Greville Pooley).
6/14/1775 :US Army founded.
6/14/1777 :"Stars and Stripes" became the US national flag.
6/14/1789 :Lt. William Bligh and followers landed on the island of Timor
:following the Mutiny on the "Bounty".
6/14/1801 :General Benedict Arnold, American turncoat, died.
6/14/1825 :Pierre Charles L'Enfant, architect (designed Washington DC), died.
6/14/1834 :Sandpaper patented (I. Fischer, Jr).
6/14/1846 :Republic of California established.
6/14/1883 :Edward Fitzgerald, English author, died.
6/14/1906 :UK Parliament passed a bill banning women from dangerous sports.
6/14/1914 :Adlai Ewing Stevenson, 23rd US vice president, died.
6/14/1915 :General Radio (now GenRad) founded.
6/14/1922 :First radio message broadcast by a US president.
6/14/1936 :Gilbert Keith Chesterton, English author, died.
6/14/1941 :Roosevelt froze all German and Italian assets in US.
6/14/1951 :Univac I, first commercially built computer, went into service
:(Census Bureau). (6/15?)
6/14/1962 :Albert DeSalvo killed his first victim (Anna E. Slesers).
6/14/1963 :Vostok 5 (USSR) launched.
6/14/1965 :Two OBE's returned to Buckingham Palace to protest the award of
:MBE's to the Beatles.
6/14/1967 :Mariner 5 (US) launched.
6/14/1975 :Venera 10 (USSR) launched.
6/14/1982 :Falkland Islands recaptured by British forces.
6/14/1986 :Alan Jay Lerner, lyricist ("Camelot" and "My Fair Lady"), died.
6/14/1987 :Mike Schmidt hit three home runs (vs. Montreal).
6/14/1989 :Zsa Zsa Gabor arrested for slapping a policeman.
6/14/1994 :Henry Mancini, composer, died.
6/15 :A Friend in Need is a Friend Indeed Day.
6/15 :Smile Power Day.
6/15 :Valdemar's Day (Denmark).
6/15/1215 :Magna Carta signed.
6/15/1746 :Killing frost (New Jersey).
6/15/1752 :Benjamin Franklin's "kite experiment."
6/15/1775 :George Washington appointed first US General (actually only
:soldier).
6/15/1785 :First fatal aviation accident.
6/15/1804 :12th Amendment to US Constitution (new electoral college rules)
:ratified.
6/15/1836 :Arkansas became the 25th US state.
6/15/1844 :Vulcanization process patented (Charles Goodyear).
6/15/1846 :Oregon Treaty (northern US boundary set at 49th parallel).
6/15/1849 :James Knox Polk, 11th US president died.
6/15/1878 :Series of photographs by Edward Muggeridge prove to Leland
:Stanford that all the hooves of a horse are off the ground
:during a gallop.
6/15/1897 :Ellis Island immigration station destroyed by fire.
6/15/1904 :General Slocum, an excursion steamboat, caught fire (1021 killed).
6/15/1934 :Finland paid off US war debt (only nation to do so).
6/15/1938 :Johnny Van der Meer threw second of two consecutive no hit games
:(vs. Brooklyn).
6/15/1951 :UNIVAC I delivered to Census Bureau. (6/14?)
6/15/1954 :Revised Organic Act (Virgin Islands organization) enacted.
6/15/1963 :Soviet cosmonaut Valery Bykovsky was launched into space.
6/15/1978 :Soyuz 29 (USSR) launched.
6/15/1985 :First mixed marriage in South Africa.
6/15/1985 :Meredith Wilson died.
6/16 :International Day of Solidarity With the Struggling People of
:South Africa.
6/16/-1686:Hammurabi died (Babylon).
6/16/1775 :Liberty Bell rung for Second Continental Congress.
6/16/1883 :First Ladies' Day baseball game (New York Giants).
6/16/1890 :Madison Square Garden opened.
6/16/1893 :Cracker Jack first sold (Chicago).
6/16/1893 :Leland Stanford died.
6/16/1894 :Squeeze play first used (Yale used it against Princeton).
6/16/1897 :Start of the Alaskan Gold-Rush.
6/16/1904 :James Joyce fell in love with his future wife (used this date as
:the setting for "Ulysses").
6/16/1917 :First Congress of Soviets convened in Russia.
6/16/1930 :Mixed bathing allowed in the Serpentine in Hyde Park.
6/16/1941 :Roosevelt ordered closing of all German and Italian consulates in
:US.
6/16/1948 :First airplane hijacking took place (Miss Macao enroute from
:Macao to Hong Kong).
6/16/1955 :Juan Peron excommunicated from the Catholic church.
6/16/1963 :Vostok 6 (USSR), first solo woman in space (Valentina Tereshkova).
6/16/1976 :Soweto uprising (South Africa).
6/16/1978 :"Space Invaders" first demonstrated.
6/16/1980 :"The Blues Brothers" premiered (Chicago).
6/16/1980 :US Treasury Department issued its first gold medallions.
6/16/1983 :Yuri Andropov became president of the Soviet Union.
6/16/1987 :Last Dusky Seaside Sparrow ("Orange Band") died.
6/17 :Bunker Hill Day (Boston and Suffolk County, Massachusetts).
6/17 :Day of Unity (Federal Republic of Germany).
6/17 :Independence Day (Iceland).
6/17 :Lily Festival (Japan).
6/17/1719 :Joseph Addison, English essayist, died.
6/17/1775 :Battle of Bunker Hill (actually Breed's Hill).
6/17/1775 :Colonel William Prescott said "Don't fire until you see the ...".
6/17/1823 :Waterproof fabric for raincoats patented (Charles Mackintosh).
6/17/1825 :Lafayette visited Bunker Hill.
6/17/1859 :Santa Ana winds roasted fruit on trees (California).
6/17/1887 :Mark Hopkins, US educator and author, died.
6/17/1939 :Last death by guillotine in public in France (Eugen Weldmann).
6/17/1947 :First commercial around-the-world plane flight began ($1700).
6/17/1947 :Maxwell Perkins, American editor, died.
6/17/1950 :Ethel Kennedy married Robert F. Kennedy.
6/17/1953 :Most runs scored in an inning (17 by Red Sox).
6/17/1960 :Ted Williams hit his 500th home run.
6/17/1963 :US Supreme Court rules it's unconstitutional to require prayer in
:school.
6/17/1967 :China explodes its first Hydrogen bomb.
6/17/1969 :Boris Spassky became world chess champion.
6/17/1972 :Watergate Democratic National Committee break-in.
6/17/1982 :Leopoldo Gasltieri, Argentinian President, resigned.
6/17/1984 :Swale, winner of the 1984 Kentucky Derby and Belmont Stakes, died.
6/17/1986 :Kathryn Elizabeth "Kate" Smith, singer, died.
6/17/1986 :Len Bias, Maryland basketball star, died of cocaine intoxication.
6/17/1991 :South Africa repealed their last apartheid law.
6/18 :Evacuation Day (Eqypt).
6/18 :Queen's Birthday (Fiji).
6/18/1178 :Gervase saw crater Giordano Bruno formed.
6/18/1583 :First life insurance policy sold in London.
6/18/1812 :US declared war on Britain.
6/18/1815 :Battle of Waterloo.
6/18/1865 :Edmund Ruffin, US agriculturalist, commited suicide.
6/18/1880 :John Augustus Sutter, established the first white settlement at
:Sacramento, died.
6/18/1886 :Appendicitis (almost became Fitz' disease) named (Dr. Reginald
:Fitz).
6/18/1898 :First amusement pier opened in Atlantic City, New Jersey.
6/18/1902 :Samuel Butler, English author, died.
6/18/1936 :First bicycle traffic court (Racine, Wisconsin).
6/18/1936 :Maxim Gorkey, Russian writer, died.
6/18/1954 :British army withdrew from Suez Canal area of Egypt.
6/18/1959 :Ethel Barrymore (Ethel Blythe), actress, died.
6/18/1963 :Pedro Armendariz, actor, shot himself.
6/18/1975 :Saudi Arabian Prince Museid was publicly beheaded for the
:assassination of King Faisal.
6/18/1979 :SALT II agreement signed.
6/18/1982 :John Cheever died.
6/18/1983 :STS-7 (US), first US woman in space, launched.
6/18/1986 :Charles Lee Herron taken off FBI's Most Wanted List (captured
:after being on the list the longest - since 2/9/1968).
6/18/1989 :I.F. Stone died.
6/19 :Artigas Birthday (Uruguay).
6/19 :Emancipation Day (Texas).
6/19 :Juneteenth (Texas, Louisiana).
6/19 :Labor Day (Trinidad and Tobago).
6/19 :Revolution Day (Algeria).
6/19/325 :Rules for computing Easter's date settled (general council of
:Nicaea).
6/19/1786 :Nathaniel Greene, American Revolutionary War General, died.
6/19/1811 :Samuel Chase, American Revolutionary leader, died.
6/19/1844 :Etienne Geoffroy St. Hilaire died.
6/19/1846 :First team baseball played (New York Nine 23, New York
:Knickerbockers 1 - Hoboken, New Jersey).
6/19/1849 :Melodeon patented (C. Austin, Concord, New Hampshire).
6/19/1865 :Emancipation of the slaves in Texas.
6/19/1893 :Lizzie Bordon acquitted.
6/19/1897 :Charles Cunningham Boycott, estate agent, died.
6/19/1910 :First Father's Day celebration.
6/19/1911 :First recorded flight of an airplane in New Hampshire (Harry
:Atwood).
6/19/1934 :US Federal Communications Commission created.
6/19/1953 :Julius and Ethel Rosenberg were executed (Sing-Sing prison).
6/19/1963 :Two Russian space missions returned to Earth.
6/19/1964 :First topless bathing suit worn (Carol Doda).
6/19/1973 :Leonid Brezhnev declared the Cold War over.
6/19/1977 :First US male saint canonized (Saint John Nepomucene Neumann).
6/19/1981 :Ariane (ESA) launched.
6/19/1986 :US Supreme Court ruled sexual harassment of employees violates
:federal law.
6/19/1987 :US Supreme Court ruled schools no longer required to teach
:"creationist theory."
6/20 :Flag Day (Argentina).
6/20/1782 :Great Seal of US approved by Congress.
6/20/1783 :Unpaid revolutionary war soldiers invaded Philadelphia.
6/20/1837 :Victoria became English Sovereign.
6/20/1863 :First US bank chartered by Congress (Philadelphia).
6/20/1863 :West Virginia became the 35th US state.
6/20/1893 :Lizzie Borden found innocent of the axe murders of her father and
:stepmother.
6/20/1895 :First female doctor of science earned (Caroline Willard Baldwin).
6/20/1898 :US seized Guam.
6/20/1909 :First balloon honeymoon (Roger Burham and Eleanor Waring).
6/20/1921 :First woman presided over US House of Representatives (Alice Mary
:Robertson).
6/20/1921 :Washington passed a bill imposing a fine on women smoking
:($25+$100/cigarette).
6/20/1930 :Bobby Jones won the British Open.
6/20/1933 :Clara Zetkin, German women's rights advocate, died.
6/20/1939 :First liquid-fueled rocket plane flight (Germany).
6/20/1947 :Benjamin "Bugsy" Siegel shot.
6/20/1948 :"Toast of the Town," hosted by Ed Sullivan, debuted.
6/20/1961 :United Artists agreed to make James Bond films.
6/20/1963 :Michael S. Dukakis, Massachusetts Governor, married Katherine
:Dickson.
6/20/1963 :US and Russia established a "hot line".
6/20/1967 :American Independent Party formed.
6/20/1967 :First state public defender appointed (Peter Murray).
6/20/1977 :Oil began to flow through the Alaska pipeline.
6/20/1988 :US Supreme Court ruled it illegal for private clubs to generally
:exclude women and minorities.
6/21/1652 :Inigo Jones, English architect, died.
6/21/1684 :Massachusetts Bay Colony's charter revoked.
6/21/1788 :New Hampshire became the 9th US state.
6/21/1834 :First practical reaper patented (C.H. McCormick).
6/21/1852 :Friedrich Froebel, founder of the kindergarten, died.
6/21/1893 :Ferris Wheel introduced (St. Louis).
6/21/1910 :Jack Dalton, Dodger rookie, had four straight hits vs. Christy
:Mathewson.
6/21/1934 :James Thorne Smith Jr, author ("Topper"), died.
6/21/1942 :Japanese submarine fired on the Oregon coast.
6/21/1945 :Japanese surrendered at Okinawa.
6/21/1948 :33 1/3 RPM LP record introduced (Columbia Records).
6/21/1948 :Berlin airlift began.
6/21/1960 :Last B-29 operational flight.
6/21/1963 :Pope Paul VI elected.
6/21/1964 :Jim Bunning pitched a perfect game (first to throw a no-hitter in
:each league).
6/21/1982 :John Hinckley Jr. found not guilty by reason of insanity of
:shooting Ronald Reagan and others.
6/22 :Midsummer Eve (Finland and Sweden).
6/22 :National Sovereignty Day (Haiti).
6/22/1342 :Bilbo Baggins returned to his home at Bag End, (Shire Reckoning).
6/22/1377 :Richard II became the English Sovereign.
6/22/1476 :Morat (Switzerland) battle.
6/22/1527 :Machiavelli died.
6/22/1775 :First issue of paper money in US approved.
6/22/1807 :US Chesapeake fired on and boarded by the Leopard.
6/22/1832 :Pin manufacturing machine patented (J.I. Howe).
6/22/1870 :US Department of Justice established.
6/22/1937 :Joe Louis knocked out James J. Braddock to win heavyweight title.
6/22/1938 :Joe Louis knocked out Max Schmeling.
6/22/1940 :France fell to Germany in WWII.
6/22/1941 :Germany invaded Russia.
6/22/1942 :V-Mail delivery began (US) (conserved cargo space).
6/22/1944 :US GI Bill signed.
6/22/1964 :Civil rights workers disappeared in Mississippi.
6/22/1969 :Cuyahoga River (Cleveland) caught fire.
6/22/1969 :Judy Garland (Frances Gumm), actress-singer, died.
6/22/1977 :John Mitchell began serving a prison sentence for Watergate
:crimes.
6/22/1977 :Steve Petrocino drank a liter of beer in 1.3 seconds.
6/22/1978 :Charon (Pluto's moon) discovered (J. Christy).
6/22/1986 :Stacy Keach married Malgosia Tomassi.
6/22/1987 :Fred Astaire, dancer, died.
6/22/1993 :Pat Nixon, former US first lady, died.
6/23 :Discovery Day (Newfoundland).
6/23 :Midsummer (Finland and Sweden).
6/23 :Midsummer Eve (Denmark).
6/23 :Midsummer Night (Norway).
6/23 :National Holiday (Luxembourg).
6/23/1675 :Wampanoag indian shot (sparking King Philip's War).
6/23/1771 :First matador killed in bullfight (Spain).
6/23/1772 :Slavery abolished in England.
6/23/1810 :Pacific Fur Co. was established (John Jacob Astor).
6/23/1845 :Congress of the Republic of Texas agreed to annexation by the US.
6/23/1865 :Last formal surrender of Confederate troops (Oklahoma Territory).
6/23/1868 :Typewriter patented (Christopher Latham Sholes).
6/23/1917 :Baseball's greatest relief effort (only player on base caught
:stealing and next 26 batters retired, Ernie Shore, Boston).
6/23/1924 :Maughan's flight across US.
6/23/1930 :Iceland celebrated millennium of the Alting (oldest parliament).
6/23/1944 :Last "Fireside Chat".
6/23/1947 :Taft-Hartley labor act enacted.
6/23/1969 :IBM unbundled software.
6/23/1980 :First solar-powered coast-to-coast two-way radio conversation.
6/23/1992 :Rob Dibble struck out his 500th batter (least number of innings
:to do so).
6/24 :Battle of Carabobob (Venezuela).
6/24 :Countryman's Day (Peru).
6/24 :Fisherman's Day (Madagascar, Mozambique, and Somalia).
6/24 :Kings Day (Spain).
6/24 :Macau Day (Macau).
6/24 :National Fink Day (honors all named Fink).
6/24 :Saint Jean-Baptiste Day (Quebec).
6/24/1497 :Newfoundland discovered (John Cabot).
6/24/1647 :First American woman demanded a vote (Margaret Brent).
6/24/1675 :King Philip's War began.
6/24/1812 :Napoleon's army entered Russia.
6/24/1908 :Grover Cleveland, 22nd and 24th US president, died.
6/24/1930 :First radar detection of airplanes (Anacostia, DC).
6/24/1936 :First US black woman appointed to a major federal office (Mary
:McLeod Bethune).
6/24/1947 :First official UFO sighting filed (Kenneth Arnold).
6/24/1948 :Soviets blockaded western zones of Berlin.
6/24/1957 :Last "I Love Lucy" aired.
6/24/1969 :Warren Burger succeeded Earl Warren as Chief Justice of US
:Supreme Court.
6/24/1970 :Final pitch thrown at Crosley Field (Cincinnati).
6/24/1970 :Senate repealed Gulf of Tonkin resolution.
6/24/1974 :Steve Busby completed his streak of 33 consecutive batters
:retired.
6/24/1979 :Rickey Henderson stole his first major league base.
6/24/1982 :Soyuz T-6 (USSR) (first Frenchman in space) launched.
6/24/1987 :Herbert John "Jackie" Gleason, comedian-actor, died.
6/25 :National Day (Mozambique).
6/25 :Tatar Festival of the Plow (Russia).
6/25/1178 :Explosion on moon reported (five Canterbury monks).
6/25/1630 :Fork introduced to American dining (Governor Winthrop).
6/25/1749 :General fast because of drought in Massachusetts.
6/25/1788 :Virginia became the 10th US state.
6/25/1835 :First building constructed in Yerba Buena (now San Francisco).
6/25/1857 :"Les Fleurs du Mal" by Charles Baudelaire published.
6/25/1862 :Seven Days Campaign began.
6/25/1868 :Eight hour workday for government workers passed by US Congress.
6/25/1876 :Little Big Horn (Custer's Last Stand) (260+ killed).
6/25/1889 :Lucy Ware Webb Hayes, wife of Rutherford B. Hayes, died.
6/25/1891 :Charles Stewart Parnell, Irish patriot, married Katharine O'Shea.
6/25/1906 :Stanford White, US architect ("Madison Square Garden"), shot.
6/25/1941 :Roosevelt banned discrimination in US government and defense
:industries.
6/25/1950 :Korean War began.
6/25/1951 :First color TV broadcast made (CBS). (6/24?)
6/25/1962 :US Supreme Court handed down a decision interpreted as banning
:prayer in public schools.
6/25/1964 :Picturephone telephone service first opened to general public
:(New York, Chicago, Washington DC).
6/25/1985 :Fireworks factory near Hallett, Oklahoma exploded (21 killed).
6/25/1988 :Mildred "Axis Sally" E. Gillars, Nazi propagandist, died.
6/25/1991 :Croatia and Slovenia seceeded from Yugoslavia.
6/26 :Independence Day (Madagascar).
6/26 :International Day Against Drug Abuse and Illicit Trafficking.
6/26/1483 :Richard III became English Sovereign.
6/26/1498 :Toothbrush invented.
6/26/1721 :First US smallpox inoculations administered (Zabdiel Boylston).
6/26/1793 :Gilbert White, father of British naturalists, died.
6/26/1797 :Cast-iron plough patented (Charles Newbold).
6/26/1810 :Joseph Michel Montgolfier, co-inventor of hot-air balloon, died.
6/26/1830 :William IV became English Sovereign.
6/26/1900 :Dr. Walter Reed and his medical team began a campaign to wipe out
:yellow fever in the Panama Canal Zone.
6/26/1917 :First US WWI troops reached Europe.
6/26/1922 :Boston council of the Boy Scouts of America founded.
6/26/1934 :Federal Credit Union Act signed.
6/26/1939 :Ford Madox Ford, English novelist ("The Good Soldier"), died.
6/26/1945 :United Nations charter signed.
6/26/1959 :Saint Lawrence Seaway dedicated by Eisenhower and Queen Elizabeth
:II.
6/26/1976 :Canadian National Tower (tallest free-standing, self-supporting
:structure) opened.
6/26/1981 :"For Your Eyes Only" was released in the US.
6/26/1982 :Charles Joseph Anthony "Rush" Russhon, military liason to James
:Bond films, died.
6/26/1990 :Second largest armored car robbery ($10.8 million, Rochester, NY).
6/27 :National Holiday (Djibouti).
6/27/1629 :First settlers of Massachusetts Bay Colony entered Salem Harbor.
6/27/1787 :Edward Gibbon completed "The Decline and Fall of the Roman
:Empire."
6/27/1829 :James Smithson, founder of the Smithsonian Institution, died.
6/27/1844 :Joseph Smith, founder of Mormon church, killed (Carthage,
:Illinois).
6/27/1847 :First telegraph wires were established between New York and
:Boston.
6/27/1893 :The "Panic of 1893" (value of US silver dollar fell to < $.60
:gold) began.
6/27/1950 :US forces ordered to help repel the North Korean invasion of
:South Korea.
6/27/1955 :Harry Agganis, baseball player, died.
6/27/1957 :Hurricane Audrey slammed through coastal Louisiana and Texas
:(>500 killed).
6/27/1962 :X-15 velocity record of 6,606 kilometer per hour set.
6/27/1973 :"Live and Let Die" (the movie) released in the US.
6/27/1976 :Air France's Flight 139 from Tel Aviv to Paris was hijacked to
:Uganda.
6/27/1978 :Soyuz 30 (USSR) launched.
6/27/1979 :Muhammad Ali announced his retirement (second time).
6/27/1980 :First female state police officer graduated (New Jersey).
6/27/1982 :STS-4 (US) launched.
6/27/1983 :Soyuz T-9 (USSR) launched.
6/27/1984 :Fire destroyed a stage at Pinewood Studios during filming of "A
:View to a Kill."
6/27/1984 :Oswald Jacoby died.
6/27/1985 :First hotel strike in New York.
6/27/1985 :Route 66 was decertified.
6/27/1991 :Thurgood Marshall announced his resignation from the US Supreme
:Court.
6/28 :Festival of the Tarasque (France).
6/28 :Mothers Day (Central African Republic).
6/28/1687 :First native American knight dubbed (William Phipps).
6/28/1762 :First reported counterfeiting attempt (Boston).
6/28/1778 :Battle of Monmouth (New Jersey).
6/28/1832 :First case of cholera (beginning of epidemic) in New York.
6/28/1836 :James Madison, 4th US president, died.
6/28/1862 :Siege of Vicksburg, Mississippi began.
6/28/1904 :Daniel Decatur Emmett, songwriter ("Dixie"), died.
6/28/1904 :Helen Keller graduated with honors from Radcliffe College.
6/28/1914 :Archduke Francis Ferdinand and wife assassinated.
6/28/1919 :Harry Truman married Bess Wallace.
6/28/1919 :Treaty of Versailles signed ending WWI.
6/28/1966 :First black US cabinet member sworn in (Robert Clifton Weaver).
6/28/1968 :Monday established as observance of most US holidays.
6/28/1969 :Stonewall Inn riots started (New York).
6/28/1971 :US Supreme Court reversed Muhammad Ali's conviction for refusing
:induction in the US Army.
6/28/1971 :Use of US public funds for parochial schools was ruled
:unconstitutional.
6/28/1972 :Richard Nixon announced that no more draftees would be sent to
:Vietnam, unless they volunteered.
6/28/1974 :Frank Sutton, actor ("Gomer Pyle, U.S.M.C."), died.
6/28/1978 :Supreme Court decided in favor of Alan Bakke.
6/28/1981 :Terrence Stanley Fox, who ran 3328 miles across Canada for
:cancer, died.
6/29 :Annual Wine Battle (La Rioja, Spain).
6/29 :Independence Day (Seychelles).
6/29/1613 :The Globe Theater (London) burned to the ground.
6/29/1620 :Parliament prohibited tobacco growing in England.
6/29/1767 :Townshend Review Act approved.
6/29/1853 :Gadsden Purchase ratified by US Senate.
6/29/1854 :Charlotte Bronte, English novelist, married Arthur Bell Nicholls.
6/29/1861 :Elizabeth Barrett Browning, English poet, died.
6/29/1882 :Joseph Aloysius Hansom, English inventor of the cab, died.
6/29/1895 :Thomas Henry Huxley died.
6/29/1927 :First US to Hawaii flight.
6/29/1934 :Charles Stephen Brooks, essayist and author of travel books, died.
6/29/1941 :Ignace Jan Paderewski, Polish composer and pianist, died.
6/29/1956 :First high jump over seven feet (Charles Dumas, Los Angeles).
6/29/1966 :US first bombed Hanoi.
6/29/1970 :Last US troops were withdrawn from Cambodia into South Vietnam.
6/29/1972 :US Supreme Court ruled that capital punishment (as then
:practiced) was unconstitutional.
6/29/1978 :Bob Crane, actor ("Hogan's Heroes"), murdered.
6/29/1979 :"Moonraker" released in the US.
6/29/1990 :No-hitter thrown in each baseball league for the first time (Dave
:Stewart (A's) beat Blue Jays, Fernando Valenzuela (Dodgers)
:beat Cardinals.
6/30 :Armed Forces Day (Guatemala).
6/30 :Burning of the Three Firs (France).
6/30 :Independence Day (Zaire).
6/30 :Official Calendar Day (Leap seconds added here).
6/30/1785 :General James Edward Oglethorpe, colonizer of Georgia, died.
6/30/1859 :Charles Blondin walked across Niagara Falls on a tightrope.
6/30/1870 :First woman graduated from a US accredited law school (Ada
:Kepley, Union College of Law in Chicago).
6/30/1882 :Charles J. Guiteau, assassin of James Abram Garfield, hanged.
6/30/1900 :Fire at Hoboken (New Jersey) docks (326 killed).
6/30/1906 :Meat Inspection Act passed by US Congress.
6/30/1906 :Pure Food and Drugs Act passed by US Congress.
6/30/1908 :Explosion over Siberia.
6/30/1909 :Forbes Field opened.
6/30/1924 :"Teapot Dome" scandals.
6/30/1934 :Sumner tunnel (Boston, Massachusetts) opened.
6/30/1936 :"Gone With the Wind" published.
6/30/1941 :First presidential library dedicated (FDR).
6/30/1943 :WPA (Works Progress Administration) terminated.
6/30/1948 :First advanced degree on computer related topic (H. Karmanian,
:Temple University, for symbolic differentiation on the ENIAC).
6/30/1948 :Transistor as a substitute for Radio tubes announced (Bell Labs).
6/30/1950 :US troops moved from Japan to help defend South Korea.
6/30/1952 :"The Guiding Light" debuted on TV (previously on radio).
6/30/1953 :Chevrolet Corvette introduced.
6/30/1960 :China and Soviet Union announced split over ideology.
6/30/1960 :Republic of the Congo granted independence.
6/30/1961 :Lee deForest, "the father of radio," died.
6/30/1971 :26th US Constitutional Amendment (18 year olds vote) ratified.
6/30/1971 :Crew of Soyuz 11 (USSR) died on reentry.
6/30/1982 :Extended deadline for ratification of the ERA expired.
6/30/1985 :James Dewar, inventor of the Twinkie, died.
6/30/1993 :George Robert Phillips (Spanky McFarland), actor, died.