APRIL

BIRTHDAYS

4/1/1697 :Abbe Prevost, French novelist ("Manon Lescaux").
4/1/1755 :Anthelme Brillat-Savarin, gourmet and author ("The Physiology of
:Taste").
4/1/1815 :Otto von Bismarck, German military theorist and Prince.
4/1/1866 :Ferruccio Busoni, pianist.
4/1/1868 :Edmond Rostand, poet and dramatist ("Cyrano de Bergerac").
4/1/1873 :Sergei Rachmaninoff, Russian composer.
4/1/1875 :Edgar Wallace, author.
4/1/1883 :Lon Chaney, actor.
4/1/1886 :Wallace Beery, actor.
4/1/1908 :Jagjivan Ram, Indian political leader.
4/1/1909 :Eddie Duchin, society pianist.
4/1/1920 :Toshiro Mifune, actor.
4/1/1922 :William Manchester, author.
4/1/1928 :George Grizzard, actor.
4/1/1929 :Glen Edward (Bo) Schembechler, football coach.
4/1/1929 :Jane Powell (Suzanne Burce), actress.
4/1/1929 :Milan Kundera.
4/1/1932 :Debbie Reynolds, singer-actress.
4/1/1932 :Gordon Jump, actor.
4/1/1934 :Don Hastings, actor.
4/1/1938 :Ali McGraw, actress.
4/1/1944 :Rusty Staub, baseball player.
4/1/1947 :David Eisenhower, author, lawyer, and grandson of Dwight David.
4/1/1964 :Kevin Jerome Duckworth, basketball player.
4/2/742 :Charlemagne, French emperor. (743?)
4/2/1725 :Giovanni Casanova, Italian adventurer and lover. (4/5?)
4/2/1805 :Hans Christian Andersen, Danish storyteller.
4/2/1834 :Frederic Auguste Bertholdi, French sculptor ("Statue of Liberty").
4/2/1840 :Emile Edouard Charles Antoine Zola, French novelist.
4/2/1908 :Buddy Ebsen, actor.
4/2/1910 :Irene Mayer Selznick, producer.
4/2/1912 :Herbert Mills, singer.
4/2/1914 :Sir Alec Guinness, actor.
4/2/1920 :Jack Webb, creator and star of "Dragnet."
4/2/1928 :Cardinal Joseph Bernardin, archbishop of Chicago.
4/2/1935 :Sharon Acker, actress.
4/2/1939 :Marvin Gaye.
4/2/1941 :Leon Russell, musician.
4/2/1945 :Don Sutton, baseball player.
4/2/1945 :Linda Hunt, actress.
4/2/1948 :Emmylou Harris, singer.
4/2/1953 :Debralee Scott, actress.
4/2/1954 :Ron Palillo, actor.
4/3/1593 :George Herbert, English author.
4/3/1783 :Washington Irving, writer ("Rip Van Winkle").
4/3/1822 :Edward Everett Hale, American writer ("The Man Without a
:Country").
4/3/1823 :William March "Boss" Tweed, New York political boss.
4/3/1837 :John Burroughs, American naturalist and author.
4/3/1888 :Ma (Gertrude Bridget) Rainey, "Mother of the Blues."
4/3/1893 :Leslie Howard, actor ("The Scarlet Pimpernel"). (4/24?)
4/3/1898 :George Jessel, comedian.
4/3/1898 :Henry Luce, publisher.
4/3/1904 :Sally Rand (Helen Gould Beck), inventor of the fan dance.
4/3/1924 :Doris Day (Doris VonKappelhoff), actress.
4/3/1924 :Marlon Brando, actor.
4/3/1926 :Virgil "Gus" Grissom, astronaut.
4/3/1928 :Michel de Ghelerode, Belgian Dramatist.
4/3/1929 :Miyoshi Umeki, actress.
4/3/1930 :Helmut Kohl, German Chancellor.
4/3/1930 :Lawton Chiles, Jr, Florida politician.
4/3/1930 :Max Frankel, journalist.
4/3/1936 :Riginald Hill, novelist.
4/3/1942 :Marsha Mason, actress.
4/3/1942 :Wayne Newton, singer.
4/3/1944 :Tony Orlando (Michael Orlando Cassivitis), singer.
4/3/1949 :Lyle Martin Alzado, football player.
4/3/1958 :Alec Baldwin, actor.
4/3/1961 :Eddie Murphy, comedian-actor.
4/3/1963 :Chris Bosio.
4/3/1971 :Picabo Street, US Olympic skier.
4/3/1972 :Jennie Garth.
4/4/1802 :Dorothea Lynde Dix, US social reformer.
4/4/1821 :Linus Yale, developer of the cylinder lock.
4/4/1895 :Arthur Murray, dance school founder.
4/4/1888 :Tris Speaker, baseball player.
4/4/1896 :Robert E. Sherwood, author-playwright.
4/4/1906 :John Cameron Swayze, broadcaster.
4/4/1914 :Marguerite Duras, French author.
4/4/1915 :Muddy Waters (McKinley Morganfield), blues musician.
4/4/1922 :Elmer Bernstein, composer.
4/4/1928 :Maya Angelou, author-poet.
4/4/1932 :Richard G. Lugar, Indiana Senator.
4/4/1938 :Angelo Bartlett Giamatti, baseball commissioner.
4/4/1939 :Hugh Masekela, South African musician.
4/4/1942 :Kitty Kelley, author.
4/4/1945 :Catherine Spaak, actress.
4/4/1950 :Christine Lahti, actress.
4/4/1965 :Robert Downey Jr, actor.
4/4/1966 :Nancy McKeon, actress.
4/5/1588 :Thomas Hobbes, English philosopher.
4/5/1725 :Giovanni Casanova, Italian adventurer and lover. (4/2?)
4/5/1726 :Benjamin Harrison, signer of the US Declaration of Independence.
4/5/1732 :Jean Honore Fragonard, French painter.
4/5/1827 :Joseph Lister, English Doctor (introduced antiseptic surgery).
4/5/1834 :Frank Stockton, writer ("The Lady or the Tiger?").
4/5/1837 :Algernon Charles Swinburne, English poet.
4/5/1856 :Booker Taliaferro Washington, US educator.
4/5/1874 :Lee Thayer, writer.
4/5/1900 :Spencer Bonaventure Tracy, actor.
4/5/1901 :Melvyn Douglas, actor.
4/5/1908 :Bette Davis, actress.
4/5/1908 :Herbert von Karajan, conductor.
4/5/1909 :Albert Romolo "Cubby" Broccoli, US film producer.
4/5/1916 :Gregory Peck, actor.
4/5/1917 :Robert Bloch, author ("Psycho").
4/5/1920 :Arthur Hailey, author.
4/5/1922 :Gale Storm, actress.
4/5/1926 :Roger Corman, director.
4/5/1934 :Frank Gorshin, comedian and impressionist.
4/5/1937 :Colin Luther Powell, former chairman of the US Joint Chiefs of
:Staff.
4/5/1941 :Eric Burdon, singer.
4/5/1941 :Michael Moriarty, actor.
4/5/1943 :Max Gail, actor.
4/5/1946 :Craig T. Nelson, actor.
4/5/1949 :Judith A. Resnik, astronaut.
4/6/1483 :Raffaello Santi (Sanzio), Italian painter and architect.
4/6/1745 :William Dawes, completed Paul Revere's ride.
4/6/1823 :Joseph Medill, newspaper editor.
4/6/1866 :Lincoln Steffens, journalist.
4/6/1867 :Butch Cassidy, outlaw.
4/6/1884 :Walter Huston, actor.
4/6/1890 :Anthony Fokker, Dutch-US aircraft designer.
4/6/1892 :Lowell Thomas, radio news commentator.
4/6/1903 :Harold Eugene Edgerton, father of high-speed photography.
4/6/1906 :John Betjeman, English poet.
4/6/1924 :Bruce King, New Mexico Governor.
4/6/1928 :James Watson, geneticist.
4/6/1929 :Andre Previn, pianist and conductor.
4/6/1931 :Ivan Dixon, actor.
4/6/1937 :Billy Dee Williams, actor.
4/6/1937 :Merle Haggard, country singer.
4/6/1938 :Roy Thinnes, actor.
4/6/1939 :John Sculley, business executive.
4/6/1944 :Michelle Phillips, singer-actress.
4/6/1945 :Bob Marley, musician ("The Wailers").
4/6/1947 :John Ratzenberger, actor.
4/6/1951 :Bert (Rik Aalbert) Blyleven, baseball player.
4/6/1952 :Marilu Henner, actress.
4/6/1953 :Janet Lynn, figure skater.
4/6/1971 :Jason Hervey.
4/6/1976 :Candace Cameron.
4/7/1506 :St. Francis Xavier, missionary.
4/7/1770 :William Wordsworth, English poet and philosopher.
4/7/1786 :William Rufus Devane King, 13th US vice president.
4/7/1869 :David Grandison Fairchild, US botanist.
4/7/1873 :John McGraw, baseball player-manager.
4/7/1879 :Walter Winchell, gossip columnist.
4/7/1884 :Bronislaw Kasper Malinowski, British anthropologist.
4/7/1889 :Gabriela Mistral.
4/7/1914 :Henry Kuttner, writer.
4/7/1915 :Billie Holiday, singer.
4/7/1918 :Bobby Doerr, baseball player.
4/7/1920 :Ravi Shankar, sitar player.
4/7/1928 :Alan J. Pakula, movie director.
4/7/1928 :James Garner (James Baumgardner), actor.
4/7/1931 :Daniel Ellsberg, author.
4/7/1931 :Donald Barthelme.
4/7/1933 :Wayne Rogers, actor.
4/7/1935 :(William) Hodding Carter III, media commentator.
4/7/1938 :Jerry Brown, former California governor.
4/7/1939 :David Frost, entertainer.
4/7/1939 :Francis Ford Coppola, film director.
4/7/1946 :Bill Kreutzmann. (6/7?)
4/7/1948 :John Oates, rock musician.
4/7/1954 :Tony Dorsett, football player.
4/8/1726 :Lewis Morris, signer of the US Declaration of Independence.
4/8/1731 :William Williams, signer of US Declaration of Independence.
4/8/1732 :David Rittenhouse, astronomer and mathematician.
4/8/1869 :Harvey Cushing, pioneer neurosurgeon.
4/8/1893 :Mary Pickford, movie star.
4/8/1894 :Baynard H. Kendrick, US mystery writer.
4/8/1912 :Sonja Henie, Olympic figure skater.
4/8/1918 :Elizabeth (Betty) Bloomer Warren Ford, former first lady.
4/8/1922 :Carmen McRae, singer.
4/8/1922 :William D. Chase, co-founder of "Chase's Annual Events."
4/8/1923 :Edward Mulhare, actor.
4/8/1923 :Franco Corelli, opera singer.
4/8/1923 :Ursula Curtiss, mystery writer.
4/8/1925 :Shecky Greene, comedian.
4/8/1928 :John Gavin, actor.
4/8/1931 :John Bartholomew Tucker, TV personality.
4/8/1933 :Fred Ebb, lyricist.
4/8/1937 :Seymour Hersh, investigative reporter.
4/8/1940 :John Havlicek, basketball player.
4/8/1943 :Michael Bennett, choreographer ("A Chorus Line").
4/8/1947 :Steve Howe, rock guitarist.
4/8/1954 :Gary Carter, baseball player.
4/8/1954 :John Schneider, actor.
4/8/1961 :Mark Gregory Clayton, football player.
4/8/1963 :Julian Lennon, singer.
4/8/1963 :Terry Porter, basketball player.
4/8/1968 :Patricia Arquette.
4/8/1984 :Teran Noah Smith.
4/9/1821 :Charles Baudelaire, French poet.
4/9/1830 :Eadweard Muybridge (Edward James Muggeridge), motion-picture
:pioneer.
4/9/1865 :Erick Ludendorff, WWI German General.
4/9/1879 :Claude William Dukenfield (W.C. Fields), actor and juggler.
4/9/1898 :Curly Lambeau.
4/9/1898 :Paul Robeson, actor and singer.
4/9/1903 :Gregory Pincus, birth control pill inventor.
4/9/1903 :Ward Bond, actor.
4/9/1905 :James William Fulbright, former Arkansas Senator.
4/9/1910 :Abraham A. Ribicoff, former Connecticut Senator.
4/9/1919 :J. Presper Eckert.
4/9/1926 :Hugh Marston Hefner, Playboy magazine founder.
4/9/1928 :Tom Lehrer, singing satirist.
4/9/1929 :Harvey Lichtenstein, president of Brooklyn Academy of Music.
4/9/1932 :Carl Perkins, country musician and rock 'n' roll pioneer.
4/9/1932 :Paul Krassner, editor and journalist.
4/9/1933 :Jean-Paul Belmondo, actor.
4/9/1935 :Avery Schreiber, comedian.
4/9/1939 :Michael Learned, actress.
4/9/1954 :Dennis Quaid, actor ("The Big Easy").
4/9/1957 :Severiano Ballesteros, golfer.
4/9/1964 :Brian Bosworth. (3/9/1965?)
4/9/1965 :Paulina Porizkova.
4/9/1979 :Keshia Knight Pulliam, actress.
4/10/1583:Hugo Grotius, Dutch theologian.
4/10/1683:Flaminia Anna Caterina, sister of Giuseppe Domenico Scarlatti.
4/10/1794:Commodore Matthew Calbraith Perry, explorer.
4/10/1827:Lewis Wallace, diplomat and novelist ("Ben Hur").
4/10/1829:William Booth, founder of the Salvation Army.
4/10/1847:Joseph Pulitzer, Hungarian journalist and publisher.
4/10/1867:AE (George Russell), Irish man of letters.
4/10/1880:Frances Perkins, first woman cabinet member.
4/10/1883:Kahlil Gibran, author-artist. (12/6?) [1/6?]
4/10/1903:Clare Booth Luce, journalist and diplomat.
4/10/1905:Robert Furneaux Jordan, mystery writer.
4/10/1915:Harry Morgan (Harry Bratsburg), actor ("M*A*S*H").
4/10/1917:Robert Burns Woodward, Harvard University science professor.
4/10/1924:Chuck Connors, actor.
4/10/1929:Max von Sydow, actor.
4/10/1932:Omar Sharif (Michael Shalhoub), actor.
4/10/1934:David Halberstam, journalist.
4/10/1936:John Madden, coach and sportscaster.
4/10/1938:Don Meredith, sportscaster.
4/10/1941:Paul Edward Theroux, author.
4/10/1947:Bunny Wailer (Neville O'Reilly Livingston).
4/10/1952:Steven Seagal, actor.
4/10/1962:Cathy Turner, olympic gold medal speedskater.
4/11/1722:Christopher Smart, poet.
4/11/1794:Edward Everett, US statesman and orator.
4/11/1862:Charles Evans Hughes, US Supreme Court Justice.
4/11/1862:R. Austin Freeman, detective writer.
4/11/1893:Dean Acheson, US Secretary of State under Truman.
4/11/1913:Oleg Cassini, fashion designer.
4/11/1914:Norman McLaren, film animator.
4/11/1918:Jean-Claude Servan-Schreiber, journalist.
4/11/1919:Hugh Carey, former New York Governor.
4/11/1920:Peter O'Donnell, writer.
4/11/1928:Ethel Kennedy, widow of Robert F. Kennedy.
4/11/1930:Nicholas F. Brady, US Secretary of the Treasury.
4/11/1932:Joel Grey (Joel Katz), actor ("Cabaret").
4/11/1939:Louise Lasser, actress.
4/11/1941:Ellen Goodman, syndicated columnist.
4/11/1950:Bill Irwin, actor.
4/11/1964:Bret Saberhagen, baseball player.
4/12/1777:Henry Clay, US statesman.
4/12/1838:John Shaw Billings, American Librarian and army Doctor.
4/12/1904:Lily Pons, opera singer. (4/16?)
4/12/1913:Lionel Hampton, bandleader. (4/20?)
4/12/1922:Tiny Tim (Herbert Buckingham Khaury), singer.
4/12/1923:Ann Miller (Lucille Ann Collier), actress.
4/12/1925:Johnny Jordan, cameraman.
4/12/1933:Montserrat Cabelle, opera singer.
4/12/1940:Herbie Hancock, jazz piano player.
4/12/1947:David Letterman, TV talk show host.
4/12/1950:David Cassidy, actor-singer.
4/12/1956:Andy Garcia.
4/12/1965:Elaine Zayak, figure skater.
4/12/1971:Shannen Doherty, actress ("Beverly Hills 90210").
4/13/1743:Thomas Jefferson, third US president.
4/13/1852:Frank Woolworth, founder of the five-and-dime stores.
4/13/1899:Alfred Butts, inventor of Scrabble.
4/13/1906:Samuel Beckett, playwright.
4/13/1907:Harold Stassen, former Minnesota Governor.
4/13/1909:Eudora Welty, author.
4/13/1917:William Clements Jr, Texas Governor.
4/13/1919:Howard Keel (Howard Leek), actor.
4/13/1919:Madalyn Murray O'Hair, atheist and lawyer.
4/13/1924:Stanley Donen, film director-producer.
4/13/1930:Ben Nighthorse Campbell, Colorado Senator.
4/13/1935:Lyle Waggoner, actor.
4/13/1937:Edward Fox, actor.
4/13/1937:Lanford Wilson, playwright.
4/13/1942:Bill Conti, composer ("For Your Eyes Only").
4/13/1943:Bill Pronzini, author, editor, and critic.
4/13/1944:Jack Casady, musician.
4/13/1946:Al Green, singer.
4/13/1950:Ron Perlman, actor.
4/13/1951:Max M. Weiberg, musician.
4/13/1951:Peabo Bryson, singer.
4/13/1957:Saundra Santiago, actress.
4/13/1964:Jose Rijo.
4/13/1970:Rick Schroder, actor ("Lonesome Dove").
4/14/1629:Christian Huygens, physicist and astronomer (discovered Saturn's
:rings).
4/14/1810:Justin Morrill, US Congressional leader.
4/14/1879:James Branch Cabell.
4/14/1889:Arnold Joseph Toynbee, English historian.
4/14/1897:Horace McCoy, writer ("They Shoot Horses, Don't They.")
4/14/1904:Sir John Gielgud, actor ("Arthur").
4/14/1907:Francois "Papa Doc" Duvalier, Haitian dictator.
4/14/1914:Richard Salant, former network news executive.
4/14/1925:Rod Steiger, actor.
4/14/1930:Bradford Dillman, actor.
4/14/1932:Anthony Perkins, actor.
4/14/1935:Loretta Lynn, singer.
4/14/1936:Frank Serpico, former New York police detective.
4/14/1941:Julie Christie, actress.
4/14/1941:Peter Edward Rose, baseball player.
4/14/1945:Richie Blackmore.
4/14/1956:Dave Justice.
4/14/1959:Emma Thompson, actress.
4/14/1966:David Christopher Justice, baseball player.
4/14/1966:Gregory Alan Maddux, baseball player.
4/14/1968:Anthony Michael Hall, actor and comedian.
4/14/1970:Steve Avery.
4/15/1452:Leonardo da Vinci, Italian painter and inventor.
4/15/1741:Charles Wilson Peale, American portrait painter.
4/15/1800:Sir James Clark Ross, British Antarctic explorer.
4/15/1812:Theodore Rousseau, French painter.
4/15/1832:Wilhelm Busch, German painter, poet, and short story writer.
4/15/1843:Henry James, author.
4/15/1850:John Munroe Longyear, American capitalist.
4/15/1889:Thomas Hart Benton, US painter.
4/15/1894:Bessie Smith, blues singer.
4/15/1897:Marian Jordan, radio actress ("Molly McGee").
4/15/1908:Howard Browne (a.k.a. John Evans), novelist.
4/15/1922:Michael Ansara, actor.
4/15/1925:Neville Mariner, symphony conductor.
4/15/1929:Sir George Cadbury, food manufacturer.
4/15/1930:Vigdis Finnbogadottir, president of Iceland.
4/15/1933:Elizabeth Montgomery, actress.
4/15/1933:Roy Clark, country singer.
4/15/1939:Claudia Cardinale, actress.
4/15/1944:Dave Edmunds, rock singer and guitarist.
4/15/1948:Linda Bloodworth-Thomason.
4/15/1951:Heloise Cruse Evans, newspaper columnist.
4/15/1956:Michael Cooper, basketball player.
4/15/1957:Evelyn Ashford, track athlete.
4/15/1959:Emma Thompson, actress. (4/14?)
4/15/1966:Samantha Fox.
4/16/1660:Hans Sloane, British Doctor.
4/16/1844:Anatole France, French writer.
4/16/1867:Jose De Diego, Puerto Rican patriot.
4/16/1867:Wilbur Wright, aviation pioneer.
4/16/1871:John Millington Synge, Irish dramatist and poet.
4/16/1889:Sir Charles Spencer Chaplin, actor-comedian-film director.
4/16/1904:Lily Pons, opera singer. (4/12?)
4/16/1918:Spike Milligan, actor and comedian.
4/16/1919:Merce Cunningham, dancer and choreographer.
4/16/1920:Barry Nelson, actor.
4/16/1921:Peter Ustinov, actor.
4/16/1922:Kingsly Amis, novelist.
4/16/1923:Arch A. Moore, West Virginia Governor.
4/16/1924:Henry Mancini, composer-conductor.
4/16/1929:Edie Adams (Elizabeth Edith Enke), singer and actress.
4/16/1935:Bobby Vinton, singer.
4/16/1939:Dusty Springfield, singer.
4/16/1940:Queen Margrethe II of Denmark.
4/16/1947:Kareem Abdul-Jabbar (Lewis Alcindor, Jr), basketball player.
4/16/1955:Ellen Barkin, actress.
4/16/1963:Jimmy Osmond.
4/16/1965:Jon Cryer.
4/16/1965:Martin Lawrence.
4/16/1976:Lukas Haas.
4/17/1741:Samuel Chase, American Revolutionary leader.
4/17/1837:John Pierpont Morgan, US industrialist financier.
4/17/1885:Baroness Karen Blixen (Isak Dinesen), Danish author ("Out of
:Africa").
4/17/1894:Nikita Khrushchev, Soviet Premier.
4/17/1897:Thornton Wilder, novelist and playwright.
4/17/1915:Joseph Foss, National Rifle Association president.
4/17/1915:Rebekah Harkness, ballet patron.
4/17/1916:Sirimavo Bandaranaike, world's first woman Prime Minister.
4/17/1918:William Holden, actor.
4/17/1923:Lindsay Anderson, British film director.
4/17/1924:Roy Gallant, children's author.
4/17/1928:Cynthia Ozick, feminist and writer.
4/17/1934:Don Kirshner, music publisher.
4/17/1943:Anna Marie Holmes, dancer.
4/17/1948:Jan Hammer, composer and musician.
4/17/1951:Olivia Hussey, actress.
4/17/1961:Boomer Esiason (Norman Julius Esiason), football player.
4/18/1480:Lucretia Borgia, Italian Duchess.
4/18/1817:George Henry Lewes.
4/18/1857:Clarence Seward Darrow, lawyer.
4/18/1864:Richard Harding Davis, author and reporter.
4/18/1882:Leopold Stokowski, synphony conductor.
4/18/1883:Walter Gropius, architect.
4/18/1907:Miklos Rozsa, movie composer.
4/18/1911:Huntington Hartford, A&P heir.
4/18/1922:Barbara Hale, actress.
4/18/1930:Clive Revill, actor.
4/18/1937:Robert Hooks, actor.
4/18/1940:Ed Garvey, lawyer and union official.
4/18/1940:Joseph Goldstein, physician and scientist.
4/18/1946:Catfish Hunter, baseball player.
4/18/1946:Hayley Mills, actress ("Pollyanna").
4/18/1947:Dorothy Lyman, actress.
4/18/1947:James Woods, actor.
4/18/1948:Nate Archibald, basketball player.
4/18/1954:Rick Moranis, actor.
4/18/1956:Eric Roberts, actor.
4/18/1956:John James, actor.
4/18/1962:Wilbur Marshall, football player.
4/19/1721:Roger Sherman, signer of the US Declaration of Independence.
4/19/1832:Lucretia Rudolph Garfield, wife of James Abram Garfield.
4/19/1836:Augustus Juilliard, music patron.
4/19/1869:Melville Davisson Post, detective writer.
4/19/1900:George O'Brien, actor.
4/19/1900:Richard Hughes, novelist ("A High Wind in Jamaica").
4/19/1901:Gladys Mitchell, novelist.
4/19/1903:Eliot Ness, FBI agent.
4/19/1912:Glenn Seaborg, chemist.
4/19/1927:Don Adams, actor-comedian.
4/19/1927:Kenneth (Kenneth Everette Battelle), hairdresser.
4/19/1930:Hugh O'Brian (Hugh J. Krampe), actor.
4/19/1933:Dick Sargent, actor.
4/19/1933:Jayne Mansfield, actress.
4/19/1935:Dudley Moore, actor.
4/19/1936:Wilfried Martens, Prime Minister of Belgium.
4/19/1937:Elinor Donahue, actress.
4/19/1942:Alan Price, singer and songwriter.
4/19/1949:Paloma Picasso.
4/19/1956:Sue Barker, tennis player.
4/19/1960:Frank John Viola Jr, baseball player.
4/20/1808:Napoleon III, French Emperor.
4/20/1850:Daniel Chester French, sculptor ("The Minute Man" statue).
4/20/1889:Adolf Hitler, Nazi dictator.
4/20/1893:Harold Lloyd, silent film comedian.
4/20/1893:Joan Miro, Spanish surrealist painter.
4/20/1904:Bruce Cabot (Jacques Etienne Pellissier de Bujac), actor.
4/20/1910:Robert F. Wagner Jr, former New York mayor.
4/20/1913:Lionel Hampton, jazz musician. (4/12?)
4/20/1920:John Paul Stevens, US Supreme Court Justice.
4/20/1924:Nina Foch, actress.
4/20/1939:George Takei, actor.
4/20/1941:Ryan O'Neal, actor.
4/20/1949:Jessica Lange, actress.
4/20/1951:Luther Vandross, musician and songwriter.
4/20/1961:Don Mattingly, baseball player.
4/20/1976:Joey Lawrence.
4/21/1729:Catherine the Great, Russian Empress. (5/2?)
4/21/1782:Friedrich Froebel, founder of the kindergarten.
4/21/1816:Charlotte Bronte, English novelist.
4/21/1831:James Starley, English inventor of the geared bicycle. (1830?)
4/21/1838:John Muir, naturalist and author.
4/21/1864:Max Weber, German sociologist.
4/21/1905:Edmund G. "Pat" Brown, former California Governor.
4/21/1909:Rollo May, psychoanalyst.
4/21/1915:Frick (of Frick and Frack).
4/21/1916:Anthony Quinn, actor.
4/21/1923:John Mortimer, creator of Horace Rumpole.
4/21/1926:Queen Elizabeth II, of England.
4/21/1932:Elaine May, actress and comedian.
4/21/1935:Charles Grodin, actor and director.
4/21/1935:Thomas H. Kean, New Jersey Governor.
4/21/1941:David Lyle Boren, Oklahoma Senator.
4/21/1947:Alonza Benjamin (Al) Bumbry, former Boston Red Sox base coach.
4/21/1947:Iggy Pop (James Jewel Osterberg), singer.
4/21/1949:Patti LuPone, Broadway actress-singer ("Evita"). (1950?)
4/21/1951:Tony Danza, actor.
4/21/1958:Andie MacDowell, actress.
4/22/1451:Queen Isabella I, funded Chris Columbus's first voyage.
4/22/1707:Henry Fielding, English novelist.
4/22/1724:Immanuel Kant, German philosopher.
4/22/1766:Mme de Stael.
4/22/1870:Nikolai Lenin (real name Vladimir Ilyitch Ulyanov), leader of
:Russia's 1917 Communist revolution.
4/22/1873:Ellen Glasgow.
4/22/1899:Vladimir Nabokov, novelist. (4/23?)
4/22/1904:J. Robert Oppenheimer, pioneer nuclear physicist.
4/22/1908:Eddie Albert, actor.
4/22/1916:Sir Yehudi Menuhin, violin virtuoso.
4/22/1922:Charles Mingus, jazz bass player.
4/22/1926:Charlotte Rae, actress.
4/22/1937:Jack Nicholson, actor.
4/22/1938:Glen Campbell, singer.
4/22/1939:Jason Miller, actor and writer.
4/22/1950:Peter Frampton, singer and songwriter.
4/22/1951:Paul Carrack, singer.
4/22/1954:Joseph Bottoms, actor.
4/22/1958:Catherine Mary Stewart, actress.
4/22/1961:Byron Allen.
4/23/1564:William Shakespeare, English playwright.
4/23/1791:James Buchanan, 15th US president.
4/23/1856:Granville T. Woods, inventor.
4/23/1891:Sergei Prokofiev, Soviet composer.
4/23/1897:Lester Pearson, Canadian Prime Minister.
4/23/1899:Ngaio Marsh, mystery writer.
4/23/1899:Vladimir Nabokov, author. (4/22?)
4/23/1921:Janet Blair, actress.
4/23/1923:Warren Spahn, baseball player.
4/23/1923:Harry Reasoner, TV reporter.
4/23/1928:Shirley Temple Black, actress-diplomat.
4/23/1932:Halston (Roy Halston Frowick), fashion designer.
4/23/1936:Roy Orbison, singer.
4/23/1938:Steve Symms, former Idaho Senator.
4/23/1939:David Birney, actor.
4/23/1940:Lee Majors, actor.
4/23/1942:Sandra Dee (Alexandra Zuck), actress.
4/23/1943:Herve Villechaize, actor.
4/23/1947:Bernadette Devlin McAliskey, political activist.
4/23/1949:Joyce Dewitt, actress.
4/23/1960:Valerie Bertinelli, actress.
4/24/1533:William I, Dutch King and founder of the Dutch Republic.
4/24/1743:Edmund Cartwright, inventor of the power loom.
4/24/1766:Robert Bailey Thomas, founded "The Farmer's Almanac".
4/24/1815:Anthony Trollope, English novelist.
4/24/1893:Leslie Howard, actor. (4/3?)
4/24/1904:Willem DeKooning, artist.
4/24/1905:Robert Penn Warren, American novelist.
4/24/1916:Stanley J. Kauffmann, critic.
4/24/1934:Shirley MacLaine, actress.
4/24/1936:Jill Ireland, actress.
4/24/1942:Barbara Streisand, singer-actress.
4/24/1942:Richard M. Daley, Chicago Mayor.
4/24/1948:Rudy Tomjanovich, basketball player.
4/24/1953:Eric Bogosian, actor and playwright.
4/24/1954:Vince Ferragamo, former football player.
4/25/1599:Oliver Cromwell, lord protector of England.
4/25/1873:Walter de la Mare, English poet and novelist.
4/25/1874:Guglielmo Marconi, inventor of the wireless telegraph.
4/25/1906:William J. Brennan Jr, US Supreme Court Justice.
4/25/1907:Michael Harrison, mystery writer.
4/25/1908:Edward R. Murrow (Egbert Roscoe), pioneer broadcast journalist.
4/25/1915:Richard Deming, writer.
4/25/1918:Ella Fitzgerald, singer.
4/25/1923:Melissa Hayden, ballerina.
4/25/1925:Albert King, blues guitarist.
4/25/1930:Paul Mazursky, movie director and writer.
4/25/1932:Meadowlark Lemon, former Harlem Globetrotter.
4/25/1933:Anthony Lukas, author.
4/25/1940:Al Pacino, actor.
4/25/1946:Talia Shire, actress.
4/25/1956:David Corzine, basketball player.
4/26/1711:David Hume, Scottish philosopher and historian.
4/26/1785:John James Audubon, naturalist.
4/26/1812:Alfred Krupp, German industrialist.
4/26/1822:Frederick Law Olmsted, American landscape architect.
4/26/1875:Syngman Rhee, South Korean statesman.
4/26/1893:Anita Loos, American author ("Gentlemen Prefer Blondes").
4/26/1894:Walter Richard Rudolf Hess, last Nazi held in Spandau Prison.
4/26/1898:Vicente Aleixandre.
4/26/1900:Charles Francis Richter, developer of the Richter scale.
4/26/1905:Charles K. Feldman (Charles K. Gould), film producer, born.
4/26/1914:Bernard Malamud, novelist.
4/26/1917:I.M. Pei, architect.
4/26/1926:Bambi Linn, dancer.
4/26/1933:Carol Burnett, actress and comedienne.
4/26/1938:Duane Eddy, musician.
4/26/1942:Bobby Rydell, pop singer.
4/26/1942:Claudine Auger, actress.
4/26/1943:Gary Wright, musician.
4/27/1737:Edward Gibbon, English historian.
4/27/1759:Mary Wollstonecraft Godwin, English writer.
4/27/1774:Louis Victor de Broglie, physicist.
4/27/1791:Samuel Finley Breese Morse, inventor of magnetic telegraphy.
4/27/1822:Ulysses Simpson Grant (Hiram Ulysses Grant), Civil War General
:and 18th US president.
4/27/1863:Cleveland Moffett, writer ("The Mysterious Card").
4/27/1896:Rogers Hornsby, baseball player.
4/27/1896:Wallace Carothers, inventor of Nylon.
4/27/1900:Walter Lantz, creator of "Woody Woodpecker."
4/27/1904:C. Day-Lewis, English poet.
4/27/1907:James Holding, short story writer.
4/27/1922:Jack Klugman, actor.
4/27/1927:Coretta Scott King, widow of Martin Luther King Jr.
4/27/1932:Anouk Aimee, actress.
4/27/1932:Casey Kasem.
4/27/1932:Pik Botha, South African political leader.
4/27/1937:Phil Jones, CBS news correspondent.
4/27/1937:Sandy Dennis, actress.
4/27/1939:Judy Carne, actress.
4/27/1941:Judith Blegen, opera singer.
4/27/1959:Sheena Easton (Sheena Shirley Orr), singer.
4/28/1442:Edward IV.
4/28/1758:James Monroe, 5th US president.
4/28/1774:Francis Baily, describer of "Baily's Beads."
4/28/1828:Mifflin Wister Gibbs, first black US judge (Little Rock).
4/28/1871:Louise Homer, American operatic singer.
4/28/1874:Sidney Toler, actor.
4/28/1878:Lionel Barrymore (Lionel Blythe), actor.
4/28/1900:Jan Hendrik Oort, astronomer.
4/28/1906:Kurt Godel, mathematical logician.
4/28/1917:Robert Anderson, writer.
4/28/1921:Rowland Evans, syndicated columnist.
4/28/1926:Harper Lee (Nelle Harper), novelist ("To Kill a Mockingbird").
4/28/1930:James A. Baker III, former US Secretary of State.
4/28/1932:Carolyn Jones, actress ("The Addams Family").
4/28/1937:Saddam Hussein, president of Iraq.
4/28/1941:Ann-Margret (Olsson), actress.
4/28/1948:Marcia Strassman, actress.
4/28/1950:Jay Leno, comedian.
4/28/1963:Mark Bavaro, football player.
4/28/1964:Barry Louis Larkin, baseball player.
4/29/1745:Oliver Ellsworth, chief justice of the US Supreme Court.
4/29/1769:Arthur Wellesly, Duke of Wellington. (5/1?)
4/29/1792:Matthew Vassar, founder of Vassar College.
4/29/1854:Jules Henri Poincare, founder of topology.
4/29/1863:William Randolph Hearst, publisher.
4/29/1899:Duke Ellington, bandleader and composer.
4/29/1901:Hirohito, Japanese Emperor.
4/29/1907:Fred Zinnemann, film director.
4/29/1909:Tom Ewell, actor.
4/29/1919:Celeste Holm, actress.
4/29/1922:George Allen, football coach.
4/29/1923:Irvin Kershner, film director.
4/29/1931:Robert Gottlieb, editor.
4/29/1933:Rod McKuen, poet.
4/29/1936:Zubin Mehta, symphony conductor.
4/29/1947:Tommy James, singer.
4/29/1952:Nora Dunn.
4/29/1954:Jerry Seinfeld, comedian.
4/29/1955:Kate Mulgrew, actress.
4/29/1957:Daniel Day-Lewis, actor.
4/29/1958:Michelle Pfeiffer, actress.
4/29/1968:Carnie Wilson.
4/29/1970:Andre Agassi, tennis player.
4/30/1602:William Lilly, English astrologer.
4/30/1777:Karl Friedrich Gauss, mathematician and astronomer.
4/30/1858:Mary Scott Lord Dimmick Harrison, second wife of Benjamin
:Harrison.
4/30/1870:Franz Lehar, Hungarian composer ("The Merry Widow").
4/30/1877:Alice B. Toklas.
4/30/1888:John Crowe Ransom.
4/30/1893:Joachim von Ribbentrop, German diplomat.
4/30/1909:Princess Juliana of the Netherlands.
4/30/1912:Eve Arden (Eunice Quedens), actress.
4/30/1916:Robert Shaw, conductor.
4/30/1930:Cloris Leachman, actress.
4/30/1933:Willie Nelson, singer.
4/30/1938:Gary Collins, talk show host.
4/30/1944:Jill Clayburgh, actress.
4/30/1945:Annie Dillard.
4/30/1945:Michael J. Smith, astronaut.
4/30/1946:King Carl Gustaf XVI of Sweden.
4/30/1961:Isiah Thomas, basketball player.
4/30/1963:Al Toon, football player.
 

EVENTS

4:Cancer Control Month
4:Exchange Club Child Abuse Prevention Month
4:Holy Humor Month
4:International Guitar Month
4:International TWIT (Tiresome WIT) Award Month
4:Keep America Beautiful Month
4:Knuckles Down Month
4:Mathematics Education Month
4:Month of the Young Child (Michigan)
4:Municipal Community Services Month (California)
4:National Anxiety Month
4:National Cable Month
4:National Garden Month
4:National Humor Month
4:National Occupational Therapy Month
4:National Sexually Transmitted Diseases Education and Awareness
:Month
4:National TMJ Awareness Month
4:National Woodworking Month
4:Parkinson's Awareness Month
4:Pets are Wonderful Month
#: Events depending on weekdays
R(4/7) :Nafels Pilgrimage (Switzerland) (first Thursday).
F(4/7) :Arbor Day (parts of Arizona) (Friday after April 1).
F(4/7) :Student Government Day (Massachusetts) (first Friday).
S(4/7) :Sorry Charlie Day (first Saturday).
U(4/7) :Daylight Savings Time Begins (2:00 am) (first Sunday).
M(4/21):Patriot's Day (Maine and Massachusetts) (third Monday).
T(4/21):Look-Alike Day (third Tuesday).
U(4/21):Sechselauten (Switzerland) (third Sunday and Monday of April)
M(4/22):Sechselauten (Switzerland) (third Sunday and Monday of April)
M(4/26):St. George's Day (Newfoundland) (Monday nearest April 23).
W(4/27):Professional Secretaries Day (Wednesday of last full week).
M(4/28):Fast Day (New Hampshire) (fourth Monday).
M(4/30):Arbor Day (Wyoming) (last Monday).
M(4/30):Confederate Memorial Day (Alabama and Mississippi) (last Monday).
W(4/30):World YWCA Day (last Wednesday).
U(4/30):Arthritis Foundation National Telethon (last Sunday).
#: Normal events
4/1 :April Noddy Day.
4/1 :All Fool's Day.
4/1 :Gowkie Day.
4/1 :Gowkin' Day.
4/1 :Save The Rhino Day.
4/1 :Youth Day (Benin).
4/1/1621 :First treaty signed between the American colonists and indians.
4/1/1634 :Authority to build the first bridge in US issued (Neponset River).
4/1/1665 :Great Plague hit London.
4/1/1719 :First edition of "Mother Goose" published (Boston).
4/1/1789 :US House of Representatives held its first full meeting (New
:York).
4/1/1810 :Napoleon I married Marie-Louise, his second wife.
4/1/1826 :Patent granted for two cylinder internal combustion engine
:(Captain Sam Mory).
4/1/1832 :Robert the Hermit died.
4/1/1864 :First accident insurance policy printed (Hartford).
4/1/1865 :Confederate forces defeated by Union troops at Five Forks,
:Virginia.
4/1/1913 :First moving assembly line installed (Henry Ford).
4/1/1917 :Scott Joplin, ragtime composer, died.
4/1/1918 :Royal Air Force founded.
4/1/1924 :Adolf Hitler imprisoned for Beer Hall Putsch involvement.
4/1/1932 :Gene Autry married Ina Mae.
4/1/1943 :Meats, cooking oil, and cheese placed under US wartime rationing.
4/1/1945 :US forces swarmed ashore on Okinawa.
4/1/1954 :Air Force Academy established.
4/1/1960 :Last "The Lucy-Desi Comedy Hour" aired.
4/1/1960 :Tiros-1 (US), first meteorological satellite, launched.
4/1/1974 :Yourdon, Inc. founded.
4/1/1982 :Control of the Panama Canal Zone transferred to Panama.
4/1/1984 :Marvin Gaye killed.
4/1/1986 :World oil prices dropped below $10 a barrel.
4/1/1988 :Jim Jordan, radio actor ("Fibber McGee"), died.
4/2 :International Children's Book Day.
4/2 :National Holiday (Argentina).
4/2 :Pascua Florida Day (Florida).
4/2/1513 :Florida discovered (Juan Ponce de Leon).
4/2/1751 :John Smibert, American artist, died.
4/2/1792 :US Mint established.
4/2/1819 :First successful agricultural journal ("The American Farmer")
:began publication.
4/2/1863 :Bread riot in Richmond, Virginia.
4/2/1872 :Samuel Finley Breese Morse, inventor of the electromagnetic
:telegraph, died.
4/2/1877 :First human cannonball.
4/2/1877 :First White House Easter Egg Roll.
4/2/1878 :First hotel to cater to unescorted women opened (The Women's
:Hotel, New York).
4/2/1902 :First motion picture theater opened (Los Angeles).
4/2/1912 :Plans for "Oreo Biscuit" circulated to Nabisco plant managers.
4/2/1917 :Woodrow Wilson asked US Congress to declare war on Germany.
4/2/1932 :Charles Lindbergh left $50,000 in a Bronx cemetery in hopes of
:regaining his son.
4/2/1956 :"Edge of Night" debuted (CBS).
4/2/1976 :First ambulance ship for boaters and pleasure craft christened.
4/2/1982 :Argentine troops stormed the Falkland Islands.
4/3 :Armenian Appreciation Day.
4/3 :Birthday of Pak Tai (Hong Kong).
4/3 :Jimmu Tenno Sai, Demise of the First Emperor (Japan).
4/3/1531 :Martin Luther excommunicated by Diet of Worms.
4/3/1776 :George Washington received an honorary doctor of law degree from
:Harvard College.
4/3/1860 :Pony Express inaugural run.
4/3/1865 :Richmond Virginia surrendered to Union forces.
4/3/1866 :Patent for hat blocking and shaping machine granted.
4/3/1882 :Jesse Woodson James shot (Robert Ford).
4/3/1893 :First US ambassador appointed (Thomas F. Bayard, Great Britain).
4/3/1920 :F. Scott Fitzgerald married Zelda Sayre.
4/3/1936 :Bruno Richard Hauptmann electrocuted for Lindbergh kidnapping.
4/3/1953 :IBM 701 introduced.
4/3/1962 :New Orleans ordered to integrate the first six grades of public
:schools.
4/3/1966 :Luna 10 (USSR) became the first spacecraft to orbit the moon.
4/3/1978 :FORTRAN77 standard officially adopted.
4/3/1982 :Argentina captured the Falkland Islands dependency of South
:Georgia.
4/3/1990 :Sarah Vaughan, singer, died.
4/3/1991 :Graham Greene, English novelist, died.
4/4 :Bonza Bottler Day.
4/4 :Ching Ming Festival (Hong Kong).
4/4 :Independence Day (Senegal).
4/4 :National Holiday (Hungary).
4/4/1581 :Sir Frances Drake knighted by Queen Elizabeth I.
4/4/1692 :First post office established for American colonies.
4/4/1774 :Oliver Goldsmith, Irish writer, died.
4/4/1775 :First newspaper printed from American-made type ("The
:Pennsylvania Mercury").
4/4/1818 :US Congress decided to have a flag with thirteen stripes and one
:star added for each state.
4/4/1831 :Isaiah Thomas, American printer and editor, died.
4/4/1841 :William Henry Harrison, ninth US president, died (first to die in
:office).
4/4/1859 :"Dixie" first performed (New York).
4/4/1887 :First female US mayor elected (Susanna M. Salter - Argonia,
:Kansas).
4/4/1896 :Yukon gold rush began.
4/4/1912 :Isaac Kauffman Funk, US publisher, died.
4/4/1931 :Andre Michelin, first mass produced auto tires, died.
4/4/1949 :NATO established.
4/4/1963 :Tandy Corporation acquired Radio Shack (nine stores).
4/4/1967 :US Federal Drug Administration announced plans to study the
:smoking of banana peel.
4/4/1968 :Martin Luther King Jr, civil rights leader, killed.
4/4/1969 :First artificial heart transplant (Dr. Denton Cooley).
4/4/1969 :Smothers' Brothers show cancelled by CBS.
4/4/1972 :First electric power generated using municipal refuse as fuel.
4/4/1982 :El Chichon erupted (Mexico).
4/4/1983 :STS-6 (first Challenger flight) (US) launched.
4/4/1983 :Gloria Swanson (Gloria May Josephine Svensson), actress, died.
4/4/1991 :Max Frisch, literary figure, died.
4/4/1993 :Alfred Butts, Scrabble inventor, died.
4/5 :Arbor Day (South Korea).
4/5 :National Tomb Sweeping Day (Taiwan). (April 4th on leap years)
4/5/-2348:Noah's Ark grounded.
4/5/-347 :Plato died.
4/5/1614 :Pocahontas (a.k.a. Matoaka, a.k.a. Rebecca) married John Rolfe
:(in Virginia).
4/5/1621 :The Mayflower sailed from Plymouth on a return trip to England.
4/5/1653 :First use of postage stamps (Paris).
4/5/1792 :First US presidential veto.
4/5/1806 :Cider mill patented (I. Quintard, Stanfield, Connecticut).
4/5/1851 :Central Park (New York) proposed.
4/5/1887 :Anne Sullivan taught Helen Keller the meaning of the word "water"
:as spelled out in the manual alphabet.
4/5/1892 :First public library board of trustees in Iowa (Sioux City).
4/5/1895 :Oscar Wilde arrested and charged in connection with his intimate
:relationship with Lord Alfred Douglas.
4/5/1951 :Julius and Ethel Rosenberg sentenced to death for stealing atomic
:secrets.
4/5/1964 :General Douglas MacArthur, WWII Allied forces commander, died.
4/5/1967 :Gray Line began bus tours of Haight-Ashbury.
4/5/1972 :First major league baseball game cancelled by strike.
4/5/1973 :Pioneer 11 (US) launched.
4/5/1975 :Chiang Kai-shek, Nationalist Chinese leader, died.
4/5/1976 :Howard Robard Hughes, reclusive billionaire, died.
4/5/1982 :Abe Fortas, first US Supreme Court Justice to be forced to
:resign, died.
4/5/1986 :Bomb explosion in La Belle, West Berlin.
4/6 :Chakri Day (Thailand).
4/6 :Van Riebeeck Day (South Africa).
4/6 :Victory Day (Ethiopia).
4/6 :Women and Children Day (Taiwan).
4/6/1327 :Petrarch, Italian poet, met "Laura", to whom he wrote 366 poems.
4/6/1520 :Raffaello Santi (Sanzio), Italian painter and architect, died.
4/6/1528 :Albrecht Durer, German painter and engraver, died.
4/6/1789 :US Senate first achieved a quorum.
4/6/1830 :Joseph Smith founded Mormon Church (Fayette, New York).
4/6/1862 :Battle of Shiloh, Tennessee.
4/6/1866 :G.A.R. established.
4/6/1868 :Brigham Young married last (27th) wife.
4/6/1888 :Thomas Green Clemson, mining engineer and agriculturist, died.
4/6/1896 :First modern Olympic games formally opened (Athens, Greece).
4/6/1909 :Admiral Robert Edwin Peary reached the North Pole.
4/6/1909 :First US Credit Union Law passed.
4/6/1917 :US declared war on Germany.
4/6/1923 :John Dwight found sinking.
4/6/1926 :Domestic air mail service began (Pasco, Washington to Elko,
:Nevada).
4/6/1935 :Edwin Arlington Robinson, American poet ("Richard Cory"), died.
4/6/1938 :Teflon (tetrafluoroethylene) accidentally created.
4/6/1971 :Igor Fedorovich Stravinsky, Russian-born composer, died.
4/6/1973 :Designated hitter first used in American League (Ron Blomberg).
4/6/1984 :STS-11 (US) launched.
4/6/1985 :First artificial heart recipient to be discharged from the
:hospital (William J. Schroeder).
4/6/1987 :Sugar Ray Leonard won middleweight title from Marvin Hagler.
4/6/1992 :Isaac Asimov, science fiction writer, died.
4/7 :Alewives run, Cape Cod, Massachusetts.
4/7 :Verrazano Day (New York).
4/7 :World Health Day.
4/7 :Yugoslav Republic Day.
4/7/30 :Jesus crucified ("by many scholars' reckoning").
4/7/1862 :Union forces defeated the Confederates at Shiloh, Tennessee.
4/7/1891 :Phineas Taylor Barnum, showman, died.
4/7/1904 :First installment finance company (Fidelity Contract Co.).
4/7/1922 :US Naval Reserve #3, "Teapot Dome," leased to Harry F. Sinclair.
4/7/1927 :First successful demonstration of TV (Washington DC to New York).
4/7/1939 :Italy invaded Albania.
4/7/1939 :"The Story of Vernon and Irene Castle," starring Fred Astaire and
:Ginger Rogers, released.
4/7/1947 :Henry Ford, auto pioneer, died.
4/7/1947 :Millions in US left without telephone service by a nationwide
:strike (23 days).
4/7/1949 :Rodgers and Hammerstein's "South Pacific" opened on Broadway.
4/7/1964 :IBM announced System/360.
4/7/1969 :Major League Baseball's first official save earned (Bill Singer).
4/7/1973 :Comet Kohoutek discovered.
4/7/1979 :Bob and Ken Forsch became the first brothers to throw a no hitter
:(Bob threw his a year earlier).
4/8 :Buddha's Birth Celebrated (Japan).
4/8 :Fast and Prayer Day (Liberia).
4/8 :Flower Festival (Hana Masuri) (Japan).
4/8/1513 :Ponce de Leon landed in Florida to search for the "Fountain of
:Youth".
4/8/1826 :Duel between Henry Clay and John Randolph.
4/8/1847 :Scott began march into Mexico.
4/8/1879 :Anthony Panizzi, only librarian hanged in effigy, died.
4/8/1900 :Claude William Dukenfield (W.C. Fields) married Harriet Hughes.
4/8/1913 :17th Amendment to US Constitution (popular Senate elections)
:ratified.
4/8/1917 :Austrio-Hungary severed diplomatic relations with US.
4/8/1938 :Italy invaded Albania.
4/8/1949 :Kathy Fiscus (3 - San Marino, California) fell into a well (found
:dead 2 days later).
4/8/1952 :Harry Truman ordered government seizure of the US steel industry
:to avoid a general strike.
4/8/1953 :First major 3D movie released ("Man in the Dark").
4/8/1973 :Pablo Ruiz Picasso, Spanish artist, died.
4/8/1974 :Hank Aaron set home run record (715 - off Dodger, Al Downing).
4/8/1979 :Io, one of Jupiter's moons, found to be geologically active.
4/8/1981 :Longest game in professional baseball history (8 hours, 25
:minutes - 25 innings, Pawtucket Red Sox vs. Rochester Red
:Wings).
4/8/1981 :Omar Nelson Bradley, US General, died.
4/8/1990 :Ryan White, AIDS victim, died.
4/8/1993 :First player ever to hit a home run from both sides of the plate
:in the same inning (Carlos Baerga).
4/9 :Bataan Day (Philippines).
4/9 :Buddha Day (Hawaii).
4/9 :Martyrs' Day (Tunisia).
4/9/1388 :Battle of Nafels.
4/9/1483 :Edward V became English Sovereign.
4/9/1626 :Sir Francis Bacon, English philosopher and statesman, died.
4/9/1682 :Mouth of Mississippi claimed for Louis XIV (Robert Cavalier).
4/9/1731 :Robert Jenkins's ear cut off (led to the "War of Jenkins's Ear").
4/9/1804 :Jacques Necker, French banker and statesman, died.
4/9/1852 :John Howard Payne, American author and actor, died.
4/9/1865 :Lee surrendered to Grant ending Civil War (1:30 pm).
4/9/1883 :"The Old Captain Collier Library," first US detective fiction
:magazine, published.
4/9/1912 :Red Sox defeated Harvard (2-0) in an open house exhibition game.
4/9/1913 :Ebbets Field (Brooklyn, New York) opened.
4/9/1914 :Eben Sumner Draper, former Massachusetts Governor, died.
4/9/1922 :Patrick Manson, "father of tropical medicine," died.
4/9/1939 :Marian Anderson performed on the steps of the Lincoln Memorial.
4/9/1940 :Germany invaded Norway and Denmark.
4/9/1943 :ENIAC project began.
4/9/1948 :"The Big Clock" released by Paramount Pictures.
4/9/1959 :First seven US astronauts selected by NASA.
4/9/1959 :Frank Lloyd Wright, US architect, died.
4/9/1961 :Last Red Car ran in Los Angeles.
4/9/1963 :Winston Churchill made an honorary US citizen (first ever).
4/9/1965 :Houston Astrodome opened (first baseball game ever played
:indoors).
4/9/1976 :US and Russia agreed on the size of nuclear tests for peaceful
:use.
4/9/1979 :The US government declared the crisis was over at Three Mile
:Island.
4/9/1980 :Soyuz 35 (USSR) launched.
4/9/1983 :Record-breaking floods in Louisiana.
4/9/1989 :Soviet troops spray demonstrators with poison gas.
4/10 :Bulgarelli Spring or Real Spring in the Great Northeast.
4/10 :Childcare Professionals Recognition Day.
4/10/1790:First American circumnavigated the earth (Robert Gray).
4/10/1790:Patent Act approved.
4/10/1841:New York Tribune began publishing (Horace Greeley).
4/10/1845:Gingham making equipment patented.
4/10/1849:Safety pin patented (Walter Hunt).
4/10/1864:Austrian Archduke Maximilian became Emperor of Mexico.
4/10/1866:ASPCA chartered (New York).
4/10/1872:First observation of Arbor Day (Nebraska).
4/10/1877:Catamaran patented (N. Herreshoff).
4/10/1912:RMS Titanic set sail.
4/10/1916:First professional golf tournament held (Bronxville, New York).
4/10/1942:Bataan Death March began.
4/10/1944:Synthetic quinine first produced (Cambridge, Massachusetts).
4/10/1945:Nazi concentration camp at Buchenwald liberated by the US 80th
:division.
4/10/1955:Pierre Teilhard de Chardin, French philosopher, died.
4/10/1960:The US Senate passed the Civil Rights Bill.
4/10/1963:Atomic submarine Thresher went down 220 miles east of Boston.
4/10/1966:Evelyn Waugh, novelist ("Brideshead Revisited"), died.
4/10/1970:Paul McCartney announced departure from the Beatles.
4/10/1971:Opening day's first baseball was dropped from a helicopter
:(Veterans Stadium, Philadelphia).
4/10/1971:US table tennis team arrived in China (first US group to
:penetrate "Bamboo Curtain").
4/11 :International Resistance Movement Day (Czechoslovakia).
4/11 :National Heroes Day (Costa Rica).
4/11/1713:Queen Anne's War ended.
4/11/1814:Napolean exiled to Elba.
4/11/1847:Chinese students first arrived in New York.
4/11/1862:Fort Pulaski siege anniversary.
4/11/1914:George Bernard Shaw's "Pygmalion" opened (London).
4/11/1926:Luther Burbank, US naturalist and author, died.
4/11/1938:Society for the Preservation and Encouragement of Barbershop
:Quartet Singing in America founded.
4/11/1939:Willard Huntington Wright (S.S. Van Dine), writer, died.
4/11/1945:Buchenwald Camp liberated.
4/11/1951:General Douglas MacArthur relieved of his command in Korea.
4/11/1957:Freeman Wills Crofts, mystery writer, died.
4/11/1960:First weather satellite launched (Tiros 1).
4/11/1968:Civil Rights Act signed (discrimination in housing illegal).
4/11/1968:President Johnson ordered 24,500 reservists called up, half for
:duty in Vietnam.
4/11/1970:Apollo 13 was launched and aborted when an oxygen tank exploded.
4/11/1970:The beatles announced their breakup.
4/11/1975:US closed its embassy in Phnom Penh.
4/11/1979:Idi Amin overthrown.
4/11/1983:First black mayor of Chicago (Harold Washington) elected.
4/11/1984:Konstantin U. Chernenko assumed the title of Soviet president.
4/11/1987:South Africa barred all protests on behalf of political detainees.
4/11/1992:Sam Kinison, comedian, killed.
4/12 :Cosmonauts' Day (Almogordo, New Mexico).
4/12/1204:Fourth Crusade sacked Constantinople.
4/12/1682:First meal prepared in a pressure cooker.
4/12/1770:Townsend Acts repealed.
4/12/1776:North Carolina authorized delegates to vote on US Declaration of
:Independence.
4/12/1811:First permanent US colony in the Pacific Northwest established
:(Ft. Astoria).
4/12/1843:First charter to sell life insurance granted (Mutual Life
:Insurance Co. of New York).
4/12/1853:First truancy law enacted (New York).
4/12/1861:Confederate troops fired first shots of Civil War (Fort Sumter,
:South Carolina).
4/12/1862:Union agents captured "The General" (a locomotive) for eight
:hours.
4/12/1878:William March "Boss" Tweed, New York political boss, died.
4/12/1912:Clarissa "Clara" Harlowe Barton, American Red Cross founder, died.
4/12/1912:Tinkers, Evers, and Chance (famous double play combo) played
:thier last game together.
4/12/1934:Wind gusts to 231 miles per hour (Mount Washington, New
:Hampshire).
4/12/1945:Franklin Delano Roosevelt, 32nd US president, died.
4/12/1955:Salk vaccine announced as "safe, potent, and effective."
4/12/1961:Vostok 1 (USSR), first man in space (Yuri Alexseyevich Gagarin),
:launched.
4/12/1975:Last American personnel evacuated from Cambodia.
4/12/1980:Terrence Stanley Fox began his run across Canada for cancer.
4/12/1981:Joe Louis, heavyweight boxing champ, died.
4/12/1981:Space shuttle "Columbia," first reusable space craft, launched.
4/12/1985:Discovery (US) launched.
4/12/1988:Alan Paton, South African author, died.
4/12/1989:Abbie Hoffman died.
4/12/1989:Hewlett-Packard Co. announced its acquisition of Apollo Computer
:Inc.
4/13 :Founder's Day (University of Virginia).
4/13 :National Day (Chad).
4/13 :Songkron Day (Thailand).
4/13 :Thomas Jefferson's Birthday (Alabama and Oklahoma).
4/13/1796:First elephant arrived in America (Jacob Crowninshield).
4/13/1830:Jackson's toast to Union.
4/13/1843:First US president to have his photo taken (John Quincy Adams).
4/13/1869:Steam power brake patented (George Westinghouse).
4/13/1941:Annie Jump Cannon, American astronomer, died.
4/13/1962:"Silent Spring," by Rachel Carson, released.
4/13/1964:Ian Smith became prime minister of Rhodesia.
4/13/1964:First black man won an Oscar as best actor (Sidney
:Poitier-"Lilies of the Field").
4/13/1972:First major league baseball strike ended.
4/13/1973:First professional runner to break the four minute mile (Jim
:Ryun).
4/13/1983:16 pound 6 ounce baby born (Tom's River, New Jersey).
4/13/1984:Australian Christopher Wilder (FBI's "most wanted man")
:accidentally killed himself.
4/13/1986:Stephen Stucker, actor, died.
4/13/1987:World population exceeded 5 billion.
4/14 :Dia De Las Americas (Honduras).
4/14 :Pan American Day (The Americas).
4/14/1759:George Frederick Handel, German composer, died.
4/14/1775:First abolition society in America formed (Philadelphia).
4/14/1828:Noah Webster's "American Dictionary of the English Language"
:first published.
4/14/1861:Fort Sumter surrendered to the Confederacy.
4/14/1865:Abraham Lincoln shot (John Wilkes Booth).
4/14/1894:Kinetoscope first demonstrated (Thomas Edison).
4/14/1910:First time a US president threw out the first pitch (Taft).
4/14/1912:The Titanic struck an iceberg (11:40 pm).
4/14/1914:Nonskid tire pattern patented.
4/14/1918:First American became an air ace (Lt. Douglas Campbell).
4/14/1937:Rodgers and Hart's "Babes in Arms" opened on Broadway.
4/14/1960:Charles Strouse and Lee Adams's "Bye Bye Birdie" opened on
:Broadway.
4/14/1964:Rachel (Louise) Carson, US author ("Silent Spring"), died.
4/14/1965:Statute of limitations on WWII crimes extended.
4/14/1975:Karen Ann Quinlan became comatose.
4/14/1980:First rock video cassette offered for sale to the general public
:("The Touring Principle" by Gary Numan).
4/14/1981:Space shuttle Columbia completed its first flight.
4/14/1986:US aircraft attacked five terrorist locations in Libya.
4/15 :Bengali New Year (Bangladesh).
4/15 :Income Tax Pay-Day.
4/15/1755:Samuel Johnson's "A Dictionary of the English Language" published.
4/15/1789:First contested election in US.
4/15/1817:First American school for the deaf opened (Hartford).
4/15/1850:Marie Grosholtz Tussaud, wax figure creator, died.
4/15/1850:San Francisco incorporated.
4/15/1861:Abraham Lincoln sent US Congress a message recognizing war with
:the South.
4/15/1865:Abraham Lincoln, 16th US president, died.
4/15/1870:Emma Hart Willard, pioneer in higher education for women, died.
4/15/1888:Matthew Arnold, English poet and essayist, died.
4/15/1912:Jacques Futrelle, writer, died.
4/15/1912:RMS Titanic sank (2:27 am - 1517 killed).
4/15/1919:Jane Delano, US nurse and teacher, died.
4/15/1947:Jackie Robinson's first major league baseball game.
4/15/1952:First bank credit card issued (Franklin National Bank of New
:York).
4/15/1958:First major league baseball game played on west coast (San
:Francisco 8 - Los Angeles 0; Seals Stadium).
4/15/1975:Marvin Hamlisch's "A Chorus Line" opened on Broadway.
4/15/1980:Jean-Paul Sartre, philosopher and author, died.
4/15/1984:New York's worst mass murder (three women and seven children).
4/15/1986:Jean Genet, French dramatist, novelist, and poet, died.
4/15/1989:Sheffield, England soccer stadium disaster (95 killed).
4/15/1990:Greta Garbo (Greta Lovisa Gustaffson), actress, died.
4/16 :Jose de Diego's Birthday (Alabama).
4/16 :Queen Margrethe's Birthday (Denmark).
4/16/1681:Province of New Jersey for sale ($25,000).
4/16/1689:Aphra Behn, novelist and playwright, died.
4/16/1787:First professionally produced US play with a US subject ("The
:Contrast", New York).
4/16/1828:Francisco Jose de Goya, Spanish painter, died.
4/16/1851:Iron pile lighthouse at Minot's Ledge, Massachusetts swept away.
4/16/1862:Slavery abolished in Washington DC.
4/16/1901:Minnesota Abrasive Co. incorporated (forerunner of 3M).
4/16/1905:Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching established.
4/16/1908:Natural Bridges National Monument established.
4/16/1926:Book-of-the-Month Club distributed its first Selection ("Lolly
:Willowes").
4/16/1927:Gaston Leroux, author ("The Phantom of the Opera"), died.
4/16/1940:Bob Feller threw the only Opening Day No-Hitter in baseball
:history.
4/16/1943:Albert Hoffman took the world's first LSD trip.
4/16/1947:Zoom lens first demonstrated (New York).
4/16/1968:Edna Ferber, novelist ("So Big"), died.
4/16/1969:Michigan became the first US state to ban DDT.
4/16/1972:Apollo 16 (US) launched.
4/16/1986:Svetlana Alliluyeva, daughter of Stalin, returned to US.
4/16/1991:Sir David Lean, film director, died.
4/16/1992:The communist era in Afghanistan ended.
4/17 :Burmese New Year (Burma).
4/17 :Independence Day (Syrian Arab Republic).
4/17 :National Day (Kampuchea).
4/17/1421:Dikes at Dort, Holland broke, drowning 100,000 people.
4/17/1521:Martin Luther was excommunicated from the Roman Catholic Church.
4/17/1524:New York harbor discovered (Giovanni Verrazano).
4/17/1534:Sir Thomas More, English statesman and writer, imprisoned.
4/17/1790:Benjamin Franklin, US statesman, scientist, and author, died.
4/17/1892:Alexander Mackenzie, Canadian Prime Minister, died.
4/17/1900:Eastern Samoa became American Samoa.
4/17/1904:Samuel Smiles, Scottish writer, died.
4/17/1933:First Civilian Conservation Corps camp opened (Luray, Virginia).
4/17/1934:The "new" Fenway opened (Washington Senators 6 Red Sox 5).
4/17/1961:"Bay of Pigs" invasion.
4/17/1964:First woman to complete a solo flight around the world (Jerrie
:Mock, Columbus, Ohio).
4/17/1964:Ford Mustang formally introduced ($2368 base).
4/17/1967:Surveyor 3 (US) launched.
4/17/1969:Sirhan Sirhan found guilty of the murder of Senator Robert F.
:Kennedy.
4/17/1973:Ron Ziegler told newsmen that all previous White House statements
:on Watergate were to be considered "inoperative".
4/17/1976:Mike Schmidt hit four consecutive home runs (vs. Chicago).
4/17/1980:Zimbabwe won independence.
4/17/1982:Queen Elizabeth gave Canada complete independence from Britain.
4/17/1986:Peace began between Netherlands and Scilly Isles.
4/17/1989:Polish labor union Solidarity granted legal status.
4/17/1991:Dow Jones broke 3,000.
4/18 :Independence Day (Chile and Zimbabwe).
4/18 :Pet Owners Independence Day.
4/18/1676:Sudbury, Massachusetts attacked by Indians.
4/18/1775:Paul Revere and William Dawes began their famed rides.
4/18/1842:Dorr's Rebellion (Rhode Island).
4/18/1853:William Rufus Devane King, 13th US vice president, died.
4/18/1865:General Johnston surrendered to General Sherman at Durham Station.
4/18/1902:First country to adopt fingerprinting (Denmark).
4/18/1906:San Francisco earthquake (47 seconds, 700 killed, 250,000
:homeless, 7.9 to 8.3 on Richter Scale).
4/18/1923:Yankee Stadium opened (Yankees 4, Boston 1).
4/18/1934:First laundromat opened in US (Ft. Worth, Texas).
4/18/1936:Ottorino Respighi, Italian composer, died.
4/18/1942:First issue of "Stars and Stripes" published.
4/18/1942:"30 Seconds Over Tokyo" raid occurred.
4/18/1945:Ernie Pyle, war correspondent, killed by Japanese gunfire.
4/18/1946:League of Nations dissolved.
4/18/1949:Ireland declared itself an independent nation.
4/18/1955:Albert Einstein, physicist, died.
4/18/1955:"Third World" first used.
4/18/1956:Grace Kelly married Prince Rainier of Monaco (civil ceremony).
4/18/1964:Tony C hit a home run off first major league pitch ever thrown to
:him.
4/18/1978:Treaty ratified giving the Panama Canal back to Panama in 2000.
4/18/1980:Rhodesia became the independent nation of Zimbabwe.
4/18/1981:Yes broke up.
4/18/1982:Canadian Constitution Act went into effect.
4/18/1983:Joan Benoit won women's Boston Marathon (2:22:42).
4/18/1986:Titan 34-D Rocket failure.
4/18/1987:First female mayor of Dallas elected (Annette Strauss).
4/18/1987:Mike Schmidt hit 500th home run (vs. Robinson - Pirates).
4/19 :Declaration of Independence (Venezuela).
4/19 :Landing of the 33 Orientales Day (Uraguay).
4/19 :National Holiday (Sierra Leone).
4/19/1739:Sunspots first observed (John Winthrop).
4/19/1775:American Revolutionary War began.
4/19/1782:US and Netherlands began diplomatic relations.
4/19/1813:Benjamin Rush, physician and patriot, died.
4/19/1824:Lord George Gordon Byron, English poet, died.
4/19/1861:First casualties of Civil War (Baltimore).
4/19/1881:Benjamin Disraeli, British novelist and statesman, died.
4/19/1882:Charles Robert Darwin, biologist, died.
4/19/1897:First Boston Marathon.
4/19/1933:The US ended the "gold standard" for the dollar.
4/19/1943:Warsaw Ghetto uprising.
4/19/1945:Rodgers and Hammerstein's "Carousel" opened on Broadway.
4/19/1956:Grace Kelly married Prince Rainier of Monaco (church service).
4/19/1967:"Casino Royale" released.
4/19/1971:Russia launched its first Salyut space station.
4/19/1971:Sierra Leone became a republic.
4/19/1972:Apollo 16 spacecraft (US) began orbiting the moon.
4/19/1982:Salyut 7 (USSR) launched.
4/19/1989:Explosion aboard the USS Iowa (47 killed).
4/19/1993:George Mickelson, South Dakota Governor, killed in plane crash.
4/20/1653:Oliver Cromwell dissolved the English Parliament to rule by
:decree.
4/20/1812:George Clinton, 4th US vice president, died.
4/20/1837:Massachusetts created a state board of education.
4/20/1902:Curies isolated radium.
4/20/1912:First game played at Fenway Park (Red Sox 7, New York Highlanders
:6).
4/20/1912:First game played at Navin Field (now Tiger Stadium) (Detroit 6,
:Cleveland 5).
4/20/1914:Miners attacked by National Guardsmen at Ludlow, Colorado.
4/20/1916:First game played at Wrigley Field (Chicago 7, Cincinati 6).
4/20/1926:First radio facsimile transmission.
4/20/1959:Fidel Castro got red-carpet welcome, New York.
4/20/1971:US Supreme Court unanimously ruled in favor of busing.
4/20/1972:Apollo 16 (US) made fifth manned landing on the moon.
4/20/1976:US Supreme Court ruled that federal courts could order low cost
:housing for minorities in a city's white suburbs to ease racial
:segregation.
4/20/1979:Howard K. Smith left his resignation on the ABC bulletin board
:and went on vacation.
4/20/1982:Archibald MacLeish, US poet, died.
4/20/1987:First Nazi war criminal returned by US to USSR against his will
:(Karl Linnas).
4/20/1988:Record for longest season-starting losing streak broken (14
:games, Orioles).
4/20/1989:Daphne du Maurier died.
4/21 :Kartini Day (Indonesia).
4/21 :San Jacinto Day (Texas).
4/21 :Tiradentes Day (Brazil).
4/21/-753:Rome was founded by Romulus.
4/21/1790:Funeral for Benjamin Franklin (20,000 attended).
4/21/1836:Battle of San Jacinto (Texas).
4/21/1857:Bustle patented (Alexander Douglas).
4/21/1898:Only baseball player to hit a grand slam home run his first at
:bat (Bill Duggleby, Philadelphia Phillies).
4/21/1910:Samuel Langhorne Clemens (Mark Twain), author, died.
4/21/1918:Manfred von Richthofen ("Red Baron") shot down (Captain R. Brown
:- Canada).
4/21/1939:Kimball's Ice Cream Stand (Littleton, Massachusetts) opened.
4/21/1954:US Air Force planes began flying French troops to Indochina.
4/21/1956:Elvis Presley got his first #1 record ("Heartbreak Hotel").
4/21/1967:King Constantine (of Greece) sent into exile (in Italy).
4/21/1972:Copernicus, OAO 4 (US) launched.
4/21/1975:Nyugen Van Thieu resigned as president of South Vietnam.
4/21/1977:Charles Strouse and Lee Adams's "Annie" opened on Broadway.
4/21/1992:Robert Alton Harris executed (first in California since 1967).
4/22 :Arbor Day (Nebraska and Delaware).
4/22 :Discovery of Brazil Day (Brazil).
4/22 :Earth Day (first celebrated in 1970).
4/22 :Girl Scout Leader's Day.
4/22 :Oklahoma Day (Oklahoma).
4/22/1509:Henry VIII became English Sovereign.
4/22/1794:Pennsylvania abolished capital punishment except for first degree
:murder.
4/22/1855:First US railroad crossed the Mississippi River.
4/22/1864:"In God We Trust" approved as US motto.
4/22/1889:Start of the Oklahoma land rush (20,000 homesteaders).
4/22/1912:Bram Stoker, author, died.
4/22/1915:German forces became the first to use poison gas.
4/22/1915:Rupert Brooke, English poet, died.
4/22/1922:First three homer baseball game in American League (Ken Williams,
:St. Louis Browns, Sportsman's Park).
4/22/1946:Harland Fiske Stone, former US Supreme Court Chief Justice, died.
4/22/1948:"Barney Blake, Police Reporter" premiered on NBC TV.
4/22/1970:Tom Seaver (New York Mets) struck out ten consecutive batters
:(San Diego).
4/22/1972:Apollo astronauts John Young and Charles Duke walked and rode
:around the surface of the moon for 7 hours and 23 minutes.
4/22/1985:Jose Sarney sworn in as Brazil's first civilian president in 21
:years.
4/22/1994:Richard Milhous Nixon, 37th US president, died.
4/23 :Book Day and Lover's Day (Barcelona, Spain).
4/23 :National Sovereignty and Children's Day (Turkey).
4/23 :Peppercorn Ceremony (Bermuda).
4/23/303 :Saint George died.
4/23/1616:Miguel de Cervantes Saavedra, Spanish writer ("Don Quixote"),
:died.
4/23/1616:William Shakespeare, English playwright, died.
4/23/1635:Boston Latin founded.
4/23/1850:William Wordsworth, English poet, died.
4/23/1896:Premier of motion pictures (Koster and Bial's Music Hall, New
:York).
4/23/1905:Joseph Jefferson, actor, died.
4/23/1923:Turkish Grand National Assembly inaugurated.
4/23/1941:"America First" rally was staged in New York.
4/23/1951:Charles Gates Dawes, 30th US vice president, died.
4/23/1954:Hank Aaron hit his first home run.
4/23/1965:More than 200 US planes struck North Vietnam.
4/23/1967:First casualty in space. (4/24?)
4/23/1968:Columbia University taken over by students.
4/23/1971:Soyuz 10 (USSR) launched.
4/23/1980:Artificial skin first made.
4/23/1983:Buster Crabbe, star of Flash Gordon, died.
4/23/1985:Sam Ervin, ex-Senator (North Carolina), died.
4/23/1986:Harold Arlen, US composer and songwriter ("Over the Rainbow"),
:died.
4/23/1986:Otto Preminger, producer-director, died. (4/24?)
4/23/1987:Apartment building under construction (Bridgeport, Connecticut)
:collapsed (28 killed).
4/24 :Arbor Day (most US states).
4/24 :Armenian Martyrs Day.
4/24 :National Disc Jockey Day.
4/24 :National Sportsmanship Day.
4/24 :Victory Day (Togo).
4/24 :World Day for Laboratory Animals.
4/24/1704:First US newspaper published on a regular basis (Boston News
:Letter).
4/24/1767:First professionally performed American play ("The Prince of
:Parthia").
4/24/1800:US Library of Congress established.
4/24/1833:Soda fountain patented.
4/24/1877:Occupation of the South by US Federal troops ended.
4/24/1895:Joshua Slocum left Boston on solo circumnavigation sail.
4/24/1898:Spain declared war on the US.
4/24/1909:First photographs taken from an airplane.
4/24/1913:Woolworth Building (New York) dedicated.
4/24/1928:Fathometer patented (H.G. Dorsey).
4/24/1933:First radio series based on Fu Manchu broadcast its last program.
4/24/1947:Willa Cather, American author, died.
4/24/1967:First man to die in space (V. Komarov, USSR). (4/23?)
4/24/1970:China launched its first earth satellite (fifth nation to do so).
4/24/1980:Military mission to free American hostages in Iran was aborted.
4/24/1986:Otto Preminger died. (4/23?)
4/24/1986:The Duchess of Windsor (Wallis Warfield Simpson) died.
4/25 :Anzac Day (Australia, New Zealand, Tonga, and Western Samoa).
4/25 :Liberation Day (Italy).
4/25 :National Flag Day (Swaziland).
4/25 :Portugal's Day (Portugal).
4/25 :Sinai Day (Egypt).
4/25/1507:New World named "America" (Martin Waldseemueller).
4/25/1595:Torquato Tasso, Italian poet, died.
4/25/1682:Penn guaranteed freedom in Pennsylvania.
4/25/1792:Guillotine first used (on Nicolas Jacques Pelletier).
4/25/1800:William Cowper, English poet ("The Castaway"), died.
4/25/1853:William Beaumont, pioneer US army surgeon, died.
4/25/1859:Ground was broken for the Suez Canal.
4/25/1862:Confederate forces in New Orleans surrendered.
4/25/1898:The US formally declared war on Spain in the battle over Cuba.
4/25/1901:First US state to require automobile license plates (New York).
4/25/1915:Anzac landing at Gallipoli.
4/25/1945:46 countries gathered to organize the UN (in San Francisco).
4/25/1959:Saint Lawrence Seaway opened to traffic.
4/25/1962:Ranger IV landed on the moon.
4/25/1967:First US abortion law signed (Colorado).
4/25/1974:Portuguese revolution on Macau.
4/25/1984:David Kennedy, son of Robert F. Kennedy, was found dead.
4/25/1989:Noboru Takeshita, Japanese prime minister, resigned.
4/25/1990:Dexter Gordon, jazz saxophone giant, died.
4/25/1990:Hubble Space Telescope (US) deployed.
4/26 :Confederate Memorial Day (Florida and Georgia).
4/26 :Holocaust Day (Israel).
4/26 :Hug an Australian Day.
4/26 :Union Day (Tanzania).
4/26/1564:William Shakespeare baptized.
4/26/1607:First permanent British colonists to sight land in America (Cape
:Henry, Virginia).
4/26/1731:Daniel Defoe, novelist ("Robinson Crusoe"), died.
4/26/1819:Odd Fellows Lodge established.
4/26/1854:Emigrant Aid Society founded (Massachusetts).
4/26/1865:John Wilkes Booth shot by US Federal troops (Bowling Green,
:Virginia).
4/26/1912:First home run hit in Fenway Park (Bradley).
4/26/1924:MGM Studios opened.
4/26/1937:German-made planes destroyed the Basque town of Guernica in Spain.
4/26/1962:Ariel 1 (US and England), first international satellite, launched.
4/26/1964:Boston Celtics won their sixth straight NBA championship.
4/26/1970:Gypsy Rose Lee (Rose Louise Hovick), exotic dancer, died.
4/26/1970:Stephen Sondheim's "Company" opened on Broadway.
4/26/1980:"Hawaii Five-O" aired its final episode.
4/26/1982:Argentine troops surrendered to British on the Falkland Islands.
4/26/1984:William "Count" Basie, jazz piano great, died.
4/26/1986:Chernobyl nuclear reactor accident, Soviet Ukraine.
4/26/1989:Lucille Ball, comediene, died.
4/27 :Independence Day (Sierra Leone).
4/27 :Independence Day (Togo).
4/27 :Saur Revolution Anniversary (Afghanistan).
4/27/1521:Ferdinand Magellan, Portuguese explorer, killed.
4/27/1794:William Jones died.
4/27/1850:US owned steamship, Atlantic, began regular trans-Atlantic
:passenger service.
4/27/1865:The Sultana exploded in the Mississippi River.
4/27/1882:Ralph Waldo Emerson, US poet, died.
4/27/1897:Grant's Tomb dedicated.
4/27/1898:US naval forces bombarded Matanzas, Cuba (mule only casualty).
4/27/1932:Hart Crane, American poet ("The Bridge"), died.
4/27/1937:First US social security payment made.
4/27/1964:Tanganyika and Zanzibar joined to become one state (Tanzania).
4/27/1965:Edward R. Murrow (Egbert Roscoe), pioneer broadcast journalist,
:died.
4/28 :Flora's Day (Goddess of Growth).
4/28 :Great Poetry Reading Day.
4/28 :Kiss Your Mate Day.
4/28/1754:Giovanni Battista Piazzetta, Venetian painter, died.
4/28/1760:Battle of Sillery.
4/28/1788:Maryland became the 7th US state.
4/28/1789:Mutiny on HMS Bounty.
4/28/1818:Rush-Bagot Agreement (Great Lakes neutral).
4/28/1855:First veterinary college in US incorporated (Boston).
4/28/1910:First night air flight (Claude Grahame-White, England).
4/28/1914:Air conditioner patented (W.H. Carrier).
4/28/1919:First jump with Army Air Corp (rip-cord type) parachute.
4/28/1932:Yellow fever vaccine announced.
4/28/1937:First animated cartoon electric sign displayed (New York).
4/28/1942:Nightly "dim-out" began along the East Coast.
4/28/1945:Benito Mussolini, Italian dictator, shot.
4/28/1956:First Godzilla movie opened ("Godzilla King of the Monsters", New
:York).
4/28/1961:Warren Spahn pitched a no hitter at age 41.
4/28/1967:Expo '67 opened (Montreal).
4/28/1975:Last US civilians evacuated from South Vietnam.
4/29 :Midori-no-hi (was Emperor's Birthday) (Japan).
4/29/1380:Saint Catherine of Siena (patron Saint of Italy), died.
4/29/1652:Solar eclipse terrified English.
4/29/1661:Cheng Cheng Kung (Koxinga), Ming dynasty loyalist landed in
:Taiwan.
4/29/1813:Rubber patented.
4/29/1882:First electric tramway (Berline).
4/29/1885:Women first admitted to examinations at Oxford University.
4/29/1895:First water-marked postage stamp issued.
4/29/1945:German armies in Italy surrendered.
4/29/1945:US troops liberated Dachau concentration camp.
4/29/1960:Dick Clark testified at Senate committee payola probe.
4/29/1965:Australia decided to send troops to South Vietnam.
4/29/1968:"Hair" opened on Broadway.
4/29/1980:Alfred (Joseph) Hitchcock, film director, died.
4/29/1980:Data General MV-8000 (Eagle) sent to market.
4/29/1983:Harold Washington sworn in as the first black mayor of Chicago.
4/29/1984:Diablo Canyon nuclear reactor began operations (ten years behind
:schedule).
4/29/1985:Challenger (US) launched.
4/29/1985:Four gunmen escaped with nearly $8 million in cash from the Wells
:Fargo armored car company in New York.
4/29/1986:Roger Clemens struck out twenty batters in a game (Seattle).
4/29/1988:Boeing 747-400 first flew.
4/29/1992:Police acquitted in Rodney King beating, rioting ensued (Los
:Angeles).
4/30 :Beltane, Eve of May Day.
4/30 :Feast of Valborg (Sweden).
4/30 :Gifted/Talented Day.
4/30 :National Honesty Day.
4/30 :Queen's Birthday (Netherlands and Netherlands Antilles).
4/30 :Sho Konsai, Commemoration for the Departed (Japan).
4/30 :Walpurgis Night (Northern Europe).
4/30 :Workers Day (Uraguay).
4/30/1562:First French colonizers in US (Port Royal, Parris Island).
4/30/1598:First theatrical performance in North America (near El Paso,
:Texas).
4/30/1789:George Washington inaugurated as US president.
4/30/1792:John Montague, fourth Earl of Sandwich, inventor of the sandwich,
:died.
4/30/1803:Louisiana Purchase.
4/30/1812:Louisiana became 18th US state.
4/30/1844:Thoreau accidentally set fire to the woods near Concord,
:Massachusetts.
4/30/1900:John Luther "Casey" Jones, railroad engineer, killed (Vaughan,
:Mississippi).
4/30/1936:A.E. Housman, poet ("A Shropshire Lad"), died.
4/30/1939:NBC began regular broadcasting.
4/30/1945:Adolf Hitler committed suicide.
4/30/1949:"D.O.A." opened.
4/30/1956:Alben William Barkley, 35th US vice president, died.
4/30/1968:Anthony Boucher (William Anthony White), critic and novelist,
:died.
4/30/1968:Columbia University takeover ended.
4/30/1972:Muhammad Ali stripped of his boxing title for draft dodging.
4/30/1975:South Vietnam unconditionally surrendered to North Vietnam.
4/30/1976:First bridge to be named for a woman (Betsy Ross Bridge).
4/30/1980:Iranian Embassy in London seized by Arabs.
4/30/1983:George Balanchine (Georgi Militonovitch Balanchivadze), ballet
:choreographer, died.