Canada, An Early History: SOVEREIGNTY and SPIRITUALITY. RE: Importance of Treaty of Paris (1763)

Submitters name: Kathleen M. Hill

Age Grouping: Any, though young children would need to have it explained to them by an adult

Date Written:
August 23, 2007

RE: Importance of Treaty of Paris (1763)

ARTICLE IV. His Most Christian Majesty renounces all pretensions which he has heretofore formed or might have formed to Nova Scotia or Acadia in all its parts, and guaranties the whole of it, and with all its dependencies, to the King of Great Britain: Moreover, his Most Christian Majesty cedes and guaranties to his said Britannick Majesty, in full right, Canada, with all its dependencies, as well as the island of Cape Breton, and all the other islands and coasts in the gulph and river of St. Lawrence, and in general, every thing that depends on the said countries, lands, islands, and coasts, with the sovereignty, property, possession, and all rights acquired by treaty, or otherwise, which the Most Christian King and the Crown of France have had till now over the said countries, lands, islands, places, coasts, and their inhabitants, so that the Most Christian King cedes and makes over the whole to the said King, and to the Crown of Great Britain, and that in the most ample manner and form, without restriction, and without any liberty to depart from the said cession and guaranty under any pretence, or to disturb Great Britain in the possessions above mentioned. His Britannick Majesty, on his side, agrees to grant the liberty of the Catholick religion to the inhabitants of Canada: he will, in consequence, give the most precise and most effectual orders, that his new Roman Catholic subjects may profess the worship of their religion according to the rites of the Romish church, as far as the laws of Great Britain permit. His Britannick Majesty farther agrees, that the French inhabitants, or others who had been subjects of the Most Christian King in Canada, may retire with all safety and freedom wherever they shall think proper, and may sell their estates, provided it be to the subjects of his Britannick Majesty, and bring away their effects as well as their persons, without being restrained in their emigration, under any pretence whatsoever, except that of debts or of criminal prosecutions: The term limited for this emigration shall be fixed to the space of eighteen months, to be computed from the day of the exchange
of the ratification of the present treaty.

ARTICLE IV: Understanding of the importance of Article IV of the Treaty of Paris (1763) is extremely important to any appreciation of Canadians' Sovereignty as a peoples’ spiritual possession founded in mutual respect for equality of difference, supported by the rule of law and framing for our National Sovereignty or Canada's Sovereignty.

In 1763 the right to "ownership of one’s holism of personhood" or "Sovereignty over oneself" or self-reliance characterised by "self-determination, self-governance, self-rule, self-control, self-definition--over oneself, accompanied by responsibility and accountability for oneself" or "the human right of the natural person is sacrosanct" (spirituality) was, at that time, based on the accepted perspective that Spirituality IS an established European religion (deism). The British (Protestant) Monarchy  granted the French (Catholic) Monarchy and the French people their human right to spirituality, as it was understood to be at that time. This meant that out of respect for humanity’s unique differences, the French would not be forced to change their religion/spirituality and hence assimilate into Anglo culture becoming indistinguishable from the British and their descendants or an Anglo monoculture. Of course the sheet of paper didn't stop the repression based on religious-cultural or spiritual differences for about two centuries. During the last quarter of the 20thC the French were finally able to bring to Anglo attention the degree of repression that existed in a culture presumed to be based on equality. At this time, much cultural change took place due to the Anglo peoples becoming aware of the rightness of respect for diversity as being a strength and not a weakness, creative of union and not division.

The expression of the individual's Sovereignty possessing fundamental or inherent human right as being outside the bounds of human possession, accept by the individual or sacrosanct, is based on life's energy being a product of life's creation and not of human engineering. Creation is beyond human understanding! Self, in solidarity with Other, forms a local, regional, national and international Sovereignty expressed through mutuality. Whether or not individual or Canadians’ Sovereignty or integrity of one’s body and life's energy is supported by rule of law - it will directly equate to Canada's Sovereignty, as Individual Sovereignty is the accepted foundation for National Sovereignty.

So the Treaty of Paris (1763) formally gave up sovereign right of the conqueror to possess power-over the body and life energy of the conquered (ownership) out of recognition that Sovereignty is NOT a material world possession, but instead is a life-experienced, spiritual world concept or the holism of the expression of one's humanity/life's energy/personhood/body and mind with National Sovereignty arising indivisibly, forming a group culture through social affiliations in respectful solidarity or mutuality.

As humans live in a physical world the geographic location where we live (the life's creation that sustains us or the natural world) may be likened to the individual's body (sacred) that envelops the collective’s life energy (sacred). On a national scale the peoples' life energy - now the collective or the people - become Canada's Sovereignty existing in harmony with the natural world as a spiritual product of Canadians' Sovereignty and not the reverse. Sovereignty is not territory, hierarchy, prestige, and finance--accept as a human engineered, social infrastructure and the physical space we occupy, care for and are sustained by.

It is because of the Treaty of Paris (1763) that Quebec, Canada is French with a self-defined French culture, of which language is of primary importance to the spiritual expression of personhood. The societal conflicts of the latter half of the 20th C are better understood as a peoples' awakening to the fullness of one's personhood and heritage (a peoples' history) through French-speaking people demanding their "civil right of personhood" in actual practice. Populace consciousness-raising to the fullness of our humanity also meant a generalised awakening to a power-over Other, societal infrastructure of purposeful, artificially-created conflicts of human design wielding power-over a diversity of disenfranchised peoples. The so-called years of social unrest was overall a shining example of human self-actualisation to an evolving maturation for the concept--community.

It is significant that a social evolution in a peoples’ perception of community can be demeaned with the comedic-inspired label, “Trudeau-mania”. Anglo Canadians, most especially continue to hold Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau in high regard out of appreciation for his mentoring guidance and enduring will to encourage natural unity by promoting respect for our innate diversity, rather than an enforced artificially-created uniformity.

“Celebrate our differences: Our diversity is our strength.” Pierre Trudeau

It needs to be recognised that the aforementioned analysis of Sovereignty and Spirituality is also held to be central to First Nations Traditionalists’ self-identity and whose acculturated principles have permeated most sectors of Canadian society.
IN SUM: The Plains of Abraham (1759) with its defeat and death of Lord Montcalm and the French led inexorably to The Treaty of Paris (1763) and a momentous historical event in Canadian History. Appreciation of this is intrinsic to any understanding of the Canadian Peoples’ perspective on Sovereignty.

Age Grouping: Any though young children would need to have it explained to them by an adult